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From dang...@apache.org
Subject [06/10] incubator-trafficcontrol git commit: remove Perl-licensed files
Date Wed, 04 Jan 2017 17:35:56 GMT
remove Perl-licensed files

(cherry picked from commit 32f5ff6dbfd48bb478b7aa5077dc70596100e4d1)


Project: http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/incubator-trafficcontrol/repo
Commit: http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/incubator-trafficcontrol/commit/0aacb1be
Tree: http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/incubator-trafficcontrol/tree/0aacb1be
Diff: http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/incubator-trafficcontrol/diff/0aacb1be

Branch: refs/heads/1.8.x
Commit: 0aacb1be3bf9a8e60933cf58a176aab41707560f
Parents: c4f96a7
Author: Dan Kirkwood <dangogh@gmail.com>
Authored: Tue Jan 3 13:15:42 2017 -0700
Committer: Dan Kirkwood <dangogh@gmail.com>
Committed: Wed Jan 4 10:35:21 2017 -0700

----------------------------------------------------------------------
 traffic_ops/install/lib/perl5/JSON.pm           | 2317 ---------------
 traffic_ops/install/lib/perl5/JSON/PP.pm        | 2799 -----------------
 .../install/lib/perl5/JSON/PP/Boolean.pm        |   26 -
 .../install/lib/perl5/JSON/backportPP.pm        | 2806 ------------------
 .../lib/perl5/JSON/backportPP/Boolean.pm        |   27 -
 .../lib/perl5/JSON/backportPP/Compat5005.pm     |  131 -
 .../lib/perl5/JSON/backportPP/Compat5006.pm     |  173 --
 .../install/lib/perl5/Term/ReadPassword.pm      |  329 --
 8 files changed, 8608 deletions(-)
----------------------------------------------------------------------


http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/incubator-trafficcontrol/blob/0aacb1be/traffic_ops/install/lib/perl5/JSON.pm
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/traffic_ops/install/lib/perl5/JSON.pm b/traffic_ops/install/lib/perl5/JSON.pm
deleted file mode 100644
index 8bac7eb..0000000
--- a/traffic_ops/install/lib/perl5/JSON.pm
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,2317 +0,0 @@
-package JSON;
-
-
-use strict;
-use Carp ();
-use base qw(Exporter);
-@JSON::EXPORT = qw(from_json to_json jsonToObj objToJson encode_json decode_json);
-
-BEGIN {
-    $JSON::VERSION = '2.90';
-    $JSON::DEBUG   = 0 unless (defined $JSON::DEBUG);
-    $JSON::DEBUG   = $ENV{ PERL_JSON_DEBUG } if exists $ENV{ PERL_JSON_DEBUG };
-}
-
-my $Module_XS  = 'JSON::XS';
-my $Module_PP  = 'JSON::PP';
-my $Module_bp  = 'JSON::backportPP'; # included in JSON distribution
-my $PP_Version = '2.27203';
-my $XS_Version = '2.34';
-
-
-# XS and PP common methods
-
-my @PublicMethods = qw/
-    ascii latin1 utf8 pretty indent space_before space_after relaxed canonical allow_nonref 
-    allow_blessed convert_blessed filter_json_object filter_json_single_key_object 
-    shrink max_depth max_size encode decode decode_prefix allow_unknown
-/;
-
-my @Properties = qw/
-    ascii latin1 utf8 indent space_before space_after relaxed canonical allow_nonref
-    allow_blessed convert_blessed shrink max_depth max_size allow_unknown
-/;
-
-my @XSOnlyMethods = qw/allow_tags/; # Currently nothing
-
-my @PPOnlyMethods = qw/
-    indent_length sort_by
-    allow_singlequote allow_bignum loose allow_barekey escape_slash as_nonblessed
-/; # JSON::PP specific
-
-
-# used in _load_xs and _load_pp ($INSTALL_ONLY is not used currently)
-my $_INSTALL_DONT_DIE  = 1; # When _load_xs fails to load XS, don't die.
-my $_INSTALL_ONLY      = 2; # Don't call _set_methods()
-my $_ALLOW_UNSUPPORTED = 0;
-my $_UNIV_CONV_BLESSED = 0;
-my $_USSING_bpPP       = 0;
-
-
-# Check the environment variable to decide worker module. 
-
-unless ($JSON::Backend) {
-    $JSON::DEBUG and  Carp::carp("Check used worker module...");
-
-    my $backend = exists $ENV{PERL_JSON_BACKEND} ? $ENV{PERL_JSON_BACKEND} : 1;
-
-    if ($backend eq '1' or $backend =~ /JSON::XS\s*,\s*JSON::PP/) {
-        _load_xs($_INSTALL_DONT_DIE) or _load_pp();
-    }
-    elsif ($backend eq '0' or $backend eq 'JSON::PP') {
-        _load_pp();
-    }
-    elsif ($backend eq '2' or $backend eq 'JSON::XS') {
-        _load_xs();
-    }
-    elsif ($backend eq 'JSON::backportPP') {
-        $_USSING_bpPP = 1;
-        _load_pp();
-    }
-    else {
-        Carp::croak "The value of environmental variable 'PERL_JSON_BACKEND' is invalid.";
-    }
-}
-
-
-sub import {
-    my $pkg = shift;
-    my @what_to_export;
-    my $no_export;
-
-    for my $tag (@_) {
-        if ($tag eq '-support_by_pp') {
-            if (!$_ALLOW_UNSUPPORTED++) {
-                JSON::Backend::XS
-                    ->support_by_pp(@PPOnlyMethods) if ($JSON::Backend eq $Module_XS);
-            }
-            next;
-        }
-        elsif ($tag eq '-no_export') {
-            $no_export++, next;
-        }
-        elsif ( $tag eq '-convert_blessed_universally' ) {
-            eval q|
-                require B;
-                *UNIVERSAL::TO_JSON = sub {
-                    my $b_obj = B::svref_2object( $_[0] );
-                    return    $b_obj->isa('B::HV') ? { %{ $_[0] } }
-                            : $b_obj->isa('B::AV') ? [ @{ $_[0] } ]
-                            : undef
-                            ;
-                }
-            | if ( !$_UNIV_CONV_BLESSED++ );
-            next;
-        }
-        push @what_to_export, $tag;
-    }
-
-    return if ($no_export);
-
-    __PACKAGE__->export_to_level(1, $pkg, @what_to_export);
-}
-
-
-# OBSOLETED
-
-sub jsonToObj {
-    my $alternative = 'from_json';
-    if (defined $_[0] and UNIVERSAL::isa($_[0], 'JSON')) {
-        shift @_; $alternative = 'decode';
-    }
-    Carp::carp "'jsonToObj' will be obsoleted. Please use '$alternative' instead.";
-    return JSON::from_json(@_);
-};
-
-sub objToJson {
-    my $alternative = 'to_json';
-    if (defined $_[0] and UNIVERSAL::isa($_[0], 'JSON')) {
-        shift @_; $alternative = 'encode';
-    }
-    Carp::carp "'objToJson' will be obsoleted. Please use '$alternative' instead.";
-    JSON::to_json(@_);
-};
-
-
-# INTERFACES
-
-sub to_json ($@) {
-    if (
-        ref($_[0]) eq 'JSON'
-        or (@_ > 2 and $_[0] eq 'JSON')
-    ) {
-        Carp::croak "to_json should not be called as a method.";
-    }
-    my $json = JSON->new;
-
-    if (@_ == 2 and ref $_[1] eq 'HASH') {
-        my $opt  = $_[1];
-        for my $method (keys %$opt) {
-            $json->$method( $opt->{$method} );
-        }
-    }
-
-    $json->encode($_[0]);
-}
-
-
-sub from_json ($@) {
-    if ( ref($_[0]) eq 'JSON' or $_[0] eq 'JSON' ) {
-        Carp::croak "from_json should not be called as a method.";
-    }
-    my $json = JSON->new;
-
-    if (@_ == 2 and ref $_[1] eq 'HASH') {
-        my $opt  = $_[1];
-        for my $method (keys %$opt) {
-            $json->$method( $opt->{$method} );
-        }
-    }
-
-    return $json->decode( $_[0] );
-}
-
-
-
-sub true  { $JSON::true  }
-
-sub false { $JSON::false }
-
-sub null  { undef; }
-
-
-sub require_xs_version { $XS_Version; }
-
-sub backend {
-    my $proto = shift;
-    $JSON::Backend;
-}
-
-#*module = *backend;
-
-
-sub is_xs {
-    return $_[0]->backend eq $Module_XS;
-}
-
-
-sub is_pp {
-    return not $_[0]->is_xs;
-}
-
-
-sub pureperl_only_methods { @PPOnlyMethods; }
-
-
-sub property {
-    my ($self, $name, $value) = @_;
-
-    if (@_ == 1) {
-        my %props;
-        for $name (@Properties) {
-            my $method = 'get_' . $name;
-            if ($name eq 'max_size') {
-                my $value = $self->$method();
-                $props{$name} = $value == 1 ? 0 : $value;
-                next;
-            }
-            $props{$name} = $self->$method();
-        }
-        return \%props;
-    }
-    elsif (@_ > 3) {
-        Carp::croak('property() can take only the option within 2 arguments.');
-    }
-    elsif (@_ == 2) {
-        if ( my $method = $self->can('get_' . $name) ) {
-            if ($name eq 'max_size') {
-                my $value = $self->$method();
-                return $value == 1 ? 0 : $value;
-            }
-            $self->$method();
-        }
-    }
-    else {
-        $self->$name($value);
-    }
-
-}
-
-
-
-# INTERNAL
-
-sub _load_xs {
-    my $opt = shift;
-
-    $JSON::DEBUG and Carp::carp "Load $Module_XS.";
-
-    # if called after install module, overload is disable.... why?
