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From anat...@apache.org
Subject [3/8] incubator-tamaya git commit: TAMAYA-14: added resource support. TAMAYA-15: Moved PropertyProviders to API, added SPI. TAMAYA-8: Added/improved Javadoc.
Date Mon, 01 Dec 2014 09:43:46 GMT
http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/incubator-tamaya/blob/a55d1c97/core/src/main/java/org/apache/tamaya/core/internal/resources/io/StringUtils.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/core/src/main/java/org/apache/tamaya/core/internal/resources/io/StringUtils.java b/core/src/main/java/org/apache/tamaya/core/internal/resources/io/StringUtils.java
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..bfdb5f2
--- /dev/null
+++ b/core/src/main/java/org/apache/tamaya/core/internal/resources/io/StringUtils.java
@@ -0,0 +1,1173 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright 2002-2014 the original author or authors.
+ *
+ * Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
+ * you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
+ * You may obtain a copy of the License at
+ *
+ *      http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
+ *
+ * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
+ * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
+ * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
+ * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
+ * limitations under the License.
+ */
+package org.apache.tamaya.core.internal.resources.io;
+
+import java.util.ArrayList;
+import java.util.Arrays;
+import java.util.Collection;
+import java.util.Collections;
+import java.util.Enumeration;
+import java.util.Iterator;
+import java.util.LinkedList;
+import java.util.List;
+import java.util.Locale;
+import java.util.Properties;
+import java.util.Set;
+import java.util.StringTokenizer;
+import java.util.TimeZone;
+import java.util.TreeSet;
+
+/**
+* Miscellaneous {@link String} utility methods.
+*
+* <p>Mainly for internal use within the framework; consider
+* <a href="http://jakarta.apache.org/commons/lang/">Jakarta's Commons Lang</a>
+* for a more comprehensive suite of String utilities.
+*
+* <p>This class delivers some simple functionality that should really
+* be provided by the core Java {@code String} and {@link StringBuilder}
+* classes, such as the ability to {@code replace} all occurrences of a given
+* substring in a target string. It also provides easy-to-use methods to convert
+* between delimited strings, such as CSV strings, and collections and arrays.
+*
+* @author Rod Johnson
+* @author Juergen Hoeller
+* @author Keith Donald
+* @author Rob Harrop
+* @author Rick Evans
+* @author Arjen Poutsma
+* @since 16 April 2001
+*/
+class StringUtils {
+
+	private static final String FOLDER_SEPARATOR = "/";
+
+	private static final String WINDOWS_FOLDER_SEPARATOR = "\\";
+
+	private static final String TOP_PATH = "..";
+
+	private static final String CURRENT_PATH = ".";
+
+//	private static final char EXTENSION_SEPARATOR = '.';
+//
+
+    private StringUtils(){}
+
+//	//---------------------------------------------------------------------
+//	// General convenience methods for working with Strings
+//	//---------------------------------------------------------------------
+//
+//	/**
+//	 * Check whether the given String is empty.
+//	 * <p>This method accepts any Object as an argument, comparing it to
+//	 * {@code null} and the empty String. As a consequence, this method
+//	 * will never return {@code true} for a non-null non-String object.
+//	 * <p>The Object signature is useful for general attribute handling code
+//	 * that commonly deals with Strings but generally has to iterate over
+//	 * Objects since attributes may e.g. be primitive value objects as well.
+//	 * @param str the candidate String
+//	 * @since 3.2.1
+//	 */
+//	public static boolean isEmpty(Object str) {
+//		return (str == null || "".equals(str));
+//	}
+
+	/**
+	 * Check that the given CharSequence is neither {@code null} nor of length 0.
+	 * Note: Will return {@code true} for a CharSequence that purely consists of whitespace.
+	 * <p><pre class="code">
+	 * StringUtils.hasLength(null) = false
+	 * StringUtils.hasLength("") = false
+	 * StringUtils.hasLength(" ") = true
+	 * StringUtils.hasLength("Hello") = true
+	 * </pre>
+	 * @param str the CharSequence to check (may be {@code null})
+	 * @return {@code true} if the CharSequence is not null and has length
+	 */
+	public static boolean hasLength(CharSequence str) {
+		return (str != null && str.length() > 0);
+	}
+
+//	/**
+//	 * Check that the given String is neither {@code null} nor of length 0.
+//	 * Note: Will return {@code true} for a String that purely consists of whitespace.
+//	 * @param str the String to check (may be {@code null})
+//	 * @return {@code true} if the String is not null and has length
+//	 * @see #hasLength(CharSequence)
+//	 */
+//	public static boolean hasLength(String str) {
+//		return hasLength((CharSequence) str);
+//	}
+
+	/**
+	 * Check whether the given CharSequence has actual text.
+	 * More specifically, returns {@code true} if the string not {@code null},
+	 * its length is greater than 0, and it contains at least one non-whitespace character.
+	 * <p><pre class="code">
+	 * StringUtils.hasText(null) = false
+	 * StringUtils.hasText("") = false
+	 * StringUtils.hasText(" ") = false
+	 * StringUtils.hasText("12345") = true
+	 * StringUtils.hasText(" 12345 ") = true
+	 * </pre>
+	 * @param str the CharSequence to check (may be {@code null})
+	 * @return {@code true} if the CharSequence is not {@code null},
+	 * its length is greater than 0, and it does not contain whitespace only
+	 * @see Character#isWhitespace
+	 */
+	public static boolean hasText(CharSequence str) {
+		if (!hasLength(str)) {
+			return false;
+		}
+		int strLen = str.length();
+		for (int i = 0; i < strLen; i++) {
+			if (!Character.isWhitespace(str.charAt(i))) {
+				return true;
+			}
+		}
+		return false;
+	}
+
+	/**
+	 * Check whether the given String has actual text.
+	 * More specifically, returns {@code true} if the string not {@code null},
+	 * its length is greater than 0, and it contains at least one non-whitespace character.
+	 * @param str the String to check (may be {@code null})
+	 * @return {@code true} if the String is not {@code null}, its length is
+	 * greater than 0, and it does not contain whitespace only
+	 * @see #hasText(CharSequence)
+	 */
+	public static boolean hasText(String str) {
+		return hasText((CharSequence) str);
+	}
+
+//	/**
+//	 * Check whether the given CharSequence contains any whitespace characters.
+//	 * @param str the CharSequence to check (may be {@code null})
+//	 * @return {@code true} if the CharSequence is not empty and
+//	 * contains at least 1 whitespace character
+//	 * @see Character#isWhitespace
+//	 */
+//	public static boolean containsWhitespace(CharSequence str) {
+//		if (!hasLength(str)) {
+//			return false;
+//		}
+//		int strLen = str.length();
+//		for (int i = 0; i < strLen; i++) {
+//			if (Character.isWhitespace(str.charAt(i))) {
+//				return true;
+//			}
+//		}
+//		return false;
+//	}
+//
+//	/**
+//	 * Check whether the given String contains any whitespace characters.
+//	 * @param str the String to check (may be {@code null})
+//	 * @return {@code true} if the String is not empty and
+//	 * contains at least 1 whitespace character
+//	 * @see #containsWhitespace(CharSequence)
+//	 */
+//	public static boolean containsWhitespace(String str) {
+//		return containsWhitespace((CharSequence) str);
+//	}
+//
+//	/**
+//	 * Trim leading and trailing whitespace from the given String.
+//	 * @param str the String to check
+//	 * @return the trimmed String
+//	 * @see java.lang.Character#isWhitespace
+//	 */
+//	public static String trimWhitespace(String str) {
+//		if (!hasLength(str)) {
+//			return str;
+//		}
+//		StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder(str);
+//		while (sb.length() > 0 && Character.isWhitespace(sb.charAt(0))) {
+//			sb.deleteCharAt(0);
+//		}
+//		while (sb.length() > 0 && Character.isWhitespace(sb.charAt(sb.length() - 1))) {
+//			sb.deleteCharAt(sb.length() - 1);
+//		}
+//		return sb.toString();
+//	}
+//
+//	/**
+//	 * Trim <i>all</i> whitespace from the given String:
+//	 * leading, trailing, and in between characters.
+//	 * @param str the String to check
+//	 * @return the trimmed String
+//	 * @see java.lang.Character#isWhitespace
+//	 */
+//	public static String trimAllWhitespace(String str) {
+//		if (!hasLength(str)) {
+//			return str;
+//		}
+//		int len = str.length();
+//		StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder(str.length());
+//		for (int i = 0; i < len; i++) {
+//			char c = str.charAt(i);
+//			if (!Character.isWhitespace(c)) {
+//				sb.append(c);
+//			}
+//		}
+//		return sb.toString();
+//	}
+//
+//	/**
+//	 * Trim leading whitespace from the given String.
+//	 * @param str the String to check
+//	 * @return the trimmed String
+//	 * @see java.lang.Character#isWhitespace
+//	 */
+//	public static String trimLeadingWhitespace(String str) {
+//		if (!hasLength(str)) {
+//			return str;
+//		}
+//		StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder(str);
+//		while (sb.length() > 0 && Character.isWhitespace(sb.charAt(0))) {
+//			sb.deleteCharAt(0);
+//		}
+//		return sb.toString();
+//	}
+//
+//	/**
+//	 * Trim trailing whitespace from the given String.
+//	 * @param str the String to check
+//	 * @return the trimmed String
+//	 * @see java.lang.Character#isWhitespace
+//	 */
+//	public static String trimTrailingWhitespace(String str) {
+//		if (!hasLength(str)) {
+//			return str;
+//		}
+//		StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder(str);
+//		while (sb.length() > 0 && Character.isWhitespace(sb.charAt(sb.length() - 1))) {
+//			sb.deleteCharAt(sb.length() - 1);
+//		}
+//		return sb.toString();
+//	}
+//
+//	/**
+//	 * Trim all occurrences of the supplied leading character from the given String.
+//	 * @param str the String to check
+//	 * @param leadingCharacter the leading character to be trimmed
+//	 * @return the trimmed String
+//	 */
+//	public static String trimLeadingCharacter(String str, char leadingCharacter) {
+//		if (!hasLength(str)) {
+//			return str;
+//		}
+//		StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder(str);
+//		while (sb.length() > 0 && sb.charAt(0) == leadingCharacter) {
+//			sb.deleteCharAt(0);
+//		}
+//		return sb.toString();
+//	}
+//
+//	/**
+//	 * Trim all occurrences of the supplied trailing character from the given String.
