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From Raj Saini <>
Subject Re: excessive cpu use with 4.0.4
Date Tue, 01 Oct 2002 08:21:17 GMT

I am using the Tomcat 4.0.3 in a very big site. I have few hundereds of 
JSP, around 15 servlets, integrated with JBoss with my own framework 
(which consists around 500 class files. You can think of it a complete 
J2EE implementation of a commercial business application.

Off late, I have been facing the huge memory usage by the tomcat and due 
to this very reason, I need to restart the tomcat every day. I have 
allocated 384 MB of maximum RAM to the tomcat.

Since I did not profile my application, I cant say yet, which one is 
real culprit, tomcat and my application.

I will report back my findings after profiling my application.

Raj Saini
Seb B wrote:
> Hi,
> I'm running a stand-alone Tomcat 4.0.4 (not using jsp, so no need
> to upgrade to 4.0.5) on Linux RedHat 7.3, with IBM's 1.3.1 jvm.
> There is very little static content to serve and the server
> doesn't have to listen on port 80, so I haven't tried learning
> how to configure it behind Apache.
> Everything works great in the lab, so I'm now experimenting in
> our production system (whose servers are running other servlet
> containers so far), behind a load balancer.
> On the last run, 4 of the java threads started taking all of the
> cpu. I stopped sending traffic to tomcat, and those 4 went on
> taking all the cpu they could (for several days). So it looked
> like they were stuck in some infinite loop somewhere. Of course,
> I suspect this would come from our code. I tried enabling all
> sorts of logging in our code, but couldn't get anything from the
> process.
> As a last resort, I sent the process a "SEGV" signal, which leads
> the jvm to print stack traces. All 4 threads (I knew their PID
> from ps/top) had the following stack trace:
>     "HttpProcessor[9090][44]" (TID:0x100502B8,
> sys_thread_t:0x46DCDD98, state:R, native ID:0x10442) prio=5
>         at
>         at
>          PID: 8013
> None of the other HttpProcessor threads were on that same line
> (1125), all those I looked at were (as they should be I guess):
>     "HttpProcessor[9090][43]" (TID:0x10050300,
> sys_thread_t:0x46DCD918, state:CW, native ID:0x10041) prio=5
>         at java.lang.Object.wait(Native Method)
>         at java.lang.Object.wait( Code))
>         at
> org.apache.catalina.connector.http.HttpProcessor.await(HttpProces
> Code))
>         at
>         at
>          PID: 8012
> So *if* the stack traces from the jvm are worthwhile, this would
> point to a tomcat problem.
> I'm posting to this list and not the developer list, as I'm
> wondering whether anyone has experienced such a problem before.
> This has happened in only one of my test runs, I don't know how
> reproduceable it will be.
> Also, this has been asked already, but I didn't see many answers:
> is there any sort of real-world benchmark of what load I can
> expect in such a set-up ? I understand it depends a lot on what
> the servlets do, so I'm wondering how big the biggest sites using
> tomcat are; John Turner mentioned >500k for his, is anyone doing
> anything bigger ?
> Thanks a lot,
> Seb
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