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From d..@apache.org
Subject cvs commit: xml-rpc/src/java/org/apache/xmlrpc XmlWriter.java
Date Wed, 07 Aug 2002 17:44:36 GMT
dlr         2002/08/07 10:44:36

  Added:       src/java/org/apache/xmlrpc XmlWriter.java
  Log:
  This class was originally XmlRpc.XmlWriter.  It writes XML, and now
  handles much of the associated encoding manipulation previously
  handled by XmlRpc.
  
  Revision  Changes    Path
  1.1                  xml-rpc/src/java/org/apache/xmlrpc/XmlWriter.java
  
  Index: XmlWriter.java
  ===================================================================
  package org.apache.xmlrpc;
  
  /*
   * The Apache Software License, Version 1.1
   *
   *
   * Copyright (c) 2001 The Apache Software Foundation.  All rights
   * reserved.
   *
   * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
   * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
   * are met:
   *
   * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
   *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
   *
   * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
   *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in
   *    the documentation and/or other materials provided with the
   *    distribution.
   *
   * 3. The end-user documentation included with the redistribution,
   *    if any, must include the following acknowledgment:
   *       "This product includes software developed by the
   *        Apache Software Foundation (http://www.apache.org/)."
   *    Alternately, this acknowledgment may appear in the software itself,
   *    if and wherever such third-party acknowledgments normally appear.
   *
   * 4. The names "XML-RPC" and "Apache Software Foundation" must
   *    not be used to endorse or promote products derived from this
   *    software without prior written permission. For written
   *    permission, please contact apache@apache.org.
   *
   * 5. Products derived from this software may not be called "Apache",
   *    nor may "Apache" appear in their name, without prior written
   *    permission of the Apache Software Foundation.
   *
   * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED ``AS IS'' AND ANY EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED
   * WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES
   * OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE
   * DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE APACHE SOFTWARE FOUNDATION OR
   * ITS CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
   * SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT
   * LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF
   * USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND
   * ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY,
   * OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT
   * OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
   * SUCH DAMAGE.
   * ====================================================================
   *
   * This software consists of voluntary contributions made by many
   * individuals on behalf of the Apache Software Foundation.  For more
   * information on the Apache Software Foundation, please see
   * <http://www.apache.org/>.
   */
  
  import java.io.IOException;
  import java.io.OutputStream;
  import java.io.OutputStreamWriter;
  import java.io.UnsupportedEncodingException;
  import java.util.Date;
  import java.util.Enumeration;
  import java.util.Hashtable;
  import java.util.Properties;
  import java.util.Vector;
  
  /**
   * A quick and dirty XML writer.  If you feed it a
   * <code>ByteArrayInputStream</code>, it may be necessary to call
   * <code>writer.flush()</code> before calling
   * <code>buffer.toByteArray()</code> to get the data written to
   * your byte buffer.
   *
   * @author <a href="mailto:hannes@apache.org">Hannes Wallnoefer</a>
   * @author <a href="mailto:dlr@finemaltcoding.com">Daniel Rall</a>
   */
  class XmlWriter extends OutputStreamWriter
  {
      // Various XML pieces.
      protected static final String PROLOG_START =
          "<?xml version=\"1.0\" encoding=\"";
      protected static final String PROLOG_END = "\"?>";
      protected static final String CLOSING_TAG_START = "</";
      protected static final String SINGLE_TAG_END = "/>";
      protected static final String LESS_THAN_ENTITY = "&lt;";
      protected static final String GREATER_THAN_ENTITY = "&gt;";
      protected static final String AMPERSAND_ENTITY = "&amp;";
  
      /**
       * Java's name for the the ISO8859_1 encoding.
       */
      protected static final String ISO8859_1 = "ISO8859_1";
  
      /**
       * Java's name for the the UTF8 encoding.
       */
      protected static final String UTF8 = "UTF8";
  
      /**
       * Mapping between Java encoding names and "real" names used in
       * XML prolog.
       */
      private static Properties encodings = new Properties();
  
      static
      {
          encodings.put(UTF8, "UTF-8");
          encodings.put(ISO8859_1, "ISO-8859-1");
      }
  
      /**
       * Creates a new instance.
       *
       * @param out The stream to write output to.
       * @param enc The encoding to using for outputing XML.
       * @throws UnsupportedEncodingException Encoding unrecognized.
       * @throws IOException Problem writing.
       */
      public XmlWriter(OutputStream out, String enc)
          throws UnsupportedEncodingException, IOException
      {
          // Super-class wants the Java form of the encoding.
          super(out, enc);
  
