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From Henno Vermeulen <>
Subject RE: criteria API generates a parameter for literal in group by but does not provide the value
Date Thu, 23 Apr 2015 10:32:34 GMT
One addition (my question is still open).

I can confirm that a valid workaround for this problem is to use setHint("openjpa.hint.UseLiteralInSQL",
"true") and updating to OpenJPA 2.4.0 which is available in Maven central since a few days.


-----Oorspronkelijk bericht-----
Van: Henno Vermeulen [] 
Verzonden: donderdag 23 april 2015 11:49
Onderwerp: criteria API generates a parameter for literal in group by but does not provide
the value


I have a query created using the criteria API where I group by an expression that contains
a small calculation using literal values.

OpenJPA generates the correct SQL but does not provide the value of the generated parameter
in the group by clause. The query fails with a SQL exception "The value is not set for the
parameter number 9.".

I can reproduce the issue with a minimal example. Suppose we have a person class with integer
age and length columns and we wish to select the average length grouped by the person's age
/ 10:

                        CriteriaBuilder cb = em.getCriteriaBuilder();
                        CriteriaQuery<Double> query = cb.createQuery(Double.class);
                        Root<Person> person = query.from(Person.class);

                        Expression<Double> averageLength = cb.avg(person.<Integer>
                        CriteriaQuery<Double> select =;

                        select.groupBy(cb.quot(person.<Integer> get("age"), cb.literal(10)));
                        // optional where, useful to ensure parameters are logged
                        select.where(<Integer> get("age"), cb.literal(20)));

                        System.out.println("result: " + em.createQuery(query).getResultList());

Whe running this query with trace and displaying parameters on I get:

1067  testPU  TRACE  [main] openjpa.Query - Executing query: Query: org.apache.openjpa.kernel.QueryImpl@be4f81;
candidate class: class entities.Person; query: null
1108  testPU  TRACE  [main] openjpa.jdbc.SQL - <t 5763249, conn 7326702> executing prepstmnt
26531336 SELECT AVG(t0.length) FROM Person t0 WHERE (t0.age > ?) GROUP BY (t0.age / ?)
[params=(int) 20]

You can clearly see that the query has two parameter placeholders but only one value is provided.
Shall I report this as a bug or am I doing something wrong in my code?

(As a workaround I can call setHint("openjpa.hint.UseLiteralInSQL", "true") on em.createQuery(query).
This doesn't work in my application because there is a bug where boolean literals aren't correctly
handled: I think this is solved in the
upcoming release.)

Thank you,

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