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From maha...@apache.org
Subject svn commit: r1212166 - in /zookeeper/trunk: ./ docs/ src/docs/src/documentation/content/xdocs/
Date Thu, 08 Dec 2011 22:15:07 GMT
Author: mahadev
Date: Thu Dec  8 22:15:06 2011
New Revision: 1212166

URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc?rev=1212166&view=rev
Log:
ZOOKEEPER-1262. Documentation for Lock recipe has major flaw. (Jordan Zimmerman via mahadev)

Modified:
    zookeeper/trunk/CHANGES.txt
    zookeeper/trunk/docs/bookkeeperConfig.pdf
    zookeeper/trunk/docs/bookkeeperOverview.pdf
    zookeeper/trunk/docs/bookkeeperProgrammer.pdf
    zookeeper/trunk/docs/bookkeeperStarted.pdf
    zookeeper/trunk/docs/bookkeeperStream.pdf
    zookeeper/trunk/docs/index.pdf
    zookeeper/trunk/docs/javaExample.pdf
    zookeeper/trunk/docs/linkmap.pdf
    zookeeper/trunk/docs/recipes.html
    zookeeper/trunk/docs/recipes.pdf
    zookeeper/trunk/docs/releasenotes.pdf
    zookeeper/trunk/docs/zookeeperAdmin.html
    zookeeper/trunk/docs/zookeeperAdmin.pdf
    zookeeper/trunk/docs/zookeeperHierarchicalQuorums.pdf
    zookeeper/trunk/docs/zookeeperInternals.pdf
    zookeeper/trunk/docs/zookeeperJMX.pdf
    zookeeper/trunk/docs/zookeeperObservers.pdf
    zookeeper/trunk/docs/zookeeperOver.pdf
    zookeeper/trunk/docs/zookeeperProgrammers.pdf
    zookeeper/trunk/docs/zookeeperQuotas.pdf
    zookeeper/trunk/docs/zookeeperStarted.pdf
    zookeeper/trunk/docs/zookeeperTutorial.pdf
    zookeeper/trunk/src/docs/src/documentation/content/xdocs/recipes.xml

Modified: zookeeper/trunk/CHANGES.txt
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/zookeeper/trunk/CHANGES.txt?rev=1212166&r1=1212165&r2=1212166&view=diff
==============================================================================
--- zookeeper/trunk/CHANGES.txt (original)
+++ zookeeper/trunk/CHANGES.txt Thu Dec  8 22:15:06 2011
@@ -62,6 +62,9 @@ BUGFIXES:
  
   ZOOKEEPER-1305. zookeeper.c:prepend_string func can dereference null ptr. 
   (Daniel Lescohier via mahadev)
+
+  ZOOKEEPER-1262. Documentation for Lock recipe has major flaw.
+  (Jordan Zimmerman via mahadev)
  
 IMPROVEMENTS:
 

Modified: zookeeper/trunk/docs/bookkeeperConfig.pdf
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/zookeeper/trunk/docs/bookkeeperConfig.pdf?rev=1212166&r1=1212165&r2=1212166&view=diff
==============================================================================
Files zookeeper/trunk/docs/bookkeeperConfig.pdf (original) and zookeeper/trunk/docs/bookkeeperConfig.pdf
Thu Dec  8 22:15:06 2011 differ

Modified: zookeeper/trunk/docs/bookkeeperOverview.pdf
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/zookeeper/trunk/docs/bookkeeperOverview.pdf?rev=1212166&r1=1212165&r2=1212166&view=diff
==============================================================================
Files zookeeper/trunk/docs/bookkeeperOverview.pdf (original) and zookeeper/trunk/docs/bookkeeperOverview.pdf
Thu Dec  8 22:15:06 2011 differ

Modified: zookeeper/trunk/docs/bookkeeperProgrammer.pdf
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/zookeeper/trunk/docs/bookkeeperProgrammer.pdf?rev=1212166&r1=1212165&r2=1212166&view=diff
==============================================================================
Files zookeeper/trunk/docs/bookkeeperProgrammer.pdf (original) and zookeeper/trunk/docs/bookkeeperProgrammer.pdf
Thu Dec  8 22:15:06 2011 differ

