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From dbirds...@apache.org
Subject [33/35] incubator-trafodion-site git commit: Two new guides plus other documentation (PR 379)
Date Tue, 15 Mar 2016 20:39:00 GMT
http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/incubator-trafodion-site/blob/f0969233/docs/2.0.0/cqd_reference/index.html
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+<!DOCTYPE html>
+<html lang="en">
+<head>
+<meta charset="UTF-8">
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+<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
+<meta name="generator" content="Asciidoctor 1.5.4">
+<title>Control Query Default (CQD) Reference Guide</title>
+<style>
+/**
+* @@@ START COPYRIGHT @@@  
+*
+* Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one
+* or more contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file
+* distributed with this work for additional information
+* regarding copyright ownership.  The ASF licenses this file
+* to you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the
+* "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance
+* with the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
+*
+*   http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
+*
+* Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing,
+* software distributed under the License is distributed on an
+* "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY
+* KIND, either express or implied.  See the License for the
+* specific language governing permissions and limitations
+* under the License.
+*
+* @@@ END COPYRIGHT @@@ 
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+<body class="book toc2 toc-left">
+<div id="header">
+<h1>Control Query Default (CQD) Reference Guide</h1>
+<div class="details">
+<span id="revnumber">version 2.0.0</span>
+</div>
+<div id="toc" class="toc2">
+<div id="toctitle">Table of Contents</div>
+<ul class="sectlevel1">
+<li><a href="#_about_this_document">1. About This Document</a>
+<ul class="sectlevel2">
+<li><a href="#_intended_audience">1.1. Intended Audience</a></li>
+<li><a href="#_new_and_changed_information">1.2. New and Changed Information</a></li>
+<li><a href="#_notation_conventions">1.3. Notation Conventions</a></li>
+<li><a href="#_publishing_history">1.4. Publishing History</a></li>
+<li><a href="#_comments_encouraged">1.5. Comments Encouraged</a></li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+<li><a href="#introduction">2. Introduction</a>
+<ul class="sectlevel2">
+<li><a href="#introduction-cqd-descriptions">2.1. CQD Descriptions</a></li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+<li><a href="#query-plans">3. Query Plans</a>
+<ul class="sectlevel2">
+<li><a href="#default-degree-of-parallelism">3.1. DEFAULT_DEGREE_OF_PARALLELISM</a></li>
+<li><a href="#hash-joins">3.2. HASH_JOINS</a></li>
+<li><a href="#hbase-coprocessors">3.3. HBASE_COPROCESSORS</a></li>
+<li><a href="#hive-num-esps-per-datanode">3.4. HIVE_NUM_ESPS_PER_DATANODE</a></li>
+<li><a href="#join-order-by-user">3.5. JOIN_ORDER_BY_USER</a></li>
+<li><a href="#mc-skew-sensitivity-threshold">3.6. MC_SKEW_SENSITIVITY_THRESHOLD</a></li>
+<li><a href="#mdam-no-stats-positions-threshold">3.7. MDAM_NO_STATS_POSITIONS_THRESHOLD</a></li>
+<li><a href="#mdam-scan-method">3.8. MDAM_SCAN_METHOD</a></li>
+<li><a href="#merge-joins">3.9. MERGE_JOINS</a></li>
+<li><a href="#nested-joins">3.10. NESTED_JOINS</a></li>
+<li><a href="#optimization-level">3.11. OPTIMIZATION_LEVEL</a></li>
+<li><a href="#parallel-num-esps">3.12. PARALLEL_NUM_ESPS</a></li>
+<li><a href="#risk-premium-nj">3.13. RISK_PREMIUM_NJ</a></li>
+<li><a href="#risk-premium-serial">3.14. RISK_PREMIUM_SERIAL</a></li>
+<li><a href="#risk-premium-serial-scaleback-maxcard-threshold">3.15. RISK_PREMIUM_SERIAL_SCALEBACK_MAXCARD_THRESHOLD</a></li>
+<li><a href="#robust-query-optimization">3.16. ROBUST_QUERY_OPTIMIZATION</a></li>
+<li><a href="#skew-explain">3.17. SKEW_EXPLAIN</a></li>
+<li><a href="#skew-rowcount-threshold">3.18. SKEW_ROWCOUNT_THRESHOLD</a></li>
+<li><a href="#skew-sensitivity-threshold">3.19. SKEW_SENSITIVITY_THRESHOLD</a></li>
+<li><a href="#subquery_unnesting">3.20. SUBQUERY_UNNESTING</a></li>
+<li><a href="#traf-allow-esp-colocation">3.21. TRAF_ALLOW_ESP_COLOCATION</a></li>
+<li><a href="#traf-upsert-with-insert-default-semantics">3.22. TRAF_UPSERT_WITH_INSERT_DEFAULT_SEMANTICS</a></li>
+<li><a href="#upd-ordered">3.23. UPD_ORDERED</a></li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+<li><a href="#query-execution">4. Query Execution</a>
+<ul class="sectlevel2">
+<li><a href="#hbase-async-operation">4.1. HBASE_ASYNC_OPERATION</a></li>
+<li><a href="#hbase-cache-blocks">4.2. HBASE_CACHE_BLOCKS</a></li>
+<li><a href="#hbase-filter-preds">4.3. HBASE_FILTER_PREDS</a></li>
