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From "Chris Pepper (JIRA)" <j...@apache.org>
Subject [jira] Commented: (INFRA-604) Find out how to mirror/stripe drives in Xserves
Date Sun, 06 Nov 2005 06:00:22 GMT
    [ http://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/INFRA-604?page=comments#action_12356882 ] 

Chris Pepper commented on INFRA-604:
------------------------------------

Note that mirroring should be done before putting data on the drive. It's theoretically possible
to convert a standalone disk to a degraded mirror, and then add another, but this isn't really
supported (and didn't work for me).

>From the GUI, use /Applications/Utilities/Disk Utility.app.

>From the CLI, use diskutil.

pepper@www:~$ diskutil 
Disk Utility Tool
Utility to manage local disks and volumes.
Most options require root access to the device

Usage:  diskutil <verb> <options>
     <verb> is one of the following:
     list                  (List the partitions of a disk)
     information | info    (Get information on a disk or volume)

     unmount               (Unmount a single volume)
     unmountDisk           (Unmount an entire disk (all volumes))
     eject                 (Eject a disk)
     mount                 (Mount a single volume)
     mountDisk             (Mount an entire disk (all mountable volumes))
     rename                (Rename a volume)

     enableJournal         (Enable HFS+ journaling on a mounted HFS+ volume)
     disableJournal        (Disable HFS+ journaling on a mounted HFS+ volume)

     verifyVolume          (Verify the structure of a volume)
     repairVolume          (Repair the structure of a volume)

     verifyPermissions     (Verify the permissions of a volume)
     repairPermissions     (Repair the permissions of a volume)
     repairOS9Permissions  (Repair the permissions for the current
                                Classic boot volume)

     eraseDisk             (Erase an existing disk, removing all volumes)
     eraseVolume           (Erase an existing volume)
     reformat              (Reformat an existing volume)
     eraseOptical          (Erase an optical media (CD/RW, DVD/RW, etc.))
     zeroDisk              (Erase a disk, writing zeros to the media)
     randomDisk            (Erase a disk, writing random data to the media)
     secureErase           (Securely erase a disk or freespace on a volume)

     partitionDisk         ((re)Partition a disk, removing all volumes)

     createRAID            (Create a RAID set on multiple disks)
     destroyRAID           (Destroy an existing RAID set)
     checkRAID             (Check a RAID set for errors)
     enableRAID            (Convert a disk to a degraded RAID mirror set)
     convertRAID           (Convert a RAID 1.x (pre-Tiger) to a RAID 2.x (Tiger))
     updateRAID            (Update the settings of an existing RAID)
     addToRAID             (Add a spare or member disk to an existing RAID)
     removeFromRAID        (Remove a spare or member disk from an existing RAID)
     repairMirror          (Repair a damaged RAID mirror set)

     diskutil <verb> with no options will provide help on that verb

pepper@www:~$ man diskutil|cat

diskutil(8)               BSD System Manager's Manual              diskutil(8)

NAME
     diskutil -- Modify, verify and repair local disks.

SYNOPSIS
     diskutil verb [options]

DESCRIPTION
     diskutil uses the Disk Management framework to manipulate local disks.

VERBS
     Each verb is listed with its description and individual arguments.

     list [device]
                List the partitions of a disk or all disks.  If no device is
                listed, than all partitions on all disks will be displayed.

     info | information device
                Get information on a disk or volume.

     unmount    [force] device
                Unmount a single volume.   Force will force unmount the vol-
                ume.

     unmountDisk [force] device
                Unmount an entire disk (all volumes).  Force will force
                unmount the volumes.

     eject device
                Eject a disk.

     mount device
                Mount a single volume.

     mountDisk device
                Mount an entire disk (all mountable volumes).

     rename device name
                Rename a volume.

     enableJournal device
                Enable HFS+ journaling on a mounted HFS+ volume.  Ownership of
                the affected disk is required.

     disableJournal device
                Disable HFS+ journaling on a mounted HFS+ volume.  Ownership
                of the affected disk is required.

     verifyVolume device
                Verify the disk structure of a volume.  Ownership of the
                affected disk is required.

     repairvolume device
                Repair the structure of a volume.  Ownership of the affected
                disk is required.

     verifyPermissions device
                Verify the permissions of a Mac OS X boot volume.

     repairPermissions device
                Repair the permissions of a Mac OS X boot volume.  Ownership
                of the affected disk is required.

     repairOS9Permissions
                Repair the permissions of the user selected Classic System and
                Applications folder.

     eraseDisk format name [OS9Drivers] device
                Erase an existing disk, removing all volumes.  Format dis-
                cussed below.  Ownership of the affected disk is required.

     eraseVolume format name device
                Erase an existing volume.  Format discussed below.  Ownership
                of the affected disk is required.

     reformat device
                Reformat an existing device in the same name and format.  Own-
                ership of the affected disk is required.