Modified: zookeeper/trunk/docs/bookkeeperStarted.pdf
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/zookeeper/trunk/docs/bookkeeperStarted.pdf?rev=1212166&r1=1212165&r2=1212166&view=diff
==============================================================================
Files zookeeper/trunk/docs/bookkeeperStarted.pdf (original) and zookeeper/trunk/docs/bookkeeperStarted.pdf
Thu Dec  8 22:15:06 2011 differ

Modified: zookeeper/trunk/docs/bookkeeperStream.pdf
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/zookeeper/trunk/docs/bookkeeperStream.pdf?rev=1212166&r1=1212165&r2=1212166&view=diff
==============================================================================
Files zookeeper/trunk/docs/bookkeeperStream.pdf (original) and zookeeper/trunk/docs/bookkeeperStream.pdf
Thu Dec  8 22:15:06 2011 differ

Modified: zookeeper/trunk/docs/index.pdf
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/zookeeper/trunk/docs/index.pdf?rev=1212166&r1=1212165&r2=1212166&view=diff
==============================================================================
Binary files - no diff available.

Modified: zookeeper/trunk/docs/javaExample.pdf
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/zookeeper/trunk/docs/javaExample.pdf?rev=1212166&r1=1212165&r2=1212166&view=diff
==============================================================================
Binary files - no diff available.

Modified: zookeeper/trunk/docs/linkmap.pdf
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/zookeeper/trunk/docs/linkmap.pdf?rev=1212166&r1=1212165&r2=1212166&view=diff
==============================================================================
Binary files - no diff available.

Modified: zookeeper/trunk/docs/recipes.html
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/zookeeper/trunk/docs/recipes.html?rev=1212166&r1=1212165&r2=1212166&view=diff
==============================================================================
--- zookeeper/trunk/docs/recipes.html (original)
+++ zookeeper/trunk/docs/recipes.html Thu Dec  8 22:15:06 2011
@@ -210,6 +210,9 @@ document.write("Last Published: " + docu
 <a href="#ch_recipes">A Guide to Creating Higher-level Constructs with ZooKeeper</a>
 <ul class="minitoc">
 <li>
+<a href="#sc_recipes_errorHandlingNote">Important Note About Error Handling</a>
+</li>
+<li>
 <a href="#sc_outOfTheBox">Out of the Box Applications: Name Service, Configuration,
Group
     Membership</a>
 </li>
@@ -233,6 +236,9 @@ document.write("Last Published: " + docu
 <a href="#sc_recipes_Locks">Locks</a>
 <ul class="minitoc">
 <li>
+<a href="#sc_recipes_GuidNote">Recoverable Errors and the GUID</a>
+</li>
+<li>
 <a href="#Shared+Locks">Shared Locks</a>
 </li>
 <li>
@@ -281,6 +287,17 @@ document.write("Last Published: " + docu
     as event handles or queues, a more practical means of performing the same
     function. In general, the examples in this section are designed to
     stimulate thought.</p>
+<a name="sc_recipes_errorHandlingNote"></a>
+<h3 class="h4">Important Note About Error Handling</h3>
+<p>When implementing the recipes you must handle recoverable exceptions 
+	(see the <a href="http://wiki.apache.org/hadoop/ZooKeeper/FAQ">FAQ</a>). In

+	particular, several of the recipes employ sequential ephemeral 
+	nodes. When creating a sequential ephemeral node there is an error case in 
+	which the create() succeeds on the server but the server crashes before 
+	returning the name of the node to the client. When the client reconnects its 
+	session is still valid and, thus, the node is not removed. The implication is 
+	that it is difficult for the client to know if its node was created or not. The 
+	recipes below include measures to handle this.</p>
 <a name="sc_outOfTheBox"></a>
 <h3 class="h4">Out of the Box Applications: Name Service, Configuration, Group
     Membership</h3>
@@ -454,7 +471,7 @@ document.write("Last Published: " + docu
 <li>
                     
