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From Ahmed Dalatony <ahmed.dalat...@gmail.com>
Subject Re: simple way to access application in multi instance envirnoment
Date Sun, 09 Mar 2014 15:29:58 GMT
On Sun, Mar 9, 2014 at 5:05 PM, Neven Cvetkovic
<neven.cvetkovic@gmail.com>wrote:

> Ahmed,
>
> On Sun, Mar 9, 2014 at 10:14 AM, Ahmed Dalatony <ahmed.dalatony@gmail.com
> >wrote:
>
> > hello,
> >
> can you help me little more with example or simpler doc
> > i'm new to tomcat config
> > and i don't understand virtual host
> >
> > thank you
> >
>
> Ultimately, if you don't want to show the port number to the end user, the
> serving process needs to bind to port 80.
>
> You mentioned few Tomcat processes, bound to ports 7777, 8888, 9999, each
> serving few applications.
>
> So, here are few alternatives to achieve what you want:
>
> ALTERNATIVE_0
> - Don't do anything. Each Tomcat instance runs on it's own port number.
> - Doesn't achieve what you want :)
>
> ALTERNATIVE_1
> - Host all applications on a single Tomcat instance. Bind Tomcat to port 80
> (if linux environment remember port 80 is privileged port, so you have to
> configure your Tomcat accordingly.) Register all domains to the same IP
> address.
> - You can use Tomcat virtual hosting to register different domains to
> specific applications.
> - Downside of this approach is that all applications are sharing the same
> JVM (Tomcat) instance. Spike in one application can bring all other
> applications down.
>
> ALTERNATIVE_2
> - Have multiple network interfaces (IP addresses) available. Bind each
> Tomcat instance to one of the IP addresses. Register each domain to its own
> IP address.
> - This approach is better than ALTERNATIVE_1 when it comes to isolation of
> the processes in their own execution environments.
> - This approach utilizes many IP addresses, that are usually scarce and not
> easily justified for numerous applications.
>
> ALTERNATIVE_3
> - Most common approach I've seen around.
> - Similar to approach you are currently taking (ALTERNATIVE_0), with a help
> of external web server that will act as a (reverse) proxy. Typically, I
> would use Apache Httpd server, but you can use other web servers, e.g. IIS
> on Windows platform, or nginx.
> - In this case Apache (or other webserver) would bind to port 80, and based
> on the requested URL (or host) would point to a specific application
> (hosted on specific Tomcat on certain port, e.g. 7777, 8888, 9999, etc...)
> - If you would like to achieve that different hosts point to different
> applications, register all domains with the same IP address in DNS, and
> configure virtual hosting on the webserver.
>
>
> Thus, if you run multiple instances of Tomcat - alone, virtual hosting will
> not help you , since only one process can bind to a single IP address to
> one port (e.g. port 80). So, either put everything to the same Tomcat
> ("yuck"), or bind each tomcat to port 80 on separate IP addresses, or have
> an external web server routing requests to your multiple Tomcat instances.
> My preference is the later approach.
>
> Here are some questions you want to answer before choosing the alternative:
> - What is the environment that you run on (windows, linux, etc.)?
> - What are you requirements?
> - How many applications do you have? How many instances do you plan to run,
> on the same machine, on the entire platform?
> - What are the application usage patterns? (how many users do you plan to
> serve, spikes, etc..)
> - What are the service level agreements you have with your customers?
> - etc...
>
>
> Configuring webserver to route requests to Tomcat instances is pretty
> straight forward, and you have a choice of HTTP or AJP protocols and
> depends on the choice of your webserver (Apache HTTPD, IIS, nginx, etc.)
>
> Hope that helps.
>
> Cheers!
> Neven
>

thanks Dan & Neven
i think 3rd alternative is my way to go
i'll start searching about it and see what i get

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