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From "Dirk Moolman" <>
Subject RE: Tomcat (Base?) directory
Date Fri, 12 May 2006 08:18:43 GMT
Thank you.  A copy of my server.xml is at the bottom of this mail.

This is the server.xml that comes with the demoserver, which was copied
into my new filesystem (/tomcat)



-----Original Message-----
From: bossert [] 
Sent: 12 May 2006 09:33 AM
To: Tomcat Users List
Subject: Re: Tomcat (Base?) directory


A lot can be wrong, you should be able to move the tomcat directory!
But references to old directory is probably your problem...

To help I would need more details... server.xml would be a good start...

Greetings O.

On Thu, 2006-05-11 at 10:52 +0200, Dirk Moolman wrote:
> Hi, I am sorry for posting such simple questions to the list, but I am
> really pushed for time (new servers have to go live), and I have not
> worked with Tomcat before.
> I have successfully installed Tomcat, and someone helped me to confirm
> that it was working by using CATALINA_BASE=/src/www/tomcat/demoserver.
> I copied everything in this directory to a new tomcat filesystem I
> created, where my applications will be loaded, and restarted Tomcat
> the new filesystem.
> When I connect to tomcat  http://servername:8080, I now get a blank
> page, where previously on the demoserver I was able to open a Tomcat
> welcome page.
> I assume from this that I cannot just move the demoserver directory
> structure, but have to also change some config files if I want to do
> this - is this correct ?

######################  SERVER.XML ###############################

<!-- Example Server Configuration File -->
<!-- Note that component elements are nested corresponding to their
     parent-child relationships with each other -->

<!-- A "Server" is a singleton element that represents the entire JVM,
     which may contain one or more "Service" instances.  The Server
     listens for a shutdown command on the indicated port.

     Note:  A "Server" is not itself a "Container", so you may not
     define subcomponents such as "Valves" or "Loggers" at this level.

<Server port="8005" shutdown="SHUTDOWN" debug="0">

  <!-- Comment these entries out to disable JMX MBeans support -->
  <!-- You may also configure custom components (e.g. Valves/Realms) by 
       including your own mbean-descriptor file(s), and setting the 
       "descriptors" attribute to point to a ';' seperated list of paths
       (in the ClassLoader sense) of files to add to the default list.
       e.g. descriptors="/com/myfirm/mypackage/mbean-descriptor.xml"

  <!-- Global JNDI resources -->

    <!-- Test entry for demonstration purposes -->
    <Environment name="simpleValue" type="java.lang.Integer"

    <!-- Editable user database that can also be used by
         UserDatabaseRealm to authenticate users -->
    <Resource name="UserDatabase" auth="Container"
       description="User database that can be updated and saved">
    <ResourceParams name="UserDatabase">


  <!-- A "Service" is a collection of one or more "Connectors" that
       a single "Container" (and therefore the web applications visible
       within that Container).  Normally, that Container is an "Engine",
       but this is not required.

       Note:  A "Service" is not itself a "Container", so you may not
       define subcomponents such as "Valves" or "Loggers" at this level.

  <!-- Define the Tomcat Stand-Alone Service -->
  <Service name="Catalina">

    <!-- A "Connector" represents an endpoint by which requests are
         and responses are returned.  Each Connector passes requests on
to the
         associated "Container" (normally an Engine) for processing.

         By default, a non-SSL HTTP/1.1 Connector is established on port
         You can also enable an SSL HTTP/1.1 Connector on port 8443 by
         following the instructions below and uncommenting the second
         entry.  SSL support requires the following steps (see the SSL
         HOWTO in the Tomcat 5 documentation bundle for more detailed
         * If your JDK version 1.3 or prior, download and install JSSE
1.0.2 or
           later, and put the JAR files into "$JAVA_HOME/jre/lib/ext".
         * Execute:
             %JAVA_HOME%\bin\keytool -genkey -alias tomcat -keyalg RSA
             $JAVA_HOME/bin/keytool -genkey -alias tomcat -keyalg RSA
           with a password value of "changeit" for both the certificate
           the keystore itself.

         By default, DNS lookups are enabled when a web application
         request.getRemoteHost().  This can have an adverse impact on
         performance, so you can disable it by setting the
         "enableLookups" attribute to "false".  When DNS lookups are
         request.getRemoteHost() will return the String version of the
         IP address of the remote client.