+<li><a href="#hbase-hash2-partitioning">4.4. HBASE_HASH2_PARTITIONING</a></li>
+<li><a href="#hbase_num_cache_rows_max">4.5. HBASE_NUM_CACHE_ROWS_MAX</a></li>
+<li><a href="#hbase-rowset-vsbb-opt">4.6. HBASE_ROWSET_VSBB_OPT</a></li>
+<li><a href="#hbase-rowset-vsbb-size">4.7. HBASE_ROWSET_VSBB_SIZE</a></li>
+<li><a href="#hbase-small-scanner">4.8. HBASE_SMALL_SCANNER</a></li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+<li><a href="#manage-histograms">5. Manage Histograms</a>
+<ul class="sectlevel2">
+<li><a href="#cache-histograms-refresh-interval">5.1. CACHE_HISTOGRAMS_REFRESH_INTERVAL</a></li>
+<li><a href="#hist-missing-stats-warning-level">5.2. HIST_MISSING_STATS_WARNING_LEVEL</a></li>
+<li><a href="#hist-no-stats-refresh-interval">5.3. HIST_NO_STATS_REFRESH_INTERVAL</a></li>
+<li><a href="#hist-prefetch">5.4. HIST_PREFETCH</a></li>
+<li><a href="#hist-rowcount-requiring-stats">5.5. HIST_ROWCOUNT_REQUIRING_STATS</a></li>
+<li><a href="#hist-use-sample-for-cardinality-estimation">5.6. HIST_USE_SAMPLE_FOR_CARDINALITY_ESTIMATION</a></li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+<li><a href="#transaction-control-and-locking">6. Transaction Control and Locking</a>
+<ul class="sectlevel2">
+<li><a href="#isolation-level">6.1. ISOLATION_LEVEL</a></li>
+<li><a href="#isolation-level-for-updates">6.2. ISOLATION_LEVEL_FOR_UPDATES</a></li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+<li><a href="#runtime-controls">7. Runtime Controls</a>
+<ul class="sectlevel2">
+<li><a href="#last0-mode">7.1. LAST0_MODE</a></li>
+<li><a href="#query-limit-sql-process-cpu">7.2. QUERY_LIMIT_SQL_PROCESS_CPU</a></li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+<li><a href="#schema-controls">8. Schema Controls</a>
+<ul class="sectlevel2">
+<li><a href="#catalog">8.1. Catalog</a></li>
+<li><a href="#schema">8.2. Schema</a></li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+<li><a href="#table_definition">9. Table Definition</a>
+<ul class="sectlevel2">
+<li><a href="#auto-query-retry-warnings">9.1. ALLOW_NULLABLE_UNIQUE_KEY_CONSTRAINT</a></li>
+<li><a href="#hbase-block-size">9.2. HBASE_BLOCK_SIZE</a></li>
+<li><a href="#hive-default-charset">9.3. HIVE_DEFAULT_CHARSET</a></li>
+<li><a href="#hive-file-charset">9.4. HIVE_FILE_CHARSET</a></li>
+<li><a href="#hive-max-string-length">9.5. HIVE_MAX_STRING_LENGTH</a></li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+<li><a href="#update-statistics-and-reorg">10. Update Statistics and Reorg</a>
+<ul class="sectlevel2">
+<li><a href="#ustat-max-read-age-in-min">10.1. USTAT_MAX_READ_AGE_IN_MIN</a></li>
+<li><a href="#ustat-min-rowcount-for-sample">10.2. USTAT_MIN_ROWCOUNT_FOR_SAMPLE</a></li>
+<li><a href="#ustat-min-rowcount-for-low-sample">10.3. USTAT_MIN_ROWCOUNT_FOR_LOW_SAMPLE</a></li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+<li><a href="#operational-controls">11. Operational Controls</a>
+<ul class="sectlevel2">
+<li><a href="#auto-query-retry-warnings">11.1. AUTO_QUERY_RETRY_WARNINGS</a></li>
+<li><a href="#explain-description-column-size">11.2. EXPLAIN_DESCRIPTION_COLUMN_SIZE</a></li>
+<li><a href="#hbase-region-server-max-heap-size">11.3. HBASE_REGION_SERVER_MAX_HEAP_SIZE</a></li>
+<li><a href="#hive-metadata-refresh-interval">11.4. HIVE_METADATA_REFRESH_INTERVAL</a></li>
+<li><a href="#query-cache">11.5. QUERY_CACHE</a></li>
+<li><a href="#traf-load-allow-risky-index-maintenance">11.6. TRAF_LOAD_ALLOW_RISKY_INDEX_MAINTENANCE</a></li>
+<li><a href="#traf-load-flush-size-in-kb">11.7. TRAF_LOAD_FLUSH_SIZE_IN_KB</a></li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+<li><a href="#debugging">12. Debugging</a>
+<ul class="sectlevel2">
+<li><a href="#udr-debug-flags">12.1. UDR_DEBUG_FLAGS</a></li>
+<li><a href="#udr_jvm_debug_port">12.2. UDR_JVM_DEBUG_PORT</a></li>
+<li><a href="#udr-jvm-debug-timeout">12.3. UDR_JVM_DEBUG_TIMEOUT</a></li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+</ul>
+</div>
+</div>
+<div id="content">
+<div id="preamble">
+<div class="sectionbody">
+<div class="paragraph">
+<p><strong>License Statement</strong></p>
+</div>
+<div class="paragraph">
+<p>Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file
+distributed with this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.  The ASF licenses this file
+to you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
+the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at <a href="http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0" class="bare">http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0</a></p>
+</div>
+<div class="paragraph">
+<p>Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software distributed under the License is distributed on an
+"AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.  See the License for the
