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From conflue...@apache.org
Subject [CONF] OpenEJB 3.0.x documentation: Spring EJB and JPA (page edited)
Date Mon, 27 Oct 2008 22:09:00 GMT
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#foldertab li a:visited { color: #ffffff; }

#foldertab li a:hover {
color: #ffffff;
background: #003366;
border-color: #003366;
}

#foldertab li a.current {
background: white;
border-bottom: 1px solid white;
color: black;
}

#foldertab li a.current:link { color: black; }
#foldertab li a.current:visited { color: black; }
#foldertab li a.current:hover {
background: white;
border-bottom: 1px solid white;
color: black;
}

/* alphabet list */
ul#squaretab {
margin-left: 0;
padding-left: 0;
white-space: nowrap;
font: bold 8px Verdana, sans-serif;
}

#squaretab li {
display: inline;
list-style-type: none;
}

#squaretab a {
padding: 2px 6px;
border: 1px solid #3c78b5;
}

#squaretab a:link, #squaretab a:visited {
color: #fff;
background-color: #3c78b5;
text-decoration: none;
}

#squaretab a:hover {
color: #ffffff;
background-color: #003366;
border-color: #003366;
text-decoration: none;
}

#squaretab li a#current {
background: white;
color: black;
}

.blogcalendar * {
    font-family:verdana, arial, sans-serif;
    font-size:x-small;
    font-weight:normal;
    line-height:140%;
    padding:2px;
}


table.blogcalendar {
    border: 1px solid #3c78b5;
}

.blogcalendar th.calendarhead, a.calendarhead {
    font-size:x-small;
    font-weight:bold;
    padding:2px;
    text-transform:uppercase;
    background-color: #3c78b5;
    color: #ffffff;
    letter-spacing: .3em;
    text-transform: uppercase;
}

.calendarhead:visited {color: white;}
.calendarhead:active {color: white;}
.calendarhead:hover {color: white;}

.blogcalendar th {
    font-size:x-small;
    font-weight:bold;
    padding:2px;
    background-color:#f0f0f0;
}

.blogcalendar td {
    font-size:x-small;
    font-weight:normal;
}

.searchGroup { padding: 0 0 10px 0; background: #f0f0f0; }
.searchGroupHeading { font-size: 10px; font-weight: bold; color: #ffffff; background-color: #3c78b5; padding: 2px 4px 1px 4px; }
.searchItem { padding: 1px 4px 1px 4px; }
.searchItemSelected { padding: 1px 4px 1px 4px; font-weight: bold; background: #ddd; }

/* permissions page styles */
.permissionHeading {
    border-bottom: #bbb; border-width: 0 0 1px 0; border-style: solid; font-size: 16px; text-align: left;
}
.permissionTab {
    border-width: 0 0 0 1px; border-style: solid; background: #3c78b5; color: #ffffff; font-size: 10px;
}
.permissionSuperTab {
    border-width: 0 0 0 1px; border-style: solid; background: #003366; color: #ffffff;
}
.permissionCell {
    border-left: #bbb; border-width: 0 0 0 1px; border-style: solid;
}

/* warning panel */
.warningPanel { background: #FFFFCE; border:#F0C000 1px solid; padding: 8px; margin: 10px; }
/* alert panel */
.alertPanel { background: #FFCCCC; border:#C00 1px solid; padding: 8px; margin: 10px; }
/* info panel */
.infoPanel { background: #D8E4F1; border:#3c78b5 1px solid; padding: 8px; margin: 10px; }

/* side menu highlighting (e.g. space content screen) */
.optionPadded { padding: 2px; }
.optionSelected { background-color: #ffffcc; padding: 2px; border: 1px solid #ddd; margin: -1px; }
.optionSelected a { font-weight: bold; text-decoration: none; color: black; }

/* information macros */
.noteMacro { border-style: solid; border-width: 1px; border-color: #F0C000; background-color: #FFFFCE; text-align:left; margin-top: 5px; margin-bottom: 5px}
.warningMacro { border-style: solid; border-width: 1px; border-color: #c00; background-color: #fcc; text-align:left; margin-top: 5px; margin-bottom: 5px}
.infoMacro { border-style: solid; border-width: 1px; border-color: #3c78b5; background-color: #D8E4F1; text-align:left; margin-top: 5px; margin-bottom: 5px}
.tipMacro { border-style: solid; border-width: 1px; border-color: #090; background-color: #dfd; text-align:left; margin-top: 5px; margin-bottom: 5px}
.informationMacroPadding { padding: 5px 0 0 5px; }

table.infoMacro td, table.warningMacro td, table.tipMacro td, table.noteMacro td, table.sectionMacro td {
    border: none;
}

table.sectionMacroWithBorder td.columnMacro { border-style: dashed; border-width: 1px; border-color: #cccccc;}

.pagecontent
{
    padding: 10px;
    text-align: left;
}

/* styles for links in the top bar */
.topBarDiv a:link {color: #ffffff;}
.topBarDiv a:visited {color: #ffffff;}
.topBarDiv a:active {color: #ffffff;}
.topBarDiv a:hover {color: #ffffff;}
.topBarDiv {color: #ffffff;}

.topBar {
    background-color: #003366;
}


/* styles for extended operations */
.greyLinks a:link {color: #666666; text-decoration:underline;}
.greyLinks a:visited {color: #666666; text-decoration:underline;}
.greyLinks a:active {color: #666666; text-decoration:underline;}
.greyLinks a:hover {color: #666666; text-decoration:underline;}
.greyLinks {color: #666666; display:block; padding: 10px}

