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From "Craig R. McClanahan" <craig...@apache.org>
Subject RE: Linux and tomcat newbie installation problems
Date Wed, 07 Nov 2001 17:28:38 GMT


On Wed, 7 Nov 2001, Dominic Clay wrote:

> Date: Wed, 7 Nov 2001 17:38:48 -0000
> From: Dominic Clay <dominic.clay@europrospectus.com>
> Reply-To: Tomcat Users List <tomcat-user@jakarta.apache.org>
> To: Tomcat Users List <tomcat-user@jakarta.apache.org>
> Subject: RE: Linux and tomcat newbie installation problems
>
> ok,
> What if I don't have a catalina.sh file anywhere..?
>

Where did you get your Tomcat 4 distribution from?  The "catalina.sh" file
(along with "startup.sh" and "shutdown.sh") are in the "bin" directory of
the standard distribution, available at:

  http://jakarta.apache.org/builds/jakarta-tomcat-4.0/release/v4.0.1/bin/

(For the RPM version, you'll have to ask whoever packaged it what the
did.)

Craig


> Is it time to get a new copy of Tomcat???
>
> -----Original Message-----
> From: David Smith [mailto:dns4@cornell.edu]
> Sent: 07 November 2001 16:26
> To: Tomcat Users List
> Subject: Re: linux and tomcat newbie installation problems
>
>
> Sounds like it's crashing on startup.  I had that problem starting TC 4.0.1
> on my Mandrake 8 box.  Check catalina.out in the tomcat logs folder for info
>
> on what happened.  It should have output from the Tomcat and the JVM as
> things were starting up.
>
> If its a seg fault problem (it's what I had), use 'ulimit -s 2048' in your
> startup script.  Sounds like it's being started from a script in
> /etc/init.d,
> so add it in there just before catalina.sh is called.
>
> --David Smith
>
> On Wednesday 07 November 2001 06:59 am, you wrote:
> > > Hi, I am a newbie at both Linux and Tomcat so please be patient...
> > > I know this is about Tomcat, but I'm sure the real problem is my lack of
> > > knowledge about Linux installation/service/configuration issues
> > >
> > > I am trying to get Tomcat4 to work on Mandrake 8.0 with no luck!
> > > I have managed (relatively smoothly) to get a copy of Apache 1.3
> running,
> > > but tomcat has beaten me..!
> > >
> > > It installed OK, and using linuxconf the Tomcat4 service appears to be
> > > running, but I cannot access the server on any port!!!
> > >
> > > Even running a port scan from another machine doesn't appear to find a
> > > port that it is running on.
> > >
> > > The /var/tomcat4 directory appears to be similar to the windows version
> > > that I successfully installed but no ROOT folder which the windows copy
> > > has beneath the webapps folder.
> > >
> > > So why can't I access the tomcat server at all?
> > > I assume I should be able to use http://localhost:8180
> > >
> > >
> > > Thanks for any help you can offer me,
> > >
> > > Dominic
> > >
> > > #___________________________________________
> > > Here is a copy of my server.xml file and tomcat4.conf
> > >
> > > #****************/etc/tomcat4/conf/tomcat4.conf********
> > >
> > > # tomcat /etc/rc.d script example configuration file
> > > # Use with version 1.07 of the scripts or later
> > >
> > > # Where your java installation lives
> > > # JAVA_HOME=/usr/java/jdk
> > > JAVA_HOME="/usr/java/jre1.3.1_01"
> > >
> > > # You can pass some parameters to java
> > > # here if you wish to
> > > #JAVACMD="$JAVA_HOME/bin/java -Xminf0.1 -Xmaxf0.3"
> > >
> > > # Where your tomcat installation lives
> > > # That change from previous RPM where TOMCAT_HOME
> > > # used to be /var/tomcat.
> > > # Now /var/tomcat will be the base for webapps only
> > > CATALINA_HOME="/var/tomcat4"
> > > JASPER_HOME="/var/tomcat4"
> > >
> > > # What user should run tomcat
> > > TOMCAT_USER="tomcat4"
> > >
> > > # You can change your tomcat locale here
> > > #LANG=en_US
> > >
> > > # If you wish to further customize your tomcat environment,
> > > # put your own definitions here
> > > # (i.e. LD_LIBRARY_PATH for some jdbc drivers)
> > > # Just do not forget to export them :)
> > >
> > >
> > > #****************/var/tomcat4/conf/server.XML*******************
> > > - <!--  Example Server Configuration File
> > >   -->
> > > - <!--
> > >  Note that component elements are nested corresponding to their
> > >      parent-child relationships with each other
> > >
> > >   -->
> > > - <!--
> > >  A "Server" is a singleton element that represents the entire JVM,
> > >      which may contain one or more "Service" instances.  The Server
> > >      listens for a shutdown command on the indicated port.
