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From Adam Kocoloski <kocol...@apache.org>
Subject Re: [DISCUSS] Streaming API in CouchDB 4.0
Date Thu, 30 Apr 2020 15:16:41 GMT
I think this is a good reason to fall back to just including the value of the bookmark in “first”,
“next” and “last”, and then leaving it up to the client to decide whether to supply
the bookmark in the URL or in the request body.

Adam

> On Apr 30, 2020, at 10:47 AM, Joan Touzet <wohali@apache.org> wrote:
> 
> Can we keep a distributed hash of doc keys server side with a smaller handle we hand
to clients?
> 
> If the cache can't be found or a restart happens, oh well.
> 
> -Joan
> 
> On 2020-04-30 10:23, Ilya Khlopotov wrote:
>> There is a problem with representing `next`/`previous`/`first` as path. With 5kB
sized doc keys and we could exceed max URL length (8192 bytes). This means we would have to
support POST. The question is how to handle the case when the URL is greater than 8192. The
problem is CouchDB don't knows it's DNS name so we don't know the safe value to compare with.
>> Options are:
>> 1) always use POST for pagination
>> 2) add server_name to config and return error when bookmark length exceeds dynamically
calculated threshold. The threshold would account for db name length, server_name length,
port and scheme length.
>>   - what error to return?
>> I think option number 2 is too subtle to implement.
>> The downside of option 1 is it is a bit harder to use from the browser or curl.
>> On 2020/04/29 17:27:59, Ilya Khlopotov <iilyak@apache.org> wrote:
>>> I think I addressed all comments and created an RFC https://github.com/apache/couchdb-documentation/pull/530
>>> 
>>> On 2020/04/28 11:56:15, Ilya Khlopotov <iilyak@apache.org> wrote:
>>>> Hello,
>>>> 
>>>> I would like to introduce second proposal.
>>>> 
>>>> 1) Add new optional query field called `bookmark` (or `token`) to following
endpoints
>>>>   - {db}/_all_docs
>>>>   - {db}/_all_docs/queries
>>>>   - _dbs_info
>>>>   - {db}/_design/{ddoc}/_view/{view}
>>>>   - {db}/_design/{ddoc}/_view/{view}/queries
>>>> 2) Add following additional fields into response:
>>>>    ```
>>>>     "first": {
>>>>         "href": "https://myserver.com/myddb/_all_docs?limit=50&descending=true"
>>>>     },
>>>>     "previous": {
>>>>          "href": "https://myserver.com/myddb/_all_docs?bookmark=983uiwfjkdsdf"
>>>>     },
>>>>     "next": {
>>>>         "href": "https://myserver.com/myddb/_all_docs?bookmark=12343tyekf3"
>>>>      },
>>>>      ```
>>>> 3) Implement per-endpoint configurable max limits
>>>>    ```
>>>>    [request_limits]
>>>>   _all_docs = 5000
>>>>   _all_docs/queries = 5000
>>>>   _all_dbs = 5000
>>>>   _dbs_info = 5000
>>>>   _view = 2500
>>>>   _view/queries = 2500
>>>>   _find = 2500
>>>>   ```
>>>> 4) Implement following semantics:
>>>>    - The bookmark would be opaque token and would include information needed
to ensure proper pagination without the need to repeat initial parameters of the request.
In fact we might prohibit setting additional parameters when bookmark query field is specified.
>>>>    - don't use delayed responses when `bookmark` field is provided
>>>>    - don't use delayed responses when `limit` query key is specified and
when it is below the max limit
>>>>    - return 400 when limit query key is specified and it is greater than
the max limit
>>>>    - return 400 when we stream rows (in case when `limit` query key wasn't
specified) and reach max limit
>>>>    - the `previous`/`next`/`first` keys are optional and we omit them for
the cases they don't make sense
>>>> 
>>>> Latter on we would introduce API versioning and deal with `{db}/_changes`
and `_all_docs` endpoints.
>>>>   Questions:
>>>> - `bookmark` vs `token`?
>>>> - should we prohibit setting other fields when bookmark is set?