.logoSpaceLink {color: #999999; text-decoration: none}
.logoSpaceLink a:link {color: #999999; text-decoration: none}
.logoSpaceLink a:visited {color: #999999; text-decoration: none}
.logoSpaceLink a:active {color: #999999; text-decoration: none}
.logoSpaceLink a:hover {color: #003366; text-decoration: none}

/* basic panel (basicpanel.vmd) style */
.basicPanelContainer {border: 1px solid #3c78b5; margin-top: 2px; margin-bottom: 8px; width: 100%}
.basicPanelTitle {padding: 5px; margin: 0px; background-color: #f0f0f0; color: black; font-weight: bold;}
.basicPanelBody {padding: 5px; margin: 0px}

.separatorLinks a:link {color: white}
.separatorLinks a:visited {color: white}
.separatorLinks a:active {color: white}

.greynavbar {background-color: #f0f0f0; border-top: 1px solid #3c78b5; margin-top: 2px}

div.headerField {
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}

.headerFloat {
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}

.headerFloatLeft {
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}

#headerRow {
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}

div.license-personal {
   background-color: #003366;
   color: #ffffff;
}

div.license-personal a {
   color: #ffffff;
}

.greyFormBox {
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    padding: 5px;
}

/* IE automatically adds a margin before and after form tags. Use this style to remove that */
.marginlessForm {
    margin: 0px;
}

.openPageHighlight {
    background-color: #ffffcc;
    padding: 2px;
    border: 1px solid #ddd;
}

.editPageInsertLinks, .editPageInsertLinks a
{
    color: #666666;
    font-weight: bold;
    font-size: 10px;
}

/* Style for label heatmap. */
.top10 a {
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    font-size: 2em;
    color: #003366;
}
.top25 a {
    font-weight: bold;
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    color: #003366;
}
.top50 a {
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    color: #003366;
}
.top100 a {
    font-size: 1.2em;
    color: #003366;
}

.heatmap {
    list-style:none;
    width: 95%;
    margin: 0px auto;
}

.heatmap a {
    text-decoration:none;
}

.heatmap a:hover {
    text-decoration:underline;
}

.heatmap li {
    display: inline;
}

.minitab {
padding: 3px 0px 3px 8px;
margin-left: 0;
margin-top: 1px;
margin-bottom: 0px;
border-bottom: 1px solid #3c78b5;
font: bold 9px Verdana, sans-serif;
text-decoration: none;
float:none;
}
.selectedminitab {
padding: 3px 0.5em;
margin-left: 3px;
margin-top: 1px;
border: 1px solid #3c78b5;
background: white;
border-bottom: 1px solid white;
color: #000000;
text-decoration: none;
}
.unselectedminitab {
padding: 3px 0.5em;
margin-left: 3px;
margin-top: 1px;
border: 1px solid #3c78b5;
border-bottom: none;
background: #3c78b5;
color: #ffffff;
text-decoration: none;
}

a.unselectedminitab:hover {
color: #ffffff;
background: #003366;
border-color: #003366;
}

a.unselectedminitab:link { color: white; }
a.unselectedminitab:visited { color: white; }

a.selectedminitab:link { color: black; }
a.selectedminitab:visited { color: black; }

.linkerror { background-color: #fcc;}

a.labelOperationLink:link {text-decoration: underline}
a.labelOperationLink:active {text-decoration: underline}
a.labelOperationLink:visited {text-decoration: underline}
a.labelOperationLink:hover {text-decoration: underline}

a.newLabel:link {background-color: #ddffdd}
a.newLabel:active {background-color: #ddffdd}
a.newLabel:visited {background-color: #ddffdd}
a.newLabel:hover {background-color: #ddffdd}

ul.square {list-style-type: square}

.inline-control-link {
    background: #ffc;
    font-size: 9px;
    color: #666;
    padding: 2px;
    text-transform: uppercase;
    text-decoration: none;
}


.inline-control-link a:link {text-decoration: none}
.inline-control-link a:active {text-decoration: none}
.inline-control-link a:visited {text-decoration: none}
.inline-control-link a:hover {text-decoration: none}

.inline-control-link {
    background: #ffc;
    font-size: 9px;
    color: #666;
    padding: 2px;
    text-transform: uppercase;
    text-decoration: none;
    cursor: pointer;
}

div.auto_complete {
    width: 350px;
    background: #fff;
}
div.auto_complete ul {
    border: 1px solid #888;
    margin: 0;
    padding: 0;
    width: 100%;
    list-style-type: none;
}
div.auto_complete ul li {
    margin: 0;
    padding: 3px;
}
div.auto_complete ul li.selected {
    background-color: #ffb;
}
div.auto_complete ul strong.highlight {
    color: #800;
    margin: 0;
    padding: 0;
}

/******* Edit Page Styles *******/
.toogleFormDiv{
    border:1px solid #A7A6AA;
    background-color:white;
    padding:5px;
    margin-top: 5px;
}

.toogleInfoDiv{
    border:1px solid #A7A6AA;
    background-color:white;
    display:none;
    padding:5px;
    margin-top: 10px;
}

.inputSection{
    margin-bottom:20px;
}

#editBox{
   border:1px solid lightgray;
   background-color:#F0F0F0;
}

/******* Left Navigation Theme Styles ********/
.leftnav li a {
    text-decoration:none;
    color:white;
    margin:0px;
    display:block;
    padding:2px;
    padding-left:5px;
    background-color: #3c78b5;
    border-top:1px solid #3c78b5;
}

.leftnav li a:active {color:white;}
.leftnav li a:visited {color:white;}
.leftnav li a:hover {background-color: #003366; color:white;}