+specific language governing permissions and limitations under the License.</p>
+</div>
+<table class="tableblock frame-all grid-all spread">
+<colgroup>
+<col style="width: 50%;">
+<col style="width: 50%;">
+</colgroup>
+<thead>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top">Version</th>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top">Date</th>
+</tr>
+</thead>
+<tbody>
+<tr>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">1.3.0</p></td>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">January, 2016</p></td>
+</tr>
+</tbody>
+</table>
+</div>
+</div>
+<div class="sect1">
+<h2 id="_about_this_document">1. About This Document</h2>
+<div class="sectionbody">
+<div class="paragraph">
+<p>This guide describes Trafodion Control Query Defaults (CQDs) that are used to override
+system-level default settings.</p>
+</div>
+<div class="sect2">
+<h3 id="_intended_audience">1.1. Intended Audience</h3>
+<div class="paragraph">
+<p>This guide is intended for database administrators and application programmers who want to
+use CQDs to override system-default settings when querying a Trafodion database.</p>
+</div>
+</div>
+<div class="sect2">
+<h3 id="_new_and_changed_information">1.2. New and Changed Information</h3>
+<div class="paragraph">
+<p>This is a new guide.</p>
+</div>
+</div>
+<div class="sect2">
+<h3 id="_notation_conventions">1.3. Notation Conventions</h3>
+<div class="paragraph">
+<p>This list summarizes the notation conventions for syntax presentation in this manual.</p>
+</div>
+<div class="ulist">
+<ul>
+<li>
+<p>UPPERCASE LETTERS</p>
+<div class="paragraph">
+<p>Uppercase letters indicate keywords and reserved words. Type these items exactly as shown. Items not enclosed in brackets are required.</p>
+</div>
+<div class="listingblock">
+<div class="content">
+<pre class="CodeRay highlight"><code data-lang="text">SELECT</code></pre>
+</div>
+</div>
+</li>
+<li>
+<p>lowercase letters</p>
+<div class="paragraph">
+<p>Lowercase letters, regardless of font, indicate variable items that you supply. Items not enclosed in brackets are required.</p>
+</div>
+<div class="listingblock">
+<div class="content">
+<pre class="CodeRay highlight"><code data-lang="text">file-name</code></pre>
+</div>
+</div>
+</li>
+<li>
+<p>&#91; &#93; Brackets</p>
+<div class="paragraph">
+<p>Brackets enclose optional syntax items.</p>
+</div>
+<div class="listingblock">
+<div class="content">
+<pre class="CodeRay highlight"><code data-lang="text">DATETIME [start-field TO] end-field</code></pre>
+</div>
+</div>
+<div class="paragraph">
+<p>A group of items enclosed in brackets is a list from which you can choose one item or none.</p>
+</div>
+<div class="paragraph">
+<p>The items in the list can be arranged either vertically, with aligned brackets on each side of the list, or horizontally, enclosed in a pair of brackets and separated by vertical lines.</p>
+</div>
+<div class="paragraph">
+<p>For example:</p>
+</div>
+<div class="listingblock">
+<div class="content">
+<pre class="CodeRay highlight"><code data-lang="text">DROP SCHEMA schema [CASCADE]
+DROP SCHEMA schema [ CASCADE | RESTRICT ]</code></pre>
+</div>
+</div>
+</li>
+<li>
+<p>{ } Braces</p>
+<div class="paragraph">
+<p>Braces enclose required syntax items.</p>
+</div>
+<div class="listingblock">
+<div class="content">
+<pre class="CodeRay highlight"><code data-lang="text">FROM { grantee [, grantee ] ... }</code></pre>
+</div>
+</div>
+<div class="paragraph">
+<p>A group of items enclosed in braces is a list from which you are required to choose one item.</p>
+</div>
+<div class="paragraph">
+<p>The items in the list can be arranged either vertically, with aligned braces on each side of the list, or horizontally, enclosed in a pair of braces and separated by vertical lines.</p>
+</div>
+<div class="paragraph">
+<p>For example:</p>
+</div>
+<div class="listingblock">
+<div class="content">
+<pre class="CodeRay highlight"><code data-lang="text">INTERVAL { start-field TO end-field }
+{ single-field }
+INTERVAL { start-field TO end-field | single-field }</code></pre>
+</div>
+</div>
+</li>
+<li>
+<p>| Vertical Line</p>
+<div class="paragraph">
+<p>A vertical line separates alternatives in a horizontal list that is enclosed in brackets or braces.</p>
+</div>
+<div class="listingblock">
+<div class="content">
+<pre class="CodeRay highlight"><code data-lang="text">{expression | NULL}</code></pre>
+</div>
+</div>
+</li>
+<li>
+<p>&#8230; Ellipsis</p>
+<div class="paragraph">
+<p>An ellipsis immediately following a pair of brackets or braces indicates that you can repeat the enclosed sequence of syntax items any number of times.</p>
+</div>
+<div class="listingblock">
+<div class="content">
+<pre class="CodeRay highlight"><code data-lang="text">ATTRIBUTE[S] attribute [, attribute] ...