-    JSON::Boolean::_overrride_overload($Module_XS);
-    JSON::Boolean::_overrride_overload($Module_PP);
-
-    eval qq|
-        use $Module_XS $XS_Version ();
-    |;
-
-    if ($@) {
-        if (defined $opt and $opt & $_INSTALL_DONT_DIE) {
-            $JSON::DEBUG and Carp::carp "Can't load $Module_XS...($@)";
-            return 0;
-        }
-        Carp::croak $@;
-    }
-
-    unless (defined $opt and $opt & $_INSTALL_ONLY) {
-        _set_module( $JSON::Backend = $Module_XS );
-        my $data = join("", <DATA>); # this code is from Jcode 2.xx.
-        close(DATA);
-        eval $data;
-        JSON::Backend::XS->init;
-    }
-
-    return 1;
-};
-
-
-sub _load_pp {
-    my $opt = shift;
-    my $backend = $_USSING_bpPP ? $Module_bp : $Module_PP;
-
-    $JSON::DEBUG and Carp::carp "Load $backend.";
-
-    # if called after install module, overload is disable.... why?
-    JSON::Boolean::_overrride_overload($Module_XS);
-    JSON::Boolean::_overrride_overload($backend);
-
-    if ( $_USSING_bpPP ) {
-        eval qq| require $backend |;
-    }
-    else {
-        eval qq| use $backend $PP_Version () |;
-    }
-
-    if ($@) {
-        if ( $backend eq $Module_PP ) {
-            $JSON::DEBUG and Carp::carp "Can't load $Module_PP ($@), so try to load $Module_bp";
-            $_USSING_bpPP++;
-            $backend = $Module_bp;
-            JSON::Boolean::_overrride_overload($backend);
-            local $^W; # if PP installed but invalid version, backportPP redefines methods.
-            eval qq| require $Module_bp |;
-        }
-        Carp::croak $@ if $@;
-    }
-
-    unless (defined $opt and $opt & $_INSTALL_ONLY) {
-        _set_module( $JSON::Backend = $Module_PP ); # even if backportPP, set $Backend with 'JSON::PP'
-        JSON::Backend::PP->init;
-    }
-};
-
-
-sub _set_module {
-    return if defined $JSON::true;
-
-    my $module = shift;
-
-    local $^W;
-    no strict qw(refs);
-
-    $JSON::true  = ${"$module\::true"};
-    $JSON::false = ${"$module\::false"};
-
-    push @JSON::ISA, $module;
-    if ( JSON->is_xs and JSON->backend->VERSION < 3 ) {
-        eval 'package JSON::PP::Boolean';
-        push @{"$module\::Boolean::ISA"}, qw(JSON::PP::Boolean);
-    }
-
-    *{"JSON::is_bool"} = \&{"$module\::is_bool"};
-
-    for my $method ($module eq $Module_XS ? @PPOnlyMethods : @XSOnlyMethods) {
-        *{"JSON::$method"} = sub {
-            Carp::carp("$method is not supported in $module.");
-            $_[0];
-        };
-    }
-
-    return 1;
-}
-
-
-
-#
-# JSON Boolean
-#
-
-package JSON::Boolean;
-
-my %Installed;
-
-sub _overrride_overload {
-    return; # this function is currently disable.
-    return if ($Installed{ $_[0] }++);
-
-    my $boolean = $_[0] . '::Boolean';
-
-    eval sprintf(q|
-        package %s;
-        use overload (
-            '""' => sub { ${$_[0]} == 1 ? 'true' : 'false' },
-            'eq' => sub {
-                my ($obj, $op) = ref ($_[0]) ? ($_[0], $_[1]) : ($_[1], $_[0]);
-                if ($op eq 'true' or $op eq 'false') {
-                    return "$obj" eq 'true' ? 'true' eq $op : 'false' eq $op;
-                }
-                else {
-                    return $obj ? 1 == $op : 0 == $op;
-                }
-            },
-        );
-    |, $boolean);
-
-    if ($@) { Carp::croak $@; }
-
-    if ( exists $INC{'JSON/XS.pm'} and $boolean eq 'JSON::XS::Boolean' ) {
-        local $^W;
-        my $true  = do { bless \(my $dummy = 1), $boolean };
-        my $false = do { bless \(my $dummy = 0), $boolean };
-        *JSON::XS::true  = sub () { $true };
-        *JSON::XS::false = sub () { $false };
-    }
-    elsif ( exists $INC{'JSON/PP.pm'} and $boolean eq 'JSON::PP::Boolean' ) {
-        local $^W;
-        my $true  = do { bless \(my $dummy = 1), $boolean };
-        my $false = do { bless \(my $dummy = 0), $boolean };
-        *JSON::PP::true  = sub { $true };
-        *JSON::PP::false = sub { $false };
-    }
-
-    return 1;
-}
-
-
-#
-# Helper classes for Backend Module (PP)
-#
-
-package JSON::Backend::PP;
-
-sub init {
-    local $^W;
-    no strict qw(refs); # this routine may be called after JSON::Backend::XS init was called.
-    *{"JSON::decode_json"} = \&{"JSON::PP::decode_json"};
-    *{"JSON::encode_json"} = \&{"JSON::PP::encode_json"};
-    *{"JSON::PP::is_xs"}  = sub { 0 };
-    *{"JSON::PP::is_pp"}  = sub { 1 };
-    return 1;
-}
-
-#
-# To save memory, the below lines are read only when XS backend is used.
-#
-
-package JSON;
-
-1;
-__DATA__
-
-
-#
-# Helper classes for Backend Module (XS)
-#
-
-package JSON::Backend::XS;
-
-use constant INDENT_LENGTH_FLAG => 15 << 12;
-
-use constant UNSUPPORTED_ENCODE_FLAG => {
-    ESCAPE_SLASH      => 0x00000010,
-    ALLOW_BIGNUM      => 0x00000020,
-    AS_NONBLESSED     => 0x00000040,
-    EXPANDED          => 0x10000000, # for developer's
-};
-
-use constant UNSUPPORTED_DECODE_FLAG => {
-    LOOSE             => 0x00000001,
-    ALLOW_BIGNUM      => 0x00000002,
-    ALLOW_BAREKEY     => 0x00000004,
-    ALLOW_SINGLEQUOTE => 0x00000008,
-    EXPANDED          => 0x20000000, # for developer's
-};
-
-
-sub init {
-    local $^W;
-    no strict qw(refs);
-    *{"JSON::decode_json"} = \&{"JSON::XS::decode_json"};
-    *{"JSON::encode_json"} = \&{"JSON::XS::encode_json"};
-    *{"JSON::XS::is_xs"}  = sub { 1 };
-    *{"JSON::XS::is_pp"}  = sub { 0 };
-    return 1;
-}
-
-
-sub support_by_pp {
-    my ($class, @methods) = @_;
-
-    local $^W;
-    no strict qw(refs);
-
-    my $JSON_XS_encode_orignal     = \&JSON::XS::encode;
-    my $JSON_XS_decode_orignal     = \&JSON::XS::decode;
-    my $JSON_XS_incr_parse_orignal = \&JSON::XS::incr_parse;
-
-    *JSON::XS::decode     = \&JSON::Backend::XS::Supportable::_decode;
-    *JSON::XS::encode     = \&JSON::Backend::XS::Supportable::_encode;
-    *JSON::XS::incr_parse = \&JSON::Backend::XS::Supportable::_incr_parse;
-
-    *{JSON::XS::_original_decode}     = $JSON_XS_decode_orignal;
-    *{JSON::XS::_original_encode}     = $JSON_XS_encode_orignal;
-    *{JSON::XS::_original_incr_parse} = $JSON_XS_incr_parse_orignal;
-
-    push @JSON::Backend::XS::Supportable::ISA, 'JSON';
-
-    my $pkg = 'JSON::Backend::XS::Supportable';
-
-    *{JSON::new} = sub {
-        my $proto = JSON::XS->new; $$proto = 0;
-        bless  $proto, $pkg;
-    };
-
-
-    for my $method (@methods) {
-        my $flag = uc($method);
-        my $type |= (UNSUPPORTED_ENCODE_FLAG->{$flag} || 0);
-           $type |= (UNSUPPORTED_DECODE_FLAG->{$flag} || 0);
-
-        next unless($type);
-
-        $pkg->_make_unsupported_method($method => $type);
-    }
-
-#    push @{"JSON::XS::Boolean::ISA"}, qw(JSON::PP::Boolean);
-#    push @{"JSON::PP::Boolean::ISA"}, qw(JSON::Boolean);
-
-    $JSON::DEBUG and Carp::carp("set -support_by_pp mode.");
-
-    return 1;
-}
-
-
-
-
-#
-# Helper classes for XS
-#
-
-package JSON::Backend::XS::Supportable;
-
-$Carp::Internal{'JSON::Backend::XS::Supportable'} = 1;
-
-sub _make_unsupported_method {
-    my ($pkg, $method, $type) = @_;
-
-    local $^W;
-    no strict qw(refs);
-
-    *{"$pkg\::$method"} = sub {
-        local $^W;
-        if (defined $_[1] ? $_[1] : 1) {
-            ${$_[0]} |= $type;
-        }
-        else {
-            ${$_[0]} &= ~$type;
-        }
-        $_[0];
-    };
-
-    *{"$pkg\::get_$method"} = sub {
-        ${$_[0]} & $type ? 1 : '';
-    };
-
-}
-
-
-sub _set_for_pp {
-    JSON::_load_pp( $_INSTALL_ONLY );
-
-    my $type  = shift;
-    my $pp    = JSON::PP->new;
-    my $prop = $_[0]->property;
-
-    for my $name (keys %$prop) {
-        $pp->$name( $prop->{$name} ? $prop->{$name} : 0 );
-    }
-
-    my $unsupported = $type eq 'encode' ? JSON::Backend::XS::UNSUPPORTED_ENCODE_FLAG
-                                        : JSON::Backend::XS::UNSUPPORTED_DECODE_FLAG;
-    my $flags       = ${$_[0]} || 0;
-
-    for my $name (keys %$unsupported) {
-        next if ($name eq 'EXPANDED'); # for developer's
-        my $enable = ($flags & $unsupported->{$name}) ? 1 : 0;
-        my $method = lc $name;
-        $pp->$method($enable);
-    }
-
-    $pp->indent_length( $_[0]->get_indent_length );
-
-    return $pp;
-}
-
-sub _encode { # using with PP encode
-    if (${$_[0]}) {
-        _set_for_pp('encode' => @_)->encode($_[1]);
-    }
-    else {
-        $_[0]->_original_encode( $_[1] );
-    }
-}
-
-
-sub _decode { # if unsupported-flag is set, use PP
-    if (${$_[0]}) {
-        _set_for_pp('decode' => @_)->decode($_[1]);
-    }
-    else {
-        $_[0]->_original_decode( $_[1] );
-    }
-}
-
-
-sub decode_prefix { # if unsupported-flag is set, use PP
-    _set_for_pp('decode' => @_)->decode_prefix($_[1]);
-}
-
-
-sub _incr_parse {
-    if (${$_[0]}) {
-        _set_for_pp('decode' => @_)->incr_parse($_[1]);
-    }
-    else {
-        $_[0]->_original_incr_parse( $_[1] );
-    }
-}
-
-
-sub get_indent_length {
-    ${$_[0]} << 4 >> 16;
-}
-
-
-sub indent_length {
-    my $length = $_[1];
-
-    if (!defined $length or $length > 15 or $length < 0) {
-        Carp::carp "The acceptable range of indent_length() is 0 to 15.";
-    }
-    else {
-        local $^W;
-        $length <<= 12;
-        ${$_[0]} &= ~ JSON::Backend::XS::INDENT_LENGTH_FLAG;
-        ${$_[0]} |= $length;
-        *JSON::XS::encode = \&JSON::Backend::XS::Supportable::_encode;
-    }
-
-    $_[0];
-}
-
-
-1;
-__END__
-
-=head1 NAME
-
-JSON - JSON (JavaScript Object Notation) encoder/decoder
-
-=head1 SYNOPSIS
-
- use JSON; # imports encode_json, decode_json, to_json and from_json.
