tomcat-users mailing list archives

Site index · List index
Message view « Date » · « Thread »
Top « Date » · « Thread »
From Ole Ersoy <ole.er...@gmail.com>
Subject Re: I'm in a mess with Tomcat 5.5
Date Tue, 28 Aug 2007 17:47:29 GMT
It looks like they are repackaging Tomcat to use an FHS layout for all the directories and
files.  You would place webapps in /var/lib/apace-tomcat/webapps and secure the directory
correspondingly with the group as tomcat and the user as root, only giving root write permissions,
etc.  JPackage does this.

These packages usually do a pretty good job at securing tomcat, however documentation is usually
lacking, so you'd have to read the RPM spec or something similar.

The one scary thing about JPackage, for instance, is that they try to shoehorn in dependencies.
 So say for instance you have a package that was built using maven and a dependency with version
number 1.2.3.  Well, the curent release of JPackage only supports dependency 1.1.1.  Well,
they might give that dependency a try, and if it seems to work, just use it.

So I think you are best off either packaging Tomcat yourself, or just installing it as recommended
by others here.

Cheers,
- Ole




David Smith wrote:
> You might want to start with asking the Ubuntu packagers about this.  A 
> _*normal*_ tomcat installation using the .tar.gz or .zip archive from an 
> Apache mirror is not structured like this.  If you can't find any help 
> there, you might want to remove the tomcat packages and just install the 
> .tar.gz distribution from the Apache Tomcat website.
> 
> --David
> 
> jeusdi wrote:
>> I've installed Tomcat 5.5 into my Ubuntu + sun-java-1.5, 
>> tomcat5.5-webapps
>> and tomcat5.5-admin.
>>
>> I'm in a mess because the structure of directories has changed.
>>    For example:            *tomcat5.5-webapps package installs webapps 
>> into
>> /usr/share/tomcat5.5-webapps, but tomcat5.5 is in /usr/share/tomcat5.5
>> (symbolic link to /var/lib/tomcat5.5 !!). I don't know how on earth
>> tomcat5.5 can find these webapps?
>>            *Other question is when I deploy a single war file 
>> correctly, it
>> is deployed into /var/lib/tomcat5.5/webapps
>>
>> As you can see bellow (executing a "ls -l"):
>> /usr/share/tomcat5.5/:
>>    ... bin
>>    ... common
>>    ... conf -> /var/lib/tomcat5.5/conf
>>    ... doc -> ../doc/tomcat5.5
>>    ... logs -> /var/lib/tomcat5.5/logs
>>    ... server
>>    ... shared -> /var/lib/tomcat5.5/shared
>>    ... temp -> /var/lib/tomcat5.5/temp
>>    ... work -> /var/lib/tomcat5.5/work
>>
>> /var/lib/tomcat5.5/:
>>    ... conf
>>    ... logs -> ../../log/tomcat5.5
>>    ... shared
>>    ... temp
>>    ... webapps
>>    ... work -> ../../cache/tomcat5.5
>>
>> It implies that exists three webapps directories:
>> /usr/share/tomcat5.5/server/webapps
>>    ... admin
>>    ... host-manager
>>    ... manager
>>
>> /usr/share/tomcat5.5-webapps/   (tomcat5.5-webapps ubunti package 
>> (apatitude
>> install tomcat5.5-webapps)
>>    ... balancer
>>    ... balancer.xml
>>    ... jsp-examples
>>    ... jsp-examples.xml
>>    ... ROOT
>>    ... ROOT.xml
>>    ... servlets-examples
>>    ... servlets-examples.xml
>>    ... tomcat-docs
>>    ... tomcat-docs.xml
>>    ... webdav
>>    ... webdav.xml
>> And as last:  (where tomcat manager has deployed my web application)
>> /var/lib/tomcat5.5/webapps/
>>    ... web_gm
>>    ... web_gm.war
>>
>> And to make things worse, tomcat manager says that web_gm (my web app) is
>> running!!! When I want to access it (http://host:8180/web_gm), tomcat 
>> says
>> me that "The requested resource (/web_gm/) is not available.", however 
>> I can
>> access to manager, admin, jsp-examples applications.
>>
>> So, Can you help with this structure of directories?
>> Where are the config files that links all.
>>
>> Other question:
>>
>> Why context.xml is as bellow? It is empty!!!
>>
>> <!-- The contents of this file will be loaded for each web application 
>> -->
>> <Context>
>>
>>     <!-- Default set of monitored resources -->
>>     <WatchedResource>WEB-INF/web.xml</WatchedResource>
>>
>>     <!-- Uncomment this to disable session persistence across Tomcat
>> restarts -->
>>     <!--
>>     <Manager pathname="" />
>>     -->
>>
>> </Context>
>>
>> Can you help me please?
>> Note I'm running tomcat using daemon (/etc/init.d/tomcat5.5)
>>
>> Other question:
>> in catalina.out there is:
>>
>> Aug 18, 2007 6:52:27 PM org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig deployWAR
>> INFO: Deploying web application archive web_gm.war
>> java.io.FileNotFoundException: 
>> /var/lib/tomcat5.5/web_gm/work/tldCache.ser
>> (No such file or directory)
>>         at java.io.FileOutputStream.open(Native Method)
>>         at java.io.FileOutputStream.<init>(FileOutputStream.java:179)
>>         at java.io.FileOutputStream.<init>(FileOutputStream.java:131)
>>         at 
>> org.apache.catalina.startup.TldConfig.execute(TldConfig.java:316)
>>         at
>> org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.processTlds(StandardContext.java:4302) 
>>
>>         at
>> org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.start(StandardContext.java:4139)
>>         at
>> org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChildInternal(ContainerBase.java:759) 
>>
>>         at
>> org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.access$0(ContainerBase.java:743)
>>         at
>> org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase$PrivilegedAddChild.run(ContainerBase.java:143)