+{, sql-expression } ...</code></pre>
+</div>
+</div>
+<div class="paragraph">
+<p>An ellipsis immediately following a single syntax item indicates that you can repeat that syntax item any number of times.</p>
+</div>
+<div class="paragraph">
+<p>For example:</p>
+</div>
+<div class="listingblock">
+<div class="content">
+<pre class="CodeRay highlight"><code data-lang="text">expression-n ...</code></pre>
+</div>
+</div>
+</li>
+<li>
+<p>Punctuation</p>
+<div class="paragraph">
+<p>Parentheses, commas, semicolons, and other symbols not previously described must be typed as shown.</p>
+</div>
+<div class="listingblock">
+<div class="content">
+<pre class="CodeRay highlight"><code data-lang="text">DAY (datetime-expression)
+@script-file</code></pre>
+</div>
+</div>
+<div class="paragraph">
+<p>Quotation marks around a symbol such as a bracket or brace indicate the symbol is a required character that you must type as shown.</p>
+</div>
+<div class="paragraph">
+<p>For example:</p>
+</div>
+<div class="listingblock">
+<div class="content">
+<pre class="CodeRay highlight"><code data-lang="text">&quot;{&quot; module-name [, module-name] ... &quot;}&quot;</code></pre>
+</div>
+</div>
+</li>
+<li>
+<p>Item Spacing</p>
+<div class="paragraph">
+<p>Spaces shown between items are required unless one of the items is a punctuation symbol such as a parenthesis or a comma.</p>
+</div>
+<div class="listingblock">
+<div class="content">
+<pre class="CodeRay highlight"><code data-lang="text">DAY (datetime-expression) DAY(datetime-expression)</code></pre>
+</div>
+</div>
+<div class="paragraph">
+<p>If there is no space between two items, spaces are not permitted. In this example, no spaces are permitted between the period and any other items:</p>
+</div>
+<div class="listingblock">
+<div class="content">
+<pre class="CodeRay highlight"><code data-lang="text">myfile.sh</code></pre>
+</div>
+</div>
+</li>
+<li>
+<p>Line Spacing</p>
+<div class="paragraph">
+<p>If the syntax of a command is too long to fit on a single line, each continuation line is indented three spaces and is separated from the preceding line by a blank line.</p>
+</div>
+<div class="paragraph">
+<p>This spacing distinguishes items in a continuation line from items in a vertical list of selections.</p>
+</div>
+<div class="listingblock">
+<div class="content">
+<pre class="CodeRay highlight"><code data-lang="text">match-value [NOT] LIKE _pattern
+   [ESCAPE esc-char-expression]</code></pre>
+</div>
+</div>
+</li>
+</ul>
+</div>
+</div>
+<div class="sect2">
+<h3 id="_publishing_history">1.4. Publishing History</h3>
+<table class="tableblock frame-all grid-all spread">
+<colgroup>
+<col style="width: 50%;">
+<col style="width: 50%;">
+</colgroup>
+<thead>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top">Product Version</th>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top">Publication Date</th>
+</tr>
+</thead>
+<tbody>
+<tr>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Trafodion Release 1.3.0</p></td>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">January 2016.</p></td>
+</tr>
+</tbody>
+</table>
+</div>
+<div class="sect2">
+<h3 id="_comments_encouraged">1.5. Comments Encouraged</h3>
+<div class="paragraph">
+<p>The Trafodion community encourages your comments concerning this document. We are committed to providing documentation that meets your
+needs. Send any errors found, suggestions for improvement, or compliments to:</p>
+</div>
+<div class="paragraph">
+<p><a href="mailto:issues@trafodion.incubator.apache.org">issues@trafodion.incubator.apache.org</a></p>
+</div>
+<div class="paragraph">
+<p>Include the document title and any comment, error found, or suggestion for improvement you have concerning this document. Or, even
+better, join our community and help us improve our documentation. Please refer to
+<a href="http://trafodion.incubator.apache.org/contributing_redirect.html">Trafodion Contributor Guide</a> for details.</p>
+</div>
+</div>
+</div>
+</div>
+<div class="sect1">
+<h2 id="introduction">2. Introduction</h2>
+<div class="sectionbody">
+<div class="paragraph">
+<p>Refer to the
+<a href="http://trafodion.apache.org/docs/sql_reference/index.html#control_query_cancel_statement">Trafodion SQL Reference Manual</a>
+full documentation of the CQD (CONTROL QUERY DEFAULT) statement.</p>
+</div>
+<div class="paragraph">
+<p>The CONTROL QUERY DEFAULT statement changes the default settings for the current process. You can execute
+the CONTROL QUERY DEFAULT statement in a client-based tool like TrafCI or through any ODBC or JDBC application.</p>
+</div>
+<div class="paragraph">
+<p><strong>Syntax</strong></p>
+</div>
+<div class="listingblock">
+<div class="content">
+<pre class="CodeRay highlight"><code data-lang="text">{ CONTROL QUERY DEFAULT | CQD } control-default-option
+
+control-default-option is:
+  attribute {'attr-value' | RESET}</code></pre>
+</div>
+</div>
+<div class="paragraph">
+<p>The result of the execution of a CONTROL QUERY DEFAULT statement stays in effect until the current process
+terminates or until the execution of another statement for the same attribute overrides it.