+//	 * @param str the String to check
+//	 * @param trailingCharacter the trailing character to be trimmed
+//	 * @return the trimmed String
+//	 */
+//	public static String trimTrailingCharacter(String str, char trailingCharacter) {
+//		if (!hasLength(str)) {
+//			return str;
+//		}
+//		StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder(str);
+//		while (sb.length() > 0 && sb.charAt(sb.length() - 1) == trailingCharacter) {
+//			sb.deleteCharAt(sb.length() - 1);
+//		}
+//		return sb.toString();
+//	}
+//
+//
+//	/**
+//	 * Test if the given String starts with the specified prefix,
+//	 * ignoring upper/lower case.
+//	 * @param str the String to check
+//	 * @param prefix the prefix to look for
+//	 * @see java.lang.String#startsWith
+//	 */
+//	public static boolean startsWithIgnoreCase(String str, String prefix) {
+//		if (str == null || prefix == null) {
+//			return false;
+//		}
+//		if (str.startsWith(prefix)) {
+//			return true;
+//		}
+//		if (str.length() < prefix.length()) {
+//			return false;
+//		}
+//		String lcStr = str.substring(0, prefix.length()).toLowerCase();
+//		String lcPrefix = prefix.toLowerCase();
+//		return lcStr.equals(lcPrefix);
+//	}
+//
+//	/**
+//	 * Test if the given String ends with the specified suffix,
+//	 * ignoring upper/lower case.
+//	 * @param str the String to check
+//	 * @param suffix the suffix to look for
+//	 * @see java.lang.String#endsWith
+//	 */
+//	public static boolean endsWithIgnoreCase(String str, String suffix) {
+//		if (str == null || suffix == null) {
+//			return false;
+//		}
+//		if (str.endsWith(suffix)) {
+//			return true;
+//		}
+//		if (str.length() < suffix.length()) {
+//			return false;
+//		}
+//
+//		String lcStr = str.substring(str.length() - suffix.length()).toLowerCase();
+//		String lcSuffix = suffix.toLowerCase();
+//		return lcStr.equals(lcSuffix);
+//	}
+//
+//	/**
+//	 * Test whether the given string matches the given substring
+//	 * at the given index.
+//	 * @param str the original string (or StringBuilder)
+//	 * @param index the index in the original string to start matching against
+//	 * @param substring the substring to match at the given index
+//	 */
+//	public static boolean substringMatch(CharSequence str, int index, CharSequence substring) {
+//		for (int j = 0; j < substring.length(); j++) {
+//			int i = index + j;
+//			if (i >= str.length() || str.charAt(i) != substring.charAt(j)) {
+//				return false;
+//			}
+//		}
+//		return true;
+//	}
+//
+//	/**
+//	 * Count the occurrences of the substring in string s.
+//	 * @param str string to search in. Return 0 if this is null.
+//	 * @param sub string to search for. Return 0 if this is null.
+//	 */
+//	public static int countOccurrencesOf(String str, String sub) {
+//		if (str == null || sub == null || str.length() == 0 || sub.length() == 0) {
+//			return 0;
+//		}
+//		int count = 0;
+//		int pos = 0;
+//		int idx;
+//		while ((idx = str.indexOf(sub, pos)) != -1) {
+//			++count;
+//			pos = idx + sub.length();
+//		}
+//		return count;
+//	}
+//
+	/**
+	 * Replace all occurrences of a substring within a string with
+	 * another string.
+	 * @param inString String to examine
+	 * @param oldPattern String to replace
+	 * @param newPattern String to insert
+	 * @return a String with the replacements
+	 */
+	public static String replace(String inString, String oldPattern, String newPattern) {
+		if (!hasLength(inString) || !hasLength(oldPattern) || newPattern == null) {
+			return inString;
+		}
+		StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
+		int pos = 0; // our position in the old string
+		int index = inString.indexOf(oldPattern);
+		// the index of an occurrence we've found, or -1
+		int patLen = oldPattern.length();
+		while (index >= 0) {
+			sb.append(inString.substring(pos, index));
+			sb.append(newPattern);
+			pos = index + patLen;
+			index = inString.indexOf(oldPattern, pos);
+		}
+		sb.append(inString.substring(pos));
+		// remember to append any characters to the right of a match
+		return sb.toString();
+	}
+
+//	/**
+//	 * Delete all occurrences of the given substring.
+//	 * @param inString the original String
+//	 * @param pattern the pattern to delete all occurrences of
+//	 * @return the resulting String
+//	 */
+//	public static String delete(String inString, String pattern) {
+//		return replace(inString, pattern, "");
+//	}
+//
+	/**
+	 * Delete any character in a given String.
+	 * @param inString the original String
+	 * @param charsToDelete a set of characters to delete.
+	 * E.g. "az\n" will delete 'a's, 'z's and new lines.
+	 * @return the resulting String
+	 */
+	public static String deleteAny(String inString, String charsToDelete) {
+		if (!hasLength(inString) || !hasLength(charsToDelete)) {
+			return inString;
+		}
+		StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
+		for (int i = 0; i < inString.length(); i++) {
+			char c = inString.charAt(i);
+			if (charsToDelete.indexOf(c) == -1) {
+				sb.append(c);
+			}
+		}
+		return sb.toString();
+	}
+
+//
+//	//---------------------------------------------------------------------
+//	// Convenience methods for working with formatted Strings
+//	//---------------------------------------------------------------------
+//
+//	/**
+//	 * Quote the given String with single quotes.
+//	 * @param str the input String (e.g. "myString")
+//	 * @return the quoted String (e.g. "'myString'"),
+//	 * or {@code null} if the input was {@code null}
+//	 */
+//	public static String quote(String str) {
+//		return (str != null ? "'" + str + "'" : null);
+//	}
+//
+//	/**
+//	 * Turn the given Object into a String with single quotes
+//	 * if it is a String; keeping the Object as-is else.
+//	 * @param obj the input Object (e.g. "myString")
+//	 * @return the quoted String (e.g. "'myString'"),
+//	 * or the input object as-is if not a String
+//	 */
+//	public static Object quoteIfString(Object obj) {
+//		return (obj instanceof String ? quote((String) obj) : obj);
+//	}
+//
+//	/**
+//	 * Unqualify a string qualified by a '.' dot character. For example,
+//	 * "this.name.is.qualified", returns "qualified".
+//	 * @param qualifiedName the qualified name
+//	 */
+//	public static String unqualify(String qualifiedName) {
+//		return unqualify(qualifiedName, '.');
+//	}
+//
+//	/**
+//	 * Unqualify a string qualified by a separator character. For example,
+//	 * "this:name:is:qualified" returns "qualified" if using a ':' separator.
+//	 * @param qualifiedName the qualified name
+//	 * @param separator the separator
+//	 */
+//	public static String unqualify(String qualifiedName, char separator) {
+//		return qualifiedName.substring(qualifiedName.lastIndexOf(separator) + 1);
+//	}
+//
+//	/**
+//	 * Capitalize a {@code String}, changing the first letter to
+//	 * upper case as per {@link Character#toUpperCase(char)}.
+//	 * No other letters are changed.
+//	 * @param str the String to capitalize, may be {@code null}
+//	 * @return the capitalized String, {@code null} if null
+//	 */
+//	public static String capitalize(String str) {
+//		return changeFirstCharacterCase(str, true);
+//	}
+//
+//	/**
+//	 * Uncapitalize a {@code String}, changing the first letter to
+//	 * lower case as per {@link Character#toLowerCase(char)}.
+//	 * No other letters are changed.
+//	 * @param str the String to uncapitalize, may be {@code null}
+//	 * @return the uncapitalized String, {@code null} if null
+//	 */
+//	public static String uncapitalize(String str) {
+//		return changeFirstCharacterCase(str, false);
+//	}
+//
+//	private static String changeFirstCharacterCase(String str, boolean capitalize) {
+//		if (str == null || str.length() == 0) {
+//			return str;
+//		}
+//		StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder(str.length());
+//		if (capitalize) {
+//			sb.append(Character.toUpperCase(str.charAt(0)));
+//		}
+//		else {
+//			sb.append(Character.toLowerCase(str.charAt(0)));
+//		}
+//		sb.append(str.substring(1));
+//		return sb.toString();
+//	}
+
+	/**
+	 * Extract the filename from the given path,
+	 * e.g. "mypath/myfile.txt" -> "myfile.txt".
+	 * @param path the file path (may be {@code null})
+	 * @return the extracted filename, or {@code null} if none
+	 */
+	public static String getFilename(String path) {
+		if (path == null) {
+			return null;
+		}
+		int separatorIndex = path.lastIndexOf(FOLDER_SEPARATOR);
+		return (separatorIndex != -1 ? path.substring(separatorIndex + 1) : path);
+	}
+
+//	/**
+//	 * Extract the filename extension from the given path,
+//	 * e.g. "mypath/myfile.txt" -> "txt".
+//	 * @param path the file path (may be {@code null})
+//	 * @return the extracted filename extension, or {@code null} if none
+//	 */
+//	public static String getFilenameExtension(String path) {
+//		if (path == null) {
+//			return null;
+//		}
+//		int extIndex = path.lastIndexOf(EXTENSION_SEPARATOR);
+//		if (extIndex == -1) {
+//			return null;
+//		}
+//		int folderIndex = path.lastIndexOf(FOLDER_SEPARATOR);
+//		if (folderIndex > extIndex) {
+//			return null;
+//		}
+//		return path.substring(extIndex + 1);
+//	}
+//
+//	/**
+//	 * Strip the filename extension from the given path,
+//	 * e.g. "mypath/myfile.txt" -> "mypath/myfile".
+//	 * @param path the file path (may be {@code null})
+//	 * @return the path with stripped filename extension,
+//	 * or {@code null} if none
+//	 */
+//	public static String stripFilenameExtension(String path) {
+//		if (path == null) {
+//			return null;
+//		}
+//		int extIndex = path.lastIndexOf(EXTENSION_SEPARATOR);
+//		if (extIndex == -1) {
+//			return path;
+//		}
+//		int folderIndex = path.lastIndexOf(FOLDER_SEPARATOR);
+//		if (folderIndex > extIndex) {
+//			return path;
+//		}
+//		return path.substring(0, extIndex);
+//	}
+
+	/**
+	 * Apply the given relative path to the given path,
+	 * assuming standard Java folder separation (i.e. "/" separators).
