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From bugzi...@apache.org
Subject DO NOT REPLY [Bug 23929] - request.setCharacterEncoding(String) doesn't work
Date Wed, 14 Jan 2004 13:03:36 GMT
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http://nagoya.apache.org/bugzilla/show_bug.cgi?id=23929

request.setCharacterEncoding(String) doesn't work





------- Additional Comments From remm@apache.org  2004-01-14 13:03 -------
>From Mark:

Character encoding has been the source of quite a bit of debate on the tomcat-
dev list in recent weeks. There have been a few changes (see summary below) as 
a result. Essentially some additional configuration options have been 
provided. The UTF-8 issue (also reported in bug 22666) has also been fixed.

Character encoding summary
==========================

There are a number of situations where there may be a requirement to use non-
US ASCII characters in a URI. These include:
- Parameters in the query string
- Servlet paths

There is a standard for encoding URIs (http://www.w3.org/International/O-URL-
code.html) but this standard is not consistently followed by clients. This 
causes a number of problems.

The functionality provided by Tomcat (4 and 5) to handle this less than ideal 
situation is described below.

1. The Coyote HTTP/1.1 connector has a useBodyEncodingForURI attribute which 
if set to true will use the request body encoding to decode the URI query 
parameters.
  - The default value is true for TC4 (breaks spec but gives consistent 
behaviour across TC4 versions)
  - The default value is false for TC5 (spec compliant but there may be 
migration issues for some apps)
2. The Coyote HTTP/1.1 connector has a URIEncoding attribute which defaults to 
ISO-8859-1.
3. The parameters class (o.a.t.u.http.Parameters) has a QueryStringEncoding 
field which defaults to the URIEncoding. It must be set before the parameters 
are parsed to have an effect.

Things to note regarding the servlet API:
1. HttpServletRequest.setCharacterEncoding() normally only applies to the 
request body NOT the URI.
2. HttpServletRequest.getPathInfo() is decoded by the web container.
3. HttpServletRequest.getRequestURI() is not decoded by container.

Other tips:
1. Use POST with forms to return parameters as the parameters are then part of 
the request body.

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