/* Added by Shaun during i18n */
.replaced
{
    background-color: #33CC66;
}

.topPadding
{
    margin-top: 20px;
}

/* new form style */
.form-block {
    padding: 6px;
}
.form-error-block {
    padding: 6px;
    background: #fcc;
    border-top: #f0f0f0 1px solid;
    border-bottom: #f0f0f0 1px solid;
    margin-bottom: 6px;
    padding: 0 12px 0 12px;
}
.form-element-large {
    font-size: 16px;
    font-weight: bold;
    font-family: Arial, sans-serif;
    color: #003366;
}

.form-element-small {
    font-size: 12px;
    font-weight: bold;
    font-family: Arial, sans-serif;
    color: #003366;
}

.form-header {
    background: lightyellow;
    border-top: #f0f0f0 1px solid;
    border-bottom: #f0f0f0 1px solid;
    margin-bottom: 6px;
    padding: 0 12px 0 12px;
}
.form-header p, .form-block p, .form-error-block p {
    line-height: normal;
    margin: 12px 0 12px 0;
}
.form-example {
    color: #888;
    font-size: 11px;
}
.form-divider {
    border-bottom: #ccc 1px solid;
    margin-bottom: 6px;
}
.form-buttons {
    margin-top: 6px;
    border-top: #ccc 1px solid;
    border-bottom: #ccc 1px solid;
    background: #f0f0f0;
    padding: 10px;
    text-align: center;
}
.form-buttons input {
    width: 100px;
}
.form-block .error {
    padding: 6px;
    margin-bottom: 6px;
}
    -->
    </style>
</head>
<body>

<div id="PageContent">
<table class="pagecontent" border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" width="100%"><tr>
<td valign="top" class="pagebody">

    <div class="pageheader">
        <span class="pagetitle">
            Page Edited :
            <a href="http://cwiki.apache.org/confluence/display/OPENEJBx30">OPENEJBx30</a> :
            <a href="http://cwiki.apache.org/confluence/display/OPENEJBx30/Spring+EJB+and+JPA">Spring EJB and JPA</a>
        </span>
    </div>

     <p>
        <a href="http://cwiki.apache.org/confluence/display/OPENEJBx30/Spring+EJB+and+JPA">Spring EJB and JPA</a>
        has been edited by             <a href="http://cwiki.apache.org/confluence/display/~dblevins">David Blevins</a>
            <span class="smallfont">(Oct 27, 2008)</span>.
     </p>
    
     <p>
                 <a href="http://cwiki.apache.org/confluence/pages/diffpagesbyversion.action?pageId=100439&originalVersion=3&revisedVersion=4">(View changes)</a>
     </p>

    <span class="label">Content:</span><br/>
    <div class="greybox wiki-content"><table cellpadding='5' width='85%' cellspacing='8px' class='noteMacro' border="0" align='center'><colgroup><col width='24'><col></colgroup><tr><td valign='top'><img src="/confluence/images/icons/emoticons/warning.gif" width="16" height="16" align="absmiddle" alt="" border="0"></td><td>OpenEJB 3.1 or later required</td></tr></table>
<p>This example shows how to combine Spring, OpenEJB and Hibernate using the integration code provided by OpenEJB.  Here, OpenEJB is used as an embeddable EJB container inside of Spring.  See the <span class="nobr"><a href="/confluence/pages/createpage.action?spaceKey=OPENEJBx30&amp;title=Spring&amp;linkCreation=true&amp;fromPageId=100439" title="Create Page: Spring" class="createlink">Spring<sup><img class="rendericon" src="/confluence/images/icons/plus.gif" height="7" width="7" align="absmiddle" alt="" border="0"/></sup></a></span> page for details.</p>

<p>We use the basic Movie example and expand it to include more objects to demonstrate both Spring beans, EJB Session beans, and JPA persistent objects in one application.  The premise of the example is a Cineplex that has a number of Theaters (viewing screens), each playing a number of Movies.  The basic object layout is as follows:</p>