+	 * @param path the path to start from (usually a full file path)
+	 * @param relativePath the relative path to apply
+	 * (relative to the full file path above)
+	 * @return the full file path that results from applying the relative path
+	 */
+	public static String applyRelativePath(String path, String relativePath) {
+		int separatorIndex = path.lastIndexOf(FOLDER_SEPARATOR);
+		if (separatorIndex != -1) {
+			String newPath = path.substring(0, separatorIndex);
+			if (!relativePath.startsWith(FOLDER_SEPARATOR)) {
+				newPath += FOLDER_SEPARATOR;
+			}
+			return newPath + relativePath;
+		}
+		else {
+			return relativePath;
+		}
+	}
+
+	/**
+	 * Normalize the path by suppressing sequences like "path/.." and
+	 * inner simple dots.
+	 * <p>The result is convenient for path comparison. For other uses,
+	 * notice that Windows separators ("\") are replaced by simple slashes.
+	 * @param path the original path
+	 * @return the normalized path
+	 */
+	public static String cleanPath(String path) {
+		if (path == null) {
+			return null;
+		}
+		String pathToUse = StringUtils.replace(path, WINDOWS_FOLDER_SEPARATOR, FOLDER_SEPARATOR);
+
+		// Strip prefix from path to analyze, to not treat it as part of the
+		// first path element. This is necessary to correctly parse paths like
+		// "file:core/../core/io/Resource.class", where the ".." should just
+		// strip the first "core" directory while keeping the "file:" prefix.
+		int prefixIndex = pathToUse.indexOf(":");
+		String prefix = "";
+		if (prefixIndex != -1) {
+			prefix = pathToUse.substring(0, prefixIndex + 1);
+			if (prefix.contains("/")) {
+				prefix = "";
+			}
+			else {
+				pathToUse = pathToUse.substring(prefixIndex + 1);
+			}
+		}
+		if (pathToUse.startsWith(FOLDER_SEPARATOR)) {
+			prefix = prefix + FOLDER_SEPARATOR;
+			pathToUse = pathToUse.substring(1);
+		}
+
+		String[] pathArray = delimitedListToStringArray(pathToUse, FOLDER_SEPARATOR);
+		List<String> pathElements = new LinkedList<String>();
+		int tops = 0;
+
+		for (int i = pathArray.length - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
+			String element = pathArray[i];
+			if (CURRENT_PATH.equals(element)) {
+				// Points to current directory - drop it.
+			}
+			else if (TOP_PATH.equals(element)) {
+				// Registering top path found.
+				tops++;
+			}
+			else {
+				if (tops > 0) {
+					// Merging path element with element corresponding to top path.
+					tops--;
+				}
+				else {
+					// Normal path element found.
+					pathElements.add(0, element);
+				}
+			}
+		}
+		// Remaining top paths need to be retained.
+		for (int i = 0; i < tops; i++) {
+			pathElements.add(0, TOP_PATH);
+		}
+		return prefix + collectionToDelimitedString(pathElements, FOLDER_SEPARATOR);
+	}
+//
+//	/**
+//	 * Compare two paths after normalization of them.
+//	 * @param path1 first path for comparison
+//	 * @param path2 second path for comparison
+//	 * @return whether the two paths are equivalent after normalization
+//	 */
+//	public static boolean pathEquals(String path1, String path2) {
+//		return cleanPath(path1).equals(cleanPath(path2));
+//	}
+//
+//	/**
+//	 * Parse the given {@code localeString} value into a {@link Locale}.
+//	 * <p>This is the inverse operation of {@link Locale#toString Locale's toString}.
+//	 * @param localeString the locale String, following {@code Locale's}
+//	 * {@code toString()} format ("en", "en_UK", etc);
+//	 * also accepts spaces as separators, as an alternative to underscores
+//	 * @return a corresponding {@code Locale} instance
+//	 * @throws IllegalArgumentException in case of an invalid locale specification
+//	 */
+//	public static Locale parseLocaleString(String localeString) {
+//		String[] parts = tokenizeToStringArray(localeString, "_ ", false, false);
+//		String language = (parts.length > 0 ? parts[0] : "");
+//		String country = (parts.length > 1 ? parts[1] : "");
+//		validateLocalePart(language);
+//		validateLocalePart(country);
+//		String variant = "";
+//		if (parts.length > 2) {
+//			// There is definitely a variant, and it is everything after the country
+//			// code sans the separator between the country code and the variant.
+//			int endIndexOfCountryCode = localeString.indexOf(country, language.length()) + country.length();
+//			// Strip off any leading '_' and whitespace, what's left is the variant.
+//			variant = trimLeadingWhitespace(localeString.substring(endIndexOfCountryCode));
+//			if (variant.startsWith("_")) {
+//				variant = trimLeadingCharacter(variant, '_');
+//			}
+//		}
+//		return (language.length() > 0 ? new Locale(language, country, variant) : null);
+//	}
+//
+//	private static void validateLocalePart(String localePart) {
+//		for (int i = 0; i < localePart.length(); i++) {
+//			char ch = localePart.charAt(i);
+//			if (ch != '_' && ch != ' ' && !Character.isLetterOrDigit(ch)) {
+//				throw new IllegalArgumentException(
+//						"Locale part \"" + localePart + "\" contains invalid characters");
+//			}
+//		}
+//	}
+//
+//	/**
+//	 * Determine the RFC 3066 compliant language tag,
+//	 * as used for the HTTP "Accept-Language" header.
+//	 * @param locale the Locale to transform to a language tag
+//	 * @return the RFC 3066 compliant language tag as String
+//	 */
+//	public static String toLanguageTag(Locale locale) {
+//		return locale.getLanguage() + (hasText(locale.getCountry()) ? "-" + locale.getCountry() : "");
+//	}
+//
+//	/**
+//	 * Parse the given {@code timeZoneString} value into a {@link TimeZone}.
+//	 * @param timeZoneString the time zone String, following {@link TimeZone#getTimeZone(String)}
+//	 * but throwing {@link IllegalArgumentException} in case of an invalid time zone specification
+//	 * @return a corresponding {@link TimeZone} instance
+//	 * @throws IllegalArgumentException in case of an invalid time zone specification
+//	 */
+//	public static TimeZone parseTimeZoneString(String timeZoneString) {
+//		TimeZone timeZone = TimeZone.getTimeZone(timeZoneString);
+//		if ("GMT".equals(timeZone.getID()) && !timeZoneString.startsWith("GMT")) {
+//			// We don't want that GMT fallback...
+//			throw new IllegalArgumentException("Invalid time zone specification '" + timeZoneString + "'");
+//		}
+//		return timeZone;
+//	}
+//
+//
+//	//---------------------------------------------------------------------
+//	// Convenience methods for working with String arrays
+//	//---------------------------------------------------------------------
+//
+//	/**
+//	 * Append the given String to the given String array, returning a new array
+//	 * consisting of the input array contents plus the given String.
+//	 * @param array the array to append to (can be {@code null})
+//	 * @param str the String to append
+//	 * @return the new array (never {@code null})
+//	 */
+//	public static String[] addStringToArray(String[] array, String str) {
+//		if (ObjectUtils.isEmpty(array)) {
+//			return new String[] {str};
+//		}
+//		String[] newArr = new String[array.length + 1];
+//		System.arraycopy(array, 0, newArr, 0, array.length);
+//		newArr[array.length] = str;
+//		return newArr;
+//	}
+//
+//	/**
+//	 * Concatenate the given String arrays into one,
+//	 * with overlapping array elements included twice.
+//	 * <p>The order of elements in the original arrays is preserved.
+//	 * @param array1 the first array (can be {@code null})
+//	 * @param array2 the second array (can be {@code null})
+//	 * @return the new array ({@code null} if both given arrays were {@code null})
+//	 */
+//	public static String[] concatenateStringArrays(String[] array1, String[] array2) {
+//		if (ObjectUtils.isEmpty(array1)) {
+//			return array2;
+//		}
+//		if (ObjectUtils.isEmpty(array2)) {
+//			return array1;
+//		}
+//		String[] newArr = new String[array1.length + array2.length];
+//		System.arraycopy(array1, 0, newArr, 0, array1.length);
+//		System.arraycopy(array2, 0, newArr, array1.length, array2.length);
+//		return newArr;
+//	}
+//
+//	/**
+//	 * Merge the given String arrays into one, with overlapping
+//	 * array elements only included once.
+//	 * <p>The order of elements in the original arrays is preserved
+//	 * (with the exception of overlapping elements, which are only
+//	 * included on their first occurrence).
+//	 * @param array1 the first array (can be {@code null})
+//	 * @param array2 the second array (can be {@code null})
+//	 * @return the new array ({@code null} if both given arrays were {@code null})
+//	 */
+//	public static String[] mergeStringArrays(String[] array1, String[] array2) {
+//		if (ObjectUtils.isEmpty(array1)) {
+//			return array2;
+//		}
+//		if (ObjectUtils.isEmpty(array2)) {
+//			return array1;
+//		}
+//		List<String> result = new ArrayList<String>();
+//		result.addAll(Arrays.asList(array1));
+//		for (String str : array2) {
+//			if (!result.contains(str)) {
+//				result.add(str);
+//			}
+//		}
+//		return toStringArray(result);
+//	}
+//
+//	/**
+//	 * Turn given source String array into sorted array.
+//	 * @param array the source array
+//	 * @return the sorted array (never {@code null})
+//	 */
+//	public static String[] sortStringArray(String[] array) {
+//		if (ObjectUtils.isEmpty(array)) {
+//			return new String[0];
+//		}
+//		Arrays.sort(array);
+//		return array;
+//	}
+//
+	/**
+	 * Copy the given Collection into a String array.
+	 * The Collection must contain String elements only.