 <p>if <em>p</em> is the lowest process
-                      node in L, wait on highest process node in L</p>
+                      node in L, wait on highest process node in P</p>
                   
 </li>
 
@@ -563,8 +580,9 @@ document.write("Last Published: " + docu
 <li>
         
 <p>Call <strong>create( )</strong> with a pathname
-        of "_locknode_/lock-" and the <em>sequence</em> and
-        <em>ephemeral</em> flags set.</p>
+        of "_locknode_/guid-lock-" and the <em>sequence</em> and
+        <em>ephemeral</em> flags set. The <em>guid</em> 
+		is needed in case the create() result is missed. See the note below.</p>
       
 </li>
 
@@ -639,6 +657,22 @@ document.write("Last Published: " + docu
 </li>
     
 </ul>
+<a name="sc_recipes_GuidNote"></a>
+<h4>Recoverable Errors and the GUID</h4>
+<ul>
+      
+<li>
+        
+<p>If a recoverable error occurs calling <strong>create()</strong> the

+		client should call <strong>getChildren()</strong> and check for a node 
+		containing the <em>guid</em> used in the path name. 
+		This handles the case (noted <a href="#sc_recipes_errorHandlingNote">above</a>)
of 
+		the create() succeeding on the server but the server crashing before returning the name

+		of the new node.</p>
+      
+</li>
+    
+</ul>
 <a name="Shared+Locks"></a>
 <h4>Shared Locks</h4>
 <p>You can implement shared locks by with a few changes to the lock
@@ -666,7 +700,7 @@ document.write("Last Published: " + docu
                     
 <p>Call <strong>create( )</strong> to
                     create a node with pathname
-                    "<span class="codefrag filename">_locknode_/read-</span>".
This is the
+                    "<span class="codefrag filename">guid-/read-</span>". This
is the
                     lock node use later in the protocol. Make sure to set both
                     the <em>sequence</em> and
                     <em>ephemeral</em> flags.</p>
@@ -731,7 +765,7 @@ document.write("Last Published: " + docu
                     
 <p>Call <strong>create( )</strong> to
                     create a node with pathname
-                    "<span class="codefrag filename">_locknode_/write-</span>".
This is the
+                    "<span class="codefrag filename">guid-/write-</span>". This
is the
                     lock node spoken of later in the protocol. Make sure to
                     set both <em>sequence</em> and
                     <em>ephemeral</em> flags.</p>
@@ -784,9 +818,10 @@ document.write("Last Published: " + docu
           
       
 </table>
-<div class="note">
-<div class="label">Note</div>
-<div class="content">
+<p>Notes:</p>
+<ul>
+      
+<li>
         
 <p>It might appear that this recipe creates a herd effect:
           when there is a large group of clients waiting for a read
@@ -796,11 +831,20 @@ document.write("Last Published: " + docu
           as all those waiting reader clients should be released since
           they have the lock. The herd effect refers to releasing a
           "herd" when in fact only a single or a small number of
-          machines can proceed.
-        </p>
+          machines can proceed.</p>
       
-</div>
-</div>
+</li>
+    
+</ul>
+<ul>
+      
+<li>
+        
+<p>See the <a href="#sc_recipes_GuidNote">note for Locks</a> on how to
use the guid in the node.</p>
+      
+</li>
+    
+</ul>
 <a name="sc_recoverableSharedLocks"></a>
 <h4>Recoverable Shared Locks</h4>
 <p>With minor modifications to the Shared Lock protocol, you make
@@ -860,7 +904,7 @@ document.write("Last Published: " + docu
 <p>A simple way of doing leader election with ZooKeeper is to use the
     <strong>SEQUENCE|EPHEMERAL</strong> flags when creating
     znodes that represent "proposals" of clients. The idea is to have a znode,
-    say "/election", such that each znode creates a child znode "/election/n_"
+    say "/election", such that each znode creates a child znode "/election/guid-n_"
     with both flags SEQUENCE|EPHEMERAL. With the sequence flag, ZooKeeper
     automatically appends a sequence number that is greater that any one
     previously appended to a child of "/election". The process that created
@@ -889,7 +933,7 @@ document.write("Last Published: " + docu
       