> > >
> > >      Note:  A "Server" is not itself a "Container", so you may not
> > >      define subcomponents such as "Valves" or "Loggers" at this level.
> > >
> > >
> > >   -->
> > > - <Server port="8005" shutdown="SHUTDOWN" debug="0">
> > > - <!--
> > >  A "Service" is a collection of one or more "Connectors" that share
> > >        a single "Container" (and therefore the web applications visible
> > >        within that Container).  Normally, that Container is an "Engine",
> > >        but this is not required.
> > >
> > >        Note:  A "Service" is not itself a "Container", so you may not
> > >        define subcomponents such as "Valves" or "Loggers" at this level.
> > >
> > >
> > >   -->
> > > - <!--  Define the Tomcat Stand-Alone Service
> > >   -->
> > > - <Service name="Tomcat-Standalone">
> > > - <!--
> > >  A "Connector" represents an endpoint by which requests are received
> > >          and responses are returned.  Each Connector passes requests on
> > > to the
> > >          associated "Container" (normally an Engine) for processing.
> > >
> > >          By default, a non-SSL HTTP/1.1 Connector is established on port
> > > 8180.
> > >          You can also enable an SSL HTTP/1.1 Connector on port 8543 by
> > >          following the instructions below and uncommenting the second
> > > Connector
> > >          entry.  SSL support requires the following steps (see the SSL
> > > Config
> > >          HOWTO in the Tomcat 4.0 documentation bundle for more detailed
> > >          instructions):
> > >          * Download and install JSSE 1.0.2 or later, and put the JAR
> > > files into "$JAVA_HOME/jre/lib/ext".
> > >          * Execute:
> > >              %JAVA_HOME%\bin\keytool -genkey -alias tomcat -keyalg RSA
> > > (Windows)
> > >              $JAVA_HOME/bin/keytool -genkey -alias tomcat -keyalg RSA
> > > (Unix)
> > >            with a password value of "changeit" for both the certificate
> > > and
> > >            the keystore itself.
> > >
> > >          By default, DNS lookups are enabled when a web application
> calls
> > >          request.getRemoteHost().  This can have an adverse impact on
> > >          performance, so you can disable it by setting the
> > >          "enableLookups" attribute to "false".  When DNS lookups are
> > > disabled,
> > >          request.getRemoteHost() will return the String version of the
> > >          IP address of the remote client.
> > >
> > >
> > >   -->
> > > - <!--  Define a non-SSL HTTP/1.1 Connector on port 8180
> > >   -->
> > >   <Connector
> className="org.apache.catalina.connector.http.HttpConnector"
> > > port="8180" minProcessors="5" maxProcessors="75" enableLookups="true"
> > > redirectPort="8543" acceptCount="10" debug="0" connectionTimeout="60000"
> > > />
> > > - <!--
> > >  Note : To disable connection timeouts, set connectionTimeout value
> > >      to -1
> > >
> > >   -->
> > > - <!--  Define an SSL HTTP/1.1 Connector on port 8543
> > >   -->
> > > - <!--
> > >     <Connector
> > > className="org.apache.catalina.connector.http.HttpConnector"
> > >                port="8543" minProcessors="5" maxProcessors="75"
> > >                enableLookups="true"
> > > 	       acceptCount="10" debug="0" scheme="https" secure="true">
> > >       <Factory
> className="org.apache.catalina.net.SSLServerSocketFactory"
> > >                clientAuth="false" protocol="TLS"/>
> > >     </Connector>
> > >
> > >
> > >   -->
> > > - <!--  Define an AJP 1.3 Connector on port 8109
> > >   -->
> > >   <Connector className="org.apache.ajp.tomcat4.Ajp13Connector"
> > > port="8109" minProcessors="5" maxProcessors="75" acceptCount="10"
> > > debug="0" /> - <!--  Define a Proxied HTTP/1.1 Connector on port 8181
> > >   -->
> > > - <!--  See proxy documentation for more information about using this.