- 
- # simple and fast interfaces (expect/generate UTF-8)
- 
- $utf8_encoded_json_text = encode_json $perl_hash_or_arrayref;
- $perl_hash_or_arrayref  = decode_json $utf8_encoded_json_text;
- 
- # OO-interface
- 
- $json = JSON->new->allow_nonref;
- 
- $json_text   = $json->encode( $perl_scalar );
- $perl_scalar = $json->decode( $json_text );
- 
- $pretty_printed = $json->pretty->encode( $perl_scalar ); # pretty-printing
- 
- # If you want to use PP only support features, call with '-support_by_pp'
- # When XS unsupported feature is enable, using PP (de|en)code instead of XS ones.
- 
- use JSON -support_by_pp;
- 
- # option-acceptable interfaces (expect/generate UNICODE by default)
- 
- $json_text   = to_json( $perl_scalar, { ascii => 1, pretty => 1 } );
- $perl_scalar = from_json( $json_text, { utf8  => 1 } );
- 
- # Between (en|de)code_json and (to|from)_json, if you want to write
- # a code which communicates to an outer world (encoded in UTF-8),
- # recommend to use (en|de)code_json.
- 
-=head1 VERSION
-
-    2.90
-
-This version is compatible with JSON::XS B<2.34> and later.
-(Not yet compatble to JSON::XS B<3.0x>.)
-
-
-=head1 NOTE
-
-JSON::PP was earlier included in the C<JSON> distribution, but
-has since Perl 5.14 been a core module. For this reason,
-L<JSON::PP> was removed from the JSON distribution and can now
-be found also in the Perl5 repository at
-
-=over
-
-=item * L<http://perl5.git.perl.org/perl.git>
-
-=back
-
-(The newest JSON::PP version still exists in CPAN.)
-
-Instead, the C<JSON> distribution will include JSON::backportPP
-for backwards computability. JSON.pm should thus work as it did
-before.
-
-=head1 DESCRIPTION
-
- *************************** CAUTION **************************************
- *                                                                        *
- * INCOMPATIBLE CHANGE (JSON::XS version 2.90)                            *
- *                                                                        *
- * JSON.pm had patched JSON::XS::Boolean and JSON::PP::Boolean internally *
- * on loading time for making these modules inherit JSON::Boolean.        *
- * But since JSON::XS v3.0 it use Types::Serialiser as boolean class.     *
- * Then now JSON.pm breaks boolean classe overload features and           *
- * -support_by_pp if JSON::XS v3.0 or later is installed.                 *
- *                                                                        *
- * JSON::true and JSON::false returned JSON::Boolean objects.             *
- * For workaround, they return JSON::PP::Boolean objects in this version. *
- *                                                                        *
- *     isa_ok(JSON::true, 'JSON::PP::Boolean');                           *
- *                                                                        *
- * And it discards a feature:                                             *
- *                                                                        *
- *     ok(JSON::true eq 'true');                                          *
- *                                                                        *
- * In other word, JSON::PP::Boolean overload numeric only.                *
- *                                                                        *
- *     ok( JSON::true == 1 );                                             *
- *                                                                        *
- **************************************************************************
-
- ************************** CAUTION ********************************
- * This is 'JSON module version 2' and there are many differences  *
- * to version 1.xx                                                 *
- * Please check your applications using old version.              *
- *   See to 'INCOMPATIBLE CHANGES TO OLD VERSION'                  *
- *******************************************************************
-
-JSON (JavaScript Object Notation) is a simple data format.
-See to L<http://www.json.org/> and C<RFC4627>(L<http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc4627.txt>).
-
-This module converts Perl data structures to JSON and vice versa using either
-L<JSON::XS> or L<JSON::PP>.
-
-JSON::XS is the fastest and most proper JSON module on CPAN which must be
-compiled and installed in your environment.
-JSON::PP is a pure-Perl module which is bundled in this distribution and
-has a strong compatibility to JSON::XS.
-
-This module try to use JSON::XS by default and fail to it, use JSON::PP instead.
-So its features completely depend on JSON::XS or JSON::PP.
-
-See to L<BACKEND MODULE DECISION>.
-
-To distinguish the module name 'JSON' and the format type JSON,
-the former is quoted by CE<lt>E<gt> (its results vary with your using media),
-and the latter is left just as it is.
-
-Module name : C<JSON>
-
-Format type : JSON
-
-=head2 FEATURES
-
-=over
-
-=item * correct unicode handling
-
-This module (i.e. backend modules) knows how to handle Unicode, documents
-how and when it does so, and even documents what "correct" means.
-
-Even though there are limitations, this feature is available since Perl version 5.6.
-
-JSON::XS requires Perl 5.8.2 (but works correctly in 5.8.8 or later), so in older versions
-C<JSON> should call JSON::PP as the backend which can be used since Perl 5.005.
-
-With Perl 5.8.x JSON::PP works, but from 5.8.0 to 5.8.2, because of a Perl side problem,
-JSON::PP works slower in the versions. And in 5.005, the Unicode handling is not available.
-See to L<JSON::PP/UNICODE HANDLING ON PERLS> for more information.
-
-See also to L<JSON::XS/A FEW NOTES ON UNICODE AND PERL>
-and L<JSON::XS/ENCODING/CODESET_FLAG_NOTES>.
-
-
-=item * round-trip integrity
-
-When you serialise a perl data structure using only data types supported
-by JSON and Perl, the deserialised data structure is identical on the Perl
-level. (e.g. the string "2.0" doesn't suddenly become "2" just because
-it looks like a number). There I<are> minor exceptions to this, read the
-L</MAPPING> section below to learn about those.
-
-
-=item * strict checking of JSON correctness
-
-There is no guessing, no generating of illegal JSON texts by default,
-and only JSON is accepted as input by default (the latter is a security
-feature).
-
-See to L<JSON::XS/FEATURES> and L<JSON::PP/FEATURES>.
-
-=item * fast
-
-This module returns a JSON::XS object itself if available.
-Compared to other JSON modules and other serialisers such as Storable,
-JSON::XS usually compares favorably in terms of speed, too.
-
-If not available, C<JSON> returns a JSON::PP object instead of JSON::XS and
-it is very slow as pure-Perl.
-
-=item * simple to use
-
-This module has both a simple functional interface as well as an
-object oriented interface interface.
-
-=item * reasonably versatile output formats
-
-You can choose between the most compact guaranteed-single-line format possible
-(nice for simple line-based protocols), a pure-ASCII format (for when your transport
-is not 8-bit clean, still supports the whole Unicode range), or a pretty-printed
-format (for when you want to read that stuff). Or you can combine those features
-in whatever way you like.
-
-=back
-
-=head1 FUNCTIONAL INTERFACE
-
-Some documents are copied and modified from L<JSON::XS/FUNCTIONAL INTERFACE>.
-C<to_json> and C<from_json> are additional functions.
-
-=head2 encode_json
-
-    $json_text = encode_json $perl_scalar
-
-Converts the given Perl data structure to a UTF-8 encoded, binary string.
-
-This function call is functionally identical to:
-
-    $json_text = JSON->new->utf8->encode($perl_scalar)
-
-=head2 decode_json
-
-    $perl_scalar = decode_json $json_text
-
-The opposite of C<encode_json>: expects an UTF-8 (binary) string and tries
-to parse that as an UTF-8 encoded JSON text, returning the resulting
-reference.
-
-This function call is functionally identical to:
-
-    $perl_scalar = JSON->new->utf8->decode($json_text)
-
-
-=head2 to_json
-
-   $json_text = to_json($perl_scalar)
-
-Converts the given Perl data structure to a json string.
-
-This function call is functionally identical to:
-
-   $json_text = JSON->new->encode($perl_scalar)
-
-Takes a hash reference as the second.
-
-   $json_text = to_json($perl_scalar, $flag_hashref)
-
-So,
-
-   $json_text = to_json($perl_scalar, {utf8 => 1, pretty => 1})
-
-equivalent to:
-
-   $json_text = JSON->new->utf8(1)->pretty(1)->encode($perl_scalar)
-
-If you want to write a modern perl code which communicates to outer world,
-you should use C<encode_json> (supposed that JSON data are encoded in UTF-8).
