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From Konstantin Kolinko <>
Subject Re: Embedded Tomcat 6 & 7 logging to file
Date Mon, 16 Jul 2012 06:43:07 GMT
2012/7/16 Benjamin Muschko <>:
> Hi,
> I'd like to redirect the embedded Tomcat's startup logging messages to a
> file. What I am looking for is something like this:
> ...
> Initializing ProtocolHandler ["http-bio-8080"]
> Initializing ProtocolHandler ["http-bio-8091"]
> Starting service Tomcat
> Starting Servlet Engine: Apache Tomcat/7.0.11
> ...
> So far I haven't found a way of making this work. My first approach was to
> add a FileHandler to the context's logger:
> Handler fh = new FileHandler("output.log", true);
> fh.formatter = new SimpleFormatter();
> fh.level = Level.ALL;
> fh.encoding = "UTF-8";
> context.getLogger().logger.addHandler(fh);
> It works fine for the context in Tomcat 7 but doesn't give me the result I
> am looking for.

context.getLogger() returns logger for certain named log category
only. As a coincidence, it is the same one as used by log methods in
Servlet API. Other Tomcat components use other log categories (aka
logger names).

> Also trying to capture System.out and System.err and
> writing it to a file doesn't solve my problem:
> System.setOut(new PrintStream(new File("output-file.txt")));
> System.setErr(new PrintStream(new File("output-file.txt")));

If java.util.logging starts before you run the above code, it can
create a ConsoleHandler using original stderr and stdout.

Your setOut() and setErr() will have no influence on it.

> I guess I am not clear on how the embedded Tomcat implementation logs the
> messages to the console and how I can change it.

java.util.logging.ConsoleHandler for the default log category writes
messages to the console. If none were configured, nothing were printed

See java.util.logging documentation in JDK. Essentially its bootstrap
is controlled via certain system properties when your java application
(the one that embeds Tomcat) starts.

> Could somebody clarify this
> for me. It would be great to see and example that would work for embedded
> Tomcat 6 & 7.

Best regards,
Konstantin Kolinko

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