<table class='confluenceTable'><tbody>
<tr>
<th class='confluenceTh'> Object </th>
<th class='confluenceTh'> Type </th>
<th class='confluenceTh'> Description </th>
</tr>
<tr>
<td class='confluenceTd'> <span class="nobr"><a href="http://svn.apache.org/repos/asf/openejb/trunk/openejb3/examples/spring-integration/src/main/java/org/superbiz/spring/CineplexImpl.java" title="Visit page outside Confluence" rel="nofollow">CineplexImpl<sup><img class="rendericon" src="/confluence/images/icons/linkext7.gif" height="7" width="7" align="absmiddle" alt="" border="0"/></sup></a></span> </td>
<td class='confluenceTd'> @Stateless </td>
<td class='confluenceTd'>  Shows the use of @Resource to have Spring beans injected. Specifically, the <em>Theaters</em> Spring bean </td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td class='confluenceTd'> <span class="nobr"><a href="http://svn.apache.org/repos/asf/openejb/trunk/openejb3/examples/spring-integration/src/main/java/org/superbiz/spring/Theaters.java" title="Visit page outside Confluence" rel="nofollow">Theaters<sup><img class="rendericon" src="/confluence/images/icons/linkext7.gif" height="7" width="7" align="absmiddle" alt="" border="0"/></sup></a></span> </td>
<td class='confluenceTd'> Spring bean </td>
<td class='confluenceTd'>  Simple wrapper object injected into <em>CineplexImpl</em> </td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td class='confluenceTd'> <span class="nobr"><a href="http://svn.apache.org/repos/asf/openejb/trunk/openejb3/examples/spring-integration/src/main/java/org/superbiz/spring/Theater.java" title="Visit page outside Confluence" rel="nofollow">Theater<sup><img class="rendericon" src="/confluence/images/icons/linkext7.gif" height="7" width="7" align="absmiddle" alt="" border="0"/></sup></a></span> </td>
<td class='confluenceTd'> Spring bean </td>
<td class='confluenceTd'> Shows that EJBs can be injected into Spring beans.  Uses both the <em>Movies</em> EJB and the <em>Movie</em> JPA objects </td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td class='confluenceTd'> <span class="nobr"><a href="http://svn.apache.org/repos/asf/openejb/trunk/openejb3/examples/spring-integration/src/main/java/org/superbiz/spring/MoviesImpl.java" title="Visit page outside Confluence" rel="nofollow">MoviesImpl<sup><img class="rendericon" src="/confluence/images/icons/linkext7.gif" height="7" width="7" align="absmiddle" alt="" border="0"/></sup></a></span> </td>
<td class='confluenceTd'> @Stateful </td>
<td class='confluenceTd'>  Wraps a JPA EntityManager and provides transactional access to the persistent <em>Movie</em> objects </td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td class='confluenceTd'> <span class="nobr"><a href="http://svn.apache.org/repos/asf/openejb/trunk/openejb3/examples/spring-integration/src/main/java/org/superbiz/spring/Movie.java" title="Visit page outside Confluence" rel="nofollow">Movie<sup><img class="rendericon" src="/confluence/images/icons/linkext7.gif" height="7" width="7" align="absmiddle" alt="" border="0"/></sup></a></span> </td>
<td class='confluenceTd'> @Entity </td>
<td class='confluenceTd'>  Basic JPA bean that is used both by Spring beans and EJBs.  The same <em>Movie</em> object as in all the other persistence related examples. </td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td class='confluenceTd'> <span class="nobr"><a href="http://svn.apache.org/repos/asf/openejb/trunk/openejb3/examples/spring-integration/src/main/java/org/superbiz/spring/AvailableMovies.java" title="Visit page outside Confluence" rel="nofollow">AvailableMovies<sup><img class="rendericon" src="/confluence/images/icons/linkext7.gif" height="7" width="7" align="absmiddle" alt="" border="0"/></sup></a></span> </td>
<td class='confluenceTd'> Spring bean </td>
<td class='confluenceTd'> Simple object used as a clever way to seed the EntityManager (and really, the database) with persistent <em>Movie</em> objects </td>
</tr>
</tbody></table>

<h1><a name="SpringEJBandJPA-Requiredjars"></a>Required jars</h1>

<p>To setup the integration you'll need:</p>

<ol>
	<li>The standard OpenEJB 3.1 libraries</li>
	<li>The <span class="nobr"><a href="http://people.apache.org/repo/m2-ibiblio-rsync-repository/org/apache/openejb/openejb-spring/3.1/openejb-spring-3.1.jar" title="Visit page outside Confluence" rel="nofollow">openejb-spring-3.1.jar<sup><img class="rendericon" src="/confluence/images/icons/linkext7.gif" height="7" width="7" align="absmiddle" alt="" border="0"/></sup></a></span> or later</li>
	<li>Spring 2.5 or other (any version should work)</li>
</ol>


<p>In Maven2 this can be done by adding the following dependencies to your pom.xml</p>
<div class="code"><div class="codeContent">
<pre class="code-xml"><span class="code-tag">&lt;dependency&gt;</span>
  <span class="code-tag">&lt;groupId&gt;</span>org.apache.openejb<span class="code-tag">&lt;/groupId&gt;</span>
  <span class="code-tag">&lt;artifactId&gt;</span>openejb-core<span class="code-tag">&lt;/artifactId&gt;</span>
  <span class="code-tag">&lt;version&gt;</span>3.1<span class="code-tag">&lt;/version&gt;</span>
<span class="code-tag">&lt;/dependency&gt;</span>
<span class="code-tag">&lt;dependency&gt;</span>
  <span class="code-tag">&lt;groupId&gt;</span>org.apache.openejb<span class="code-tag">&lt;/groupId&gt;</span>
  <span class="code-tag">&lt;artifactId&gt;</span>openejb-spring<span class="code-tag">&lt;/artifactId&gt;</span>
  <span class="code-tag">&lt;version&gt;</span>3.1<span class="code-tag">&lt;/version&gt;</span>
<span class="code-tag">&lt;/dependency&gt;</span>
<span class="code-tag">&lt;dependency&gt;</span>
  <span class="code-tag">&lt;groupId&gt;</span>org.springframework<span class="code-tag">&lt;/groupId&gt;</span>
  <span class="code-tag">&lt;artifactId&gt;</span>spring<span class="code-tag">&lt;/artifactId&gt;</span>
  <span class="code-tag">&lt;version&gt;</span>2.5.5<span class="code-tag">&lt;/version&gt;</span>
<span class="code-tag">&lt;/dependency&gt;</span></pre>
</div></div> 

<p>For other environments, you can simply <a href="/confluence/display/OPENEJB/Download" title="Download">download an openejb-3.1.zip</a> or later and include all the jars under the lib/ directory in your classpath.  Then download and add the <span class="nobr"><a href="http://people.apache.org/repo/m2-ibiblio-rsync-repository/org/apache/openejb/openejb-spring/3.1/openejb-spring-3.1.jar" title="Visit page outside Confluence" rel="nofollow">openejb-spring-3.1.jar<sup><img class="rendericon" src="/confluence/images/icons/linkext7.gif" height="7" width="7" align="absmiddle" alt="" border="0"/></sup></a></span> along with your Spring jars.</p>

<h1><a name="SpringEJBandJPA-TheSpringxml"></a>The Spring xml </h1>

<p>Bootstrapping and Configuring OpenEJB is fairly simple.</p>
<div class="code"><div class="codeContent">
<pre class="code-xml">&lt;!--
Required:  Set up a TransactionManager for use by OpenEJB or Spring.
The Spring PlatformTransactionManager may be used instead.