-
-=head2 from_json
-
-   $perl_scalar = from_json($json_text)
-
-The opposite of C<to_json>: expects a json string and tries
-to parse it, returning the resulting reference.
-
-This function call is functionally identical to:
-
-    $perl_scalar = JSON->decode($json_text)
-
-Takes a hash reference as the second.
-
-    $perl_scalar = from_json($json_text, $flag_hashref)
-
-So,
-
-    $perl_scalar = from_json($json_text, {utf8 => 1})
-
-equivalent to:
-
-    $perl_scalar = JSON->new->utf8(1)->decode($json_text)
-
-If you want to write a modern perl code which communicates to outer world,
-you should use C<decode_json> (supposed that JSON data are encoded in UTF-8).
-
-=head2 JSON::is_bool
-
-    $is_boolean = JSON::is_bool($scalar)
-
-Returns true if the passed scalar represents either JSON::true or
-JSON::false, two constants that act like C<1> and C<0> respectively
-and are also used to represent JSON C<true> and C<false> in Perl strings.
-
-=head2 JSON::true
-
-Returns JSON true value which is blessed object.
-It C<isa> JSON::Boolean object.
-
-=head2 JSON::false
-
-Returns JSON false value which is blessed object.
-It C<isa> JSON::Boolean object.
-
-=head2 JSON::null
-
-Returns C<undef>.
-
-See L<MAPPING>, below, for more information on how JSON values are mapped to
-Perl.
-
-=head1 HOW DO I DECODE A DATA FROM OUTER AND ENCODE TO OUTER
-
-This section supposes that your perl version is 5.8 or later.
-
-If you know a JSON text from an outer world - a network, a file content, and so on,
-is encoded in UTF-8, you should use C<decode_json> or C<JSON> module object
-with C<utf8> enable. And the decoded result will contain UNICODE characters.
-
-  # from network
-  my $json        = JSON->new->utf8;
-  my $json_text   = CGI->new->param( 'json_data' );
-  my $perl_scalar = $json->decode( $json_text );
-  
-  # from file content
-  local $/;
-  open( my $fh, '<', 'json.data' );
-  $json_text   = <$fh>;
-  $perl_scalar = decode_json( $json_text );
-
-If an outer data is not encoded in UTF-8, firstly you should C<decode> it.
-
-  use Encode;
-  local $/;
-  open( my $fh, '<', 'json.data' );
-  my $encoding = 'cp932';
-  my $unicode_json_text = decode( $encoding, <$fh> ); # UNICODE
-  
-  # or you can write the below code.
-  #
-  # open( my $fh, "<:encoding($encoding)", 'json.data' );
-  # $unicode_json_text = <$fh>;
-
-In this case, C<$unicode_json_text> is of course UNICODE string.
-So you B<cannot> use C<decode_json> nor C<JSON> module object with C<utf8> enable.
-Instead of them, you use C<JSON> module object with C<utf8> disable or C<from_json>.
-
-  $perl_scalar = $json->utf8(0)->decode( $unicode_json_text );
-  # or
-  $perl_scalar = from_json( $unicode_json_text );
-
-Or C<encode 'utf8'> and C<decode_json>:
-
-  $perl_scalar = decode_json( encode( 'utf8', $unicode_json_text ) );
-  # this way is not efficient.
-
-And now, you want to convert your C<$perl_scalar> into JSON data and
-send it to an outer world - a network or a file content, and so on.
-
-Your data usually contains UNICODE strings and you want the converted data to be encoded
-in UTF-8, you should use C<encode_json> or C<JSON> module object with C<utf8> enable.
-
-  print encode_json( $perl_scalar ); # to a network? file? or display?
-  # or
-  print $json->utf8->encode( $perl_scalar );
-
-If C<$perl_scalar> does not contain UNICODE but C<$encoding>-encoded strings
-for some reason, then its characters are regarded as B<latin1> for perl
-(because it does not concern with your $encoding).
-You B<cannot> use C<encode_json> nor C<JSON> module object with C<utf8> enable.
-Instead of them, you use C<JSON> module object with C<utf8> disable or C<to_json>.
-Note that the resulted text is a UNICODE string but no problem to print it.
-
-  # $perl_scalar contains $encoding encoded string values
-  $unicode_json_text = $json->utf8(0)->encode( $perl_scalar );
-  # or 
-  $unicode_json_text = to_json( $perl_scalar );
-  # $unicode_json_text consists of characters less than 0x100
-  print $unicode_json_text;
-
-Or C<decode $encoding> all string values and C<encode_json>:
-
-  $perl_scalar->{ foo } = decode( $encoding, $perl_scalar->{ foo } );
-  # ... do it to each string values, then encode_json
-  $json_text = encode_json( $perl_scalar );
-
-This method is a proper way but probably not efficient.
-
-See to L<Encode>, L<perluniintro>.
-
-
-=head1 COMMON OBJECT-ORIENTED INTERFACE
-
-=head2 new
-
-    $json = JSON->new
-
-Returns a new C<JSON> object inherited from either JSON::XS or JSON::PP
-that can be used to de/encode JSON strings.
-
-All boolean flags described below are by default I<disabled>.
-
-The mutators for flags all return the JSON object again and thus calls can
-be chained:
-
-   my $json = JSON->new->utf8->space_after->encode({a => [1,2]})
-   => {"a": [1, 2]}
-
-=head2 ascii
-
-    $json = $json->ascii([$enable])
-    
-    $enabled = $json->get_ascii
-
-If $enable is true (or missing), then the encode method will not generate characters outside
-the code range 0..127. Any Unicode characters outside that range will be escaped using either
-a single \uXXXX or a double \uHHHH\uLLLLL escape sequence, as per RFC4627.
-
-If $enable is false, then the encode method will not escape Unicode characters unless
-required by the JSON syntax or other flags. This results in a faster and more compact format.
-
-This feature depends on the used Perl version and environment.
-
-See to L<JSON::PP/UNICODE HANDLING ON PERLS> if the backend is PP.
-
-  JSON->new->ascii(1)->encode([chr 0x10401])
-  => ["\ud801\udc01"]
-
-=head2 latin1
-
-    $json = $json->latin1([$enable])
-    
-    $enabled = $json->get_latin1
-
-If $enable is true (or missing), then the encode method will encode the resulting JSON
-text as latin1 (or iso-8859-1), escaping any characters outside the code range 0..255.
-
-If $enable is false, then the encode method will not escape Unicode characters
-unless required by the JSON syntax or other flags.
-
-  JSON->new->latin1->encode (["\x{89}\x{abc}"]
-  => ["\x{89}\\u0abc"]    # (perl syntax, U+abc escaped, U+89 not)
-
-=head2 utf8
-
-    $json = $json->utf8([$enable])
-    
-    $enabled = $json->get_utf8
-
-If $enable is true (or missing), then the encode method will encode the JSON result
-into UTF-8, as required by many protocols, while the decode method expects to be handled
-an UTF-8-encoded string. Please note that UTF-8-encoded strings do not contain any
-characters outside the range 0..255, they are thus useful for bytewise/binary I/O.
-
-In future versions, enabling this option might enable autodetection of the UTF-16 and UTF-32
-encoding families, as described in RFC4627.
-
-If $enable is false, then the encode method will return the JSON string as a (non-encoded)
-Unicode string, while decode expects thus a Unicode string. Any decoding or encoding
-(e.g. to UTF-8 or UTF-16) needs to be done yourself, e.g. using the Encode module.
-
-
-Example, output UTF-16BE-encoded JSON:
-
-  use Encode;
-  $jsontext = encode "UTF-16BE", JSON::XS->new->encode ($object);
-
-Example, decode UTF-32LE-encoded JSON:
-
-  use Encode;
-  $object = JSON::XS->new->decode (decode "UTF-32LE", $jsontext);
-
-See to L<JSON::PP/UNICODE HANDLING ON PERLS> if the backend is PP.
-
-
-=head2 pretty
-
-    $json = $json->pretty([$enable])
-
-This enables (or disables) all of the C<indent>, C<space_before> and
-C<space_after> (and in the future possibly more) flags in one call to
-generate the most readable (or most compact) form possible.
-
-Equivalent to:
-
-   $json->indent->space_before->space_after
-
-The indent space length is three and JSON::XS cannot change the indent
-space length.
-
-=head2 indent
-
-    $json = $json->indent([$enable])
-    
-    $enabled = $json->get_indent
-
-If C<$enable> is true (or missing), then the C<encode> method will use a multiline
-format as output, putting every array member or object/hash key-value pair
-into its own line, identifying them properly.
-
-If C<$enable> is false, no newlines or indenting will be produced, and the
-resulting JSON text is guaranteed not to contain any C<newlines>.
-
-This setting has no effect when decoding JSON texts.
-
-The indent space length is three.
-With JSON::PP, you can also access C<indent_length> to change indent space length.
-
-
-=head2 space_before
-
-    $json = $json->space_before([$enable])
-    
-    $enabled = $json->get_space_before
-
-If C<$enable> is true (or missing), then the C<encode> method will add an extra
-optional space before the C<:> separating keys from values in JSON objects.
-
-If C<$enable> is false, then the C<encode> method will not add any extra
-space at those places.
-
-This setting has no effect when decoding JSON texts.
-
-Example, space_before enabled, space_after and indent disabled:
-
-   {"key" :"value"}
-
-
-=head2 space_after
-
-    $json = $json->space_after([$enable])
-    
-    $enabled = $json->get_space_after
-
-If C<$enable> is true (or missing), then the C<encode> method will add an extra
-optional space after the C<:> separating keys from values in JSON objects
-and extra whitespace after the C<,> separating key-value pairs and array
-members.
-
-If C<$enable> is false, then the C<encode> method will not add any extra
-space at those places.
-
-This setting has no effect when decoding JSON texts.
-
-Example, space_before and indent disabled, space_after enabled:
-
-   {"key": "value"}
-
-
-=head2 relaxed
-
-    $json = $json->relaxed([$enable])
-    
-    $enabled = $json->get_relaxed
-
-If C<$enable> is true (or missing), then C<decode> will accept some
-extensions to normal JSON syntax (see below). C<encode> will not be
-affected in anyway. I<Be aware that this option makes you accept invalid
-JSON texts as if they were valid!>. I suggest only to use this option to
-parse application-specific files written by humans (configuration files,
-resource files etc.)
