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From "Daniel Pfeifer (JIRA)" <xalan-...@xml.apache.org>
Subject [jira] Created: (XALANJ-2052) Xalan memoryleak when transformation runs in an own thread
Date Wed, 02 Feb 2005 08:14:19 GMT
Xalan memoryleak when transformation runs in an own thread
----------------------------------------------------------

         Key: XALANJ-2052
         URL: http://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/XALANJ-2052
     Project: XalanJ2
        Type: Bug
  Components: transformation  
    Versions: 2.6    
 Environment: Reproducable on Windows 2000 and up, Linux 2.6 and Solaris 9 with JVM 1.4.1/1.4.2/1.5
    Reporter: Daniel Pfeifer


Dear Sirs,

We are currently using Xalan in a live environment with high performance requirements. Ever
since we started using Xalan we have been experiencing a problem during transformation. After
our server has been serving a couple of million requests it keeps consuming more and more
memory until the virtual machines responds with an OutOfMemoryError. We have been profiling
the application and came to the conclusion that the Xalan is leaking memory when TransformerImpl.transform()
is executed in its own thread (it's started in an own thread so we can wait for the thread
to die for like 5 seconds and if the thread is not finished yet, we will get back to the thread
at some later time and check again).

However, the Profiler (there is a Profiler capture available if someone needs it) pointed
out following classes as consuming huge amounts of
memory:

org.apache.xerces.parser.SAXParser
org.apache.xml.utils.XMLReaderManager
org.apache.xalan.xsltc.dom.SAXImpl

According to the profiler the XMLReaderManager holds a class-variable called m_inUse of type
Hashtable. This table seems to increase for every new transformation. It never ever decreases,
and that even though every single thread in which transformer.transform(a,b) executes has
been finishing normally.

Since we are under pressure to find a solution to this problem I've been wondering if one
knows a workaround for this problem.

=== TransformerTest.java =====================================

    public String doTransformation(String xml, String xsl) {

	  // ... Code to create the TransformerFactory ...

        Templates t = transformerFactory.newTemplates(new
StreamSource(new StringReader(xsl)));

        final Transformer transformer = t.newTransformer();
        StringWriter stringWriter = new StringWriter();
        final TransformerError transformerError = new TransformerError();

        final Source xmlSource = new StreamSource(new StringReader(xml));
        final Result transformerResult = new StreamResult(stringWriter);

        Thread transformerThread = new Thread() {
            public void run() {
                try {
                    transformer.transform(xmlSource, transformerResult);
                } catch (Exception e) {
                    transformerError.setException(e);
                }
            }
        };

        transformerThread.start(); // Start the Transformer thread.

        try {
            transformerThread.join(5000); // Wait for some seconds, hopefully thread is done
after this.
            if (transformerThread.isAlive()) {
			// outside the scope of this example
            }
        } catch (InterruptedException e) {
		// outside the scope of this example
        }

        if (transformerError.getException() != null) {
            throw transformerError.getException();
        }

        String xsl = stringWriter.toString();
        return xsl;
    }

    private class TransformerError {
        private Exception exception;

        public Exception getException() {
            return exception;
        }

        public void setException(Exception exception) {
            this.exception = exception;
        }
    }

=== TransformerTest.java ============================ END ====

Additionally I would like to add that I did try to use SAXSource, run entire Xalan-related
code in the Thread and a couple of other things. It will always leak memory unless I don't
use a Thread, which I believe is not an option for me since it does have a purpose.

Don't hesitate to ask additional questions, any tips are helpful.

Thanks in advance,
Daniel Pfeifer


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