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From "Craig R. McClanahan" <>
Subject Re: I think that it is a bug.
Date Sun, 05 Nov 2000 04:45:49 GMT
Qian Weichun wrote:

> The bug lies here:
>         I forward a request in my servlet.
>         After I commit the output, I perform the forwarding.
>         Tomcat doesn't act conforming to the servlet 2.2 specification,
> which specifies that it should throw the IllegalStateException.
>         Peek the source:
>         public void doGet(HttpServletRequest request,HttpServletResponse response) throws
IOException,ServletException {
>                 response.setContentType("text/html;charset=gb2312");
>                 PrintWriter out = response.getWriter();
>                 out.println("<html>");
>                 out.println("<head>");
>                 out.println("<title>Forward A Request</title>");
>                 out.println("</head>");
>                 out.println("<body>");
>                 out.println("<h1>Just A Test!</h1>");
>                 out.println("</body>");
>                 out.println("</html>");
>                 out.flush();
>                 request.getRequestDispatcher("/forwarded.jsp").forward(request,response);
>         }


If Tomcat 3.2 were an implementation of the Servlet 2.3 specification, this would indeed be
a spec violation, because the
2.3 spec specifically states that flushing the output stream returned by response.getOutputStream(),
or the PrintWriter
returned by response.getWriter(), will cause the response to be committed.

In a servlet 2.2 environment, however, it is not defined whether or not a flush() call on
the output stream or writer causes
the response to be committed.  Therefore, Tomcat's behavior (while perhaps unexpected) is
within the bounds of acceptable

If you want to ensure that the response has been committed, no matter what version of the
servlet spec your container
implements, call response.flushBuffer() instead of out.flush().

Craig McClanahan

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