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From Konstantin Kolinko <>
Subject Re: Logging Best Practices on RHEL
Date Tue, 03 Dec 2013 20:22:29 GMT
2013/11/30 Christopher Schultz <>:
> On 11/27/13, 5:00 PM, Tomcat Random wrote:
>> "I find java.logging to be... frankly frustrating to configure."
>> Totally agree, I feel like the Tomcat file is
>> weirdly clunky.
> Yes. That's because out of the box it uses java.util.logging, or
> actually an adaptation of it. That choice was probably made to limit
> the number of 3rd-party (though log4j is ASF) libraries required to
> run Tomcat. Since java.util.logging comes with the JRE... may we wsll
> use it.

1) java.util.logging is always there, regardless of whether you use it
or not. Even if you do not use it, you need to know that it exists and
to be able to configure it.

An empty conf/ file (mentioned in the "Log4J"
section of the logging guide) is one of such explicit configurations.

2) Pure java.util.logging is frustrating at places.

First, it is hard to configure (from API point of view).

Tomcat's ClassLoaderLogManager solves this and makes it usable in
multi-classloader environments. Internally it is not pretty, using
ThreadLocals to pass information that cannot be passed via APIs, but
it fills the gap.

Note that ClassLoaderLogManager allows to use any 3-rd party
java.util.logging libraries. The default configuration uses
JRE-provided classes (e.g. ConsoleHandler).

A Syslog JUL handler should exist somewhere, and from quick googling
it does exist:


Second, it is hard to use java.util.logging APIs from the code that
generates log information.
The java.util.logging API is too generic and too limited in places.

E.g. there exists java.util.logging.Logger.warning(String)  method,
but there is no warning(String, Throwable) method.  One can call the
Logger.log(Level,...) method, but essentially, one needs an adapter
that provides more friendly interface.

Apache Tomcat uses Apache Commons Logging as an adapter here. The
commons logging classes are renamed into a different package, to avoid
conflict if a web application uses the same library.

3) Personally, my logging experience started with Log4J 1. It was when
Java 1.3 was the current version and java.util.logging did not exist.

I do not use Log4J nowadays (all my needs are covered by JULI and
Apache Commons Logging), but I still like to use their terminology
like "categories" and "appenders".

Best regards,
Konstantin Kolinko

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