 <li>
         
-<p>Create znode z with path "ELECTION/n_" with both SEQUENCE and
+<p>Create znode z with path "ELECTION/guid-n_" with both SEQUENCE and
         EPHEMERAL flags;</p>
       
 </li>
@@ -905,7 +949,7 @@ document.write("Last Published: " + docu
       
 <li>
         
-<p>Watch for changes on "ELECTION/n_j", where j is the smallest
+<p>Watch for changes on "ELECTION/guid-n_j", where j is the smallest
         sequence number such that j &lt; i and n_j is a znode in C;</p>
       
 </li>
@@ -931,17 +975,35 @@ document.write("Last Published: " + docu
       
 <li>
         
-<p>Otherwise, watch for changes on "ELECTION/n_j", where j is the
+<p>Otherwise, watch for changes on "ELECTION/guid-n_j", where j is the
         smallest sequence number such that j &lt; i and n_j is a znode in C;
         </p>
       
 </li>
     
 </ol>
+<p>Notes:</p>
+<ul>
+      
+<li>
+	    
 <p>Note that the znode having no preceding znode on the list of
-    children does not imply that the creator of this znode is aware that it is
-    the current leader. Applications may consider creating a separate to znode
-    to acknowledge that the leader has executed the leader procedure. </p>
+	    children does not imply that the creator of this znode is aware that it is
+	    the current leader. Applications may consider creating a separate to znode
+	    to acknowledge that the leader has executed the leader procedure. </p>
+      
+</li>
+    
+</ul>
+<ul>
+      
+<li>
+        
+<p>See the <a href="#sc_recipes_GuidNote">note for Locks</a> on how to
use the guid in the node.</p>
+      
+</li>
+    
+</ul>
 </div>
 
 <p align="right">

Modified: zookeeper/trunk/docs/recipes.pdf
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/zookeeper/trunk/docs/recipes.pdf?rev=1212166&r1=1212165&r2=1212166&view=diff
==============================================================================
Binary files - no diff available.

Modified: zookeeper/trunk/docs/releasenotes.pdf
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/zookeeper/trunk/docs/releasenotes.pdf?rev=1212166&r1=1212165&r2=1212166&view=diff
==============================================================================
Binary files - no diff available.

Modified: zookeeper/trunk/docs/zookeeperAdmin.html
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/zookeeper/trunk/docs/zookeeperAdmin.html?rev=1212166&r1=1212165&r2=1212166&view=diff
==============================================================================
--- zookeeper/trunk/docs/zookeeperAdmin.html (original)
+++ zookeeper/trunk/docs/zookeeperAdmin.html Thu Dec  8 22:15:06 2011
@@ -291,6 +291,9 @@ document.write("Last Published: " + docu
 <a href="#sc_authOptions">Authentication &amp; Authorization Options</a>
 </li>
 <li>
+<a href="#Experimental+Options%2FFeatures">Experimental Options/Features</a>
+</li>
+<li>
 <a href="#Unsafe+Options">Unsafe Options</a>
 </li>
 <li>
@@ -1155,6 +1158,21 @@ server.3=zoo3:2888:3888</pre>
               the <strong>tickTime</strong>.</p>
 </dd>
            
+           
+<dt>
+<term>fsync.warningthresholdms</term>
+</dt>
+<dd>
+<p>(Java system property: <strong>fsync.warningthresholdms</strong>)</p>
+<p>
+<strong>New in 3.3.4:</strong> A
+               warning message will be output to the log whenever an
+               fsync in the Transactional Log (WAL) takes longer than
+               this value. The values is specified in milliseconds and
+               defaults to 1000. This value can only be set as a
+               system property.</p>
+</dd>
+
           
 <dt>
 <term>autopurge.snapRetainCount</term>
@@ -1372,6 +1390,31 @@ server.3=zoo3:2888:3888</pre>
 </dd>
         