+	 * @param collection the Collection to copy
+	 * @return the String array ({@code null} if the passed-in
+	 * Collection was {@code null})
+	 */
+	public static String[] toStringArray(Collection<String> collection) {
+		if (collection == null) {
+			return null;
+		}
+		return collection.toArray(new String[collection.size()]);
+	}
+//
+//	/**
+//	 * Copy the given Enumeration into a String array.
+//	 * The Enumeration must contain String elements only.
+//	 * @param enumeration the Enumeration to copy
+//	 * @return the String array ({@code null} if the passed-in
+//	 * Enumeration was {@code null})
+//	 */
+//	public static String[] toStringArray(Enumeration<String> enumeration) {
+//		if (enumeration == null) {
+//			return null;
+//		}
+//		List<String> list = Collections.list(enumeration);
+//		return list.toArray(new String[list.size()]);
+//	}
+//
+//	/**
+//	 * Trim the elements of the given String array,
+//	 * calling {@code String.trim()} on each of them.
+//	 * @param array the original String array
+//	 * @return the resulting array (of the same size) with trimmed elements
+//	 */
+//	public static String[] trimArrayElements(String[] array) {
+//		if (ObjectUtils.isEmpty(array)) {
+//			return new String[0];
+//		}
+//		String[] result = new String[array.length];
+//		for (int i = 0; i < array.length; i++) {
+//			String element = array[i];
+//			result[i] = (element != null ? element.trim() : null);
+//		}
+//		return result;
+//	}
+//
+//	/**
+//	 * Remove duplicate Strings from the given array.
+//	 * Also sorts the array, as it uses a TreeSet.
+//	 * @param array the String array
+//	 * @return an array without duplicates, in natural sort order
+//	 */
+//	public static String[] removeDuplicateStrings(String[] array) {
+//		if (ObjectUtils.isEmpty(array)) {
+//			return array;
+//		}
+//		Set<String> set = new TreeSet<String>();
+//		for (String element : array) {
+//			set.add(element);
+//		}
+//		return toStringArray(set);
+//	}
+//
+	/**
+	 * Split a String at the first occurrence of the delimiter.
+	 * Does not include the delimiter in the result.
+	 * @param toSplit the string to split
+	 * @param delimiter to split the string up with
+	 * @return a two element array with index 0 being before the delimiter, and
+	 * index 1 being after the delimiter (neither element includes the delimiter);
+	 * or {@code null} if the delimiter wasn't found in the given input String
+	 */
+	public static String[] split(String toSplit, String delimiter) {
+		if (!hasLength(toSplit) || !hasLength(delimiter)) {
+			return null;
+		}
+		int offset = toSplit.indexOf(delimiter);
+		if (offset < 0) {
+			return null;
+		}
+		String beforeDelimiter = toSplit.substring(0, offset);
+		String afterDelimiter = toSplit.substring(offset + delimiter.length());
+		return new String[] {beforeDelimiter, afterDelimiter};
+	}
+//
+//	/**
+//	 * Take an array Strings and split each element based on the given delimiter.
+//	 * A {@code Properties} instance is then generated, with the left of the
+//	 * delimiter providing the key, and the right of the delimiter providing the value.
+//	 * <p>Will trim both the key and value before adding them to the
+//	 * {@code Properties} instance.
+//	 * @param array the array to process
+//	 * @param delimiter to split each element using (typically the equals symbol)
+//	 * @return a {@code Properties} instance representing the array contents,
+//	 * or {@code null} if the array to process was null or empty
+//	 */
+//	public static Properties splitArrayElementsIntoProperties(String[] array, String delimiter) {
+//		return splitArrayElementsIntoProperties(array, delimiter, null);
+//	}
+//
+//	/**
+//	 * Take an array Strings and split each element based on the given delimiter.
+//	 * A {@code Properties} instance is then generated, with the left of the
+//	 * delimiter providing the key, and the right of the delimiter providing the value.
+//	 * <p>Will trim both the key and value before adding them to the
+//	 * {@code Properties} instance.
+//	 * @param array the array to process
+//	 * @param delimiter to split each element using (typically the equals symbol)
+//	 * @param charsToDelete one or more characters to remove from each element
+//	 * prior to attempting the split operation (typically the quotation mark
+//	 * symbol), or {@code null} if no removal should occur
+//	 * @return a {@code Properties} instance representing the array contents,
+//	 * or {@code null} if the array to process was {@code null} or empty
+//	 */
+//	public static Properties splitArrayElementsIntoProperties(
+//			String[] array, String delimiter, String charsToDelete) {
+//
+//		if (ObjectUtils.isEmpty(array)) {
+//			return null;
+//		}
+//		Properties result = new Properties();
+//		for (String element : array) {
+//			if (charsToDelete != null) {
+//				element = deleteAny(element, charsToDelete);
+//			}
+//			String[] splittedElement = split(element, delimiter);
+//			if (splittedElement == null) {
+//				continue;
+//			}
+//			result.setProperty(splittedElement[0].trim(), splittedElement[1].trim());
+//		}
+//		return result;
+//	}
+//
+	/**
+	 * Tokenize the given String into a String array via a StringTokenizer.
+	 * Trims tokens and omits empty tokens.
+	 * <p>The given delimiters string is supposed to consist of any number of
+	 * delimiter characters. Each of those characters can be used to separate
+	 * tokens. A delimiter is always a single character; for multi-character
+	 * delimiters, consider using {@code delimitedListToStringArray}
+	 * @param str the String to tokenize
+	 * @param delimiters the delimiter characters, assembled as String
+	 * (each of those characters is individually considered as delimiter).
+	 * @return an array of the tokens
+	 * @see java.util.StringTokenizer
+	 * @see String#trim()
+	 */
+	public static String[] tokenizeToStringArray(String str, String delimiters) {
+		return tokenizeToStringArray(str, delimiters, true, true);
+	}
+
+	/**
+	 * Tokenize the given String into a String array via a StringTokenizer.
+	 * <p>The given delimiters string is supposed to consist of any number of
+	 * delimiter characters. Each of those characters can be used to separate
+	 * tokens. A delimiter is always a single character; for multi-character
+	 * delimiters, consider using {@code delimitedListToStringArray}
+	 * @param str the String to tokenize
+	 * @param delimiters the delimiter characters, assembled as String
+	 * (each of those characters is individually considered as delimiter)
+	 * @param trimTokens trim the tokens via String's {@code trim}
+	 * @param ignoreEmptyTokens omit empty tokens from the result array
+	 * (only applies to tokens that are empty after trimming; StringTokenizer
+	 * will not consider subsequent delimiters as token in the first place).
+	 * @return an array of the tokens ({@code null} if the input String
+	 * was {@code null})
+	 * @see java.util.StringTokenizer
+	 * @see String#trim()
+	 */
+	public static String[] tokenizeToStringArray(
+			String str, String delimiters, boolean trimTokens, boolean ignoreEmptyTokens) {
+
+		if (str == null) {
+			return null;
+		}
+		StringTokenizer st = new StringTokenizer(str, delimiters);
+		List<String> tokens = new ArrayList<String>();
+		while (st.hasMoreTokens()) {
+			String token = st.nextToken();
+			if (trimTokens) {
+				token = token.trim();
+			}
+			if (!ignoreEmptyTokens || token.length() > 0) {
+				tokens.add(token);
+			}
+		}
+		return toStringArray(tokens);
+	}
+
+	/**
+	 * Take a String which is a delimited list and convert it to a String array.
+	 * <p>A single delimiter can consists of more than one character: It will still
+	 * be considered as single delimiter string, rather than as bunch of potential
+	 * delimiter characters - in contrast to {@code tokenizeToStringArray}.
+	 * @param str the input String
+	 * @param delimiter the delimiter between elements (this is a single delimiter,
+	 * rather than a bunch individual delimiter characters)
+	 * @return an array of the tokens in the list
+	 * @see #tokenizeToStringArray
+	 */
+	public static String[] delimitedListToStringArray(String str, String delimiter) {
+		return delimitedListToStringArray(str, delimiter, null);
+	}
+
+	/**
+	 * Take a String which is a delimited list and convert it to a String array.
+	 * <p>A single delimiter can consists of more than one character: It will still
+	 * be considered as single delimiter string, rather than as bunch of potential
+	 * delimiter characters - in contrast to {@code tokenizeToStringArray}.
+	 * @param str the input String
+	 * @param delimiter the delimiter between elements (this is a single delimiter,
+	 * rather than a bunch individual delimiter characters)
+	 * @param charsToDelete a set of characters to delete. Useful for deleting unwanted
+	 * line breaks: e.g. "\r\n\f" will delete all new lines and line feeds in a String.
+	 * @return an array of the tokens in the list
+	 * @see #tokenizeToStringArray
+	 */
+	public static String[] delimitedListToStringArray(String str, String delimiter, String charsToDelete) {
+		if (str == null) {
+			return new String[0];
+		}
+		if (delimiter == null) {
+			return new String[] {str};
+		}
+		List<String> result = new ArrayList<String>();
+		if ("".equals(delimiter)) {
+			for (int i = 0; i < str.length(); i++) {
+				result.add(deleteAny(str.substring(i, i + 1), charsToDelete));
+			}
+		}
+		else {
+			int pos = 0;
+			int delPos;
+			while ((delPos = str.indexOf(delimiter, pos)) != -1) {
+				result.add(deleteAny(str.substring(pos, delPos), charsToDelete));
+				pos = delPos + delimiter.length();
+			}
+			if (str.length() > 0 && pos <= str.length()) {
+				// Add rest of String, but not in case of empty input.
+				result.add(deleteAny(str.substring(pos), charsToDelete));
+			}
+		}
+		return toStringArray(result);
+	}
+
+//	/**
+//	 * Convert a CSV list into an array of Strings.
+//	 * @param str the input String
+//	 * @return an array of Strings, or the empty array in case of empty input
+//	 */
+//	public static String[] commaDelimitedListToStringArray(String str) {
+//		return delimitedListToStringArray(str, ",");
+//	}
+//
+//	/**
+//	 * Convenience method to convert a CSV string list to a set.
+//	 * Note that this will suppress duplicates.
