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From "honyk" <>
Subject RE: Memory limits for children processes when running Tomcat as service?
Date Wed, 26 Jun 2013 20:20:50 GMT
On 2013-06-26 André Warnier wrote:
> honyk wrote:
> > Dear All,
> >
> > I have a JSF2.0 app that executes (via ProcessBuilder) an external
> script.
> > This script opens PPTX via PowerPoint ActiveX object, manipulate it
> and
> > save. It runs on Windows Server 2008 R2 64-bit, 4GB RAM, JDK 7.
> >
> > When tomcat 7 is launched using startup.bat (with original settings),
> it
> > works fine.
> >
> > When tomcat runs as a service, opening the PPTX in the PowerPoint
> fails
> > because of Out Of Memory error regardless Xmx settings
> (tomcat7w.exe).
> >
> > I originally asked PowerPoint forum, but haven't get any explanation
> yet:
> >
> 92413aaecc2e
> >
> > But as the entry point is Tomcat and the only difference between
> problematic
> > and non problematic behavior is the 'service' mode, maybe there is
> something
> > related in the tomcat7.exe code base. Just guessing.
> >
> > Has anybody an idea why both modes behave differently?
> >
> Hi.
> The problem has nothing to do with Tomcat per se.
> It is due to running a Microsoft Office program (or library modules
> such as the "Interop"
> series) as a sub-process of a Windows Service (and thus in the same
> Service context) which
> is something that is not in the design of Microsoft Office, not
> supported by Microsoft,
> and even actively discouraged by Microsoft.
> See :
> The problem is basically that a Windows Service does not run in the
> same "environment" as
> a "user session" environment, and as they say in that article, you will
> certainly
> experience "unstable behavior and/or deadlock" somewhere, and will get
> no help for it.

I read this article but because I do not need intraction and my code doesn't
run simultaneously and tomcat is launched using my credentials - I still
thought it could be possible.

Now realizing that tomcat launched using my credentials do not necesarily
mean that Office use the same...

> Personal experience : some things will work with one MS-Office program,
> and totally fail
> with another; even simple things like opening or saving a file.  It may
> work with one
> file, and fail with another, for no apparent reason.
> You get an OOM error in this case, but other cases may be "file not
> found" (although it's
> there) or whatever other bizarre failures.
> Ultimately it is unpredictable, frustrating and time-consuming.

I was an optimist when everything worked in the user mode...

> Solutions :
> 1) instead of MS-Office, use LibreOffice or OpenOffice.  Both can run
> in "headless" mode,
> and provide an API to have them "do things with documents". And both
> can open and
> manipulate MS-Office documents.  Depending on what you do, there may be
> some differences
> in the results, but it works fine for many things.
> Or try one of the other solutions suggested in the above article.
> (I have not tried them, I use OpenOffice/LibreOffice).

I'll give it a try. I originaly tested Apache POI, but required
functionality is not implemented yet.

> 2) do not run Tomcat as a Service. Create a virtual Windows machine,
> and run it in a user
> console (with startup.bat). You can restrict access to the VM, and
> since it is a VM, it
> can run unattended, just as a service would.
> (I am also using this scheme, when circumstances permit).
> But in that case, also pay attention to the licensing considerations at
> the end of the
> article.

I am quite lost in this ;-) But I'll investigate further.

Thanks a lot for your exhaustive analysis! Finally it looks my way is no way

Regards, Jan

PS: And sorry for blaming the Tomcat. 

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