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From Gary L Peskin <ga...@firstech.com>
Subject Re: How to turn of validation and resolution of DTD entities?
Date Thu, 26 Jul 2001 04:25:42 GMT
Chris --

There are a few things you need to consider when using EntityResolvers:
(1)  Two DOM (or DTM) trees are built:  one for the stylesheet and one
for the input document.  Do you want an EntityResolver for both or do
you only need it for one or the other?  I'm going to assume in this
example that you only want it for the input document.  If you need it
for the stylesheet, we'll have to jazz up this example.
(2)  At stylesheet creation time, additional stylesheets can be brought
in using xsl:include and xsl:import.  New readers are created for these
things that don't use your EntityResolver.  To trap this, you'll need to
create a URIResolver that creates and returns a SAXSource that has your
EntityResolver hooked into that XMLReader.  The same holds true for XML
input documents brought in at runtime with the document() function.

So, for this simple example, I'll assume that you only want the
EntityResolver at runtime and that there are no input documents brought
in with the document() function.

I'd code it like this (none of this is tested but should work :)).  It's
taken more or less from the "Usage Patterns" page at

import javax.xml.transform.TransformerFactory;
import javax.xml.transform.sax.SAXTransformerFactory;
import javax.xml.transform.sax.TransformerHandler;
import org.xml.sax.XMLReader;
import org.xml.sax.helpers.XMLReaderFactory.createXMLReader
import org.apache.xalan.serialize.SerializerFactory;
import org.apache.xalan.serialize.Serializer;
import org.apache.xalan.templates.OutputProperties;
import javax.xml.transform.Result;
import javax.xml.transform.sax.SAXResult

// Instantiate a TransformerFactory.
TransformerFactory tFactory = TransformerFactory.newInstance();

// Cast the TransformerFactory to SAXTransformerFactory.
SAXTransformerFactory saxTFactory = (SAXTransformerFactory) Factory;

// Create a Transformer ContentHandler to handle transformation of the
XML Source
TransformerHandler transformerHandler 
              = saxTFactory.newTransformerHandler(new

// Create an XMLReader and set its ContentHandler.
XMLReader reader = XMLReaderFactory.createXMLReader();

// Set the ContentHandler to also function as a LexicalHandler, which
// can process "lexical" events (such as comments and CDATA). 

// Set your EntityResolver into the reader

// Set up a Serializer to serialize the Result to a file.
Serializer serializer = SerializerFactory.getSerializer
serializer.setOutputStream(new java.io.FileOutputStream("foo.out"));

// The Serializer functions as a SAX ContentHandler.
Result result = new SAXResult(serializer.asContentHandler());
// Parse the XML input document.


Raber Chris wrote:
> I have a need to turn off resolution of DTD entities
> when not connected to a network. Also I am thinking
> that hitting http://www.w3.org/ every time we bump
> into a DTD reference is a lot of overhead anyway. =:-o
> Based on a bit of Googling, it appears that
> implementing an EntityResolver that redirects remote
> TCP/IP destinations to a local cache is the ticket. If
> there is another/easier way, please advise.
> Currently I am using StreamSource and StreamResult as
> arguments to Transformer.transform, which is most
> convenient. I'd like to avoid hooking together an
> underlying parser, etc., if possible. I've really
> appreciated the simplcity of using the higher level
> Trax apis, and would like to stay there if I can.
> Simple good...
> Is there a way to hook in my own
> org.xml.sax.EntityResolver via a property, or must I
> instantiate my own underlying SAX/DOM handlers... and
> explictly call setEntityResolver an the XMLReaders?
> If the latter, can someone provide basic instructions
> on how to string this together? Is the SAX2SAX example
> a good place to start?
> And does anyone have an example EntityResolver they
> would be willing to share?
> TIA,
> -Chris.
> PS: It would be real cool if it were possible to hook
> this via property settings...
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