    <!-- Define a non-SSL Coyote HTTP/1.1 Connector on port 8080 -->
    <Connector port="8080"
               maxThreads="150" minSpareThreads="25"
               enableLookups="false" redirectPort="8443"
               debug="0" connectionTimeout="20000" 
               disableUploadTimeout="true" />
    <!-- Note : To disable connection timeouts, set connectionTimeout
     to 0 -->
	<!-- Note : To use gzip compression you could set the following
properties :
			   noCompressionUserAgents="gozilla, traviata" 

    <!-- Define a SSL Coyote HTTP/1.1 Connector on port 8443 -->
    <Connector port="8443" 
               maxThreads="150" minSpareThreads="25"
               enableLookups="false" disableUploadTimeout="true"
               acceptCount="100" debug="0" scheme="https" secure="true"
               clientAuth="false" sslProtocol="TLS" />

    <!-- Define a Coyote/JK2 AJP 1.3 Connector on port 8009 -->
    <Connector port="8009" 
               enableLookups="false" redirectPort="8443" debug="0"
               protocol="AJP/1.3" />

    <!-- Define a Proxied HTTP/1.1 Connector on port 8082 -->
    <!-- See proxy documentation for more information about using this.
    <Connector port="8082" 
               maxThreads="150" minSpareThreads="25"
               acceptCount="100" debug="0" connectionTimeout="20000"
               proxyPort="80" disableUploadTimeout="true" />

    <!-- An Engine represents the entry point (within Catalina) that
         every request.  The Engine implementation for Tomcat stand
         analyzes the HTTP headers included with the request, and passes
         on to the appropriate Host (virtual host). -->

    <!-- You should set jvmRoute to support load-balancing via JK/JK2 ie
    <Engine name="Standalone" defaultHost="localhost" debug="0"
    <!-- Define the top level container in our container hierarchy -->
    <Engine name="Catalina" defaultHost="localhost" debug="0">

      <!-- The request dumper valve dumps useful debugging information
           the request headers and cookies that were received, and the
           headers and cookies that were sent, for all requests received
           this instance of Tomcat.  If you care only about requests to
           particular virtual host, or a particular application, nest
           element inside the corresponding <Host> or <Context> entry

           For a similar mechanism that is portable to all Servlet 2.4
           containers, check out the "RequestDumperFilter" Filter in the
           example application (the source for this filter may be found

           Request dumping is disabled by default.  Uncomment the
           element to enable it. -->
      <Valve className="org.apache.catalina.valves.RequestDumperValve"/>

      <!-- Global logger unless overridden at lower levels -->
      <Logger className="org.apache.catalina.logger.FileLogger"
              prefix="catalina_log." suffix=".txt"

      <!-- Because this Realm is here, an instance will be shared
globally -->

      <!-- This Realm uses the UserDatabase configured in the global
           resources under the key "UserDatabase".  Any edits
           that are performed against this UserDatabase are immediately
           available for use by the Realm.  -->
      <Realm className="org.apache.catalina.realm.UserDatabaseRealm"
                 debug="0" resourceName="UserDatabase"/>

      <!-- Comment out the old realm but leave here for now in case we
           need to go back quickly -->
      <Realm className="org.apache.catalina.realm.MemoryRealm" />

      <!-- Replace the above Realm with one of the following to get a
           stored in a database and accessed via JDBC -->

      <Realm  className="org.apache.catalina.realm.JDBCRealm" debug="99"
         connectionName="test" connectionPassword="test"
              userTable="users" userNameCol="user_name"
          userRoleTable="user_roles" roleNameCol="role_name" />

      <Realm  className="org.apache.catalina.realm.JDBCRealm" debug="99"
         connectionName="scott" connectionPassword="tiger"
              userTable="users" userNameCol="user_name"
          userRoleTable="user_roles" roleNameCol="role_name" />

      <Realm  className="org.apache.catalina.realm.JDBCRealm" debug="99"
              userTable="users" userNameCol="user_name"
          userRoleTable="user_roles" roleNameCol="role_name" />

      <!-- Define the default virtual host
           Note: XML Schema validation will not work with Xerces 2.2.
      <Host name="localhost" debug="0" appBase="/tomcat"
       unpackWARs="true" autoDeploy="true"
       xmlValidation="false" xmlNamespaceAware="false">