+//	 * @param str the input String
+//	 * @return a Set of String entries in the list
+//	 */
+//	public static Set<String> commaDelimitedListToSet(String str) {
+//		Set<String> set = new TreeSet<String>();
+//		String[] tokens = commaDelimitedListToStringArray(str);
+//		for (String token : tokens) {
+//			set.add(token);
+//		}
+//		return set;
+//	}
+//
+	/**
+	 * Convenience method to return a Collection as a delimited (e.g. CSV)
+	 * String. E.g. useful for {@code toString()} implementations.
+	 * @param coll the Collection to display
+	 * @param delim the delimiter to use (probably a ",")
+	 * @param prefix the String to start each element with
+	 * @param suffix the String to end each element with
+	 * @return the delimited String
+	 */
+	public static String collectionToDelimitedString(Collection<?> coll, String delim, String prefix, String suffix) {
+		if (coll.isEmpty()) {
+			return "";
+		}
+		StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
+		Iterator<?> it = coll.iterator();
+		while (it.hasNext()) {
+			sb.append(prefix).append(it.next()).append(suffix);
+			if (it.hasNext()) {
+				sb.append(delim);
+			}
+		}
+		return sb.toString();
+	}
+
+	/**
+	 * Convenience method to return a Collection as a delimited (e.g. CSV)
+	 * String. E.g. useful for {@code toString()} implementations.
+	 * @param coll the Collection to display
+	 * @param delim the delimiter to use (probably a ",")
+	 * @return the delimited String
+	 */
+	public static String collectionToDelimitedString(Collection<?> coll, String delim) {
+		return collectionToDelimitedString(coll, delim, "", "");
+	}
+
+//	/**
+//	 * Convenience method to return a Collection as a CSV String.
+//	 * E.g. useful for {@code toString()} implementations.
+//	 * @param coll the Collection to display
+//	 * @return the delimited String
+//	 */
+//	public static String collectionToCommaDelimitedString(Collection<?> coll) {
+//		return collectionToDelimitedString(coll, ",");
+//	}
+
+//	/**
+//	 * Convenience method to return a String array as a delimited (e.g. CSV)
+//	 * String. E.g. useful for {@code toString()} implementations.
+//	 * @param arr the array to display
+//	 * @param delim the delimiter to use (probably a ",")
+//	 * @return the delimited String
+//	 */
+//	public static String arrayToDelimitedString(Object[] arr, String delim) {
+//		if (ObjectUtils.isEmpty(arr)) {
+//			return "";
+//		}
+//		if (arr.length == 1) {
+//			return ObjectUtils.nullSafeToString(arr[0]);
+//		}
+//		StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
+//		for (int i = 0; i < arr.length; i++) {
+//			if (i > 0) {
+//				sb.append(delim);
+//			}
+//			sb.append(arr[i]);
+//		}
+//		return sb.toString();
+//	}
+//
+//	/**
+//	 * Convenience method to return a String array as a CSV String.
+//	 * E.g. useful for {@code toString()} implementations.
+//	 * @param arr the array to display
+//	 * @return the delimited String
+//	 */
+//	public static String arrayToCommaDelimitedString(Object[] arr) {
+//		return arrayToDelimitedString(arr, ",");
+//	}
+
+}
\ No newline at end of file

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/incubator-tamaya/blob/a55d1c97/core/src/main/java/org/apache/tamaya/core/internal/resources/io/UrlResource.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/core/src/main/java/org/apache/tamaya/core/internal/resources/io/UrlResource.java b/core/src/main/java/org/apache/tamaya/core/internal/resources/io/UrlResource.java
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..9764820
--- /dev/null
+++ b/core/src/main/java/org/apache/tamaya/core/internal/resources/io/UrlResource.java
@@ -0,0 +1,261 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright 2002-2013 the original author or authors.
+ *
+ * Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
+ * you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
+ * You may obtain a copy of the License at
+ *
+ *      http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
+ *
+ * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
+ * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
+ * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
+ * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
+ * limitations under the License.
+ */
+package org.apache.tamaya.core.internal.resources.io;
+
+import java.io.File;
+import java.io.IOException;
+import java.io.InputStream;
+import java.net.HttpURLConnection;
+import java.net.MalformedURLException;
+import java.net.URI;
+import java.net.URISyntaxException;
+import java.net.URL;
+import java.net.URLConnection;
+import java.util.Objects;
+
+/**
+ * {@link org.apache.tamaya.core.internal.resources.io.Resource} implementation for {@code java.net.URL} locators.
+ * Obviously supports resolution as URL, and also as File in case of
+ * the "file:" protocol.
+ *
+ * @author Juergen Hoeller
+ * @since 28.12.2003
+ * @see java.net.URL
+ */
+public class UrlResource extends AbstractFileResolvingResource {
+
+    /**
+     * Original URI, if available; used for URI and File access.
+     */
+    private final URI uri;
+
+    /**
+     * Original URL, used for actual access.
+     */
+    private final URL url;
+
+    /**
+     * Cleaned URL (with normalized path), used for comparisons.
+     */
+    private final URL cleanedUrl;
+
+
+    /**
+     * Create a new UrlResource based on the given URI object.
+     * @param uri a URI
+     * @throws MalformedURLException if the given URL path is not valid
+     */
+    public UrlResource(URI uri) throws MalformedURLException {
+        Objects.requireNonNull(uri, "URI must not be null");
+        this.uri = uri;
+        this.url = uri.toURL();
+        this.cleanedUrl = getCleanedUrl(this.url, uri.toString());
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Create a new UrlResource based on the given URL object.
+     * @param url a URL
+     */
+    public UrlResource(URL url) {
+        Objects.requireNonNull(url, "URL must not be null");
+        this.url = url;
+        this.cleanedUrl = getCleanedUrl(this.url, url.toString());
+        this.uri = null;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Create a new UrlResource based on a URL path.
+     * <p>Note: The given path needs to be pre-encoded if necessary.
+     * @param path a URL path
+     * @throws MalformedURLException if the given URL path is not valid
+     * @see java.net.URL#URL(String)
+     */
+    public UrlResource(String path) throws MalformedURLException {
+        Objects.requireNonNull(path, "Path must not be null");
+        this.uri = null;
+        this.url = new URL(path);
+        this.cleanedUrl = getCleanedUrl(this.url, path);
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Create a new UrlResource based on a URI specification.
+     * <p>The given parts will automatically get encoded if necessary.
+     * @param protocol the URL protocol to use (e.g. "jar" or "file" - without colon);
+     * also known as "scheme"
+     * @param location the location (e.g. the file path within that protocol);
+     * also known as "scheme-specific part"
+     * @throws MalformedURLException if the given URL specification is not valid
+     * @see java.net.URI#URI(String, String, String)
+     */
+    public UrlResource(String protocol, String location) throws MalformedURLException  {
+        this(protocol, location, null);
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Create a new UrlResource based on a URI specification.
+     * <p>The given parts will automatically get encoded if necessary.
+     * @param protocol the URL protocol to use (e.g. "jar" or "file" - without colon);
+     * also known as "scheme"
+     * @param location the location (e.g. the file path within that protocol);
+     * also known as "scheme-specific part"
+     * @param fragment the fragment within that location (e.g. anchor on an HTML page,
+     * as following after a "#" separator)
+     * @throws MalformedURLException if the given URL specification is not valid
+     * @see java.net.URI#URI(String, String, String)
+     */
+    public UrlResource(String protocol, String location, String fragment) throws MalformedURLException  {
+        try {
+            this.uri = new URI(protocol, location, fragment);
+            this.url = this.uri.toURL();
+            this.cleanedUrl = getCleanedUrl(this.url, this.uri.toString());
+        }
+        catch (URISyntaxException ex) {
+            MalformedURLException exToThrow = new MalformedURLException(ex.getMessage());
+            exToThrow.initCause(ex);
+            throw exToThrow;
+        }
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Determine a cleaned URL for the given original URL.
+     * @param originalUrl the original URL
+     * @param originalPath the original URL path
+     * @return the cleaned URL
+     */
+    private URL getCleanedUrl(URL originalUrl, String originalPath) {
+        try {
+            return new URL(StringUtils.cleanPath(originalPath));
+        }
+        catch (MalformedURLException ex) {
+            // Cleaned URL path cannot be converted to URL
+            // -> take original URL.
+            return originalUrl;
+        }
+    }
+
+
+    /**
+     * This implementation opens an InputStream for the given URL.
+     * It sets the "UseCaches" flag to {@code false},
+     * mainly to avoid jar file locking on Windows.
+     * @see java.net.URL#openConnection()
+     * @see java.net.URLConnection#setUseCaches(boolean)
+     * @see java.net.URLConnection#getInputStream()
+     */
+    @Override
+    public InputStream getInputStream()throws IOException {
+        URLConnection con = null;
+        try {
+            con = this.url.openConnection();
+            ResourceUtils.useCachesIfNecessary(con);
+            return con.getInputStream();
+        }
+        catch (IOException ex) {
+            // Close the HTTP connection (if applicable).
+            if (con instanceof HttpURLConnection) {
+                ((HttpURLConnection) con).disconnect();
+            }
+            throw ex;
+        }
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * This implementation returns the underlying URL reference.
+     */
+    @Override
+    public URL getURL() throws IOException {
+        return this.url;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * This implementation returns the underlying URI directly,
+     * if possible.
+     */
+    @Override
+    public URI getURI() throws IOException {
+        if (this.uri != null) {
+            return this.uri;
+        }
+        else {
+            return super.getURI();
+        }
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * This implementation returns a File reference for the underlying URL/URI,
+     * provided that it refers to a file in the file system.
+     */
+    @Override
+    public File getFile() throws IOException {
+        if (this.uri != null) {
+            return super.getFile(this.uri);
+        }
+        else {
+            return super.getFile();
+        }
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * This implementation creates a UrlResource, applying the given path
+     * relative to the path of the underlying URL of this resource descriptor.
+     * @see java.net.URL#URL(java.net.URL, String)
+     */
+    @Override
+    public Resource createRelative(String relativePath) throws MalformedURLException {
+        if (relativePath.startsWith("/")) {
+            relativePath = relativePath.substring(1);
+        }
+        return new UrlResource(new URL(this.url, relativePath));
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * This implementation returns the name of the file that this URL refers to.
+     * @see java.net.URL#getFile()
+     * @see java.io.File#getName()
+     */
+    @Override
+    public String getFilename() {
+        return new File(this.url.getFile()).getName();
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * This implementation returns a description that includes the URL.
