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From Jim Coble <>
Subject Problem with UTF-8 characters in JSP page
Date Fri, 29 Sep 2006 17:24:09 GMT

I have a JSP page which contains what I believe to be a UTF-8 character;
namely, octal \302\251, which I understand to be the UTF-8 coding for the
copyright symbol.  When this page is rendered in my browser, what appears
is A-circumflex, the Latin-1 character corresponding to octal \302,
followed by the copyright symbol, the Latin-1 character corresponding to
octal \251.  So, it looks as though the page is being rendered as though
the page encoding was Latin-1 rather than UTF-8.  This is despite the fact
that the response header contains "Content-Type: text/html; charset=utf-8"
and the page head contains "<meta content="text/html; charset=utf-8"

Any ideas why this is happening and how I can get the page to display

One thing I noticed is (and I don't know if this is relevant or not, but it
seems kind of odd to me) ... When Tomcat (using Jasper 2, as far as I know)
compiles the JSP page, the resulting source file contains the
following line:
   out.write("Copyright \303\202\302\251 2006");
Note the \303\202 preceding the \302\251.  As near as I can tell, the x.jsp
file does not contain the \303\202 -- it looks as though those are being
added in the compilation process.  (The x.jsp page has "Copyright \302\251
2006".  I might also add that it has page directives
'contentType="text/html; charset=utf-8"' and 'pageEncoding="utf-8"'.)

Also, in the conf/web.xml, I have tried explicitly adding
to the
block, with no apparent change in behavior.  (Also tried it with
param-value set to UTF-8, including the hyphen)

I have also tried a number of other suggestions I have found in researching
this on the web, including those listed below, all to no avail ...
- added "-Djavax.servlet.request.encoding=UTF-8 -Dfile.encoding=UTF-8
-DjavaEncoding=UTF-8" to the JAVA_OPTS for Tomcat JVM startup
- added the following to conf/web.xml
- added a CharacterEncodingFilter I found on the web to explicitly set
      response.setContentType("text/html; charset=UTF-8");

Any suggestions will be greatly appreciated.  Thanks in advance.

Jim Coble
Digital Projects Consultant
Perkins Library
Voice: 919-660-5974  Fax: 919-668-2578
Box 90198, Duke University
Durham, NC 27708-0198

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