In future versions this will not be a required step.
--&gt;
<span class="code-tag">&lt;bean name=<span class="code-quote">"TransactionManager"</span> class=<span class="code-quote">"org.apache.geronimo.transaction.manager.GeronimoTransactionManager"</span>/&gt;</span>


&lt;!--
Required:  Set up a SecurityService for use by OpenEJB.
In future versions this will not be a required step.
--&gt;
<span class="code-tag">&lt;bean name=<span class="code-quote">"SecurityService"</span> class=<span class="code-quote">"org.apache.openejb.core.security.SecurityServiceImpl"</span>/&gt;</span>


&lt;!--
Loads the EJBs from the classpath just as when embedding OpenEJB via
the org.apache.openejb.client.LocalInitialContextFactory.  All the discovered
EJBs are imported into this context and available for injection here.
--&gt;
<span class="code-tag">&lt;bean name=<span class="code-quote">"classPathApplication"</span> class=<span class="code-quote">"org.apache.openejb.spring.ClassPathApplication"</span>/&gt;</span></pre>
</div></div> 

<p>As well, you can optionally declare any resources or containers.  Anything declarable as a &lt;Resource&gt; or &lt;Container&gt; in the openejb.xml can instead be declared in the Spring xml file as shown here.</p>
<div class="code"><div class="codeContent">
<pre class="code-xml"><span class="code-tag">&lt;bean name=<span class="code-quote">"MovieDatabase"</span> class=<span class="code-quote">"org.apache.openejb.spring.Resource"</span>&gt;</span>
  <span class="code-tag">&lt;property name=<span class="code-quote">"type"</span> value=<span class="code-quote">"DataSource"</span>/&gt;</span>
  <span class="code-tag">&lt;property name=<span class="code-quote">"properties"</span>&gt;</span>
    <span class="code-tag">&lt;props&gt;</span>
      <span class="code-tag">&lt;prop key=<span class="code-quote">"JdbcDriver"</span>&gt;</span>org.hsqldb.jdbcDriver<span class="code-tag">&lt;/prop&gt;</span>
      <span class="code-tag">&lt;prop key=<span class="code-quote">"JdbcUrl"</span>&gt;</span>jdbc:hsqldb:mem:moviedb<span class="code-tag">&lt;/prop&gt;</span>
    <span class="code-tag">&lt;/props&gt;</span>
  <span class="code-tag">&lt;/property&gt;</span>
<span class="code-tag">&lt;/bean&gt;</span>

<span class="code-tag">&lt;bean name=<span class="code-quote">"MovieDatabaseUnmanaged"</span> class=<span class="code-quote">"org.apache.openejb.spring.Resource"</span>&gt;</span>
  <span class="code-tag">&lt;property name=<span class="code-quote">"type"</span> value=<span class="code-quote">"DataSource"</span>/&gt;</span>
  <span class="code-tag">&lt;property name=<span class="code-quote">"properties"</span>&gt;</span>
    <span class="code-tag">&lt;props&gt;</span>
      <span class="code-tag">&lt;prop key=<span class="code-quote">"JdbcDriver"</span>&gt;</span>org.hsqldb.jdbcDriver<span class="code-tag">&lt;/prop&gt;</span>
      <span class="code-tag">&lt;prop key=<span class="code-quote">"JdbcUrl"</span>&gt;</span>jdbc:hsqldb:mem:moviedb<span class="code-tag">&lt;/prop&gt;</span>
      <span class="code-tag">&lt;prop key=<span class="code-quote">"JtaManaged"</span>&gt;</span>false<span class="code-tag">&lt;/prop&gt;</span>
    <span class="code-tag">&lt;/props&gt;</span>
  <span class="code-tag">&lt;/property&gt;</span>
<span class="code-tag">&lt;/bean&gt;</span></pre>
</div></div> 

