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From "Outlou, Youness" <>
Subject RE: Tomcat: one user per application
Date Mon, 10 Jun 2013 16:59:17 GMT

Can you give me the estimated date of end of support  for TomCat 6 and 7.

Thank you,


-----Original Message-----
From: Mark Thomas [] 
Sent: 10 juin 2013 12:57
To: Tomcat Users List
Subject: Re: Tomcat: one user per application

On 10/06/2013 16:56, André Warnier wrote:
> Christopher Schultz wrote:
>> Hash: SHA256
>> Mihamina,
>> On 6/10/13 7:12 AM, Mihamina Rakotomandimby wrote:
>>> I have one Tomcat instance, which has several applications
>>> (containers)
>> Note: these are not "containers" (at least not in any spec-recognized 
>> way). Tomcat is the container, the webapps are called "contexts" -- 
>> or just webapps usually.
>>> On my installation, when Tomcat is running, only "java" process 
>>> owned by "tomcat" is listed.
>>> When the "java" process gets 100% CPU, I would like to be able to 
>>> differentiate which application is it about.
>> You can only do this by taking a series of thread-dumps (maybe 1 
>> every
>> 5 seconds for 15 or 20 seconds) and comparing them to each other. You 
>> can probably find out which threads are doing a lot of work (because 
>> they are running a lot of code over the time period) and which 
>> applications are being used (because of the content of the stack traces).
>> Of course, you have to have a way to detect "high" CPU usage (100% 
>> probably isn't good enough) and then trigger these thread dumps, etc.
>>> One solution, for me, is to be able to run one java process per war 
>>> under a (pre-created) system user. I would like to keep only one 
>>> Tomcat instance.
>> You can have one of these, but not both. You *can* have a single 
>> Tomcat /installation/ and multiple instances, of course (read the 
>> RUNNING.txt file that comes with the Tomcat bundle under the 
>> "Advanced" section).
>> Remember: memory is cheap. It's not that costly to run multiple 
>> Tomcat instances. Tomcat requires roughly 12MiB on my system (64-bit 
>> with compressed OOPs) with no web applications deployed into it.
> Alternatively, a "cheap" way of getting at least an idea of what 
> application is using a lot of time :
> In a first approximation, I would tend to believe that an application 
> which uses a lot of CPU time, is also probably slow to respond (to the 
> user).

That assumption rarely holds. It is usually a sub-set of requests within an application that
are slow and when you do have a problem, everything is slow.

The best / quickest (and I would say simplest) way to get the correct answer is as follows:

1. ps -eLf (to show per thread results)
2. Find the thread using all the CPU
3. Take a thread dump of your Tomcat process 4. Match the LWP ID (base 10) from the ps output
with the nid field (base 16) in the thread dump to find a) the offending thread and b) exactly
what it is doing.

There may be slight variations in commands and output format bewteen OS and JVM vendors but
you get the idea.


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