 </dl>
+<a name="Experimental+Options%2FFeatures"></a>
+<h4>Experimental Options/Features</h4>
+<p>New features that are currently considered experimental.</p>
+<dl>
+          
+<dt>
+<term>Read Only Mode Server</term>
+</dt>
+<dd>
+<p>(Java system property: <strong>readonlymode.enabled</strong>)</p>
+<p>
+<strong>New in 3.4.0:</strong>
+              Setting this value to true enables Read Only Mode server
+              support (disabled by default). ROM allows clients
+              sessions which requested ROM support to connect to the
+              server even when the server might be partitioned from
+              the quorum. In this mode ROM clients can still read
+              values from the ZK service, but will be unable to write
+              values and see changes from other clients. See
+              ZOOKEEPER-784 for more details.
+              </p>
+</dd>
+
+        
+</dl>
 <a name="Unsafe+Options"></a>
 <h4>Unsafe Options</h4>
 <p>The following options can be useful, but be careful when you use

Modified: zookeeper/trunk/docs/zookeeperAdmin.pdf
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/zookeeper/trunk/docs/zookeeperAdmin.pdf?rev=1212166&r1=1212165&r2=1212166&view=diff
==============================================================================
Binary files - no diff available.

Modified: zookeeper/trunk/docs/zookeeperHierarchicalQuorums.pdf
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/zookeeper/trunk/docs/zookeeperHierarchicalQuorums.pdf?rev=1212166&r1=1212165&r2=1212166&view=diff
==============================================================================
Files zookeeper/trunk/docs/zookeeperHierarchicalQuorums.pdf (original) and zookeeper/trunk/docs/zookeeperHierarchicalQuorums.pdf
Thu Dec  8 22:15:06 2011 differ

Modified: zookeeper/trunk/docs/zookeeperInternals.pdf
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/zookeeper/trunk/docs/zookeeperInternals.pdf?rev=1212166&r1=1212165&r2=1212166&view=diff
==============================================================================
Binary files - no diff available.

Modified: zookeeper/trunk/docs/zookeeperJMX.pdf
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/zookeeper/trunk/docs/zookeeperJMX.pdf?rev=1212166&r1=1212165&r2=1212166&view=diff
==============================================================================
Files zookeeper/trunk/docs/zookeeperJMX.pdf (original) and zookeeper/trunk/docs/zookeeperJMX.pdf
Thu Dec  8 22:15:06 2011 differ

Modified: zookeeper/trunk/docs/zookeeperObservers.pdf
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/zookeeper/trunk/docs/zookeeperObservers.pdf?rev=1212166&r1=1212165&r2=1212166&view=diff
==============================================================================
Files zookeeper/trunk/docs/zookeeperObservers.pdf (original) and zookeeper/trunk/docs/zookeeperObservers.pdf
Thu Dec  8 22:15:06 2011 differ

Modified: zookeeper/trunk/docs/zookeeperOver.pdf
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/zookeeper/trunk/docs/zookeeperOver.pdf?rev=1212166&r1=1212165&r2=1212166&view=diff
==============================================================================
Binary files - no diff available.

Modified: zookeeper/trunk/docs/zookeeperProgrammers.pdf
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/zookeeper/trunk/docs/zookeeperProgrammers.pdf?rev=1212166&r1=1212165&r2=1212166&view=diff
==============================================================================
Binary files - no diff available.

Modified: zookeeper/trunk/docs/zookeeperQuotas.pdf
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/zookeeper/trunk/docs/zookeeperQuotas.pdf?rev=1212166&r1=1212165&r2=1212166&view=diff
==============================================================================
Files zookeeper/trunk/docs/zookeeperQuotas.pdf (original) and zookeeper/trunk/docs/zookeeperQuotas.pdf
Thu Dec  8 22:15:06 2011 differ

Modified: zookeeper/trunk/docs/zookeeperStarted.pdf
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/zookeeper/trunk/docs/zookeeperStarted.pdf?rev=1212166&r1=1212165&r2=1212166&view=diff
==============================================================================
Binary files - no diff available.