+CQDs are applied at compile time, so CQDs do not affect any statements that are already prepared. For example:</p>
+</div>
+<div class="listingblock">
+<div class="content">
+<pre class="CodeRay highlight"><code data-lang="text">PREPARE x FROM SELECT * FROM t;
+CONTROL QUERY DEFAULT SCHEMA 'myschema';
+EXECUTE x;                              -- uses the default schema SEABASE
+SELECT * FROM t2;                       -- uses MYSCHEMA;
+PREPARE y FROM SELECT * FROM t3;
+CONTROL QUERY DEFAULT SCHEMA 'seabase';
+EXECUTE y;                              -- uses MYSCHEMA;</code></pre>
+</div>
+</div>
+<div class="paragraph">
+<p><strong>Examples</strong></p>
+</div>
+<div class="ulist">
+<ul>
+<li>
+<p>Change the maximum supported length of the column names to 200 for the current process:</p>
+<div class="listingblock">
+<div class="content">
+<pre class="CodeRay highlight"><code data-lang="text">CONTROL QUERY DEFAULT HBASE_MAX_COLUMN_NAME_LENGTH '200';</code></pre>
+</div>
+</div>
+</li>
+<li>
+<p>Reset the HBASE_MAX_COLUMN_NAME_LENGTH attribute to its initial value in the current process:</p>
+<div class="listingblock">
+<div class="content">
+<pre class="CodeRay highlight"><code data-lang="text">CONTROL QUERY DEFAULT HBASE_MAX_COLUMN_NAME_LENGTH RESET;</code></pre>
+</div>
+</div>
+</li>
+</ul>
+</div>
+<div style="page-break-after: always;"></div>
+<div class="sect2">
+<h3 id="introduction-cqd-descriptions">2.1. CQD Descriptions</h3>
+<div class="paragraph">
+<p>The following information is provided for each CQD:</p>
+</div>
+<table class="tableblock frame-all grid-all spread">
+<colgroup>
+<col style="width: 25%;">
+<col style="width: 75%;">
+</colgroup>
+<tbody>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Description</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Describes the purpose of the CQD.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Values</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Identifies this information:<br>
+<br>
+&#8226; Values, in the form of a character string, that specify the applicable attribute values for the CQD.<br>
+&#8226; The default attribute value.<br>
+&#8226; If applicable, the Trafodion release in which the attribute values or default changed.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Usage</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Describes the conditions when the CQD is helpful, and how to detect the conditions.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Production Usage</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Identifies when the CQD is not safe to be used as a permanent setting in production.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Impact</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Describes any positive and negative implications of using the CQD.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Level</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Indicates one of these levels at which the CQD should be used:<br>
+<br>
+&#8226; Query<br>
+&#8226; Session<br>
+&#8226; Service<br>
+&#8226; Any<br>
+<br>
+NOTE: This level indicates that the CQD can be used at the Query, Session or Service level as long as you fully understands the scope of the impact of the CQD.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Conflicts/Synergies</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Describes CQDs that are in conflict with or can be used in conjunction with the CQD.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Real Problem Addressed</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Describes any design or solution that the CQD may be a workaround for and how you can directly address the real problem.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Introduced In Release</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Indicates the Trafodion release when the CQD was introduced.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Deprecated In Release</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Indicates in what release the CQD was deprecated.</p></td>
+</tr>
+</tbody>
+</table>
+</div>
+</div>
+</div>
+<div class="sect1">
+<h2 id="query-plans">3. Query Plans</h2>
+<div class="sectionbody">
+<div class="paragraph">
+<p>This section describes CQDs that are used to influence query plans.</p>
+</div>
+<div class="sect2">
+<h3 id="default-degree-of-parallelism">3.1. DEFAULT_DEGREE_OF_PARALLELISM</h3>
+<table class="tableblock frame-all grid-all spread">
+<colgroup>
+<col style="width: 25%;">
+<col style="width: 75%;">
+</colgroup>
+<tbody>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Description</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Defines the minimum size of the adaptive segment; that is, the number of processors
+available for query operator parallelism. The optimizer may choose an adaptive-segment size that is equal to, or the multiple of,
+the value of this CQD depending on the maximum estimated resource consumed by any single operator in the query.
