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From Konstantin Kolinko <>
Subject Re: ClassNotFoundException Error in Tomcat 5.5 and Tomcat 6.0
Date Sun, 10 Jun 2012 10:59:56 GMT
2012/6/10 Venkata Pavan Kumar Sannisetty <>:
> I am having this strange issue with the tomcat 5.5 and tomcat 6.0 servers.
> I have two web applications which will be installed on tomcat.When tomcat
> is started these two web applications also get started simultaneously but
> sometimes one web application fails to initialize because of the init
> failure in one application another application is getting
> classnotfoundexception errors while running. In tomcat 7.0 the application
> is running fine even if the other application failed to initialize.
> After some debugging i came to know there is one jar named crystal.jar
> which is in the web-inf/lib folder of both applications. I have moved the
> jar to common/lib folder of tomcat then it started working fine. I want to
> know why it is working fine in tomcat 7.0 not in tomcat 5.x and tomcat 6.x
> versions. Is there any change in classloading architecture between these
> versions ?

Guessing on a crystal jar^H^H^H ball,..

There exist a known kind of PermGen memory leaks, when a library class
is referenced by a system class and thus lives beyond its age. One
example is when Java discovers a JDBC driver, or some other service
and "automatically registers" it. It keeps reference to it in a
system, but the class itself belongs to the web application and has to
be unloaded when application stops - but cannot, because of that
reference.  Not all such references are easy to clear.

One typical symptom in such a case is that the first web application
that relies on this system feature will succeed,  but the second and
other ones will fail  (because the service that is registered in the
system belongs to first web application  and cannot see classes from
classloader of the second application and vice versa).

Tomcat 7 and recent versions of Tomcat 6 have better protection
against certain known PermGen memory leaks in their default

Tomcat 5.5 does not have such protection at all.

Best regards,
Konstantin Kolinko

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