-
-If C<$enable> is false (the default), then C<decode> will only accept
-valid JSON texts.
-
-Currently accepted extensions are:
-
-=over 4
-
-=item * list items can have an end-comma
-
-JSON I<separates> array elements and key-value pairs with commas. This
-can be annoying if you write JSON texts manually and want to be able to
-quickly append elements, so this extension accepts comma at the end of
-such items not just between them:
-
-   [
-      1,
-      2, <- this comma not normally allowed
-   ]
-   {
-      "k1": "v1",
-      "k2": "v2", <- this comma not normally allowed
-   }
-
-=item * shell-style '#'-comments
-
-Whenever JSON allows whitespace, shell-style comments are additionally
-allowed. They are terminated by the first carriage-return or line-feed
-character, after which more white-space and comments are allowed.
-
-  [
-     1, # this comment not allowed in JSON
-        # neither this one...
-  ]
-
-=back
-
-
-=head2 canonical
-
-    $json = $json->canonical([$enable])
-    
-    $enabled = $json->get_canonical
-
-If C<$enable> is true (or missing), then the C<encode> method will output JSON objects
-by sorting their keys. This is adding a comparatively high overhead.
-
-If C<$enable> is false, then the C<encode> method will output key-value
-pairs in the order Perl stores them (which will likely change between runs
-of the same script).
-
-This option is useful if you want the same data structure to be encoded as
-the same JSON text (given the same overall settings). If it is disabled,
-the same hash might be encoded differently even if contains the same data,
-as key-value pairs have no inherent ordering in Perl.
-
-This setting has no effect when decoding JSON texts.
-
-=head2 allow_nonref
-
-    $json = $json->allow_nonref([$enable])
-    
-    $enabled = $json->get_allow_nonref
-
-If C<$enable> is true (or missing), then the C<encode> method can convert a
-non-reference into its corresponding string, number or null JSON value,
-which is an extension to RFC4627. Likewise, C<decode> will accept those JSON
-values instead of croaking.
-
-If C<$enable> is false, then the C<encode> method will croak if it isn't
-passed an arrayref or hashref, as JSON texts must either be an object
-or array. Likewise, C<decode> will croak if given something that is not a
-JSON object or array.
-
-   JSON->new->allow_nonref->encode ("Hello, World!")
-   => "Hello, World!"
-
-=head2 allow_unknown
-
-    $json = $json->allow_unknown ([$enable])
-    
-    $enabled = $json->get_allow_unknown
-
-If $enable is true (or missing), then "encode" will *not* throw an
-exception when it encounters values it cannot represent in JSON (for
-example, filehandles) but instead will encode a JSON "null" value.
-Note that blessed objects are not included here and are handled
-separately by c<allow_nonref>.
-
-If $enable is false (the default), then "encode" will throw an
-exception when it encounters anything it cannot encode as JSON.
-
-This option does not affect "decode" in any way, and it is
-recommended to leave it off unless you know your communications
-partner.
-
-=head2 allow_blessed
-
-    $json = $json->allow_blessed([$enable])
-    
-    $enabled = $json->get_allow_blessed
-
-If C<$enable> is true (or missing), then the C<encode> method will not
-barf when it encounters a blessed reference. Instead, the value of the
-B<convert_blessed> option will decide whether C<null> (C<convert_blessed>
-disabled or no C<TO_JSON> method found) or a representation of the
-object (C<convert_blessed> enabled and C<TO_JSON> method found) is being
-encoded. Has no effect on C<decode>.
-
-If C<$enable> is false (the default), then C<encode> will throw an
-exception when it encounters a blessed object.
-
-
-=head2 convert_blessed
-
-    $json = $json->convert_blessed([$enable])
-    
-    $enabled = $json->get_convert_blessed
-
-If C<$enable> is true (or missing), then C<encode>, upon encountering a
-blessed object, will check for the availability of the C<TO_JSON> method
-on the object's class. If found, it will be called in scalar context
-and the resulting scalar will be encoded instead of the object. If no
-C<TO_JSON> method is found, the value of C<allow_blessed> will decide what
-to do.
-
-The C<TO_JSON> method may safely call die if it wants. If C<TO_JSON>
-returns other blessed objects, those will be handled in the same
-way. C<TO_JSON> must take care of not causing an endless recursion cycle
-(== crash) in this case. The name of C<TO_JSON> was chosen because other
-methods called by the Perl core (== not by the user of the object) are
-usually in upper case letters and to avoid collisions with the C<to_json>
-function or method.
-
-This setting does not yet influence C<decode> in any way.
-
-If C<$enable> is false, then the C<allow_blessed> setting will decide what
-to do when a blessed object is found.
-
-=over
-
-=item convert_blessed_universally mode
-
-If use C<JSON> with C<-convert_blessed_universally>, the C<UNIVERSAL::TO_JSON>
-subroutine is defined as the below code:
-
-   *UNIVERSAL::TO_JSON = sub {
-       my $b_obj = B::svref_2object( $_[0] );
-       return    $b_obj->isa('B::HV') ? { %{ $_[0] } }
-               : $b_obj->isa('B::AV') ? [ @{ $_[0] } ]
-               : undef
-               ;
-   }
-
-This will cause that C<encode> method converts simple blessed objects into
-JSON objects as non-blessed object.
-
-   JSON -convert_blessed_universally;
-   $json->allow_blessed->convert_blessed->encode( $blessed_object )
-
-This feature is experimental and may be removed in the future.
-
-=back
-
-=head2 filter_json_object
-
-    $json = $json->filter_json_object([$coderef])
-
-When C<$coderef> is specified, it will be called from C<decode> each
-time it decodes a JSON object. The only argument passed to the coderef
-is a reference to the newly-created hash. If the code references returns
-a single scalar (which need not be a reference), this value
-(i.e. a copy of that scalar to avoid aliasing) is inserted into the
-deserialised data structure. If it returns an empty list
-(NOTE: I<not> C<undef>, which is a valid scalar), the original deserialised
-hash will be inserted. This setting can slow down decoding considerably.
-
-When C<$coderef> is omitted or undefined, any existing callback will
-be removed and C<decode> will not change the deserialised hash in any
-way.
-
-Example, convert all JSON objects into the integer 5:
-
-   my $js = JSON->new->filter_json_object (sub { 5 });
-   # returns [5]
-   $js->decode ('[{}]'); # the given subroutine takes a hash reference.
-   # throw an exception because allow_nonref is not enabled
-   # so a lone 5 is not allowed.
-   $js->decode ('{"a":1, "b":2}');
-
-
-=head2 filter_json_single_key_object
-
-    $json = $json->filter_json_single_key_object($key [=> $coderef])
-
-Works remotely similar to C<filter_json_object>, but is only called for
-JSON objects having a single key named C<$key>.
-
-This C<$coderef> is called before the one specified via
-C<filter_json_object>, if any. It gets passed the single value in the JSON
-object. If it returns a single value, it will be inserted into the data
-structure. If it returns nothing (not even C<undef> but the empty list),
-the callback from C<filter_json_object> will be called next, as if no
-single-key callback were specified.
-
-If C<$coderef> is omitted or undefined, the corresponding callback will be
-disabled. There can only ever be one callback for a given key.
-
-As this callback gets called less often then the C<filter_json_object>
-one, decoding speed will not usually suffer as much. Therefore, single-key
-objects make excellent targets to serialise Perl objects into, especially
-as single-key JSON objects are as close to the type-tagged value concept
-as JSON gets (it's basically an ID/VALUE tuple). Of course, JSON does not
-support this in any way, so you need to make sure your data never looks
-like a serialised Perl hash.
-
-Typical names for the single object key are C<__class_whatever__>, or
-C<$__dollars_are_rarely_used__$> or C<}ugly_brace_placement>, or even
-things like C<__class_md5sum(classname)__>, to reduce the risk of clashing
-with real hashes.
-
-Example, decode JSON objects of the form C<< { "__widget__" => <id> } >>
-into the corresponding C<< $WIDGET{<id>} >> object:
-
-   # return whatever is in $WIDGET{5}:
-   JSON
-      ->new
-      ->filter_json_single_key_object (__widget__ => sub {
-            $WIDGET{ $_[0] }
-         })
-      ->decode ('{"__widget__": 5')
-
-   # this can be used with a TO_JSON method in some "widget" class
-   # for serialisation to json:
-   sub WidgetBase::TO_JSON {
-      my ($self) = @_;
-
-      unless ($self->{id}) {
-         $self->{id} = ..get..some..id..;
-         $WIDGET{$self->{id}} = $self;
-      }
-
-      { __widget__ => $self->{id} }
-   }
-
-
-=head2 shrink
-
-    $json = $json->shrink([$enable])
-    
-    $enabled = $json->get_shrink
-
-With JSON::XS, this flag resizes strings generated by either
-C<encode> or C<decode> to their minimum size possible. This can save
-memory when your JSON texts are either very very long or you have many
-short strings. It will also try to downgrade any strings to octet-form
-if possible: perl stores strings internally either in an encoding called
-UTF-X or in octet-form. The latter cannot store everything but uses less
-space in general (and some buggy Perl or C code might even rely on that
-internal representation being used).
-
-With JSON::PP, it is noop about resizing strings but tries
-C<utf8::downgrade> to the returned string by C<encode>. See to L<utf8>.
-
-See to L<JSON::XS/OBJECT-ORIENTED INTERFACE> and L<JSON::PP/METHODS>.
-
-=head2 max_depth
-
-    $json = $json->max_depth([$maximum_nesting_depth])
-    
-    $max_depth = $json->get_max_depth
-
-Sets the maximum nesting level (default C<512>) accepted while encoding
-or decoding. If a higher nesting level is detected in JSON text or a Perl
-data structure, then the encoder and decoder will stop and croak at that
-point.