+The optimizer may also decide to run the query with no parallelism if the resource consumption estimate is very low.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Values</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Unsigned Integer.<br>
+<br>
+The default value is <strong>'16'</strong>.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Usage</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">For systems running at higher levels of concurrency with workloads that include a large
+number of small queries, reducing the default degree of parallelism may help achieve higher throughput.<br>
+<br>
+With the default of 16, for 32-node systems, adaptive segmentation can use two 16-node virtual segments to execute queries that
+do not require a degree of parallelism of 32.  This default setting can, for example, be changed to 8 for a 16-node system,
+to allow adaptive segmentation to leverage a lower degree of parallelism.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Production Usage</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Not applicable.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Impact</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Lowering the value of this CQD can increase the throughput of
+high-concurrency small-query workloads, but has the potential disadvantage of increasing the
+elapsed time for some of the longer running queries that leverage adaptive segmentation.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Level</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">System. There may be scenarios where you want to influence the degree of adaptive segmentation
+parallelism only for a certain set of queries and use it at the service level.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Conflicts/Synergies</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Not applicable.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Real Problem Addressed</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Not applicable.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Introduced In Release</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Trafodion 1.3.0.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Deprecated In Release</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Not applicable.</p></td>
+</tr>
+</tbody>
+</table>
+<div style="page-break-after: always;"></div>
+</div>
+<div class="sect2">
+<h3 id="hash-joins">3.2. HASH_JOINS</h3>
+<table class="tableblock frame-all grid-all spread">
+<colgroup>
+<col style="width: 25%;">
+<col style="width: 75%;">
+</colgroup>
+<tbody>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Description</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Determines whether the Trafodion Optimizer considers Hash Join when generating an execution plan.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Values</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>'ON'</strong> Hash Join is considered.<br>
+<strong>'OFF'</strong> Hash Join is not considered.<br>
+<br>
+The default value is <strong>'ON'</strong>.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Usage</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Use this CQD when you want to force the optimizer to generate a query plan that does not use any Hash Joins.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Production Usage</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Hash Join is an important join implementation strategy for most complex queries.
+It is highly recommended that you do not turn HASH_JOINS OFF; that is, this CQD should be used to force a query plan for a particular query on an exception basis only.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Impact</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Turning HASH_JOINS OFF may result in very inefficient query plans that use expensive nested joins or sorts for merge joins.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Level</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Query.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Conflicts/Synergies</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">If you turn all three join implementations OFF (Hash Joins, Nested Joins, and Merge Joins), then the compiler may fail to generate query plans.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Real Problem Addressed</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Not applicable.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Introduced In Release</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Trafodion 1.3.0.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Deprecated In Release</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Not applicable.</p></td>
+</tr>
+</tbody>
+</table>
+<div style="page-break-after: always;"></div>
+</div>
+<div class="sect2">
+<h3 id="hbase-coprocessors">3.3. HBASE_COPROCESSORS</h3>
+<table class="tableblock frame-all grid-all spread">
+<colgroup>
+<col style="width: 25%;">
+<col style="width: 75%;">
+</colgroup>
+<tbody>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Description</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Allow HBase coprocessors to be used when computing aggregates.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Values</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>'ON'</strong>: Use HBase coprocessors.<br>
+<strong>'OFF'</strong>: Do not use HBase coprocessors.<br>
+<br>
+The default value is <strong>'ON'</strong>.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Usage</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Enables Trafodion to use HBase coprocessors to do early aggregation and filtering
+at the HBase Region Server level. This CQD does not affect Transaction coprocessors used by Trafodion.<br>
+<br>
+As of Release 2.0 only COUNT(*) queries will be affected by this attribute.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Production Usage</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Yes.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Impact</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Network traffic between Region Server and Trafodion processes is reduced but
+the Region Server can become very busy when aggregating over large tables.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Level</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Query.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Conflicts/Synergies</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Not applicable.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Real Problem Addressed</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Not applicable.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Introduced In Release</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Trafodion 1.3.0.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Deprecated In Release</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Not applicable.</p></td>
+</tr>
+</tbody>
+</table>
+<div style="page-break-after: always;"></div>
+</div>
+<div class="sect2">
+<h3 id="hive-num-esps-per-datanode">3.4. HIVE_NUM_ESPS_PER_DATANODE</h3>
+<table class="tableblock frame-all grid-all spread">
+<colgroup>
+<col style="width: 25%;">
+<col style="width: 75%;">
+</colgroup>
+<tbody>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Description</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Determines number of ESP processes used to scan a Hive table, per HDFS DataNode.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Values</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Positive integer.<br>
+<br>
+The default value is <strong>'2'</strong>.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Usage</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Use this CQD to increase or decrease the number of scanners that process a single Hive table.