> > >   -->
> > > - <!--
> > >     <Connector
> > > className="org.apache.catalina.connector.http.HttpConnector"
> > >                port="8181" minProcessors="5" maxProcessors="75"
> > >                enableLookups="true"
> > >                acceptCount="10" debug="0" connectionTimeout="60000"
> > >                proxyPort="80"/>
> > >
> > >
> > >   -->
> > > - <!--  Define a non-SSL HTTP/1.0 Test Connector on port 8182
> > >   -->
> > > - <!--
> > >     <Connector
> > > className="org.apache.catalina.connector.http10.HttpConnector"
> > >                port="8182" minProcessors="5" maxProcessors="75"
> > >                enableLookups="true" redirectPort="8543"
> > >                acceptCount="10" debug="0"/>
> > >
> > >
> > >   -->
> > > - <!--
> > >  An Engine represents the entry point (within Catalina) that processes
> > >          every request.  The Engine implementation for Tomcat stand
> alone
> > >          analyzes the HTTP headers included with the request, and passes
> > > them
> > >          on to the appropriate Host (virtual host).
> > >
> > >   -->
> > > - <!--  Define the top level container in our container hierarchy
> > >   -->
> > > - <Engine name="Standalone" defaultHost="localhost" debug="0">
> > > - <!--
> > >  The request dumper valve dumps useful debugging information about
> > >            the request headers and cookies that were received, and the
> > > response
> > >            headers and cookies that were sent, for all requests received
> > > by
> > >            this instance of Tomcat.  If you care only about requests to
> a
> > >            particular virtual host, or a particular application, nest
> > > this element inside the corresponding <Host> or <Context> entry
instead.
> > >
> > >            For a similar mechanism that is portable to all Servlet 2.3
> > >            containers, check out the "RequestDumperFilter" Filter in the
> > >            example application (the source for this filter may be found
> > > in "$CATALINA_HOME/webapps/examples/WEB-INF/classes/filters").
> > >
> > >            Request dumping is disabled by default.  Uncomment the
> > > following
> > >            element to enable it.
> > >
> > >   -->
> > > - <!--
> > >       <Valve className="org.apache.catalina.valves.RequestDumperValve"/>
> > >
> > >
> > >   -->
> > > - <!--  Global logger unless overridden at lower levels
> > >   -->
> > >   <Logger className="org.apache.catalina.logger.FileLogger"
> > > prefix="catalina_log." suffix=".txt" timestamp="true" />
> > > - <!--  Because this Realm is here, an instance will be shared globally
> > >   -->
> > >   <Realm className="org.apache.catalina.realm.MemoryRealm" />
> > > - <!--
> > >  Replace the above Realm with one of the following to get a Realm
> > >            stored in a database and accessed via JDBC
> > >
> > >   -->
> > > - <!--
> > >       <Realm  className="org.apache.catalina.realm.JDBCRealm" debug="99"
> > >              driverName="org.gjt.mm.mysql.Driver"
> > >
> > > connectionURL="jdbc:mysql://localhost/authority?user=test;password=test"
> > >               userTable="users" userNameCol="user_name"
> > > userCredCol="user_pass"
> > >           userRoleTable="user_roles" roleNameCol="role_name" />
> > >
> > >
> > >   -->
> > > - <!--
> > >       <Realm  className="org.apache.catalina.realm.JDBCRealm" debug="99"
> > >              driverName="oracle.jdbc.driver.OracleDriver"
> > >
> > >
> connectionURL="jdbc:oracle:thin:@ntserver:1521:ORCL?user=scott;password=t
> > >i ger"
> > >               userTable="users" userNameCol="user_name"
> > > userCredCol="user_pass"
> > >           userRoleTable="user_roles" roleNameCol="role_name" />
> > >
> > >
> > >   -->
> > > - <!--
> > >       <Realm  className="org.apache.catalina.realm.JDBCRealm" debug="99"
> > >              driverName="sun.jdbc.odbc.JdbcOdbcDriver"
> > >           connectionURL="jdbc:odbc:CATALINA"
> > >               userTable="users" userNameCol="user_name"
> > > userCredCol="user_pass"
> > >           userRoleTable="user_roles" roleNameCol="role_name" />
> > >
> > >
> > >   -->
> > > - <!--  Define the default virtual host
> > >   -->
> > > - <Host name="localhost" debug="0" appBase="webapps" unpackWARs="true">
> > > - <!--
> > >  Normally, users must authenticate themselves to each web app
> > >              individually.  Uncomment the following entry if you would
> > > like
> > >              a user to be authenticated the first time they encounter a
> > >              resource protected by a security constraint, and then have
> > > that
> > >              user identity maintained across *all* web applications
> > > contained
> > >              in this virtual host.
