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From Mark Eggers <its_toas...@yahoo.com>
Subject Re: Moving Tomcat to work externally.
Date Thu, 11 Jul 2013 02:09:19 GMT
On 7/10/2013 6:08 PM, Caldarale, Charles R wrote:
>> From: john Matlock [mailto:johndmatlock@gmail.com] Subject: Moving
>> Tomcat to work externally.
>
>> Following instructions found in various places I added the
>> following to the server.xml file and restarted Tomcat:
>
> If you followed something that said to put a <Context> element in
> server.xml, you need to stop going to those places and read the real
> Tomcat doc.
>

Sadly, the three documents I read concerning Railo and Tomcat all have 
this same exact syntax.

The rest of the instructions concerning integrating Tomcat and Railo are 
pretty much on par with this.

>> <users@tomcat.apache.org>
>
> The above has no business being anywhere in a config file.
>
>> <Host name="books-on-line.com" appBase="webapps"> <Context path'""
>> docBase="C:\inetpub\wwwroot\" />
>> <Alias>www.books-on-line.org</Alias>
>> <Alias>www.books-on-line.net</Alias> </Host>
>
> Take out all of the above; none of it is needed or desirable.
>
> Remove the ROOT directory from Tomcat's webapps directory, replacing
> it with your webapp renamed to ROOT.war (or, if it's already an
> expanded .war file, put it in the ROOT directory under webapps).
>
>> Chrome, Firefox and even tried IE from another machine -- all say
>> they can't connect.
>
> What URL did you try to use?  Where is the "other machine" located
> relative to the one Tomcat is running on?  What port is specified in
> server.xml?  Is there a firewall blocking that port?  Be specific
> when reporting problems.
>
>> Tomcat version: Whatever comes with Railo 4

It comes with some (undefined) version of Tomcat 7.

>
> If you don't know what it is, remove it, and install a real one from
> tomcat.apache.org; otherwise, you're just shooting in the dark.
>
>> Is there something else I'm supposed to do?
>
> Register the DNS name for your server with your DNS providers.
>
>> Did I do something stupid?
>
> Not terribly, other than not reading the real Tomcat doc before
> making changes.
>
> - Chuck

In the original author's defense, the railo documentation is . . . 
unpleasant.

Here's what I did to get it running quickly:

1. Download a copy of Tomcat from tomcat.apache.org

Grab the zip file and unpack it somewhere. Right now you don't need to 
run it as a service, nor do you need to even use the manager application.

2. Download the WAR file for railo

I believe the current production version is 4.0.4. The WAR file will be 
named railo-4.0.4.001.war

3. Copy it as railo.war to the webapps directory

You'll find that directory in apache-tomcat-7.0.42\webapps, wherever 
you've unpacked the zip file.

4. Double-click on startup.bat

You'll find that in apache-tomcat-7.0.42\bin, wherever you've unpacked 
the zip file.

5. Browse to localhost:8080/railo and confirm that it works.

6. Remote machine access

Now, either update DNS to point to your machine as books-on-line.com, or 
go and edit a remote machine's host file to have books-on-line.com with 
your IP address.

Make sure your machine's firewall allows port 8080.

Now browse to books-on-line.com:8080/railo and make sure you can connect.

Now to make the Railo environment the default application:
----------------------------------------------------------

1. Stop Tomcat

Double-click on shutdown.bat found in apache-tomcat-7.0.42\bin, wherever 
you've unpacked the Tomcat zip file.

2. Back up Tomcat's original ROOT application

It's found in apache-tomcat-7.0.42\webapps, wherever you've unpacked the 
Tomcat zip file.

3. Rename railo.war to ROOT.war

Please note that case is important, even on Windows

4. Delete the railo directory that was created

It's found in apache-tomcat-7.0.42\webapps, wherever you've unpacked the 
Tomcat zip file.

5. Start up Tomcat

6. Browse to localhost:8080/

You should see the railo application

7. From a remote machine, browse to books-on-line.com:8080

You should see the railo application

Added Feature 1 - Run on Port 80
--------------------------------

1. Stop Tomcat

Double-click on shutdown.bat found in apache-tomcat-7.0.42\bin, wherever 
you've unpacked the Tomcat zip file.

2. Edit server.xml - changing port 8080 to port 80

The file is found in apache-tomcat-7.0.42\conf, wherever you've unpacked 
the Tomcat zip file

You're looking for the following entry to change:

     <Connector port="8080" protocol="HTTP/1.1"
                connectionTimeout="20000"
                redirectPort="8443" />

3. Make sure port 80 is not being used

This is usually means that IIS or Apache HTTPD is running. Stop them. 
You can open up a cmd.exe and type the following:

netstat -ano

This will list all of the ports, and the process ID accessing the ports. 
If there's 0.0.0.0:80 or [::]:80, find the process and stop it.

4. Start up Tomcat

5. Browse to localhost/

You should see the railo application

6. From a remote machine, browse to books-on-line.com

You should see the railo application

Added Feature 2 - Run as a service
----------------------------------

Repeat the above exercise, with the following exceptions.

1. Install the service

Install the service in a path with no spaces. Tomcat is fine with 
spaces, some less well-behaved applications may not be.

I usually put the service in C:\ASF\apache-tomcat-x.y.z to mimic the zip 
style of naming

Give the Tomcat service a name rather than taking the default name.

I usually append the version numbers to it - for example Tomcat742.

2. Proceed stepwise as above.

You'll use the Tomcat Monitor application to start and stop Tomcat 
instead of the .bat files

Added Feature 3 - Production Environment
----------------------------------------

1. Remove examples and docs apps from default Tomcat install
2. Manager application
    a. easiest is to remove
    b. can configure it to only accept connections from localhost
    c. discussion of option b is left for another message

I think that's about it

. . . . just my two cents (and dinner entertainment)
/mde/

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