<p>And finally our Spring beans.</p>
<div class="code"><div class="codeContent">
<pre class="code-xml"><span class="code-tag">&lt;bean name=<span class="code-quote">"AvailableMovies"</span> class=<span class="code-quote">"org.superbiz.spring.AvailableMovies"</span>&gt;</span>
  <span class="code-tag">&lt;property name=<span class="code-quote">"movies"</span>&gt;</span>
    <span class="code-tag">&lt;list&gt;</span>
      <span class="code-tag">&lt;bean class=<span class="code-quote">"org.superbiz.spring.Movie"</span>&gt;</span>
        <span class="code-tag">&lt;property name=<span class="code-quote">"title"</span> value=<span class="code-quote">"Fargo"</span>/&gt;</span>
        <span class="code-tag">&lt;property name=<span class="code-quote">"director"</span> value=<span class="code-quote">"Joel Coen"</span>/&gt;</span>
        <span class="code-tag">&lt;property name=<span class="code-quote">"year"</span> value=<span class="code-quote">"1996"</span>/&gt;</span>
      <span class="code-tag">&lt;/bean&gt;</span>
      <span class="code-tag">&lt;bean class=<span class="code-quote">"org.superbiz.spring.Movie"</span>&gt;</span>
        <span class="code-tag">&lt;property name=<span class="code-quote">"title"</span> value=<span class="code-quote">"Reservoir Dogs"</span>/&gt;</span>
        <span class="code-tag">&lt;property name=<span class="code-quote">"director"</span> value=<span class="code-quote">"Quentin Tarantino"</span>/&gt;</span>
        <span class="code-tag">&lt;property name=<span class="code-quote">"year"</span> value=<span class="code-quote">"1992"</span>/&gt;</span>
      <span class="code-tag">&lt;/bean&gt;</span>
      <span class="code-tag">&lt;bean class=<span class="code-quote">"org.superbiz.spring.Movie"</span>&gt;</span>
        <span class="code-tag">&lt;property name=<span class="code-quote">"title"</span> value=<span class="code-quote">"The Big Lebowski"</span>/&gt;</span>
        <span class="code-tag">&lt;property name=<span class="code-quote">"director"</span> value=<span class="code-quote">"Joel Coen"</span>/&gt;</span>
        <span class="code-tag">&lt;property name=<span class="code-quote">"year"</span> value=<span class="code-quote">"1998"</span>/&gt;</span>
      <span class="code-tag">&lt;/bean&gt;</span>
      <span class="code-tag">&lt;bean class=<span class="code-quote">"org.superbiz.spring.Movie"</span>&gt;</span>
        <span class="code-tag">&lt;property name=<span class="code-quote">"title"</span> value=<span class="code-quote">"You, Me and Dupree"</span>/&gt;</span>
        <span class="code-tag">&lt;property name=<span class="code-quote">"director"</span> value=<span class="code-quote">"Anthony Russo"</span>/&gt;</span>
        <span class="code-tag">&lt;property name=<span class="code-quote">"year"</span> value=<span class="code-quote">"2006"</span>/&gt;</span>
      <span class="code-tag">&lt;/bean&gt;</span>
      <span class="code-tag">&lt;bean class=<span class="code-quote">"org.superbiz.spring.Movie"</span>&gt;</span>
        <span class="code-tag">&lt;property name=<span class="code-quote">"title"</span> value=<span class="code-quote">"Wedding Crashers"</span>/&gt;</span>
        <span class="code-tag">&lt;property name=<span class="code-quote">"director"</span> value=<span class="code-quote">"David Dobkin"</span>/&gt;</span>
        <span class="code-tag">&lt;property name=<span class="code-quote">"year"</span> value=<span class="code-quote">"2005"</span>/&gt;</span>
      <span class="code-tag">&lt;/bean&gt;</span>
      <span class="code-tag">&lt;bean class=<span class="code-quote">"org.superbiz.spring.Movie"</span>&gt;</span>
        <span class="code-tag">&lt;property name=<span class="code-quote">"title"</span> value=<span class="code-quote">"Zoolander"</span>/&gt;</span>
        <span class="code-tag">&lt;property name=<span class="code-quote">"director"</span> value=<span class="code-quote">"Ben Stiller"</span>/&gt;</span>
        <span class="code-tag">&lt;property name=<span class="code-quote">"year"</span> value=<span class="code-quote">"2001"</span>/&gt;</span>
      <span class="code-tag">&lt;/bean&gt;</span>
      <span class="code-tag">&lt;bean class=<span class="code-quote">"org.superbiz.spring.Movie"</span>&gt;</span>
        <span class="code-tag">&lt;property name=<span class="code-quote">"title"</span> value=<span class="code-quote">"Shanghai Noon"</span>/&gt;</span>
        <span class="code-tag">&lt;property name=<span class="code-quote">"director"</span> value=<span class="code-quote">"Tom Dey"</span>/&gt;</span>
        <span class="code-tag">&lt;property name=<span class="code-quote">"year"</span> value=<span class="code-quote">"2000"</span>/&gt;</span>
      <span class="code-tag">&lt;/bean&gt;</span>
    <span class="code-tag">&lt;/list&gt;</span>
  <span class="code-tag">&lt;/property&gt;</span>
<span class="code-tag">&lt;/bean&gt;</span>

<span class="code-tag">&lt;bean name=<span class="code-quote">"theater1"</span> class=<span class="code-quote">"org.superbiz.spring.Theater"</span>&gt;</span>
  <span class="code-tag">&lt;property name=<span class="code-quote">"nowPlaying"</span>&gt;</span>
    <span class="code-tag">&lt;list&gt;</span>
      <span class="code-tag">&lt;value&gt;</span>Fargo<span class="code-tag">&lt;/value&gt;</span>
      <span class="code-tag">&lt;value&gt;</span>Reservoir Dogs<span class="code-tag">&lt;/value&gt;</span>
      <span class="code-tag">&lt;value&gt;</span>The Big Lebowski<span class="code-tag">&lt;/value&gt;</span>
    <span class="code-tag">&lt;/list&gt;</span>
  <span class="code-tag">&lt;/property&gt;</span>
<span class="code-tag">&lt;/bean&gt;</span>

<span class="code-tag">&lt;bean name=<span class="code-quote">"theater2"</span> class=<span class="code-quote">"org.superbiz.spring.Theater"</span>&gt;</span>
  <span class="code-tag">&lt;property name=<span class="code-quote">"nowPlaying"</span>&gt;</span>
    <span class="code-tag">&lt;list&gt;</span>
      <span class="code-tag">&lt;value&gt;</span>You, Me and Dupree<span class="code-tag">&lt;/value&gt;</span>
      <span class="code-tag">&lt;value&gt;</span>Wedding Crashers<span class="code-tag">&lt;/value&gt;</span>
      <span class="code-tag">&lt;value&gt;</span>Zoolander<span class="code-tag">&lt;/value&gt;</span>
      <span class="code-tag">&lt;value&gt;</span>Shanghai Noon<span class="code-tag">&lt;/value&gt;</span>
    <span class="code-tag">&lt;/list&gt;</span>
  <span class="code-tag">&lt;/property&gt;</span>
<span class="code-tag">&lt;/bean&gt;</span>