>>>> - `previous`/`next`/`first` as href vs token value itself (i.e. `{"previous":
"983uiwfjkdsdf", "next": "12343tyekf3", "first": "iekjhfwo034"}`)
>>>> 
>>>> Best regards,
>>>> iilyak
>>>> 
>>>> On 2020/04/22 20:18:57, Ilya Khlopotov <iilyak@apache.org> wrote:
>>>>> Hello everyone,
>>>>> 
>>>>> Based on the discussions on the thread I would like to propose a number
of first steps:
>>>>> 1) introduce new endpoints
>>>>>   - {db}/_all_docs/page
>>>>>   - {db}/_all_docs/queries/page
>>>>>   - _all_dbs/page
>>>>>   - _dbs_info/page
>>>>>   - {db}/_design/{ddoc}/_view/{view}/page
>>>>>   - {db}/_design/{ddoc}/_view/{view}/queries/page
>>>>>   - {db}/_find/page
>>>>> 
>>>>> These new endpoints would act as follows:
>>>>> - don't use delayed responses
>>>>> - return object with following structure
>>>>>   ```
>>>>>   {
>>>>>      "total": Total,
>>>>>      "bookmark": base64 encoded opaque value,
>>>>>      "completed": true | false,
>>>>>      "update_seq": when available,
>>>>>      "page": current page number,
>>>>>      "items": [
>>>>>      ]
>>>>>   }
>>>>>   ```
>>>>> - the bookmark would include following data (base64 or protobuff???):
>>>>>   - direction
>>>>>   - page
>>>>>   - descending
>>>>>   - endkey
>>>>>   - endkey_docid
>>>>>   - inclusive_end
>>>>>   - startkey
>>>>>   - startkey_docid
>>>>>   - last_key
>>>>>   - update_seq
>>>>>   - timestamp
>>>>>   ```
>>>>> 
>>>>> 2) Implement per-endpoint configurable max limits
>>>>> ```
>>>>> _all_docs = 5000
>>>>> _all_docs/queries = 5000
>>>>> _all_dbs = 5000
>>>>> _dbs_info = 5000
>>>>> _view = 2500
>>>>> _view/queries = 2500
>>>>> _find = 2500
>>>>> ```
>>>>> 
>>>>> Latter (after few years) CouchDB would deprecate and remove old endpoints.
>>>>> 
>>>>> Best regards,
>>>>> iilyak
>>>>> 
>>>>> On 2020/02/19 22:39:45, Nick Vatamaniuc <vatamane@apache.org> wrote:
>>>>>> Hello everyone,
>>>>>> 
>>>>>> I'd like to discuss the shape and behavior of streaming APIs for
CouchDB 4.x
>>>>>> 
>>>>>> By "streaming APIs" I mean APIs which stream data in row as it gets
>>>>>> read from the database. These are the endpoints I was thinking of:
>>>>>> 
>>>>>>  _all_docs, _all_dbs, _dbs_info  and query results
>>>>>> 
>>>>>> I want to focus on what happens when FoundationDB transactions
>>>>>> time-out after 5 seconds. Currently, all those APIs except _changes[1]
>>>>>> feeds, will crash or freeze. The reason is because the
>>>>>> transaction_too_old error at the end of 5 seconds is retry-able by
>>>>>> default, so the request handlers run again and end up shoving the
>>>>>> whole request down the socket again, headers and all, which is
>>>>>> obviously broken and not what we want.
>>>>>> 
>>>>>> There are few alternatives discussed in couchdb-dev channel. I'll
>>>>>> present some behaviors but feel free to add more. Some ideas might
>>>>>> have been discounted on the IRC discussion already but I'll present
>>>>>> them anyway in case is sparks further conversation:
>>>>>> 
>>>>>> A) Do what _changes[1] feeds do. Start a new transaction and continue
>>>>>> streaming the data from the next key after last emitted in the
>>>>>> previous transaction. Document the API behavior change that it may
>>>>>> present a view of the data is never a point-in-time[4] snapshot of
the
>>>>>> DB.
>>>>>> 
>>>>>>  - Keeps the API shape the same as CouchDB <4.0. Client libraries
>>>>>> don't have to change to continue using these CouchDB 4.0 endpoints
>>>>>>  - This is the easiest to implement since it would re-use the
>>>>>> implementation for _changes feed (an extra option passed to the fold
>>>>>> function).
>>>>>>  - Breaks API behavior if users relied on having a point-in-time[4]
>>>>>> snapshot view of the data.
>>>>>> 
>>>>>> B) Simply end the stream. Let the users pass a `?transaction=true`
>>>>>> param which indicates they are aware the stream may end early and
so
>>>>>> would have to paginate from the last emitted key with a skip=1. This
>>>>>> will keep the request bodies the same as current CouchDB. However,
if
>>>>>> the users got all the data one request, they will end up wasting
>>>>>> another request to see if there is more data available. If they didn't
>>>>>> get any data they might have a too large of a skip value (see [2])
so
>>>>>> would have to guess different values for start/end keys. Or impose
max
>>>>>> limit for the `skip` parameter.