+     */
+    @Override
+    public String getDescription() {
+        return "URL [" + this.url + "]";
+    }
+
+
+    /**
+     * This implementation compares the underlying URL references.
+     */
+    @Override
+    public boolean equals(Object obj) {
+        return (obj == this ||
+                (obj instanceof UrlResource && this.cleanedUrl.equals(((UrlResource) obj).cleanedUrl)));
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * This implementation returns the hash code of the underlying URL reference.
+     */
+    @Override
+    public int hashCode() {
+        return this.cleanedUrl.hashCode();
+    }
+
+}
+

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/incubator-tamaya/blob/a55d1c97/core/src/main/java/org/apache/tamaya/core/internal/resources/io/VfsResource.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/core/src/main/java/org/apache/tamaya/core/internal/resources/io/VfsResource.java b/core/src/main/java/org/apache/tamaya/core/internal/resources/io/VfsResource.java
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..06f509d
--- /dev/null
+++ b/core/src/main/java/org/apache/tamaya/core/internal/resources/io/VfsResource.java
@@ -0,0 +1,132 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright 2002-2014 the original author or authors.
+ *
+ * Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
+ * you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
+ * You may obtain a copy of the License at
+ *
+ *      http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
+ *
+ * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
+ * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
+ * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
+ * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
+ * limitations under the License.
+ */
+package org.apache.tamaya.core.internal.resources.io;
+
+import java.io.File;
+import java.io.IOException;
+import java.io.InputStream;
+import java.net.URI;
+import java.net.URL;
+import java.util.Objects;
+
+/**
+ * JBoss VFS based {@link Resource} implementation.
+ *
+ * <p>As of Spring 4.0, this class supports VFS 3.x on JBoss AS 6+ (package
+ * {@code org.jboss.vfs}) and is in particular compatible with JBoss AS 7 and
+ * WildFly 8.
+ *
+ * @author Ales Justin
+ * @author Juergen Hoeller
+ * @author Costin Leau
+ * @since 3.0
+ */
+public class VfsResource extends AbstractResource {
+
+	private final Object resource;
+
+
+	public VfsResource(Object resource) {
+		Objects.requireNonNull(resource, "VirtualFile must not be null");
+		this.resource = resource;
+	}
+
+
+	@Override
+	public InputStream getInputStream()throws IOException {
+        return VfsUtils.getInputStream(this.resource);
+    }
+
+	@Override
+	public boolean exists() {
+		return VfsUtils.exists(this.resource);
+	}
+
+	@Override
+	public boolean isReadable() {
+		return VfsUtils.isReadable(this.resource);
+	}
+
+	@Override
+	public URL getURL() throws IOException {
+		try {
+			return VfsUtils.getURL(this.resource);
+		}
+		catch (Exception ex) {
+			throw new IllegalStateException("Failed to obtain URL for file " + this.resource, ex);
+		}
+	}
+
+	@Override
+	public URI getURI() throws IOException {
+		try {
+			return VfsUtils.getURI(this.resource);
+		}
+		catch (Exception ex) {
+			throw new IllegalStateException("Failed to obtain URI for " + this.resource, ex);
+		}
+	}
+
+	@Override
+	public File getFile() throws IOException {
+		return VfsUtils.getFile(this.resource);
+	}
+
+	@Override
+	public long contentLength() throws IOException {
+		return VfsUtils.getSize(this.resource);
+	}
+
+	@Override
+	public long lastModified() throws IOException {
+		return VfsUtils.getLastModified(this.resource);
+	}
+
+	@Override
+	public Resource createRelative(String relativePath) throws IOException {
+		if (!relativePath.startsWith(".") && relativePath.contains("/")) {
+			try {
+				return new VfsResource(VfsUtils.getChild(this.resource, relativePath));
+			}
+			catch (IOException ex) {
+				// fall back to getRelative
+			}
+		}
+
+		return new VfsResource(VfsUtils.getRelative(new URL(getURL(), relativePath)));
+	}
+
+	@Override
+	public String getFilename() {
+		return VfsUtils.getName(this.resource);
+	}
+
+	@Override
+	public String getDescription() {
+		return this.resource.toString();
+	}
+
+	@Override
+	public boolean equals(Object obj) {
+		return (obj == this || (obj instanceof VfsResource && this.resource.equals(((VfsResource) obj).resource)));
+	}
+
+	@Override
+	public int hashCode() {
+		return this.resource.hashCode();
+	}
+
+}

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/incubator-tamaya/blob/a55d1c97/core/src/main/java/org/apache/tamaya/core/internal/resources/io/VfsUtils.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/core/src/main/java/org/apache/tamaya/core/internal/resources/io/VfsUtils.java b/core/src/main/java/org/apache/tamaya/core/internal/resources/io/VfsUtils.java
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..ff2636f
--- /dev/null
+++ b/core/src/main/java/org/apache/tamaya/core/internal/resources/io/VfsUtils.java
@@ -0,0 +1,209 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright 2002-2014 the original author or authors.
+ *
+ * Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
+ * you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
+ * You may obtain a copy of the License at
+ *
+ *      http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
+ *
+ * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
+ * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
+ * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
+ * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
+ * limitations under the License.
+ */
+package org.apache.tamaya.core.internal.resources.io;
+
+import java.io.File;
+import java.io.IOException;
+import java.io.InputStream;
+import java.lang.reflect.*;
+import java.net.URI;
+import java.net.URL;
+
+/**
+ * Utility for detecting and accessing JBoss VFS in the classpath.
+ *
+ * <p>As of Spring 4.0, this class supports VFS 3.x on JBoss AS 6+ (package
+ * {@code org.jboss.vfs}) and is in particular compatible with JBoss AS 7 and
+ * WildFly 8.
+ *
+ * <p>Thanks go to Marius Bogoevici for the initial patch.
+ * <b>Note:</b> This is an internal class and should not be used outside the framework.
+ *
+ * @author Costin Leau
+ * @author Juergen Hoeller
+ * @since 3.0.3
+ */
+class VfsUtils {
+
+	private static final String VFS3_PKG = "org.jboss.vfs.";
+	private static final String VFS_NAME = "VFS";
+
+	private static Method VFS_METHOD_GET_ROOT_URL = null;
+	private static Method VFS_METHOD_GET_ROOT_URI = null;
+
+	private static Method VIRTUAL_FILE_METHOD_EXISTS = null;
+	private static Method VIRTUAL_FILE_METHOD_GET_INPUT_STREAM;
+	private static Method VIRTUAL_FILE_METHOD_GET_SIZE;
+	private static Method VIRTUAL_FILE_METHOD_GET_LAST_MODIFIED;
+	private static Method VIRTUAL_FILE_METHOD_TO_URL;
+	private static Method VIRTUAL_FILE_METHOD_TO_URI;
+	private static Method VIRTUAL_FILE_METHOD_GET_NAME;
+	private static Method VIRTUAL_FILE_METHOD_GET_PATH_NAME;
+	private static Method VIRTUAL_FILE_METHOD_GET_CHILD;
+
+	protected static Class<?> VIRTUAL_FILE_VISITOR_INTERFACE;
+	protected static Method VIRTUAL_FILE_METHOD_VISIT;
+
+	private static Field VISITOR_ATTRIBUTES_FIELD_RECURSE = null;
+	private static Method GET_PHYSICAL_FILE = null;
+
+	static {
+		ClassLoader loader = VfsUtils.class.getClassLoader();
+		try {
+			Class<?> vfsClass = loader.loadClass(VFS3_PKG + VFS_NAME);
+			VFS_METHOD_GET_ROOT_URL = ReflectionUtils.findMethod(vfsClass, "getChild", URL.class);
+			VFS_METHOD_GET_ROOT_URI = ReflectionUtils.findMethod(vfsClass, "getChild", URI.class);
+
+			Class<?> virtualFile = loader.loadClass(VFS3_PKG + "VirtualFile");
+			VIRTUAL_FILE_METHOD_EXISTS = ReflectionUtils.findMethod(virtualFile, "exists");
+			VIRTUAL_FILE_METHOD_GET_INPUT_STREAM = ReflectionUtils.findMethod(virtualFile, "openStream");
+			VIRTUAL_FILE_METHOD_GET_SIZE = ReflectionUtils.findMethod(virtualFile, "getSize");
+			VIRTUAL_FILE_METHOD_GET_LAST_MODIFIED = ReflectionUtils.findMethod(virtualFile, "getLastModified");
+			VIRTUAL_FILE_METHOD_TO_URI = ReflectionUtils.findMethod(virtualFile, "toURI");
+			VIRTUAL_FILE_METHOD_TO_URL = ReflectionUtils.findMethod(virtualFile, "toURL");
+			VIRTUAL_FILE_METHOD_GET_NAME = ReflectionUtils.findMethod(virtualFile, "getName");
+			VIRTUAL_FILE_METHOD_GET_PATH_NAME = ReflectionUtils.findMethod(virtualFile, "getPathName");
+			GET_PHYSICAL_FILE = ReflectionUtils.findMethod(virtualFile, "getPhysicalFile");
+			VIRTUAL_FILE_METHOD_GET_CHILD = ReflectionUtils.findMethod(virtualFile, "getChild", String.class);
+
+			VIRTUAL_FILE_VISITOR_INTERFACE = loader.loadClass(VFS3_PKG + "VirtualFileVisitor");
+			VIRTUAL_FILE_METHOD_VISIT = ReflectionUtils.findMethod(virtualFile, "visit", VIRTUAL_FILE_VISITOR_INTERFACE);
+
+			Class<?> visitorAttributesClass = loader.loadClass(VFS3_PKG + "VisitorAttributes");
+			VISITOR_ATTRIBUTES_FIELD_RECURSE = ReflectionUtils.findField(visitorAttributesClass, "RECURSE");
+		}
+		catch (ClassNotFoundException ex) {
+			throw new IllegalStateException("Could not detect JBoss VFS infrastructure", ex);
+		}
+	}
+
+    private VfsUtils(){}
+
+    static void visit(Object resource, InvocationHandler visitor) throws IOException {
+        Object visitorProxy = Proxy.newProxyInstance(
+                VIRTUAL_FILE_VISITOR_INTERFACE.getClassLoader(),
+                new Class<?>[]{VIRTUAL_FILE_VISITOR_INTERFACE}, visitor);
+        invokeVfsMethod(VIRTUAL_FILE_METHOD_VISIT, resource, visitorProxy);
+    }
+
+	protected static Object invokeVfsMethod(Method method, Object target, Object... args) throws IOException {
+		try {
+			return method.invoke(target, args);
+		}
+		catch (InvocationTargetException ex) {
+			Throwable targetEx = ex.getTargetException();
