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From Andrew Miehs <>
Subject Re: Tomcat with 8 GB memory
Date Fri, 27 Jul 2007 22:57:37 GMT

On 27/07/2007, at 11:30 PM, Joe Nathan wrote:

> It's for the very simple reason: 64bit machines have 64bit address!
> What is address! It's pointers if you are familiar with C, Pointers
> are 64bit integers. Pointer arithmetics will deal with 64bit addressed
> data. Arithmetic operations on 64bit takes app. twice long as 32bits.
> As this is used very many in compiled binaries pointer arithmetics,
> you should expect 64bit machines will give you slower performance,
> for cpu bound applications. Note that hardware clocking time also
> slower than 32 machines.

You may find this interesting...

quoting from wikipedia...

Full support for 64-bit integers: All general-purpose registers  
(GPRs) are expanded from 32 bits to 64 bits, and all arithmetic and  
logical operations, memory-to-register and register-to-memory  
operations, etc., are now directly supported for 64-bit integers.  
Pushes and pops on the stack are always in eight-byte strides, and  
pointers are eight bytes wide.

Additional registers: In addition to increasing the size of the  
general-purpose registers, the number of named general-purpose  
registers is increased from eight (i.e.  
eax,ebx,ecx,edx,ebp,esp,esi,edi) in x86-32 to 16. It is therefore  
possible to keep more local variables in registers rather than on the  
stack, and to let registers hold frequently accessed constants;  
arguments for small and fast subroutines may also be passed in  
registers to a greater extent. However, more registers also involves  
more saving and restoring of register contents, and AMD64 still has  
fewer registers than many common RISC processors (which typically  
have 31–64 registers) or VLIW-like machines such as the IA-64 (which  
has 128 registers).



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