     eraseOptical [quick] device
                Erase an optical media (CD/RW, DVD/RW, etc.).  Quick specifies
                whether the disc recording stack should do a full erase or a
                quick erase.  Ownership of the affected disk is required.

     zeroDisk device
                Erase a disk, writing zeros to the media.  Ownership of the
                affected disk is required.

     randomDisk [times] device
                Erase a disk, writing random data to the media.  Times is num-
                ber of times to write random information.  Ownership of the
                affected disk is required.

     secureErase [freespace] level device
                Securely erase a disk or freespace on a mounted volume.  Level
                should be one of the following
                        1 - Single pass randomly erase the disk.
                        2 - US DoD 7 pass secure erase.
                        3 - Gutmann algorithm 35 pass secure erase.  Ownership
                of the affected disk is required.

     partitionDisk device numberOfPartitions [OS9Drivers] [MBRFormat]
                <part1Format part1Name part1Size> <part2Format part2Name
                part2Size> <part3Format part3Name part3Size> ...
                (re)Partition a disk, removing all volumes.  All volumes on
                this disk will be destroyed.  Format is the specific filesys-
                tem name you want to erase it as. (HFS+, etc.)  MBRFormat
                specifies that the partition map should be written in DOS com-
                patible format.  (OS9Drivers will be ignored in this case)
                Valid sizes are B(ytes), K(ilobytes), M(egabytes), G(iga-
                bytes), T(erabytes) Example: 10G (10 gigabytes), 4.23T (4.23
                terabytes), 5M (5 megabytes) You cannot partition the boot
                disk.   Ownership of the affected disk is required.

     createRAID mirror|stripe setName format device device ...
                Create a RAID set on multiple disks or volumes.  Ownership of
                the affected disks is required.

     destroyRAID device
                Destroy an existing RAID set.  Ownership of the affected disks
                is required.

     checkRAID
                Print out the list of available RAID sets.

     enableRAID mirror|concat device
                Convert single filesystem disk or volume into a unpaired mir-
                ror RAID set or concat set.  Ownership of the affected disk is
                required.

     convertRAID device
                Convert a 1.x RAID (built on Panther or earlier) into a 2.x
                RAID (Tiger).  Ownership of the affected disks is required.

     repairMirror raidDisk newDisk
                Repair a failed mirror.  Supply the existing RAID as the raid-
                Disk parameter.  Supply the new disk as the last parameter of
                the request. newDisk and raidDisk are only Device Nodes or
                Disk Identifiers.  Ownership of the affected disk is required.

     updateRAID key value raidDisk
                Update the key|value parameters of an existing RAID set. Own-
                ership of the affected disk is required.

     addToRAID type newDisk raidDisk

     removeFromRAID newDisk raidDisk
                Add or remove a slice or spare from an existing RAID set.
                Type is one of 'member' or 'spare'. newDisk and raidDisk are
                only Device Nodes or Disk Identifiers.  Ownership of the
                affected disk is required.

FORMAT
     The format parameter of erase and partitioning (and RAID creation) is the
     filesystems name.  You can determine this name by looking in the /Sys-
     tem/Library/Filesystems/<fs>.fs/Contents/Info.plist.

     Some examples include HFS+, HFS, JournaledHFS+, UFS, MS-DOS, etc.

EXAMPLES
     Erase a disk
     diskutil eraseDisk UFS UntitledUFS disk3

     Erase a volume
     diskutil eraseVolume HFS+ UntitledHFS /Volumes/SomeDisk

     Partition a disk
     diskutil partitionDisk disk3 3 HFS+ Untitled 10G UFS UntitledUFS 10G MS-
     DOS DOS 10G

     Create a RAID
     diskutil createRAID mirror MirrorDisk HFS+ disk disk2

     Destroy a RAID
     diskutil destroyRAID /dev/disk3

     Repair a damaged RAID
     diskutil repairMirror disk2 disk3

DEVICES
     A device parameter to any of the above commands (except where explicitly
     defined otherwise) is any of the following
     The device node entry.  Any entry of the form of /dev/disk*.  ex.
     /dev/disk2
     The disk identifier.  Any entry of the form of disk*.  ex.  disk1s9
     The volume mount point.  Any entry of the form of /Volumes/Mountpoint.
     ex.  /Volumes/Untitled

SEE ALSO
     authopen(1), hdid(8), hdiutil(1), ufs.util(8), msdos.util(8),
     hfs.util(8), drutil(1), diskarbitrationd(8.)

Mac OS                            24 Jan 2003                           Mac OS
pepper@www:~$ 

> Find out how to mirror/stripe drives in Xserves
> -----------------------------------------------
>
>          Key: INFRA-604
>          URL: http://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/INFRA-604
>      Project: Infrastructure
>         Type: Sub-task
>     Reporter: Sander Temme
>     Assignee: Sander Temme

>


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