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From "Michael Han (JIRA)" <j...@apache.org>
Subject [jira] [Commented] (ZOOKEEPER-2748) Four-letter command to voluntarily drop client connections
Date Sat, 08 Apr 2017 22:25:42 GMT

    [ https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/ZOOKEEPER-2748?page=com.atlassian.jira.plugin.system.issuetabpanels:comment-tabpanel&focusedCommentId=15961969#comment-15961969
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Michael Han commented on ZOOKEEPER-2748:
----------------------------------------

Four letter words will be deprecated in future so we currently are reluctant to accept proposals
of new features related to four letter words. If you'd like to teach server to drop connections,
the ZooKeeperAdmin class introduced in 3.5.3 would be a good place for such extension.

At a broader scope, it would be good to address ZOOKEEPER-571 which will implicitly fix this
issue as well. That JIRA might be a better place for the efforts on load balancing loads between
servers in an ensemble to go.

> Four-letter command to voluntarily drop client connections
> ----------------------------------------------------------
>
>                 Key: ZOOKEEPER-2748
>                 URL: https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/ZOOKEEPER-2748
>             Project: ZooKeeper
>          Issue Type: New Feature
>          Components: server
>            Reporter: Marco P.
>            Assignee: Marco P.
>            Priority: Minor
>
> In certain circumstances, it would be useful to be able to move clients from one server
to another.
> One example: a quorum that consists of 3 servers (A,B,C) with 1000 active client session,
where 900 clients are connected to server A, and the remaining 100 are split over B and C
(see example below for an example of how this can happen).
> A will do a lot more work than B, C. 
> Overall throughput will benefit by having the clients more evenly divided.
> In case of A failure, all its client will create an avalanche by migrating en masse to
a different server.
> There are other possible use cases for a mechanism to move clients: 
>  - Migrate away all clients before a server restart
>  - Migrate away part of clients in response to runtime metrics (CPU/Memory usage, ...)
>  - Shuffle clients after adding more server capacity (i.e. adding Observer nodes)
> The simplest form of rebalancing which does not require major changes of protocol or
client code consists of requesting a server to voluntarily drop some number of connections.
> Clients should be able to transparently move to a different server.
> Patch introducing 4-letter commands to shed clients:
> https://github.com/apache/zookeeper/pull/215
> -- -- --
> How client imbalance happens in the first place, an example.
> Imagine servers A, B, C and 1000 clients connected.
> Initially clients are spread evenly (i.e. 333 clients per server).
> A: 333 (restarts: 0)
> B: 333 (restarts: 0)
> C: 334 (restarts: 0)
> Now restart servers a few times, always in A, B, C order (e.g. to pick up a software
upgrades or configuration changes).
> Restart A:
> A: 0 (restarts: 1)
> B: 499 (restarts: 0)
> C: 500 (restarts: 0)
> Restart B:
> A: 250 (restarts: 1)
> B: 0 (restarts: 1)
> C: 750 (restarts: 0)
> Restart C:
> A: 625 (restarts: 1)
> B: 375 (restarts: 1)
> C: 0 (restarts: 1)
> The imbalance is pretty bad already. C is idle while A has a lot of work.
> A second round of restarts makes the situation even worse:
> Restart A:
> A: 0 (restarts: 2)
> B: 688 (restarts: 1)
> C: 313 (restarts: 1)
> Restart B:
> A: 344 (restarts: 2)
> B: 657 (restarts: 1)
> C: 0 (restarts: 1)
> Restart C:
> A: 673 (restarts: 2)
> B: 328 (restarts: 1)
> C: 0 (restarts: 1)
> Large cluster (5, 7, 9 servers) make the imbalance even more evident.



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