Modified: zookeeper/trunk/docs/zookeeperTutorial.pdf
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/zookeeper/trunk/docs/zookeeperTutorial.pdf?rev=1212166&r1=1212165&r2=1212166&view=diff
==============================================================================
Binary files - no diff available.

Modified: zookeeper/trunk/src/docs/src/documentation/content/xdocs/recipes.xml
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/zookeeper/trunk/src/docs/src/documentation/content/xdocs/recipes.xml?rev=1212166&r1=1212165&r2=1212166&view=diff
==============================================================================
--- zookeeper/trunk/src/docs/src/documentation/content/xdocs/recipes.xml (original)
+++ zookeeper/trunk/src/docs/src/documentation/content/xdocs/recipes.xml Thu Dec  8 22:15:06
2011
@@ -72,6 +72,19 @@
     function. In general, the examples in this section are designed to
     stimulate thought.</para>
 
+  <section id="sc_recipes_errorHandlingNote">
+    <title>Important Note About Error Handling</title>
+
+	<para>When implementing the recipes you must handle recoverable exceptions 
+	(see the <ulink url="http://wiki.apache.org/hadoop/ZooKeeper/FAQ">FAQ</ulink>).
In 
+	particular, several of the recipes employ sequential ephemeral 
+	nodes. When creating a sequential ephemeral node there is an error case in 
+	which the create() succeeds on the server but the server crashes before 
+	returning the name of the node to the client. When the client reconnects its 
+	session is still valid and, thus, the node is not removed. The implication is 
+	that it is difficult for the client to know if its node was created or not. The 
+	recipes below include measures to handle this.</para>
+  </section>
 
   <section id="sc_outOfTheBox">
     <title>Out of the Box Applications: Name Service, Configuration, Group
@@ -203,7 +216,7 @@
 
                   <listitem>
                     <para>if <emphasis>p</emphasis> is the lowest process
-                      node in L, wait on highest process node in L</para>
+                      node in L, wait on highest process node in P</para>
                   </listitem>
 
                   <listitem>
@@ -308,8 +321,9 @@
     <orderedlist>
       <listitem>
         <para>Call <emphasis role="bold">create( )</emphasis> with a pathname
-        of "_locknode_/lock-" and the <emphasis>sequence</emphasis> and
-        <emphasis>ephemeral</emphasis> flags set.</para>
+        of "_locknode_/guid-lock-" and the <emphasis>sequence</emphasis> and
+        <emphasis>ephemeral</emphasis> flags set. The <emphasis>guid</emphasis>

+		is needed in case the create() result is missed. See the note below.</para>
       </listitem>
 
       <listitem>
@@ -365,6 +379,20 @@
       </listitem>
     </itemizedlist>
 
+	<section id="sc_recipes_GuidNote">
+      <title>Recoverable Errors and the GUID</title>
+    <itemizedlist>
+      <listitem>
+        <para>If a recoverable error occurs calling <emphasis role="bold">create()</emphasis>
the 
+		client should call <emphasis role="bold">getChildren()</emphasis> and check
for a node 
+		containing the <emphasis>guid</emphasis> used in the path name. 
+		This handles the case (noted <ulink url="#sc_recipes_errorHandlingNote">above</ulink>)
of 
+		the create() succeeding on the server but the server crashing before returning the name

+		of the new node.</para>
+      </listitem>
+    </itemizedlist>
+	</section>
+
     <section>
       <title>Shared Locks</title>
 