+If a Hive scan is found to be the bottleneck for a particular query, then increasing this attribute to; for example, 4 or higher will help.
+On the other hand decreasing the attribute to 1 could help with concurrency.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Production Usage</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Yes.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Impact</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Controls number of ESPs and, therefore, affects query execution time and system workload.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Level</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Query.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Conflicts/Synergies</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">The CQD <a href="#hive-min-bytes-per-esp-partition">HIVE_MIN_BYTES_PER_ESP_PARTITION</a> (default = 67108864) may need to be adjusted downward
+when this attribute is used to increase the parallelism of scanning smaller Hive tables.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Real Problem Addressed</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Not applicable.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Introduced In Release</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Trafodion 1.3.0.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Deprecated In Release</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Not applicable.</p></td>
+</tr>
+</tbody>
+</table>
+<div style="page-break-after: always;"></div>
+</div>
+<div class="sect2">
+<h3 id="join-order-by-user">3.5. JOIN_ORDER_BY_USER</h3>
+<table class="tableblock frame-all grid-all spread">
+<colgroup>
+<col style="width: 25%;">
+<col style="width: 75%;">
+</colgroup>
+<tbody>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Description</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Enables or disables the join order in which the optimizer joins the tables to be the sequence of the
+tables in the FROM clause of the query.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Values</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>'ON'</strong> Join order is forced.<br>
+<strong>'OFF'</strong> Join order is decided by the optimizer.<br>
+<br>
+The default value is <strong>'OFF'</strong>.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Usage</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">When set to ON, the optimizer considers only execution plans that have the join order matching
+the sequence of the tables in the FROM clause.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Production Usage</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">This setting is to be used for forcing a desired join order that was not generated by default by
+the optimizer only. It can be used as a workaround for query plans with inefficient join order.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Impact</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Because you are in effect forcing the optimizer to use a plan that joins the table in the order
+specified in the FROM clause, the plan generated may not be the optimal one.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Level</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Query.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Conflicts/Synergies</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Not applicable.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Real Problem Addressed</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Not applicable.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Introduced In Release</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Trafodion 1.3.0.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Deprecated In Release</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Not applicable.</p></td>
+</tr>
+</tbody>
+</table>
+<div style="page-break-after: always;"></div>
+</div>
+<div class="sect2">
+<h3 id="mc-skew-sensitivity-threshold">3.6. MC_SKEW_SENSITIVITY_THRESHOLD</h3>
+<table class="tableblock frame-all grid-all spread">
+<colgroup>
+<col style="width: 25%;">
+<col style="width: 75%;">
+</colgroup>
+<tbody>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Description</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Define the multi-column skew sensitivity threshold T used by multi-column skew-insensitive hash join (Skew Buster).<br>
+<br>
+Let <code>f</code> be the occurrence frequency of a skew value <code>v</code>, <code>DoP</code> be the degree of parallelism of a hash join operator, and <code>RC</code> be the row count of
+the source data (for example, fact table) where the skew originates.<br>
+<br>
+The hash join will run in the anti-skew mode for <code>v</code> if <code>f &gt;= T * DoP / RC</code>.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Values</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>&lt; 0</strong>: Disable the multi-column skew buster.<br>
+<strong>&#62;= 0</strong>: Define the threshold T.<br>
+<br>
+Default value: <strong>0.1</strong>.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Usage</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Use of a <strong>negative value</strong> to disable multi-column anti-skew hash joins. This may slow down query performance when
+multi-column skew values are present in the fact table.<br>
+<br>
+A value of <strong>0</strong> treats every multi-column value as skew values. This may increase network traffic since skewed values are broadcasted from the inner
+side child of the hash join to all join processes.<br>
+<br>
+A value <strong>greater than 0</strong> selects those multi-column values as skewed values if their occurrence frequencies are high enough.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Production Usage</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Consult the Trafodion community.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Impact</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">This CQD impacts runtime performance.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Level</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Session.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Conflicts/Synergies</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Not applicable.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Real Problem Addressed</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Not applicable.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Introduced In Release</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Trafodion 1.3.0.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Deprecated In Release</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Not applicable.</p></td>
+</tr>
+</tbody>
+</table>
+<div style="page-break-after: always;"></div>
+</div>
+<div class="sect2">
+<h3 id="mdam-no-stats-positions-threshold">3.7. MDAM_NO_STATS_POSITIONS_THRESHOLD</h3>
+<table class="tableblock frame-all grid-all spread">
+<colgroup>
+<col style="width: 25%;">
+<col style="width: 75%;">
+</colgroup>
+<tbody>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Description</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">This CQD effects the behavior of the query optimizer when there are no statistics available for a query
+having range predicates on key columns. The Trafodion Optimizer calculates the worst case number of seeks that the MDAM access method
+would do if chosen for the query.<br>
+<br>
+If this number is greater than the value of MDAM_NO_STATS_POSITIONS_THRESHOLD, then MDAM is not considered for the query execution plan.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Values</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Any integer greater than equal to zero.<br>
+<br>
+Default value: <strong>10</strong>.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Usage</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">In certain situations, queries on tables lacking statistics may not be optimal because MDAM was not chosen.