-
-Nesting level is defined by number of hash- or arrayrefs that the encoder
-needs to traverse to reach a given point or the number of C<{> or C<[>
-characters without their matching closing parenthesis crossed to reach a
-given character in a string.
-
-If no argument is given, the highest possible setting will be used, which
-is rarely useful.
-
-Note that nesting is implemented by recursion in C. The default value has
-been chosen to be as large as typical operating systems allow without
-crashing. (JSON::XS)
-
-With JSON::PP as the backend, when a large value (100 or more) was set and
-it de/encodes a deep nested object/text, it may raise a warning
-'Deep recursion on subroutine' at the perl runtime phase.
-
-See L<JSON::XS/SECURITY CONSIDERATIONS> for more info on why this is useful.
-
-=head2 max_size
-
-    $json = $json->max_size([$maximum_string_size])
-    
-    $max_size = $json->get_max_size
-
-Set the maximum length a JSON text may have (in bytes) where decoding is
-being attempted. The default is C<0>, meaning no limit. When C<decode>
-is called on a string that is longer then this many bytes, it will not
-attempt to decode the string but throw an exception. This setting has no
-effect on C<encode> (yet).
-
-If no argument is given, the limit check will be deactivated (same as when
-C<0> is specified).
-
-See L<JSON::XS/SECURITY CONSIDERATIONS>, below, for more info on why this is useful.
-
-=head2 encode
-
-    $json_text = $json->encode($perl_scalar)
-
-Converts the given Perl data structure (a simple scalar or a reference
-to a hash or array) to its JSON representation. Simple scalars will be
-converted into JSON string or number sequences, while references to arrays
-become JSON arrays and references to hashes become JSON objects. Undefined
-Perl values (e.g. C<undef>) become JSON C<null> values.
-References to the integers C<0> and C<1> are converted into C<true> and C<false>.
-
-=head2 decode
-
-    $perl_scalar = $json->decode($json_text)
-
-The opposite of C<encode>: expects a JSON text and tries to parse it,
-returning the resulting simple scalar or reference. Croaks on error.
-
-JSON numbers and strings become simple Perl scalars. JSON arrays become
-Perl arrayrefs and JSON objects become Perl hashrefs. C<true> becomes
-C<1> (C<JSON::true>), C<false> becomes C<0> (C<JSON::false>) and
-C<null> becomes C<undef>.
-
-=head2 decode_prefix
-
-    ($perl_scalar, $characters) = $json->decode_prefix($json_text)
-
-This works like the C<decode> method, but instead of raising an exception
-when there is trailing garbage after the first JSON object, it will
-silently stop parsing there and return the number of characters consumed
-so far.
-
-   JSON->new->decode_prefix ("[1] the tail")
-   => ([], 3)
-
-See to L<JSON::XS/OBJECT-ORIENTED INTERFACE>
-
-=head2 property
-
-    $boolean = $json->property($property_name)
-
-Returns a boolean value about above some properties.
-
-The available properties are C<ascii>, C<latin1>, C<utf8>,
-C<indent>,C<space_before>, C<space_after>, C<relaxed>, C<canonical>,
-C<allow_nonref>, C<allow_unknown>, C<allow_blessed>, C<convert_blessed>,
-C<shrink>, C<max_depth> and C<max_size>.
-
-   $boolean = $json->property('utf8');
-    => 0
-   $json->utf8;
-   $boolean = $json->property('utf8');
-    => 1
-
-Sets the property with a given boolean value.
-
-    $json = $json->property($property_name => $boolean);
-
-With no argument, it returns all the above properties as a hash reference.
-
-    $flag_hashref = $json->property();
-
-=head1 INCREMENTAL PARSING
-
-Most of this section are copied and modified from L<JSON::XS/INCREMENTAL PARSING>.
-
-In some cases, there is the need for incremental parsing of JSON texts.
-This module does allow you to parse a JSON stream incrementally.
-It does so by accumulating text until it has a full JSON object, which
-it then can decode. This process is similar to using C<decode_prefix>
-to see if a full JSON object is available, but is much more efficient
-(and can be implemented with a minimum of method calls).
-
-The backend module will only attempt to parse the JSON text once it is sure it
-has enough text to get a decisive result, using a very simple but
-truly incremental parser. This means that it sometimes won't stop as
-early as the full parser, for example, it doesn't detect parenthesis
-mismatches. The only thing it guarantees is that it starts decoding as
-soon as a syntactically valid JSON text has been seen. This means you need
-to set resource limits (e.g. C<max_size>) to ensure the parser will stop
-parsing in the presence if syntax errors.
-
-The following methods implement this incremental parser.
-
-=head2 incr_parse
-
-    $json->incr_parse( [$string] ) # void context
-    
-    $obj_or_undef = $json->incr_parse( [$string] ) # scalar context
-    
-    @obj_or_empty = $json->incr_parse( [$string] ) # list context
-
-This is the central parsing function. It can both append new text and
-extract objects from the stream accumulated so far (both of these
-functions are optional).
-
-If C<$string> is given, then this string is appended to the already
-existing JSON fragment stored in the C<$json> object.
-
-After that, if the function is called in void context, it will simply
-return without doing anything further. This can be used to add more text
-in as many chunks as you want.
-
-If the method is called in scalar context, then it will try to extract
-exactly I<one> JSON object. If that is successful, it will return this
-object, otherwise it will return C<undef>. If there is a parse error,
-this method will croak just as C<decode> would do (one can then use
-C<incr_skip> to skip the erroneous part). This is the most common way of
-using the method.
-
-And finally, in list context, it will try to extract as many objects
-from the stream as it can find and return them, or the empty list
-otherwise. For this to work, there must be no separators between the JSON
-objects or arrays, instead they must be concatenated back-to-back. If
-an error occurs, an exception will be raised as in the scalar context
-case. Note that in this case, any previously-parsed JSON texts will be
-lost.
-
-Example: Parse some JSON arrays/objects in a given string and return them.
-
-    my @objs = JSON->new->incr_parse ("[5][7][1,2]");
-
-=head2 incr_text
-
-    $lvalue_string = $json->incr_text
-
-This method returns the currently stored JSON fragment as an lvalue, that
-is, you can manipulate it. This I<only> works when a preceding call to
-C<incr_parse> in I<scalar context> successfully returned an object. Under
-all other circumstances you must not call this function (I mean it.
-although in simple tests it might actually work, it I<will> fail under
-real world conditions). As a special exception, you can also call this
-method before having parsed anything.
-
-This function is useful in two cases: a) finding the trailing text after a
-JSON object or b) parsing multiple JSON objects separated by non-JSON text
-(such as commas).
-
-    $json->incr_text =~ s/\s*,\s*//;
-
-In Perl 5.005, C<lvalue> attribute is not available.
-You must write codes like the below:
-
-    $string = $json->incr_text;
-    $string =~ s/\s*,\s*//;
-    $json->incr_text( $string );
-
-=head2 incr_skip
-
-    $json->incr_skip
-
-This will reset the state of the incremental parser and will remove the
-parsed text from the input buffer. This is useful after C<incr_parse>
-died, in which case the input buffer and incremental parser state is left
-unchanged, to skip the text parsed so far and to reset the parse state.
-
-=head2 incr_reset
-
-    $json->incr_reset
-
-This completely resets the incremental parser, that is, after this call,
-it will be as if the parser had never parsed anything.
-
-This is useful if you want to repeatedly parse JSON objects and want to
-ignore any trailing data, which means you have to reset the parser after
-each successful decode.
-
-See to L<JSON::XS/INCREMENTAL PARSING> for examples.
-
-
-=head1 JSON::PP SUPPORT METHODS
-
-The below methods are JSON::PP own methods, so when C<JSON> works
-with JSON::PP (i.e. the created object is a JSON::PP object), available.
-See to L<JSON::PP/JSON::PP OWN METHODS> in detail.
-
-If you use C<JSON> with additional C<-support_by_pp>, some methods
-are available even with JSON::XS. See to L<USE PP FEATURES EVEN THOUGH XS BACKEND>.
-
-   BEING { $ENV{PERL_JSON_BACKEND} = 'JSON::XS' }
-   
-   use JSON -support_by_pp;
-   
-   my $json = JSON->new;
-   $json->allow_nonref->escape_slash->encode("/");
-
-   # functional interfaces too.
-   print to_json(["/"], {escape_slash => 1});
-   print from_json('["foo"]', {utf8 => 1});
-
-If you do not want to all functions but C<-support_by_pp>,
-use C<-no_export>.
-
-   use JSON -support_by_pp, -no_export;
-   # functional interfaces are not exported.
-
-=head2 allow_singlequote
-
-    $json = $json->allow_singlequote([$enable])
-
-If C<$enable> is true (or missing), then C<decode> will accept
-any JSON strings quoted by single quotations that are invalid JSON
-format.
-
-    $json->allow_singlequote->decode({"foo":'bar'});
-    $json->allow_singlequote->decode({'foo':"bar"});
-    $json->allow_singlequote->decode({'foo':'bar'});
-
-As same as the C<relaxed> option, this option may be used to parse
-application-specific files written by humans.
-
-=head2 allow_barekey
-
-    $json = $json->allow_barekey([$enable])
-
-If C<$enable> is true (or missing), then C<decode> will accept
-bare keys of JSON object that are invalid JSON format.
-
-As same as the C<relaxed> option, this option may be used to parse
-application-specific files written by humans.
-
-    $json->allow_barekey->decode('{foo:"bar"}');
-
-=head2 allow_bignum
-
-    $json = $json->allow_bignum([$enable])
-
-If C<$enable> is true (or missing), then C<decode> will convert
-the big integer Perl cannot handle as integer into a L<Math::BigInt>
-object and convert a floating number (any) into a L<Math::BigFloat>.
-
-On the contrary, C<encode> converts C<Math::BigInt> objects and C<Math::BigFloat>
-objects into JSON numbers with C<allow_blessed> enable.
-
-   $json->allow_nonref->allow_blessed->allow_bignum;
-   $bigfloat = $json->decode('2.000000000000000000000000001');
-   print $json->encode($bigfloat);
-   # => 2.000000000000000000000000001
-
-See to L<MAPPING> about the conversion of JSON number.