@@ -387,7 +415,7 @@
                   <listitem>
                     <para>Call <emphasis role="bold">create( )</emphasis>
to
                     create a node with pathname
-                    "<filename>_locknode_/read-</filename>". This is the
+                    "<filename>guid-/read-</filename>". This is the
                     lock node use later in the protocol. Make sure to set both
                     the <emphasis>sequence</emphasis> and
                     <emphasis>ephemeral</emphasis> flags.</para>
@@ -433,7 +461,7 @@
                   <listitem>
                     <para>Call <emphasis role="bold">create( )</emphasis>
to
                     create a node with pathname
-                    "<filename>_locknode_/write-</filename>". This is the
+                    "<filename>guid-/write-</filename>". This is the
                     lock node spoken of later in the protocol. Make sure to
                     set both <emphasis>sequence</emphasis> and
                     <emphasis>ephemeral</emphasis> flags.</para>
@@ -474,7 +502,10 @@
         </tgroup>
       </informaltable>
 
-      <note>
+    <para>Notes:</para>
+
+    <itemizedlist>
+      <listitem>
         <para>It might appear that this recipe creates a herd effect:
           when there is a large group of clients waiting for a read
           lock, and all getting notified more or less simultaneously
@@ -483,10 +514,17 @@
           as all those waiting reader clients should be released since
           they have the lock. The herd effect refers to releasing a
           "herd" when in fact only a single or a small number of
-          machines can proceed.
-        </para>
-      </note>
-    </section>
+          machines can proceed.</para>
+      </listitem>
+    </itemizedlist>
+
+    <itemizedlist>
+      <listitem>
+        <para>See the <ulink url="#sc_recipes_GuidNote">note for Locks</ulink>
on how to use the guid in the node.</para>
+      </listitem>
+    </itemizedlist>
+
+	</section>
 
     <section id="sc_recoverableSharedLocks">
       <title>Recoverable Shared Locks</title>
@@ -563,7 +601,7 @@
     <para>A simple way of doing leader election with ZooKeeper is to use the
     <emphasis role="bold">SEQUENCE|EPHEMERAL</emphasis> flags when creating
     znodes that represent "proposals" of clients. The idea is to have a znode,
-    say "/election", such that each znode creates a child znode "/election/n_"
+    say "/election", such that each znode creates a child znode "/election/guid-n_"
     with both flags SEQUENCE|EPHEMERAL. With the sequence flag, ZooKeeper
     automatically appends a sequence number that is greater that any one
     previously appended to a child of "/election". The process that created
@@ -594,7 +632,7 @@
 
     <orderedlist>
       <listitem>
-        <para>Create znode z with path "ELECTION/n_" with both SEQUENCE and
+        <para>Create znode z with path "ELECTION/guid-n_" with both SEQUENCE and
         EPHEMERAL flags;</para>
       </listitem>
 
@@ -604,7 +642,7 @@
       </listitem>
 
       <listitem>
-        <para>Watch for changes on "ELECTION/n_j", where j is the smallest
+        <para>Watch for changes on "ELECTION/guid-n_j", where j is the smallest
         sequence number such that j &lt; i and n_j is a znode in C;</para>
       </listitem>
     </orderedlist>
@@ -622,16 +660,29 @@
       </listitem>
 
       <listitem>
-        <para>Otherwise, watch for changes on "ELECTION/n_j", where j is the
+        <para>Otherwise, watch for changes on "ELECTION/guid-n_j", where j is the
         smallest sequence number such that j &lt; i and n_j is a znode in C;
         </para>
       </listitem>
     </orderedlist>
 
-    <para>Note that the znode having no preceding znode on the list of
-    children does not imply that the creator of this znode is aware that it is
-    the current leader. Applications may consider creating a separate to znode
-    to acknowledge that the leader has executed the leader procedure. </para>
+	<para>Notes:</para>
+
+    <itemizedlist>
+      <listitem>
+	    <para>Note that the znode having no preceding znode on the list of
+	    children does not imply that the creator of this znode is aware that it is
+	    the current leader. Applications may consider creating a separate to znode
+	    to acknowledge that the leader has executed the leader procedure. </para>
+      </listitem>
+    </itemizedlist>
+
+    <itemizedlist>
+      <listitem>
+        <para>See the <ulink url="#sc_recipes_GuidNote">note for Locks</ulink>
on how to use the guid in the node.</para>
+      </listitem>
+    </itemizedlist>
+
   </section>
   </section>
 </article>



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