          // Add the XML prolog (including the encoding in XML form).
          write(PROLOG_START);
          write(canonicalizeEncoding(enc));
          write(PROLOG_END);
      }
  
      /**
       * Tranforms a Java encoding to the canonical XML form (if a
       * mapping is available).
       *
       * @param javaEncoding The name of the encoding as known by Java.
       * @return The XML encoding (if a mapping is available);
       * otherwise, the encoding as provided.
       */
      protected static String canonicalizeEncoding(String javaEncoding)
      {
          return encodings.getProperty(javaEncoding, javaEncoding);
      }
  
      /**
       * Writes the XML representation of a supported Java object type.
       *
       * @param obj The <code>Object</code> to write.
       * @exception IOException Problem writing data.
       * @throws IllegalArgumentException If a <code>null</code>
       * parameter is passed to this method (not supported by the <a
       * href="http://xml-rpc.com/spec">XML-RPC specification</a>).
       */
      public void writeObject(Object obj) throws IOException
      {
          startElement("value");
          if (obj == null)
          {
              throw new IllegalArgumentException
                  ("null values not supported by XML-RPC");
          }
          else if (obj instanceof String)
          {
              chardata(obj.toString());
          }
          else if (obj instanceof Integer)
          {
              startElement("int");
              write(obj.toString());
              endElement("int");
          }
          else if (obj instanceof Boolean)
          {
              startElement("boolean");
              write(((Boolean) obj).booleanValue() ? "1" : "0");
              endElement("boolean");
          }
          else if (obj instanceof Double || obj instanceof Float)
          {
              startElement("double");
              write(obj.toString());
              endElement("double");
          }
          else if (obj instanceof Date)
          {
              startElement("dateTime.iso8601");
              Date d = (Date) obj;
              // TODO: Stop using package private variable from XmlRpc
              write(XmlRpc.dateformat.format(d));
              endElement("dateTime.iso8601");
          }
          else if (obj instanceof byte[])
          {
              startElement("base64");
              this.write(Base64.encode((byte[]) obj));
              endElement("base64");
          }
          else if (obj instanceof Object[])
          {
              startElement("array");
              startElement("data");
              Object[] array = (Object []) obj;
              for (int i = 0; i < array.length; i++)
              {
                  writeObject(array[i]);
              }
              endElement("data");
              endElement("array");
          }
          else if (obj instanceof Vector)
          {
              startElement("array");
              startElement("data");
              Vector array = (Vector) obj;
              int size = array.size();
              for (int i = 0; i < size; i++)
              {
                  writeObject(array.elementAt(i));
              }
              endElement("data");
              endElement("array");
          }
          else if (obj instanceof Hashtable)
          {
              startElement("struct");
              Hashtable struct = (Hashtable) obj;
              for (Enumeration e = struct.keys(); e.hasMoreElements(); )
              {
                  String nextkey = (String) e.nextElement();
                  Object nextval = struct.get(nextkey);
                  startElement("member");
                  startElement("name");
                  write(nextkey);
                  endElement("name");
                  writeObject(nextval);
                  endElement("member");
              }
              endElement("struct");
          }
          else
          {
              throw new RuntimeException("unsupported Java type: "
                                         + obj.getClass());
          }
          endElement("value");
      }
  
      /**
       * This is used to write out the Base64 output...
       */
      protected void write(byte[] byteData) throws IOException
      {
          for (int i = 0; i < byteData.length; i++)
          {
              write(byteData[i]);
          }
      }
  
      /**
       *
       * @param elem
       * @throws IOException
       */
      protected void startElement(String elem) throws IOException
      {
          write('<');
          write(elem);
          write('>');
      }
  
      /**
       *
       * @param elem
       * @throws IOException
       */
      protected void endElement(String elem) throws IOException
      {
          write(CLOSING_TAG_START);
          write(elem);
          write('>');
      }
  
      /**
       *
       * @param elem
       * @throws IOException
       */
      protected void emptyElement(String elem) throws IOException
      {
          write('<');
          write(elem);
          write(SINGLE_TAG_END);
      }
  
      /**
       *
       * @param text
       * @throws IOException
       */
      protected void chardata(String text) throws IOException
      {
          int l = text.length ();
          for (int i = 0; i < l; i++)
          {
              char c = text.charAt (i);
              switch (c)
              {
              case '<':
                  write(LESS_THAN_ENTITY);
                  break;
              case '>':
                  write(GREATER_THAN_ENTITY);
                  break;
              case '&':
                  write(AMPERSAND_ENTITY);
                  break;
              default:
                  write(c);
              }
          }
      }
  }
  
  
  

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