+			if (targetEx instanceof IOException) {
+				throw (IOException) targetEx;
+			}
+			ReflectionUtils.handleInvocationTargetException(ex);
+		}
+		catch (Exception ex) {
+			ReflectionUtils.handleReflectionException(ex);
+		}
+
+		throw new IllegalStateException("Invalid code path reached");
+	}
+
+	static boolean exists(Object vfsResource) {
+		try {
+			return (Boolean) invokeVfsMethod(VIRTUAL_FILE_METHOD_EXISTS, vfsResource);
+		}
+		catch (IOException ex) {
+			return false;
+		}
+	}
+
+	static boolean isReadable(Object vfsResource) {
+		try {
+			return ((Long) invokeVfsMethod(VIRTUAL_FILE_METHOD_GET_SIZE, vfsResource) > 0);
+		}
+		catch (IOException ex) {
+			return false;
+		}
+	}
+
+	static long getSize(Object vfsResource) throws IOException {
+		return (Long) invokeVfsMethod(VIRTUAL_FILE_METHOD_GET_SIZE, vfsResource);
+	}
+
+	static long getLastModified(Object vfsResource) throws IOException {
+		return (Long) invokeVfsMethod(VIRTUAL_FILE_METHOD_GET_LAST_MODIFIED, vfsResource);
+	}
+
+	static InputStream getInputStream(Object vfsResource) throws IOException {
+		return (InputStream) invokeVfsMethod(VIRTUAL_FILE_METHOD_GET_INPUT_STREAM, vfsResource);
+	}
+
+	static URL getURL(Object vfsResource) throws IOException {
+		return (URL) invokeVfsMethod(VIRTUAL_FILE_METHOD_TO_URL, vfsResource);
+	}
+
+	static URI getURI(Object vfsResource) throws IOException {
+		return (URI) invokeVfsMethod(VIRTUAL_FILE_METHOD_TO_URI, vfsResource);
+	}
+
+	static String getName(Object vfsResource) {
+		try {
+			return (String) invokeVfsMethod(VIRTUAL_FILE_METHOD_GET_NAME, vfsResource);
+		}
+		catch (IOException ex) {
+			throw new IllegalStateException("Cannot get resource name", ex);
+		}
+	}
+
+	static Object getRelative(URL url) throws IOException {
+		return invokeVfsMethod(VFS_METHOD_GET_ROOT_URL, null, url);
+	}
+
+	static Object getChild(Object vfsResource, String path) throws IOException {
+		return invokeVfsMethod(VIRTUAL_FILE_METHOD_GET_CHILD, vfsResource, path);
+	}
+
+	static File getFile(Object vfsResource) throws IOException {
+		return (File) invokeVfsMethod(GET_PHYSICAL_FILE, vfsResource);
+	}
+
+	static Object getRoot(URI url) throws IOException {
+		return invokeVfsMethod(VFS_METHOD_GET_ROOT_URI, null, url);
+	}
+
+	// protected methods used by the support sub-package
+
+	protected static Object getRoot(URL url) throws IOException {
+		return invokeVfsMethod(VFS_METHOD_GET_ROOT_URL, null, url);
+	}
+
+	protected static Object getVisitorAttribute() {
+		try{
+            return VISITOR_ATTRIBUTES_FIELD_RECURSE.get(null);
+        }
+        catch(Exception e){
+            ReflectionUtils.handleReflectionException(e);
+            return null; // never called
+        }
+	}
+
+	protected static String getPath(Object resource) {
+		try{
+            return (String) VIRTUAL_FILE_METHOD_GET_PATH_NAME.invoke(resource);
+        }
+        catch(Exception e){
+            ReflectionUtils.handleReflectionException(e);
+            return null; // never called
+        }
+	}
+
+}

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/incubator-tamaya/blob/a55d1c97/core/src/main/java/org/apache/tamaya/core/internal/resources/io/WritableResource.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/core/src/main/java/org/apache/tamaya/core/internal/resources/io/WritableResource.java b/core/src/main/java/org/apache/tamaya/core/internal/resources/io/WritableResource.java
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..26fe268
--- /dev/null
+++ b/core/src/main/java/org/apache/tamaya/core/internal/resources/io/WritableResource.java
@@ -0,0 +1,52 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright 2002-2012 the original author or authors.
+ *
+ * Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
+ * you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
+ * You may obtain a copy of the License at
+ *
+ *      http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
+ *
+ * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
+ * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
+ * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
+ * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
+ * limitations under the License.
+ */
+
+package org.apache.tamaya.core.internal.resources.io;
+
+import java.io.IOException;
+import java.io.OutputStream;
+
+/**
+ * Extended interface for a resource that supports writing to it.
+ * Provides an {@link #getOutputStream() OutputStream accessor}.
+ *
+ * @author Juergen Hoeller
+ * @since 3.1
+ * @see java.io.OutputStream
+ */
+public interface WritableResource extends Resource {
+
+	/**
+	 * Return whether the contents of this resource can be modified,
+	 * e.g. via {@link #getOutputStream()} or {@link #getFile()}.
+	 * <p>Will be {@code true} for typical resource descriptors;
+	 * note that actual content writing may still fail when attempted.
+	 * However, a value of {@code false} is a definitive indication
+	 * that the resource content cannot be modified.
+	 * @see #getOutputStream()
+	 * @see #isReadable()
+	 */
+	boolean isWritable();
+
+	/**
+	 * Return an {@link OutputStream} for the underlying resource,
+	 * allowing to (over-)write its content.
+	 * @throws IOException if the stream could not be opened
+	 * @see #getInputStream()
+	 */
+	OutputStream getOutputStream() throws IOException;
+
+}

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/incubator-tamaya/blob/a55d1c97/core/src/main/java/org/apache/tamaya/core/properties/AbstractPropertyProvider.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/core/src/main/java/org/apache/tamaya/core/properties/AbstractPropertyProvider.java b/core/src/main/java/org/apache/tamaya/core/properties/AbstractPropertyProvider.java
index 8134db8..bb1d3ce 100644
--- a/core/src/main/java/org/apache/tamaya/core/properties/AbstractPropertyProvider.java
+++ b/core/src/main/java/org/apache/tamaya/core/properties/AbstractPropertyProvider.java
@@ -27,7 +27,7 @@ import java.util.*;
 
 /**
  * Abstract base class for implementing a {@link org.apache.tamaya.PropertyProvider}. Also
- * consider using {@link MapBasedPropertyProvider} instead of.
+ * consider using {@link org.apache.tamaya.core.internal.MapBasedPropertyProvider} instead of.
  */
 @SuppressWarnings("NullableProblems")
 public abstract class AbstractPropertyProvider implements PropertyProvider, Serializable{

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/incubator-tamaya/blob/a55d1c97/core/src/main/java/org/apache/tamaya/core/properties/AggregatedPropertyProvider.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/core/src/main/java/org/apache/tamaya/core/properties/AggregatedPropertyProvider.java b/core/src/main/java/org/apache/tamaya/core/properties/AggregatedPropertyProvider.java
deleted file mode 100644
index 91ddf2b..0000000
--- a/core/src/main/java/org/apache/tamaya/core/properties/AggregatedPropertyProvider.java
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,137 +0,0 @@
-/*
- * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one
- * or more contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file
- * distributed with this work for additional information
- * regarding copyright ownership.  The ASF licenses this file
- * to you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the
- * "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance
- * with the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
- *
- *   http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
- *
- * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing,
- * software distributed under the License is distributed on an
- * "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY
- * KIND, either express or implied.  See the License for the
- * specific language governing permissions and limitations
- * under the License.
- */
-package org.apache.tamaya.core.properties;
-
-import org.apache.tamaya.ConfigChangeSet;
-import org.apache.tamaya.MetaInfoBuilder;
-import org.apache.tamaya.PropertyProvider;
-import java.util.*;
-
-/**
- * Implementation for a {@link org.apache.tamaya.PropertyProvider} that is an aggregate of
- * multiple child instances. Controlled by an {@link AggregationPolicy} the
- * following aggregations are supported:
- * <ul>
- * <li><b>IGNORE: </b>Ignore all overrides.</li>
- * <li><b>: </b></li>
- * <li><b>: </b></li>
- * <li><b>: </b></li>
- * </ul>
- */
-class AggregatedPropertyProvider extends AbstractPropertyProvider{
-
-    private static final long serialVersionUID = -1419376385695224799L;
-	private AggregationPolicy policy = AggregationPolicy.IGNORE;
-	private List<PropertyProvider> units = new ArrayList<PropertyProvider>();
-    private PropertyProvider mutableProvider;
-
-    /**
-     * Creates a new instance.
-     * @param mutableProvider the provider instance that would be used for delegating
-     *                        change requests.
-     * @param policy
-     *            The aggregation policy to be used.
-     * @param propertyMaps
-     *            The property sets to be included.
-     */
-	public AggregatedPropertyProvider(PropertyProvider mutableProvider, AggregationPolicy policy, PropertyProvider... propertyMaps) {
-        super(MetaInfoBuilder.of().setType("aggregated").set("policy", policy.toString()).build());
-        Objects.requireNonNull(policy);
-        this.policy = policy;
-		units.addAll(Arrays.asList(propertyMaps));
-        this.mutableProvider = mutableProvider;
-	}
-
-	/**
-	 * Get the {@link AggregationPolicy} for this instance.
-	 * 
-	 * @return the {@link AggregationPolicy}, never {@code null}.
-	 */
-	public AggregationPolicy getAggregationPolicy() {
-		return policy;
-	}
-
-	/**
-	 * Return the names of the {@link org.apache.tamaya.PropertyProvider} instances to be
-	 * aggregated in this instance, in the order of precedence (the first are
-	 * the weakest).