>>
>>         at java.security.AccessController.doPrivileged(Native Method)
>>         at
>> org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChild(ContainerBase.java:737)
>>         at
>> org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHost.addChild(StandardHost.java:524)
>>         at
>> org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployWAR(HostConfig.java:809)
>>         at
>> org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployApps(HostConfig.java:497)
>>         at
>> org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.check(HostConfig.java:1204)
>>         at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
>>         at
>> sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:39) 
>>
>>         at
>> sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:25)

>>
>>         at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:585)
>>         at
>> org.apache.commons.modeler.BaseModelMBean.invoke(BaseModelMBean.java:503)
>>         at
>> com.sun.jmx.mbeanserver.DynamicMetaDataImpl.invoke(DynamicMetaDataImpl.java:213)

>>
>>         at
>> com.sun.jmx.mbeanserver.MetaDataImpl.invoke(MetaDataImpl.java:220)
>>         at
>> com.sun.jmx.interceptor.DefaultMBeanServerInterceptor.invoke(DefaultMBeanServerInterceptor.java:815)

>>
>>         at
>> com.sun.jmx.mbeanserver.JmxMBeanServer.invoke(JmxMBeanServer.java:784)
>>         at
>> org.apache.catalina.manager.ManagerServlet.check(ManagerServlet.java:1377) 
>>
>>         at
>> org.apache.catalina.manager.HTMLManagerServlet.doPost(HTMLManagerServlet.java:213)

>>
>>         at javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:709)
>>         at javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:802)
>>         at sun.reflect.GeneratedMethodAccessor50.invoke(Unknown Source)
>>         at
>> sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:25)

>>
>>         at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:585)
>>         at
>> org.apache.catalina.security.SecurityUtil$1.run(SecurityUtil.java:243)
>>         at java.security.AccessController.doPrivileged(Native Method)
>>         at javax.security.auth.Subject.doAsPrivileged(Subject.java:517)
>>         at
>> org.apache.catalina.security.SecurityUtil.execute(SecurityUtil.java:275)
>>         at
>> org.apache.catalina.security.SecurityUtil.doAsPrivilege(SecurityUtil.java:161) 
>>
>>         at
>> org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:245)

>>
>>         at
>> org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.access$0(ApplicationFilterChain.java:177)

>>
>>         at
>> org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain$1.run(ApplicationFilterChain.java:156)

>>
>>         at java.security.AccessController.doPrivileged(Native Method)
>>         at
>> org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:152)

>>
>>         at
>> org.apache.catalina.core.StandardWrapperValve.invoke(StandardWrapperValve.java:213)

>>
>>         at
>> org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContextValve.invoke(StandardContextValve.java:178)

>>
>>         at
>> org.apache.catalina.authenticator.AuthenticatorBase.invoke(AuthenticatorBase.java:524)

>>
>>         at
>> org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHostValve.invoke(StandardHostValve.java:126) 
>>
>>         at
>> org.apache.catalina.valves.ErrorReportValve.invoke(ErrorReportValve.java:105) 
>>
>>         at
>> org.apache.catalina.core.StandardEngineValve.invoke(StandardEngineValve.java:107)

>>
>>         at
>> org.apache.catalina.connector.CoyoteAdapter.service(CoyoteAdapter.java:148) 
>>
>>         at
>> org.apache.coyote.http11.Http11Processor.process(Http11Processor.java:869) 
>>
>>         at
>> org.apache.coyote.http11.Http11BaseProtocol$Http11ConnectionHandler.processConnection(Http11BaseProtocol.java:664)

>>
>>         at
>> org.apache.tomcat.util.net.PoolTcpEndpoint.processSocket(PoolTcpEndpoint.java:527)

>>
>>         at
>> org.apache.tomcat.util.net.LeaderFollowerWorkerThread.runIt(LeaderFollowerWorkerThread.java:80)

>>
>>         at
>> org.apache.tomcat.util.threads.ThreadPool$ControlRunnable.run(ThreadPool.java:684)

>>
>>         at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:595)
>> Aug 18, 2007 6:52:36 PM org.apache.jasper.EmbeddedServletOptions <init>
>> SEVERE: The scratchDir you specified: /var/lib/tomcat5.5/web_gm/work is
>> unusable.
>>
>> Thanks in advanced for all.
>>
>>               
> 
> 
> ---------------------------------------------------------------------
> To start a new topic, e-mail: users@tomcat.apache.org
> To unsubscribe, e-mail: users-unsubscribe@tomcat.apache.org
> For additional commands, e-mail: users-help@tomcat.apache.org
> 
> 

---------------------------------------------------------------------
To start a new topic, e-mail: users@tomcat.apache.org
To unsubscribe, e-mail: users-unsubscribe@tomcat.apache.org
For additional commands, e-mail: users-help@tomcat.apache.org


Mime
View raw message