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Subject DO NOT REPLY [Bug 48648] New: Blank page (dropped connection) when running TC7 with TCnative (APR)
Date Mon, 01 Feb 2010 01:58:32 GMT

           Summary: Blank page (dropped connection) when running TC7 with
                    TCnative (APR)
           Product: Tomcat 7
           Version: trunk
          Platform: PC
        OS/Version: Windows XP
            Status: NEW
          Severity: normal
          Priority: P2
         Component: Connectors

I encountered this trying to run the current TC trunk with TC-Native 1.1.19 on

The root cause to this behavior occurred to be a wrong value configured by
default as a timeout in AprEndpoint.Poller. (Also there might be further issue
in how that timeout is applied / how the Poller works, but that is debatable).

Current 6.0 and 5.5 (6.0.24, 5.5.28) are unaffected, because the defaults are
different there. Though it looks like 6.0 can be configured to misbehave in the
same way. More details below.

I was accessing Tomcat by HTTP (using Http11AprProtocol), but I think that AJP
(AjpAprProtocol) is affected as well.

Tomcat was build from trunk (aka future TC7), at revision 904960.

~ Symptoms ~

To reproduce this issue:
1. My environment:
- Windows XP 32-bit
- java version "1.6.0_17"
Java(TM) SE Runtime Environment (build 1.6.0_17-b04)
Java HotSpot(TM) Client VM (build 14.3-b01, mixed mode, sharing)
- Tomcat trunk, built from revision 904960
- Tomcat Native DLL 1.1.19

2. Place tcnative-1.dll into %CATALINA_HOME%/bin and start Tomcat.

I am using an HTTP client, so AJP connector configuration can be removed from

Tomcat starts:

31.01.2010 18:45:16 org.apache.catalina.core.AprLifecycleListener init
INFO: Loaded APR based Apache Tomcat Native library 1.1.19.
31.01.2010 18:45:16 org.apache.catalina.core.AprLifecycleListener init
INFO: APR capabilities: IPv6 [true], sendfile [true], accept filters [false],
random [true].

3. Use a web browser (I was using Firefox 3.6) to access some simple JSP page

4. Refresh the page in the browser. The problem is that sometimes the page does
not load, (the browser shows a blank page and page info says that response
length was 0 bytes) - connection was aborted.

The problem was more noticeable when I had a Firewall/Ad blocker running
(because they incurred some delay while sending the request?). Turning it off
made this error less frequent, but it was still there -- I was able to observe
it running wget in a cycle requesting the page. 500 iterations were enough for
this error to occur several times, with all firewalls turned off.

Here is how this error was displayed by wget:

--17:32:51--  http://localhost:8080/test/foo.jsp
Resolving localhost...
Connecting to localhost||:8080... connected.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response... Read error (Software caused connection
abort) in headers.

--17:32:51--  (try: 2)  http://localhost:8080/test/foo.jsp
Connecting to localhost||:8080... connected.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response... No data received.

--17:32:51--  (try: 3)  http://localhost:8080/test/foo.jsp
Connecting to localhost||:8080... connected.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK
Length: 130 [text/html]
Saving to: `foo.jsp.98'

     0K                                                       100% 3.52M=0s

~ Investigation ~

1. I enabled FINE, then FINEST logging for all Tomcat components in (then selectively disabling those components that I was not
interested in).

That was futile: the logs showed no trace of those ignored request.

2. I enabled AccessLogValve.

It did not help either: The ignored requests were not listed in the access log.

3. I launched jvisualvm tool from Java 6 JDK, connected to running Tomcat to
investigate the threads and possible deadlocks there.

There was no deadlock, and all threads were running. But I noticed one more
thing: on a freshly started Tomcat several first requests, even if those were
ignored ones,  resulted in creation of a new thread in some thread pool.

Here is one of those threads, from a thread dump:

"http-8080-exec-9" daemon prio=6 tid=0x0afac800 nid=0xe10 waiting on condition
   java.lang.Thread.State: WAITING (parking)
    at sun.misc.Unsafe.park(Native Method)
    - parking to wait for  <0x03258e80> (a
    at java.util.concurrent.locks.LockSupport.park(Unknown Source)
    at java.util.concurrent.LinkedBlockingQueue.take(Unknown Source)
    at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.getTask(Unknown Source)
    at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$ Source)
    at Source)

   Locked ownable synchronizers:
    - None

That was the clue: it means that the request has reached Tomcat.