-
-=head2 loose
-
-    $json = $json->loose([$enable])
-
-The unescaped [\x00-\x1f\x22\x2f\x5c] strings are invalid in JSON strings
-and the module doesn't allow to C<decode> to these (except for \x2f).
-If C<$enable> is true (or missing), then C<decode>  will accept these
-unescaped strings.
-
-    $json->loose->decode(qq|["abc
-                                   def"]|);
-
-See to L<JSON::PP/JSON::PP OWN METHODS>.
-
-=head2 escape_slash
-
-    $json = $json->escape_slash([$enable])
-
-According to JSON Grammar, I<slash> (U+002F) is escaped. But by default
-JSON backend modules encode strings without escaping slash.
-
-If C<$enable> is true (or missing), then C<encode> will escape slashes.
-
-=head2 indent_length
-
-    $json = $json->indent_length($length)
-
-With JSON::XS, The indent space length is 3 and cannot be changed.
-With JSON::PP, it sets the indent space length with the given $length.
-The default is 3. The acceptable range is 0 to 15.
-
-=head2 sort_by
-
-    $json = $json->sort_by($function_name)
-    $json = $json->sort_by($subroutine_ref)
-
-If $function_name or $subroutine_ref are set, its sort routine are used.
-
-   $js = $pc->sort_by(sub { $JSON::PP::a cmp $JSON::PP::b })->encode($obj);
-   # is($js, q|{"a":1,"b":2,"c":3,"d":4,"e":5,"f":6,"g":7,"h":8,"i":9}|);
-
-   $js = $pc->sort_by('own_sort')->encode($obj);
-   # is($js, q|{"a":1,"b":2,"c":3,"d":4,"e":5,"f":6,"g":7,"h":8,"i":9}|);
-
-   sub JSON::PP::own_sort { $JSON::PP::a cmp $JSON::PP::b }
-
-As the sorting routine runs in the JSON::PP scope, the given
-subroutine name and the special variables C<$a>, C<$b> will begin
-with 'JSON::PP::'.
-
-If $integer is set, then the effect is same as C<canonical> on.
-
-See to L<JSON::PP/JSON::PP OWN METHODS>.
-
-=head1 MAPPING
-
-This section is copied from JSON::XS and modified to C<JSON>.
-JSON::XS and JSON::PP mapping mechanisms are almost equivalent.
-
-See to L<JSON::XS/MAPPING>.
-
-=head2 JSON -> PERL
-
-=over 4
-
-=item object
-
-A JSON object becomes a reference to a hash in Perl. No ordering of object
-keys is preserved (JSON does not preserver object key ordering itself).
-
-=item array
-
-A JSON array becomes a reference to an array in Perl.
-
-=item string
-
-A JSON string becomes a string scalar in Perl - Unicode codepoints in JSON
-are represented by the same codepoints in the Perl string, so no manual
-decoding is necessary.
-
-=item number
-
-A JSON number becomes either an integer, numeric (floating point) or
-string scalar in perl, depending on its range and any fractional parts. On
-the Perl level, there is no difference between those as Perl handles all
-the conversion details, but an integer may take slightly less memory and
-might represent more values exactly than floating point numbers.
-
-If the number consists of digits only, C<JSON> will try to represent
-it as an integer value. If that fails, it will try to represent it as
-a numeric (floating point) value if that is possible without loss of
-precision. Otherwise it will preserve the number as a string value (in
-which case you lose roundtripping ability, as the JSON number will be
-re-encoded to a JSON string).
-
-Numbers containing a fractional or exponential part will always be
-represented as numeric (floating point) values, possibly at a loss of
-precision (in which case you might lose perfect roundtripping ability, but
-the JSON number will still be re-encoded as a JSON number).
-
-Note that precision is not accuracy - binary floating point values cannot
-represent most decimal fractions exactly, and when converting from and to
-floating point, C<JSON> only guarantees precision up to but not including
-the least significant bit.
-
-If the backend is JSON::PP and C<allow_bignum> is enable, the big integers 
-and the numeric can be optionally converted into L<Math::BigInt> and
-L<Math::BigFloat> objects.
-
-=item true, false
-
-These JSON atoms become C<JSON::true> and C<JSON::false>,
-respectively. They are overloaded to act almost exactly like the numbers
-C<1> and C<0>. You can check whether a scalar is a JSON boolean by using
-the C<JSON::is_bool> function.
-
-   print JSON::true + 1;
-    => 1
-
-   ok(JSON::true eq  '1');
-   ok(JSON::true == 1);
-
-C<JSON> will install these missing overloading features to the backend modules.
-
-
-=item null
-
-A JSON null atom becomes C<undef> in Perl.
-
-C<JSON::null> returns C<undef>.
-
-=back
-
-
-=head2 PERL -> JSON
-
-The mapping from Perl to JSON is slightly more difficult, as Perl is a
-truly typeless language, so we can only guess which JSON type is meant by
-a Perl value.
-
-=over 4
-
-=item hash references
-
-Perl hash references become JSON objects. As there is no inherent ordering
-in hash keys (or JSON objects), they will usually be encoded in a
-pseudo-random order that can change between runs of the same program but
-stays generally the same within a single run of a program. C<JSON>
-optionally sort the hash keys (determined by the I<canonical> flag), so
-the same data structure will serialise to the same JSON text (given same
-settings and version of JSON::XS), but this incurs a runtime overhead
-and is only rarely useful, e.g. when you want to compare some JSON text
-against another for equality.
-
-In future, the ordered object feature will be added to JSON::PP using C<tie> mechanism.
-
-
-=item array references
-
-Perl array references become JSON arrays.
-
-=item other references
-
-Other unblessed references are generally not allowed and will cause an
-exception to be thrown, except for references to the integers C<0> and
-C<1>, which get turned into C<false> and C<true> atoms in JSON. You can
-also use C<JSON::false> and C<JSON::true> to improve readability.
-
-   to_json [\0,JSON::true]      # yields [false,true]
-
-=item JSON::true, JSON::false, JSON::null
-
-These special values become JSON true and JSON false values,
-respectively. You can also use C<\1> and C<\0> directly if you want.
-
-JSON::null returns C<undef>.
-
-=item blessed objects
-
-Blessed objects are not directly representable in JSON. See the
-C<allow_blessed> and C<convert_blessed> methods on various options on
-how to deal with this: basically, you can choose between throwing an
-exception, encoding the reference as if it weren't blessed, or provide
-your own serialiser method.
-
-With C<convert_blessed_universally> mode,  C<encode> converts blessed
-hash references or blessed array references (contains other blessed references)
-into JSON members and arrays.
-
-   use JSON -convert_blessed_universally;
-   JSON->new->allow_blessed->convert_blessed->encode( $blessed_object );
-
-See to L<convert_blessed>.
-
-=item simple scalars
-
-Simple Perl scalars (any scalar that is not a reference) are the most
-difficult objects to encode: JSON::XS and JSON::PP will encode undefined scalars as
-JSON C<null> values, scalars that have last been used in a string context
-before encoding as JSON strings, and anything else as number value:
-
-   # dump as number
-   encode_json [2]                      # yields [2]
-   encode_json [-3.0e17]                # yields [-3e+17]
-   my $value = 5; encode_json [$value]  # yields [5]
-
-   # used as string, so dump as string
-   print $value;
-   encode_json [$value]                 # yields ["5"]
-
-   # undef becomes null
-   encode_json [undef]                  # yields [null]
-
-You can force the type to be a string by stringifying it:
-
-   my $x = 3.1; # some variable containing a number
-   "$x";        # stringified
-   $x .= "";    # another, more awkward way to stringify
-   print $x;    # perl does it for you, too, quite often
-
-You can force the type to be a number by numifying it:
-
-   my $x = "3"; # some variable containing a string
-   $x += 0;     # numify it, ensuring it will be dumped as a number
-   $x *= 1;     # same thing, the choice is yours.
-
-You can not currently force the type in other, less obscure, ways.
-
-Note that numerical precision has the same meaning as under Perl (so
-binary to decimal conversion follows the same rules as in Perl, which
-can differ to other languages). Also, your perl interpreter might expose
-extensions to the floating point numbers of your platform, such as
-infinities or NaN's - these cannot be represented in JSON, and it is an
-error to pass those in.
-
-=item Big Number
-
-If the backend is JSON::PP and C<allow_bignum> is enable, 
-C<encode> converts C<Math::BigInt> objects and C<Math::BigFloat>
-objects into JSON numbers.
-
-
-=back
-
-=head1 JSON and ECMAscript
-
-See to L<JSON::XS/JSON and ECMAscript>.
-
-=head1 JSON and YAML
-
-JSON is not a subset of YAML.
-See to L<JSON::XS/JSON and YAML>.
-
-
-=head1 BACKEND MODULE DECISION
-
-When you use C<JSON>, C<JSON> tries to C<use> JSON::XS. If this call failed, it will
-C<uses> JSON::PP. The required JSON::XS version is I<2.2> or later.
-
-The C<JSON> constructor method returns an object inherited from the backend module,
-and JSON::XS object is a blessed scalar reference while JSON::PP is a blessed hash
-reference.
-
-So, your program should not depend on the backend module, especially
-returned objects should not be modified.
-
- my $json = JSON->new; # XS or PP?
- $json->{stash} = 'this is xs object'; # this code may raise an error!
-
-To check the backend module, there are some methods - C<backend>, C<is_pp> and C<is_xs>.
-
-  JSON->backend; # 'JSON::XS' or 'JSON::PP'
-  
-  JSON->backend->is_pp: # 0 or 1
-  
-  JSON->backend->is_xs: # 1 or 0
-  
-  $json->is_xs; # 1 or 0
-  
-  $json->is_pp; # 0 or 1
-
-
-If you set an environment variable C<PERL_JSON_BACKEND>, the calling action will be changed.