>>>>>> 
>>>>>> C) End the stream and add a final metadata row like a "transaction":
>>>>>> "timeout" at the end. That will let the user know to keep paginating
>>>>>> from the last key onward. This won't work for `_all_dbs` and
>>>>>> `_dbs_info`[3] Maybe let those two endpoints behave like _changes
>>>>>> feeds and only use this for views and and _all_docs? If we like this
>>>>>> choice, let's think what happens for those as I couldn't come up
with
>>>>>> anything decent there.
>>>>>> 
>>>>>> D) Same as C but to solve the issue with skips[2], emit a bookmark
>>>>>> "key" of where the iteration stopped and the current "skip" and
>>>>>> "limit" params, which would keep decreasing. Then user would pass
>>>>>> those in "start_key=..." in the next request along with the limit
and
>>>>>> skip params. So something like "continuation":{"skip":599, "limit":5,
>>>>>> "key":"..."}. This has the same issue with array results for
>>>>>> `_all_dbs` and `_dbs_info`[3].
>>>>>> 
>>>>>> E) Enforce low `limit` and `skip` parameters. Enforce maximum values
>>>>>> there such that response time is likely to fit in one transaction.
>>>>>> This could be tricky as different runtime environments will have
>>>>>> different characteristics. Also, if the timeout happens there isn't
a
>>>>>> a nice way to send an HTTP error since we already sent the 200
>>>>>> response. The downside is that this might break how some users use
the
>>>>>> API, if say the are using large skips and limits already. Perhaps
here
>>>>>> we do both B and D, such that if users want transactional behavior,
>>>>>> they specify that `transaction=true` param and only then we enforce
>>>>>> low limit and skip maximums.
>>>>>> 
>>>>>> F) At least for `_all_docs` it seems providing a point-in-time
>>>>>> snapshot view doesn't necessarily need to be tied to transaction
>>>>>> boundaries. We could check the update sequence of the database at
the
>>>>>> start of the next transaction and if it hasn't changed we can continue
>>>>>> emitting a consistent view. This can apply to C and D and would just
>>>>>> determine when the stream ends. If there are no writes happening
to
>>>>>> the db, this could potential streams all the data just like option
A
>>>>>> would do. Not entirely sure if this would work for views.
>>>>>> 
>>>>>> So what do we think? I can see different combinations of options
here,
>>>>>> maybe even different for each API point. For example `_all_dbs`,
>>>>>> `_dbs_info` are always A, and `_all_docs` and views default to A
but
>>>>>> have parameters to do F, etc.
>>>>>> 
>>>>>> Cheers,
>>>>>> -Nick
>>>>>> 
>>>>>> Some footnotes:
>>>>>> 
>>>>>> [1] _changes feeds is the only one that works currently. It behaves
as
>>>>>> per RFC https://github.com/apache/couchdb-documentation/blob/master/rfcs/003-fdb-seq-index.md#access-patterns.
>>>>>> That is, we continue streaming the data by resetting the transaction
>>>>>> object and restarting from the last emitted key (db sequence in this
>>>>>> case). However, because the transaction restarts if a document is
>>>>>> updated while the streaming take place, it may appear in the _changes
>>>>>> feed twice. That's a behavior difference from CouchDB < 4.0 and
we'd
>>>>>> have to document it, since previously we presented this point-in-time
>>>>>> snapshot of the database from when we started streaming.
>>>>>> 
>>>>>> [2] Our streaming APIs have both skips and limits. Since FDB doesn't
>>>>>> currently support efficient offsets for key selectors
>>>>>> (https://apple.github.io/foundationdb/known-limitations.html#dont-use-key-selectors-for-paging)
>>>>>> we implemented skip by iterating over the data. This means that a
skip
>>>>>> of say 100000 could keep timing out the transaction without yielding
>>>>>> any data.
>>>>>> 
>>>>>> [3] _all_dbs and _dbs_info return a JSON array so they don't have
an
>>>>>> obvious place to insert a last metadata row.
>>>>>> 
>>>>>> [4] For example they have a constraint that documents "a" and "z"
>>>>>> cannot both be in the database at the same time. But when iterating
>>>>>> it's possible that "a" was there at the start. Then by the end, "a"
>>>>>> was removed and "z" added, so both "a" and "z" would appear in the
>>>>>> emitted stream. Note that FoundationDB has APIs which exhibit the
same
>>>>>> "relaxed" constrains:
>>>>>> https://apple.github.io/foundationdb/api-python.html#module-fdb.locality
>>>>>> 
>>>>> 
>>>> 
>>> 


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