<span class="code-tag">&lt;bean name=<span class="code-quote">"theaters"</span> class=<span class="code-quote">"org.superbiz.spring.Theaters"</span>&gt;</span>
  <span class="code-tag">&lt;property name=<span class="code-quote">"theaters"</span>&gt;</span>
    <span class="code-tag">&lt;list&gt;</span>
      <span class="code-tag">&lt;ref bean=<span class="code-quote">"theater1"</span>/&gt;</span>
      <span class="code-tag">&lt;ref bean=<span class="code-quote">"theater2"</span>/&gt;</span>
    <span class="code-tag">&lt;/list&gt;</span>
  <span class="code-tag">&lt;/property&gt;</span>
<span class="code-tag">&lt;/bean&gt;</span></pre>
</div></div> 

<h1><a name="SpringEJBandJPA-TheCode"></a>The Code</h1>

<p>In efforts to keep the example page somewhat short, we'll show just three beans, each demonstrating a particular relationship.</p>

<p>The first is the CineplexImpl EJB which shows EJB -&gt; Spring.</p>
<div class="code"><div class="codeContent">
<pre class="code-java">@Stateless
<span class="code-keyword">public</span> class CineplexImpl <span class="code-keyword">implements</span> Cineplex {

    /**
     * The Theaters Spring bean will be injected
     */
    @Resource
    <span class="code-keyword">private</span> Theaters theaters;

    <span class="code-keyword">public</span> List&lt;Theater&gt; getTheaters() {
        <span class="code-keyword">return</span> theaters.getTheaters();
    }
}</pre>
</div></div>

<p>The second is the Theater Spring bean which shows Spring -&gt; EJB.</p>
<div class="code"><div class="codeContent">
<pre class="code-java">/**
 * Spring bean that references the Movies EJB and the Movie JPA bean.
 * &lt;p/&gt;
 * This bean shows that Spring beans can have references to EJBs.
 */
<span class="code-keyword">public</span> class Theater {

    /**
     * The Movies @Stateless EJB
     */
    <span class="code-keyword">private</span> <span class="code-keyword">final</span> Movies movies;

    <span class="code-keyword">private</span> <span class="code-keyword">final</span> List&lt;Movie&gt; nowPlaying = <span class="code-keyword">new</span> ArrayList&lt;Movie&gt;();

    /**
     * The Movies EJB is passed in on the constructor which
     * guarantees we can use it in the setNowPlaying method.
     *
     * @param movies
     */
    @Autowired
    <span class="code-keyword">public</span> Theater(Movies movies) {
        <span class="code-keyword">this</span>.movies = movies;
    }

    /**
     * For every title in the list we will use the Movies EJB
     * to lookup the actual Movie JPA object.
     *
     * @param nowPlaying
     * @<span class="code-keyword">throws</span> Exception
     */
    <span class="code-keyword">public</span> void setNowPlaying(List&lt;<span class="code-object">String</span>&gt; nowPlaying) <span class="code-keyword">throws</span> Exception {
        <span class="code-keyword">for</span> (<span class="code-object">String</span> title : nowPlaying) {
            <span class="code-keyword">this</span>.nowPlaying.add(movies.getMovieByTitle(title));
        }
    }

    <span class="code-keyword">public</span> List&lt;Movie&gt; getMovies() <span class="code-keyword">throws</span> Exception {
        <span class="code-keyword">return</span> nowPlaying;
    }
}</pre>
</div></div>

<p>The last is the AvailableMovies Spring bean which Shows Spring -&gt; EJB -&gt; JPA</p>
<div class="code"><div class="codeContent">
<pre class="code-java">/**
 * This is a simple Spring bean that we use as an easy way
 * to seed the example with a list of persistent Movie objects
 * &lt;p/&gt;
 * The individual Movie objects are constructed by Spring, then
 * passed into the Movies EJB where they are transactionally
 * persisted with the EntityManager.
 */
<span class="code-keyword">public</span> class AvailableMovies {

    @EJB
    <span class="code-keyword">private</span> Movies moviesEjb;

    <span class="code-keyword">private</span> List&lt;Movie&gt; movies;

    @PostConstruct
    <span class="code-keyword">public</span> void construct() <span class="code-keyword">throws</span> Exception {
        <span class="code-keyword">for</span> (Movie movie : movies) {
            moviesEjb.addMovie(movie);
        }
    }

    <span class="code-keyword">public</span> List&lt;Movie&gt; getMovies() {
        <span class="code-keyword">return</span> movies;
    }

    <span class="code-keyword">public</span> void setMovies(List&lt;Movie&gt; movies) {
        <span class="code-keyword">this</span>.movies = movies;
    }
}</pre>
</div></div>

<h1><a name="SpringEJBandJPA-TheTestCase"></a>The TestCase</h1>

<p>The JUnit TestCase uses a ClassPathXmlApplicationContext to load the Spring ApplicationContext.  Anything that loads your Spring xml file should work fine.  The following code would work a plain java app as well.</p>

<div class="code"><div class="codeContent">
<pre class="code-java"><span class="code-keyword">public</span> class MoviesTest <span class="code-keyword">extends</span> TestCase {

    <span class="code-keyword">public</span> void test() <span class="code-keyword">throws</span> Exception {
        ClassPathXmlApplicationContext context = <span class="code-keyword">new</span> ClassPathXmlApplicationContext(<span class="code-quote">"movies.xml"</span>);

        <span class="code-comment">// Can I lookup the Cineplex EJB via the Spring ApplicationContext
</span>        Cineplex cineplex = (Cineplex) context.getBean(<span class="code-quote">"CineplexImplLocal"</span>);
        assertNotNull(cineplex);

        <span class="code-comment">// Does the Cineplex EJB have a reference to the Theaters Spring bean?
</span>        List&lt;Theater&gt; theaters = cineplex.getTheaters();
        assertNotNull(theaters);

        assertEquals(2, theaters.size());

