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From Peter Bauer <>
Subject All threads are currently busy
Date Wed, 17 Oct 2007 08:52:11 GMT
Hi all,

Tomcat 4.1.30 on Debian sarge
java version "1.5.0_11"
Java(TM) 2 Runtime Environment, Standard Edition (build 1.5.0_11-b03)
Java HotSpot(TM) Client VM (build 1.5.0_11-b03, mixed mode, sharing)

in situations with high load, tomcat sometimes stops responding and is not able to recover
from that status. In the catalina.out file, i get the following line:

SEVERE: All threads (75) are currently busy, waiting. Increase maxThreads (75) or check the
servlet status

i searched some time in various forums and mailing list archives and found the following links:

Basically there seem to be 2 possible reasons for this behaviour
1. A bug (?) in Tomcat or the combination of JDK, glibc, whatever, which causes that tomcat
does not
recover from situations with too much requests. I could not find any information in the release
of the Tomcat 4.1.x versions.
2. Some kind of deadlock or resource (database connections) availability problem which
   keeps the request handling threads from returning from the doPost/Get method.

So i made a Threaddump using jstack (attached file). Most of the threads are in

 - java.lang.Object.wait(long) @bci=0 (Interpreted frame)
 - java.lang.Object.wait() @bci=2, line=474 (Interpreted frame)
 - org.apache.catalina.core.StandardWrapper.allocate() @bci=223, line=704 (Interpreted frame)

but 19 threads are blocked in the bci 0 of the same static synchronized method called removeActiveRoles
which is called from the doPost() method.

 - at.sonorys.dmc.utilities.ActiveRoleRemoval.removeActiveRoles(at.sonorys.dmc.utilities.DatabaseAccess,
java.lang.String, java.lang.String, boolean) @bci=0 (Interpreted frame)
 - at.sonorys.dmc.CommDicora.CommHandleMessageSession.quitSession() @bci=23 (Interpreted frame)
 - at.sonorys.dmc.CommDicora.CommHandleMessageSession.doHandleSessionMsg() @bci=131 (Interpreted
 - at.sonorys.dmc.CommDicora.CommHandleMessageSession.evalMessage() @bci=1 (Interpreted frame)
 - at.sonorys.dmc.CommDicora.CommDicoraServlet.doHandleMsg(javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse,
javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest) @bci=103 (Interpreted frame)
 - at.sonorys.dmc.CommDicora.CommDicoraServlet.doPost(javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest,
javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse) @bci=142 (Interpreted frame)

The servlet implements the SingleThreadModel (not my decision). As you can see from the threaddump,
all 19 threads are waiting to
get into the same static synchronized method. I dont understand this because there must be
one thread IN the method
which holds the lock of the method? Is it possible for a thread to leave a synchronized method
without returning the


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