Searching by a substring of that thread name I found that getName() + "-exec-"
is thread name prefix used by  AbstractEndpoint.createExecutor().

Thus I investigated behaviour of AprEndpoint, confirming it by adding with some
ad-hoc logging statements. I will not commit them, because this issue is
sensitive to timing, so some of them were affecting its reproducibility.

~ Behaviour of AprEndpoint ~

In my configuration I was using Http11AprProtocol and it creates and uses

Incoming request is processed by an Acceptor thread
(AprEndpoint.Acceptor#run()) ->  Acceptor#processSocketWithOptions(long) will
use getExecutor().execute(new SocketWithOptionsProcessor( )) to pass this newly
opened socked further.  It is the thread created by this "execute()" call that
I spotted in jvisualvm earlier.

In SocketWithOptionsProcessor#run() in my configuration deferAccept is false,
so we are calling  getPoller().add(socket)  and pass the socket to a poller.

In the AprEndpoint.Poller#add( ) the socket is added to a queue to be
The queue array size in my configuration occurred to be 1024, so queue overflow
was not an issue.

Then AprEndpoint.Poller#run() processes the queue, passes the new sockets from
there to TC-Native  (Poll.add() call)  and then loops over and over polling
their status  (Poll.poll() call).

The problem occurred to be caused by Poll.maintain( ) calls, that are executed
every several iterations of the loop.

In my case:  the recently opened socket remained for several iterations of the
Poller loop,  but when Poll.maintain() call occurred the socket was returned
from the maintain() call as a one to be closed,  and was immediately closed,
dropping the connection.

Thus,  Poll.maintain() was misbehaving, closing fresh sockets.

Implementation of Poll.maintain() (in poll.c of TC-Native) showed that if
(p->max_ttl == 0) there, the socket is to be closed immediately.

p->max_ttl value is set when configuring a pollset in Poll.create( ), and can
be changed later for the pollset as a whole in Poll.setTtl( ) method.

In AprEndpoint.Poller the pollset is created in Poller.init().

There, the value for the timeout is determined as

            int timeout = getKeepAliveTimeout();
            if (timeout < 0) {
                timeout = socketProperties.getSoTimeout();

     * Keepalive timeout, if lesser or equal to 0 then soTimeout will be used.
    private int keepAliveTimeout = 0;

so, the timeout actually occurred to be configured as 0. Thus the observed
buggy behaviour.

In TC 6.0.24  keepAliveTimeout = -1, thus soTimeout will be used.

 - The JavaDoc for keepAliveTimeout says that 0 means that soTimepout will be
used,  but the actual implementation is different.

Changing the above cited code to be
            if (timeout <= 0) {
                timeout = socketProperties.getSoTimeout();
would be the most obvious fix for this issue.

 - A delay longer than soTimeout (60 or 20 seconds? IIRC) will likewise result
in closing the socket, with no details mentioned in the logs.

 - The keepAliveTimeout property name suggests that it is used for sockets
where processing already occurred, and we are keeping them alive between
requests. (Zero timeout would be okay there).

Why was it used for a freshly open sockets? (Zero timeout cannot be used for
them)  Maybe it is a wrong name for this property?

 - Is it possible in the Poller to distinguish fresh sockets vs. those in
keep-alive state,  and configure different timeouts for them?  It will require
to keep several  pollset pools with different TTLs ?

 - AjpAprProtocol also uses this AjpEndpoint, so I expect it to be affected by
this issue as well.

 - This chain of calls causing this issue occurs only if
AprEndpoint.deferAccept field is false.  It is true by default but is set to
false when the system does not support the requested feature.

In my case, in Windows XP SP3, that feature (Socket.APR_TCP_DEFER_ACCEPT) was
not supported.  A comment in the code says that it is supported in Linux kernel
2.4 and later.

Thus, this issue is likely not affect Linux.

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