+Increasing the value for this CQD allows MDAM to be chosen in more cases. On the other hand, if the value is made too high and the worst case
+scenario actually occurs, an MDAM plan may perform poorly.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Production Usage</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Consult the Trafodion community.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Impact</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Table scans on tables lacking statistics may improve by varying the value of this CQD.
+Results vary depending on the actual data in the table and the semantics of the query.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Level</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Query.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Conflicts/Synergies</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">If <a href="#mdam-scan-method">MDAM_SCAN_METHOD</a> is set to <strong>'OFF'</strong>, then this CQD has no effect.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Real Problem Addressed</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Perform UPDATE STATISTICS on the table (at the very least on key columns) to obtain statistics.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Introduced In Release</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Trafodion 1.3.0.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Deprecated In Release</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Not applicable.</p></td>
+</tr>
+</tbody>
+</table>
+<div style="page-break-after: always;"></div>
+</div>
+<div class="sect2">
+<h3 id="mdam-scan-method">3.8. MDAM_SCAN_METHOD</h3>
+<table class="tableblock frame-all grid-all spread">
+<colgroup>
+<col style="width: 25%;">
+<col style="width: 75%;">
+</colgroup>
+<tbody>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Description</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Enables or disables the Multi-Dimensional Access Method (MDAM).</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Values</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>'ON'</strong> MDAM is considered.<br>
+<strong>'OFF'</strong> MDAM is disabled.<br>
+<br>
+The default value is <strong>'ON'</strong>.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Usage</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">In certain situations, the Trafodion Optimizer might choose MDAM inappropriately, causing poor performance.
+In such situations you may want to turn MDAM OFF for the query it is effecting.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Production Usage</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Yes.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Impact</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Table scans with predicates on non-leading clustering key column(s) could benefit from MDAM access
+method if the leading column(s) has a small number of distinct values. Turning MDAM off results in a longer scan time for such queries.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Level</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Set this CQD at the query level when MDAM is not working efficiently for a specific query. However,
+there may be cases (usually a defect) where a larger set of queries is being negatively impacted by MDAM. In those cases you may want
+to set it at the service or system level.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Conflicts/Synergies</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Not applicable.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Real Problem Addressed</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Not applicable.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Introduced In Release</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Trafodion 1.3.0.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Deprecated In Release</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Not applicable.</p></td>
+</tr>
+</tbody>
+</table>
+<div style="page-break-after: always;"></div>
+</div>
+<div class="sect2">
+<h3 id="merge-joins">3.9. MERGE_JOINS</h3>
+<table class="tableblock frame-all grid-all spread">
+<colgroup>
+<col style="width: 25%;">
+<col style="width: 75%;">
+</colgroup>
+<tbody>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Description</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Determines if Merge Join is considered by the optimizer to generate an execution plan.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Values</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>'ON'</strong>: Merge Join is considered.<br>
+<strong>'OFF'</strong>: Merge Join is disabled.<br>
+<br>
+The default value is <strong>'ON'</strong>.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Usage</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Use this CQD when you want to force a query plan not to use Merge Joins. This is useful as a workaround
+for query plans with very expensive sorts for Merge Joins. Turning MERGE_JOINS OFF also has the advantage of reducing the query compile time.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Production Usage</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Merge Join is an efficient join implementation strategy if the physical schema was designed to take advantage
+of it. For example, large tables are physically ordered based on the most frequently joined column(s).</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Impact</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Turning MERGE_JOINS OFF may result in the optimizer not considering potentially efficient query plans,
+for queries with large joins on tables that are physically ordered by the join column(s).<br>
+<br>
+Turning MERGE_JOINS ON causes an increase in compile
+time because the optimizer now has to consider many more join options.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Level</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Set this CQD at the query level when a Merge Join is not working efficiently for a specific query. However,
+there may be cases (usually a defect) where a larger set of queries is being negatively impacted by Merge Joins. In those cases you may want to
+set it at the service or system level.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Conflicts/Synergies</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Avoid turning all the three join implementations OFF (Hash Joins, Nested Joins, and Merge Joins).
+This may result in the Trafodion Compiler failing to generate query plans.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Real Problem Addressed</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Not applicable.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Introduced In Release</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Trafodion 1.3.0.</p></td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock"><strong>Deprecated In Release</strong></p></th>
+<td class="tableblock halign-left valign-top"><p class="tableblock">Not applicable.</p></td>
+</tr>
+</tb

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