-
-=over
-
-=item PERL_JSON_BACKEND = 0 or PERL_JSON_BACKEND = 'JSON::PP'
-
-Always use JSON::PP
-
-=item PERL_JSON_BACKEND == 1 or PERL_JSON_BACKEND = 'JSON::XS,JSON::PP'
-
-(The default) Use compiled JSON::XS if it is properly compiled & installed,
-otherwise use JSON::PP.
-
-=item PERL_JSON_BACKEND == 2 or PERL_JSON_BACKEND = 'JSON::XS'
-
-Always use compiled JSON::XS, die if it isn't properly compiled & installed.
-
-=item PERL_JSON_BACKEND = 'JSON::backportPP'
-
-Always use JSON::backportPP.
-JSON::backportPP is JSON::PP back port module.
-C<JSON> includes JSON::backportPP instead of JSON::PP.
-
-=back
-
-These ideas come from L<DBI::PurePerl> mechanism.
-
-example:
-
- BEGIN { $ENV{PERL_JSON_BACKEND} = 'JSON::PP' }
- use JSON; # always uses JSON::PP
-
-In future, it may be able to specify another module.
-
-=head1 USE PP FEATURES EVEN THOUGH XS BACKEND
-
-Many methods are available with either JSON::XS or JSON::PP and
-when the backend module is JSON::XS, if any JSON::PP specific (i.e. JSON::XS unsupported)
-method is called, it will C<warn> and be noop.
-
-But If you C<use> C<JSON> passing the optional string C<-support_by_pp>,
-it makes a part of those unsupported methods available.
-This feature is achieved by using JSON::PP in C<de/encode>.
-
-   BEGIN { $ENV{PERL_JSON_BACKEND} = 2 } # with JSON::XS
-   use JSON -support_by_pp;
-   my $json = JSON->new;
-   $json->allow_nonref->escape_slash->encode("/");
-
-At this time, the returned object is a C<JSON::Backend::XS::Supportable>
-object (re-blessed XS object), and  by checking JSON::XS unsupported flags
-in de/encoding, can support some unsupported methods - C<loose>, C<allow_bignum>,
-C<allow_barekey>, C<allow_singlequote>, C<escape_slash> and C<indent_length>.
-
-When any unsupported methods are not enable, C<XS de/encode> will be
-used as is. The switch is achieved by changing the symbolic tables.
-
-C<-support_by_pp> is effective only when the backend module is JSON::XS
-and it makes the de/encoding speed down a bit.
-
-See to L<JSON::PP SUPPORT METHODS>.
-
-=head1 INCOMPATIBLE CHANGES TO OLD VERSION
-
-There are big incompatibility between new version (2.00) and old (1.xx).
-If you use old C<JSON> 1.xx in your code, please check it.
-
-See to L<Transition ways from 1.xx to 2.xx.>
-
-=over
-
-=item jsonToObj and objToJson are obsoleted.
-
-Non Perl-style name C<jsonToObj> and C<objToJson> are obsoleted
-(but not yet deleted from the source).
-If you use these functions in your code, please replace them
-with C<from_json> and C<to_json>.
-
-
-=item Global variables are no longer available.
-
-C<JSON> class variables - C<$JSON::AUTOCONVERT>, C<$JSON::BareKey>, etc...
-- are not available any longer.
-Instead, various features can be used through object methods.
-
-
-=item Package JSON::Converter and JSON::Parser are deleted.
-
-Now C<JSON> bundles with JSON::PP which can handle JSON more properly than them.
-
-=item Package JSON::NotString is deleted.
-
-There was C<JSON::NotString> class which represents JSON value C<true>, C<false>, C<null>
-and numbers. It was deleted and replaced by C<JSON::Boolean>.
-
-C<JSON::Boolean> represents C<true> and C<false>.
-
-C<JSON::Boolean> does not represent C<null>.
-
-C<JSON::null> returns C<undef>.
-
-C<JSON> makes L<JSON::XS::Boolean> and L<JSON::PP::Boolean> is-a relation
-to L<JSON::Boolean>.
-
-=item function JSON::Number is obsoleted.
-
-C<JSON::Number> is now needless because JSON::XS and JSON::PP have
-round-trip integrity.
-
-=item JSONRPC modules are deleted.
-
-Perl implementation of JSON-RPC protocol - C<JSONRPC >, C<JSONRPC::Transport::HTTP>
-and C<Apache::JSONRPC > are deleted in this distribution.
-Instead of them, there is L<JSON::RPC> which supports JSON-RPC protocol version 1.1.
-
-=back
-
-=head2 Transition ways from 1.xx to 2.xx.
-
-You should set C<suport_by_pp> mode firstly, because
-it is always successful for the below codes even with JSON::XS.
-
-    use JSON -support_by_pp;
-
-=over
-
-=item Exported jsonToObj (simple)
-
-  from_json($json_text);
-
-=item Exported objToJson (simple)
-
-  to_json($perl_scalar);
-
-=item Exported jsonToObj (advanced)
-
-  $flags = {allow_barekey => 1, allow_singlequote => 1};
-  from_json($json_text, $flags);
-
-equivalent to:
-
-  $JSON::BareKey = 1;
-  $JSON::QuotApos = 1;
-  jsonToObj($json_text);
-
-=item Exported objToJson (advanced)
-
-  $flags = {allow_blessed => 1, allow_barekey => 1};
-  to_json($perl_scalar, $flags);
-
-equivalent to:
-
-  $JSON::BareKey = 1;
-  objToJson($perl_scalar);
-
-=item jsonToObj as object method
-
-  $json->decode($json_text);
-
-=item objToJson as object method
-
-  $json->encode($perl_scalar);
-
-=item new method with parameters
-
-The C<new> method in 2.x takes any parameters no longer.
-You can set parameters instead;
-
-   $json = JSON->new->pretty;
-
-=item $JSON::Pretty, $JSON::Indent, $JSON::Delimiter
-
-If C<indent> is enable, that means C<$JSON::Pretty> flag set. And
-C<$JSON::Delimiter> was substituted by C<space_before> and C<space_after>.
-In conclusion:
-
-   $json->indent->space_before->space_after;
-
-Equivalent to:
-
-  $json->pretty;
-
-To change indent length, use C<indent_length>.
-
-(Only with JSON::PP, if C<-support_by_pp> is not used.)
-
-  $json->pretty->indent_length(2)->encode($perl_scalar);
-
-=item $JSON::BareKey
-
-(Only with JSON::PP, if C<-support_by_pp> is not used.)
-
-  $json->allow_barekey->decode($json_text)
-
-=item $JSON::ConvBlessed
-
-use C<-convert_blessed_universally>. See to L<convert_blessed>.
-
-=item $JSON::QuotApos
-
-(Only with JSON::PP, if C<-support_by_pp> is not used.)
-
-  $json->allow_singlequote->decode($json_text)
-
-=item $JSON::SingleQuote
-
-Disable. C<JSON> does not make such a invalid JSON string any longer.
-
-=item $JSON::KeySort
-
-  $json->canonical->encode($perl_scalar)
-
-This is the ascii sort.
-
-If you want to use with your own sort routine, check the C<sort_by> method.
-
-(Only with JSON::PP, even if C<-support_by_pp> is used currently.)
-
-  $json->sort_by($sort_routine_ref)->encode($perl_scalar)
- 
-  $json->sort_by(sub { $JSON::PP::a <=> $JSON::PP::b })->encode($perl_scalar)
-
-Can't access C<$a> and C<$b> but C<$JSON::PP::a> and C<$JSON::PP::b>.
-
-=item $JSON::SkipInvalid
-
-  $json->allow_unknown
-
-=item $JSON::AUTOCONVERT
-
-Needless. C<JSON> backend modules have the round-trip integrity.
-
-=item $JSON::UTF8
-
-Needless because C<JSON> (JSON::XS/JSON::PP) sets
-the UTF8 flag on properly.
-
-    # With UTF8-flagged strings
-
-    $json->allow_nonref;
-    $str = chr(1000); # UTF8-flagged
-
-    $json_text  = $json->utf8(0)->encode($str);
-    utf8::is_utf8($json_text);
-    # true
-    $json_text  = $json->utf8(1)->encode($str);
-    utf8::is_utf8($json_text);
-    # false
-
-    $str = '"' . chr(1000) . '"'; # UTF8-flagged
-
-    $perl_scalar  = $json->utf8(0)->decode($str);
-    utf8::is_utf8($perl_scalar);
-    # true
-    $perl_scalar  = $json->utf8(1)->decode($str);
-    # died because of 'Wide character in subroutine'
-
-See to L<JSON::XS/A FEW NOTES ON UNICODE AND PERL>.
-
-=item $JSON::UnMapping
-
-Disable. See to L<MAPPING>.
-
-=item $JSON::SelfConvert
-
-This option was deleted.
-Instead of it, if a given blessed object has the C<TO_JSON> method,
-C<TO_JSON> will be executed with C<convert_blessed>.
-
-  $json->convert_blessed->encode($blessed_hashref_or_arrayref)
-  # if need, call allow_blessed
-
-Note that it was C<toJson> in old version, but now not C<toJson> but C<TO_JSON>.
-
-=back
-
-=head1 TODO
-
-=over
-
-=item example programs
-
-=back
-
-=head1 THREADS
-
-No test with JSON::PP. If with JSON::XS, See to L<JSON::XS/THREADS>.
-
-
-=head1 BUGS
-
-Please report bugs relevant to C<JSON> to E<lt>makamaka[at]cpan.orgE<gt>.
-
-
-=head1 SEE ALSO
-
-Most of the document is copied and modified from JSON::XS doc.
-
-L<JSON::XS>, L<JSON::PP>
-
-C<RFC4627>(L<http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc4627.txt>)
-
-=head1 AUTHOR
-
-Makamaka Hannyaharamitu, E<lt>makamaka[at]cpan.orgE<gt>
-
-JSON::XS was written by  Marc Lehmann <schmorp[at]schmorp.de>
-
-The release of this new version owes to the courtesy of Marc Lehmann.
-
-
-=head1 COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
-
-Copyright 2005-2013 by Makamaka Hannyaharamitu
-
-This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
-it under the same terms as Perl itself. 
-
-=cut
-


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