> > >
> > >   -->
> > > - <!--
> > >         <Valve
> className="org.apache.catalina.authenticator.SingleSignOn"
> > >                    debug="0"/>
> > >
> > >
> > >   -->
> > > - <!--
> > >  Access log processes all requests for this virtual host.  By
> > >              default, log files are created in the "logs" directory
> > > relative to
> > >              $CATALINA_HOME.  If you wish, you can specify a different
> > >              directory with the "directory" attribute.  Specify either a
> > > relative
> > >              (to $CATALINA_HOME) or absolute path to the desired
> > > directory.
> > >
> > >
> > >   -->
> > >   <Valve className="org.apache.catalina.valves.AccessLogValve"
> > > directory="logs" prefix="localhost_access_log." suffix=".txt"
> > > pattern="common" />
> > > - <!--
> > >  Logger shared by all Contexts related to this virtual host.  By
> > >              default (when using FileLogger), log files are created in
> > > the "logs"
> > >              directory relative to $CATALINA_HOME.  If you wish, you can
> > > specify
> > >              a different directory with the "directory" attribute.
> > > Specify either a
> > >              relative (to $CATALINA_HOME) or absolute path to the
> desired
> > >              directory.
> > >
> > >   -->
> > >   <Logger className="org.apache.catalina.logger.FileLogger"
> > > directory="logs" prefix="localhost_log." suffix=".txt" timestamp="true"
> > > />
> > >
> > > - <!--
> > >  Define properties for each web application.  This is only needed
> > >              if you want to set non-default properties, or have web
> > > application
> > >              document roots in places other than the virtual host's
> > > appBase
> > >              directory.
> > >
> > >   -->
> > > - <!--  Tomcat Root Context
> > >   -->
> > > - <!--
> > >           <Context path="" docBase="ROOT" debug="0"/>
> > >
> > >
> > >   -->
> > > - <!--  Tomcat Manager Context
> > >   -->
> > >   <Context path="/manager" docBase="manager" debug="0" privileged="true"
> > > />
> > > - <!--  Tomcat Examples Context
> > >   -->
> > > - <Context path="/examples" docBase="examples" debug="0"
> > > reloadable="true">
> > >   <Logger className="org.apache.catalina.logger.FileLogger"
> > > prefix="localhost_examples_log." suffix=".txt" timestamp="true" />
> > >   <Ejb name="ejb/EmplRecord" type="Entity"
> > > home="com.wombat.empl.EmployeeRecordHome"
> > > remote="com.wombat.empl.EmployeeRecord" />
> > > - <!--
> > >  PersistentManager: Uncomment the section below to test Persistent
> > > 		       Sessions.
> > >
> > >                saveOnRestart: If true, all active sessions will be saved
> > >                  to the Store when Catalina is shutdown, regardless of
> > >                  other settings. All Sessions found in the Store will be
> > >                  loaded on startup. Sessions past their expiration are
> > >                  ignored in both cases.
> > >                maxActiveSessions: If 0 or greater, having too many
> active
> > >                  sessions will result in some being swapped out.
> > > minIdleSwap
> > >                  limits this. -1 means unlimited sessions are allowed.
> > >                  0 means sessions will almost always be swapped out
> after
> > >                  use - this will be noticeably slow for your users.
> > >                minIdleSwap: Sessions must be idle for at least this long
> > >                  (in seconds) before they will be swapped out due to
> > >                maxActiveSessions. This avoids thrashing when the site is
> > >                  highly active. -1 or 0 means there is no minimum -
> > > sessions
> > >                  can be swapped out at any time.
> > >                maxIdleSwap: Sessions will be swapped out if idle for
> this
> > >                  long (in seconds). If minIdleSwap is higher, then it
> > > will override this. This isn't exact: it is checked
> > > periodically.
> > >                  -1 means sessions won't be swapped out for this reason,
> > >                  although they may be swapped out for maxActiveSessions.
> > >                  If set to >= 0, guarantees that all sessions found in
> > > the Store will be loaded on startup.
