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From "Johannes Peter (JIRA)" <>
Subject [jira] [Commented] (NIFI-3248) GetSolr can miss recently updated documents
Date Tue, 19 Sep 2017 19:53:00 GMT


Johannes Peter commented on NIFI-3248:


I am almost done with the new processor implementation. Quick update: 

(1) Meanwhile I had a little conversation with Cassandra Targett (Solr PMC), and she helped
me clarifying some things about field \_version\_. Unfortunately, it is not possible to convert
a value of this field into a valid timestamp. The values of this field are monotonically increasing
depending on indexing time, but only at shard level, not at collection level. I am sorry for
the confusion. The processor therefore iterates over shards if (a) Solr runs in cloud mode
and (b) \_version\_ is used to track document retrieval instead of a dedicated date field.
Although this way might require more queries and therefore be slower if collections comprise
many shards, I implemented this to make the processor suitable for many more collections.
The shard names currently have to be specified by property as I yet have not found a reliable
way to figure them out automatically (shard names != core names).
(2) I implemented an option to make the use of filter query caches configurable. 
(3) The processor now makes use of the StateManager. 
(4) I will add an option to convert results into records.

> GetSolr can miss recently updated documents
> -------------------------------------------
>                 Key: NIFI-3248
>                 URL:
>             Project: Apache NiFi
>          Issue Type: Bug
>          Components: Extensions
>    Affects Versions: 1.0.0, 0.5.0, 0.6.0, 0.5.1, 0.7.0, 0.6.1, 1.1.0, 0.7.1, 1.0.1
>            Reporter: Koji Kawamura
>            Assignee: Johannes Peter
>         Attachments: nifi-flow.png, query-result-with-curly-bracket.png, query-result-with-square-bracket.png
> GetSolr holds the last query timestamp so that it only fetches documents those have been
added or updated since the last query.
> However, GetSolr misses some of those updated documents, and once the documents date
field value becomes older than last query timestamp, the document won't be able to be queried
by GetSolr any more.
> This JIRA is for tracking the process of investigating this behavior, and discussion
on them.
> Here are things that can be a cause of this behavior:
> |#|Short description|Should we address it?|
> |1|Timestamp range filter, curly or square bracket?|No|
> |2|Timezone difference between update and query|Additional docs might be helpful|
> |3|Lag comes from NearRealTIme nature of Solr|Should be documented at least, add 'commit
> h2. 1. Timestamp range filter, curly or square bracket?
> At the first glance, using curly and square bracket in mix looked strange ([source code|]).
But these difference has a meaning.
> The square bracket on the range query is inclusive and the curly bracket is exclusive.
If we use inclusive on both sides and a document has a time stamp exactly on the boundary
then it could be returned in two consecutive executions, and we only want it in one.
> This is intentional, and it should be as it is.
> h2. 2. Timezone difference between update and query
> Solr treats date fields as [UTC representation||].
If date field String value of an updated document represents time without timezone, and NiFi
is running on an environment using timezone other than UTC, GetSolr can't perform date range
query as users expect.
> Let's say NiFi is running with JST(UTC+9). A process added a document to Solr at 15:00
JST. But the date field doesn't have timezone. So, Solr indexed it as 15:00 UTC. Then GetSolr
performs range query at 15:10 JST, targeting any documents updated from 15:00 to 15:10 JST.
GetSolr formatted dates using UTC, i.e. 6:00 to 6:10 UTC. The updated document won't be matched
with the date range filter.
> To avoid this, updated documents must have proper timezone in date field string representation.
> If one uses NiFi expression language to set current timestamp to that date field, following
NiFi expression can be used:
> {code}
> ${now():format("yyyy-MM-dd'T'HH:mm:ss.SSSZ")}
> {code}
> It will produce a result like:
> {code}
> 2016-12-27T15:30:04.895+0900
> {code}
> Then it will be indexed in Solr with UTC and will be queried by GetSolr as expected.
> h2. 3. Lag comes from NearRealTIme nature of Solr
> Solr provides Near Real Time search capability, that means, the recently updated documents
can be queried in Near Real Time, but it's not real time. This latency can be controlled by
either on client side which requests the update operation by specifying "commitWithin" parameter,
or on the Solr server side, "autoCommit" and "autoSoftCommit" in [solrconfig.xml|].
> Since commit and updating index can be costly, it's recommended to set this interval
long enough up to the maximum tolerable latency.
> However, this can be problematic with GetSolr. For instance, as shown in the simple NiFi
flow below, GetSolr can miss updated documents:
> {code}
> t1: GetSolr queried
> t2: GenerateFlowFile set date = t2
> t3: PutSolrContentStream stored new doc
> t4: GetSolr queried again, from t1 to t4, but the new doc hasn't been indexed
> t5: Solr completed index
> t6: GetSolr queried again, from t4 to t6, the doc didn't match query
> {code}
> This behavior should be at least documented.
> Plus, it would be helpful to add a new configuration property to GetSolr, to specify
commit lag-time so that GetSolr aims older timestamp range to query documents.
> {code}
> // with commit lag-time
> t1: GetSolr queried
> t2: GenerateFlowFile set date = t2
> t3: PutSolrContentStream stored new doc
> t4: GetSolr queried again, from (t1 - lag) to (t4 - lag), but the new doc hasn't been
> t5: Solr completed index
> t6: GetSolr queried again, from (t4 - lag) to (t6 - lag), the doc can match query
> {code}

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