        <!-- Defines a cluster for this node,
             By defining this element, means that every manager will be
             So when running a cluster, only make sure that you have
webapps in there
             that need to be clustered and remove the other ones.
             A cluster has the following parameters:

             className = the fully qualified name of the cluster class

             name = a descriptive name for your cluster, can be anything

             debug = the debug level, higher means more output

             mcastAddr = the multicast address, has to be the same for
all the nodes

             mcastPort = the multicast port, has to be the same for all
the nodes

             mcastFrequency = the number of milliseconds in between
sending a "I'm alive" heartbeat

             mcastDropTime = the number a milliseconds before a node is
considered "dead" if no heartbeat is received

             tcpThreadCount = the number of threads to handle incoming
replication requests, optimal would be the same amount of threads as

             tcpListenAddress = the listen address (bind address) for
TCP cluster request on this host, 
                                in case of multiple ethernet cards.
                                auto means that address becomes

             tcpListenPort = the tcp listen port

             tcpSelectorTimeout = the timeout (ms) for the method in case the OS
                                  has a wakup bug in java.nio. Set to 0
for no timeout

             printToScreen = true means that managers will also print to

             expireSessionsOnShutdown = true means that 

             useDirtyFlag = true means that we only replicate a session
after setAttribute,removeAttribute has been called.
                            false means to replicate the session after
each request.
                            false means that replication would work for
the following piece of code:
                            HashMap map =
             replicationMode = can be either 'pooled', 'synchronous' or
                               * Pooled means that the replication
happens using several sockets in a synchronous way. Ie, the data gets
replicated, then the request return. This is the same as the
'synchronous' setting except it uses a pool of sockets, hence it is
multithreaded. This is the fastest and safest configuration. To use
this, also increase the nr of tcp threads that you have dealing with
                               * Synchronous means that the thread that
executes the request, is also the
                               thread the replicates the data to the
other nodes, and will not return until all
                               nodes have received the information.
                               * Asynchronous means that there is a
specific 'sender' thread for each cluster node,
                               so the request thread will queue the
replication request into a "smart" queue,
                               and then return to the client.
                               The "smart" queue is a queue where when a
session is added to the queue, and the same session
                               already exists in the queue from a
previous request, that session will be replaced
                               in the queue instead of replicating two
requests. This almost never happens, unless there is a 
                               large network delay.
            When configuring for clustering, you also add in a valve to
catch all the requests
            coming in, at the end of the request, the session may or may
not be replicated.
            A session is replicated if and only if all the conditions
are met:
            1. useDirtyFlag is true or setAttribute or removeAttribute
has been called AND
            2. a session exists (has been created)
            3. the request is not trapped by the "filter" attribute

            The filter attribute is to filter out requests that could
not modify the session,
            hence we don't replicate the session after the end of this
            The filter is negative, ie, anything you put in the filter,
you mean to filter out,
            ie, no replication will be done on requests that match one
of the filters.
            The filter attribute is delimited by ;, so you can't escape
out ; even if you wanted to.

            filter=".*\.gif;.*\.js;" means that we will not replicate
the session after requests with the URI
            ending with .gif and .js are intercepted.





  <!-- Define an Apache-Connector Service -->
  <Service name="Tomcat-Apache">

     port="8008" minProcessors="5" maxProcessors="75"
     enableLookups="true" appBase="webapps"
     acceptCount="10" debug="0"/>

    <Engine className="org.apache.catalina.connector.warp.WarpEngine"
     name="Apache" debug="0">

      <Logger className="org.apache.catalina.logger.FileLogger"
              prefix="apache_log." suffix=".txt"

      <Realm className="org.apache.catalina.realm.MemoryRealm" />



        <!-- Normally, users must authenticate themselves to each web
             individually.  Uncomment the following entry if you would
             a user to be authenticated the first time they encounter a
             resource protected by a security constraint, and then have
             user identity maintained across *all* web applications
             in this virtual host. -->

        <!-- Access log processes all requests for this virtual host.
             default, log files are created in the "logs" directory
relative to
             $CATALINA_HOME.  If you wish, you can specify a different
             directory with the "directory" attribute.  Specify either a
             (to $CATALINA_HOME) or absolute path to the desired
        <Valve className="org.apache.catalina.valves.AccessLogValve"
                 directory="logs"  prefix="localhost_access_log."
                 pattern="common" resolveHosts="false"/>

        <!-- Logger shared by all Contexts related to this virtual host.
             default (when using FileLogger), log files are created in
the "logs"
             directory relative to $CATALINA_HOME.  If you wish, you can
             a different directory with the "directory" attribute.
Specify either a
             relative (to $CATALINA_HOME) or absolute path to the
        <Logger className="org.apache.catalina.logger.FileLogger"
                 directory="logs"  prefix="localhost_log." suffix=".txt"





####################### END SERVER.XML #############################

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