> > >                maxIdleBackup: Sessions will be backed up (saved to the
> > > Store,
> > >                  but left in active memory) if idle for this long (in
> > > seconds),
> > >                  and all sessions found in the Store will be loaded on
> > > startup.
> > >                  If set to -1 sessions will not be backed up, 0 means
> > > they should be backed up shortly after being used.
> > >
> > >                To clear sessions from the Store, set maxActiveSessions,
> > > maxIdleSwap,
> > >                and minIdleBackup all to -1, saveOnRestart to false, then
> > > restart
> > >                Catalina.
> > >
> > >
> > >   -->
> > > - <!--
> > >           <Manager
> > > className="org.apache.catalina.session.PersistentManager"
> > >               debug="0"
> > >               saveOnRestart="true"
> > >               maxActiveSessions="-1"
> > >               minIdleSwap="-1"
> > >               maxIdleSwap="-1"
> > >               maxIdleBackup="-1">
> > >                 <Store
> > > className="org.apache.catalina.session.FileStore"/> </Manager>
> > >
> > >
> > >   -->
> > >   <Environment name="maxExemptions" type="java.lang.Integer" value="15"
> > > />
> > >
> > >   <Parameter name="context.param.name" value="context.param.value"
> > > override="false" />
> > >   <Resource name="jdbc/EmployeeAppDb" auth="SERVLET"
> > > type="javax.sql.DataSource" />
> > > - <ResourceParams name="jdbc/EmployeeAppDb">
> > > - <parameter>
> > >   <name>user</name>
> > >   <value>sa</value>
> > >   </parameter>
> > > - <parameter>
> > >   <name>password</name>
> > >   <value />
> > >   </parameter>
> > > - <parameter>
> > >   <name>driverClassName</name>
> > >   <value>org.hsql.jdbcDriver</value>
> > >   </parameter>
> > > - <parameter>
> > >   <name>driverName</name>
> > >   <value>jdbc:HypersonicSQL:database</value>
> > >   </parameter>
> > >   </ResourceParams>
> > >   <Resource name="mail/Session" auth="Container"
> > > type="javax.mail.Session" />
> > > - <ResourceParams name="mail/Session">
> > > - <parameter>
> > >   <name>mail.smtp.host</name>
> > >   <value>localhost</value>
> > >   </parameter>
> > >   </ResourceParams>
> > >   </Context>
> > >   </Host>
> > >   </Engine>
> > >   </Service>
> > > - <!--
> > >  The MOD_WEBAPP connector is used to connect Apache 1.3 with Tomcat 4.0
> > >        as its servlet container. Please read the README.txt file coming
> > > with
> > >        the WebApp Module distribution on how to build it.
> > >        (Or check out the "jakarta-tomcat-connectors/webapp" CVS
> > > repository)
> > >
> > >        To configure the Apache side, you must ensure that you have the
> > >        "ServerName" and "Port" directives defined in "httpd.conf".
> Then,
> > >        lines like these to the bottom of your "httpd.conf" file:
> > >
> > >          LoadModule webapp_module libexec/mod_webapp.so
> > >          WebAppConnection warpConnection warp localhost:8008
> > >          WebAppDeploy examples warpConnection /examples/
> > >
> > >        The next time you restart Apache (after restarting Tomcat, if
> > > needed)
> > >        the connection will be established, and all applications you make
> > >        visible via "WebAppDeploy" directives can be accessed through
> > > Apache.
> > >
> > >
> > >   -->
> > > - <!--  Define an Apache-Connector Service
> > >   -->
> > > - <Service name="Tomcat-Apache">
> > >   <Connector
> className="org.apache.catalina.connector.warp.WarpConnector"
> > > port="8008" minProcessors="5" maxProcessors="75" enableLookups="true"
> > > acceptCount="10" debug="0" />
> > > - <!--  Replace "localhost" with what your Apache "ServerName" is set to
> > >   -->
> > > - <Engine className="org.apache.catalina.connector.warp.WarpEngine"
> > > name="Apache" debug="0" appBase="webapps">
> > > - <!--  Global logger unless overridden at lower levels
> > >   -->
> > >   <Logger className="org.apache.catalina.logger.FileLogger"
> > > prefix="apache_log." suffix=".txt" timestamp="true" />
> > > - <!--  Because this Realm is here, an instance will be shared globally
> > >   -->
> > >   <Realm className="org.apache.catalina.realm.MemoryRealm" />
> > >   </Engine>
> > >   </Service>
> > >   </Server>
>
>
> --
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