        Theater theaterOne = theaters.get(0);
        Theater theaterTwo = theaters.get(1);


        <span class="code-comment">// Were the Theater Spring beans able to use the
</span>        <span class="code-comment">// Movies EJB to get references to the Movie JPA objects?
</span>        List&lt;Movie&gt; theaterOneMovies = theaterOne.getMovies();
        assertNotNull(theaterOneMovies);

        List&lt;Movie&gt; theaterTwoMovies = theaterTwo.getMovies();
        assertNotNull(theaterTwoMovies);

        <span class="code-comment">// The first Theater should have used the Movies EJB
</span>        <span class="code-comment">// to get a reference to three Movie JPA objects
</span>        assertEquals(3, theaterOneMovies.size());

        assertEquals(<span class="code-quote">"Fargo"</span>, theaterOneMovies.get(0).getTitle());
        assertEquals(<span class="code-quote">"Reservoir Dogs"</span>, theaterOneMovies.get(1).getTitle());
        assertEquals(<span class="code-quote">"The Big Lebowski"</span>, theaterOneMovies.get(2).getTitle());

        <span class="code-comment">// The second Theater should have used the Movies EJB
</span>        <span class="code-comment">// to get a reference to four Movie JPA objects
</span>
        assertEquals(4, theaterTwoMovies.size());

        assertEquals(<span class="code-quote">"You, Me and Dupree"</span>, theaterTwoMovies.get(0).getTitle());
        assertEquals(<span class="code-quote">"Wedding Crashers"</span>, theaterTwoMovies.get(1).getTitle());
        assertEquals(<span class="code-quote">"Zoolander"</span>, theaterTwoMovies.get(2).getTitle());
        assertEquals(<span class="code-quote">"Shanghai Noon"</span>, theaterTwoMovies.get(3).getTitle());
    }
}</pre>
</div></div>

<h1><a name="SpringEJBandJPA-Running"></a>Running </h1>

<p>The source for this example can be downloaded from svn via:</p>

<p>$ svn co <span class="nobr"><a href="http://svn.apache.org/repos/asf/openejb/trunk/openejb3/examples/spring-integration" title="Visit page outside Confluence" rel="nofollow">http://svn.apache.org/repos/asf/openejb/trunk/openejb3/examples/spring-integration<sup><img class="rendericon" src="/confluence/images/icons/linkext7.gif" height="7" width="7" align="absmiddle" alt="" border="0"/></sup></a></span></p>

<p>Then, in the "spring-integration" directory, run: </p>

<p>$ mvn clean install</p>

<p>Which should create output like the following. </p>

<div class="preformatted"><div class="preformattedContent">
<pre> 
-------------------------------------------------------
 T E S T S
-------------------------------------------------------
Running org.superbiz.spring.MoviesTest
log4j:WARN No appenders could be found for logger (org.springframework.context.support.ClassPathXmlApplicationContext).
log4j:WARN Please initialize the log4j system properly.
Apache OpenEJB 3.1    build: 20081009-03:31
http://openejb.apache.org/
INFO - openejb.home = /Users/dblevins/work/openejb3/examples/spring-integration
INFO - openejb.base = /Users/dblevins/work/openejb3/examples/spring-integration
INFO - Configuring Service(id=Default JDK 1.3 ProxyFactory, type=ProxyFactory, provider-id=Default JDK 1.3 ProxyFactory)
INFO - Configuring Service(id=MovieDatabase, type=Resource, provider-id=Default JDBC Database)
INFO - Configuring Service(id=MovieDatabaseUnmanaged, type=Resource, provider-id=Default JDBC Database)
INFO - Found EjbModule in classpath: /Users/dblevins/work/openejb3/examples/spring-integration/target/classes
INFO - Beginning load: /Users/dblevins/work/openejb3/examples/spring-integration/target/classes
INFO - Configuring enterprise application: classpath.ear
INFO - Configuring Service(id=Default Stateless Container, type=Container, provider-id=Default Stateless Container)
INFO - Auto-creating a container for bean CineplexImpl: Container(type=STATELESS, id=Default Stateless Container)
INFO - Auto-linking resource-ref 'org.superbiz.spring.CineplexImpl/theaters' in bean CineplexImpl to Resource(id=theaters)
INFO - Configuring Service(id=Default Stateful Container, type=Container, provider-id=Default Stateful Container)
INFO - Auto-creating a container for bean Movies: Container(type=STATEFUL, id=Default Stateful Container)
INFO - Configuring PersistenceUnit(name=movie-unit, provider=org.hibernate.ejb.HibernatePersistence)
INFO - Enterprise application "classpath.ear" loaded.
INFO - Assembling app: classpath.ear
INFO - PersistenceUnit(name=movie-unit, provider=org.hibernate.ejb.HibernatePersistence)
INFO - Jndi(name=CineplexImplLocal) --&gt; Ejb(deployment-id=CineplexImpl)
INFO - Jndi(name=MoviesLocal) --&gt; Ejb(deployment-id=Movies)
INFO - Created Ejb(deployment-id=Movies, ejb-name=Movies, container=Default Stateful Container)
INFO - Created Ejb(deployment-id=CineplexImpl, ejb-name=CineplexImpl, container=Default Stateless Container)
INFO - Deployed Application(path=classpath.ear)
INFO - Exported EJB Movies with interface org.superbiz.spring.Movies to Spring bean MoviesLocal
INFO - Exported EJB CineplexImpl with interface org.superbiz.spring.Cineplex to Spring bean CineplexImplLocal
Tests run: 1, Failures: 0, Errors: 0, Skipped: 0, Time elapsed: 3.141 sec

Results :

Tests run: 1, Failures: 0, Errors: 0, Skipped: 0
</pre>
</div></div> 




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