-	 * 
-	 * @return the ordered list of aggregated scope identifiers, never
-	 *         {@code null}.
-	 */
-	public List<PropertyProvider> getConfigurationUnits() {
-		return Collections.unmodifiableList(units);
-	}
-
-    /**
-     * Apply a config change to this item. Hereby the change must be related to the same instance.
-     * @param change the config change
-     * @throws org.apache.tamaya.ConfigException if an unrelated change was passed.
-     * @throws UnsupportedOperationException when the configuration is not writable.
-     */
-    @Override
-    public void apply(ConfigChangeSet change){
-        if(mutableProvider!=null)
-            mutableProvider.apply(change);
-        else
-            super.apply(change);
-    }
-
-    @Override
-    public Map<String,String> toMap() {
-		Map<String, String> value = new HashMap<>();
-        for (PropertyProvider unit : units) {
-            for (Map.Entry<String, String> entry : unit.toMap()
-                    .entrySet()) {
-                switch (policy) {
-                    case IGNORE:
-                        if (!value.containsKey(entry.getKey())) {
-                            value.put(entry.getKey(), entry.getValue());
-                        }
-                        break;
-                    case EXCEPTION:
-                        if (value.containsKey(entry.getKey())) {
-                            throw new IllegalStateException("Duplicate key: "
-                                                                    + entry.getKey()
-                                                                    + " in " + this);
-                        }
-                        else {
-                            value.put(entry.getKey(), entry.getValue());
-                        }
-                        break;
-                    case OVERRIDE:
-                        value.put(entry.getKey(), entry.getValue());
-                        break;
-                    default:
-                        break;
-                }
-            }
-        }
-        return value;
-	}
-
-    @Override
-	public ConfigChangeSet load() {
-		for (PropertyProvider unit : units) {
-			unit.load();
-		}
-        return super.load();
-	}
-
-}

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/incubator-tamaya/blob/a55d1c97/core/src/main/java/org/apache/tamaya/core/properties/AggregationPolicy.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/core/src/main/java/org/apache/tamaya/core/properties/AggregationPolicy.java b/core/src/main/java/org/apache/tamaya/core/properties/AggregationPolicy.java
deleted file mode 100644
index 576652f..0000000
--- a/core/src/main/java/org/apache/tamaya/core/properties/AggregationPolicy.java
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,38 +0,0 @@
-/*
- * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one
- * or more contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file
- * distributed with this work for additional information
- * regarding copyright ownership.  The ASF licenses this file
- * to you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the
- * "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance
- * with the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
- *
- *   http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
- *
- * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing,
- * software distributed under the License is distributed on an
- * "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY
- * KIND, either express or implied.  See the License for the
- * specific language governing permissions and limitations
- * under the License.
- */
-package org.apache.tamaya.core.properties;
-
-/**
- * Policy that defines how the different aggregates should be combined.
- */
-public enum AggregationPolicy{
-    /** Ignore overrides, only extend (additive). */
-    IGNORE,
-    /**
-     * Interpret later keys as override (additive and override), replacing
-     * the key loaded earlier/from previous contained
-     * {@link javax.config.PropertyMap}.
-     */
-    OVERRIDE,
-    /**
-     * Throw an exception, when keys are not disjunctive (strictly
-     * additive).
-     */
-    EXCEPTION
-}

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/incubator-tamaya/blob/a55d1c97/core/src/main/java/org/apache/tamaya/core/properties/ContextualPropertyProvider.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/core/src/main/java/org/apache/tamaya/core/properties/ContextualPropertyProvider.java b/core/src/main/java/org/apache/tamaya/core/properties/ContextualPropertyProvider.java
deleted file mode 100644
index 1caa234..0000000
--- a/core/src/main/java/org/apache/tamaya/core/properties/ContextualPropertyProvider.java
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,176 +0,0 @@
-/*
- * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one
- * or more contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file
- * distributed with this work for additional information
- * regarding copyright ownership.  The ASF licenses this file
- * to you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the
- * "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance
- * with the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
- *
- *   http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
- *
- * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing,
- * software distributed under the License is distributed on an
- * "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY
- * KIND, either express or implied.  See the License for the
- * specific language governing permissions and limitations
- * under the License.
- */
-package org.apache.tamaya.core.properties;
-
-import org.apache.tamaya.ConfigChangeSet;
-import org.apache.tamaya.MetaInfo;
-import org.apache.tamaya.MetaInfoBuilder;
-import org.apache.tamaya.PropertyProvider;
-import java.util.Map;
-import java.util.Objects;
-import java.util.Optional;
-import java.util.Set;
-import java.util.concurrent.ConcurrentHashMap;
-import java.util.function.Supplier;
-
-/**
- * Created by Anatole on 12.04.2014.
- */
-class ContextualPropertyProvider implements PropertyProvider{
-
-    private volatile Map<String,PropertyProvider> cachedMaps = new ConcurrentHashMap<>();
-
-    private Supplier<PropertyProvider> mapSupplier;
-    private Supplier<String> isolationKeySupplier;
-    private MetaInfo metaInfo;
-
-    /**
-     * Creates a new contextual PropertyMap. Contextual maps delegate to different instances of PropertyMap depending
-     * on the keys returned from the isolationP
-     *
-     * @param mapSupplier
-     * @param isolationKeySupplier
-     */
-    public ContextualPropertyProvider(Supplier<PropertyProvider> mapSupplier, Supplier<String> isolationKeySupplier){
-        this.metaInfo = MetaInfoBuilder.of().setType("contextual").set("mapSupplier", mapSupplier.toString())
-                      .set("isolationKeySupplier", isolationKeySupplier.toString()).build();
-        Objects.requireNonNull(mapSupplier);
-        Objects.requireNonNull(isolationKeySupplier);
-        this.mapSupplier = mapSupplier;
-        this.isolationKeySupplier = isolationKeySupplier;
-    }
-
-    /**
-     * This method provides the contextual Map for the current environment. Hereby, ba default, for each different
-     * key returned by the #isolationKeySupplier a separate PropertyMap instance is acquired from the #mapSupplier.
-     * If the map supplier returns an instance it is cached in the local #cachedMaps.
-     *
-     * @return the current contextual PropertyMap.
-     */
-    protected PropertyProvider getContextualMap(){
-        String environmentKey = this.isolationKeySupplier.get();
-        if(environmentKey == null){
-            return PropertyProviders.empty();
-        }
-        PropertyProvider map = this.cachedMaps.get(environmentKey);
-        if(map == null){
-            synchronized(cachedMaps){
-                map = this.cachedMaps.get(environmentKey);
-                if(map == null){
-                    map = this.mapSupplier.get();
-                    if(map == null){
-                        return PropertyProviders
-                                .empty(MetaInfoBuilder.of().setInfo(
-                                        "No map provided by supplier " + mapSupplier + " for key " + environmentKey)
-                                                  .build());
-                    }
-                    this.cachedMaps.put(environmentKey, map);
-                }
-            }
-        }
-        return map;
-    }
-
-    @Override
-    public ConfigChangeSet load(){
-        return getContextualMap().load();
-    }
-
-    @Override
-    public boolean containsKey(String key){
-        return getContextualMap().containsKey(key);
-    }
-
-    @Override
-    public Map<String,String> toMap(){
-        return getContextualMap().toMap();
-    }
-
-    @Override
-    public MetaInfo getMetaInfo(){
-        return this.metaInfo;
-    }
-
-    @Override
-    public Optional<String> get(String key){
-        return getContextualMap().get(key);
-    }
-
-    @Override
-    public Set<String> keySet(){
-        return getContextualMap().keySet();
-    }
-
-    /**
-     * Apply a config change to this item. Hereby the change must be related to the same instance.
-     * @param change the config change
-     * @throws org.apache.tamaya.ConfigException if an unrelated change was passed.
-     * @throws UnsupportedOperationException when the configuration is not writable.
-     */
-    @Override
-    public void apply(ConfigChangeSet change){
-        getContextualMap().apply(change);
-    }
-
-    /**
-     * Access a cached PropertyMap.
-     *
-     * @param key the target environment key as returned by the environment key supplier, not null.
-     * @return the corresponding PropertyMap, or null.
-     */
-    public PropertyProvider getCachedMap(String key){
-        return this.cachedMaps.get(key);
-    }
-
-    /**
-     * Access the set of currently loaded/cached maps.
-     *
-     * @return the set of cached map keys, never null.
-     */
-    public Set<String> getCachedMapKeys(){
-        return this.cachedMaps.keySet();
-    }
-
-    /**
-     * Access the supplier for environment key, determining map isolation.
-     *
-     * @return the environment key supplier instance, not null.
-     */
-    public Supplier<String> getIsolationKeySupplier(){
-        return this.isolationKeySupplier;
-    }
-
-    /**
-     * Access the supplier for new PropertyMap instances.
-     *
-     * @return the PropertyMap supplier instance, not null.
-     */
-    public Supplier<PropertyProvider> getMapSupplier(){
-        return this.mapSupplier;
-    }
-
-    @Override
-    public String toString(){
-        return "ContextualMap{" +
-                "cachedMaps(key)=" + cachedMaps.keySet() +
-                ", mapSupplier=" + mapSupplier +
-                ", isolationKeySupplier=" + isolationKeySupplier +
-                '}';
-    }
-}

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/incubator-tamaya/blob/a55d1c97/core/src/main/java/org/apache/tamaya/core/properties/DelegatingPropertyProvider.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/core/src/main/java/org/apache/tamaya/core/properties/DelegatingPropertyProvider.java b/core/src/main/java/org/apache/tamaya/core/properties/DelegatingPropertyProvider.java
deleted file mode 100644
index 69c4768..0000000
--- a/core/src/main/java/org/apache/tamaya/core/properties/DelegatingPropertyProvider.java
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,103 +0,0 @@
-/*
- * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one
- * or more contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file
- * distributed with this work for additional information
- * regarding copyright ownership.  The ASF licenses this file
- * to you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the
- * "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance
- * with the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
- *
- *   http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
- *
- * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing,
- * software distributed under the License is distributed on an
- * "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY
- * KIND, either express or implied.  See the License for the
- * specific language governing permissions and limitations
- * under the License.
- */
-package org.apache.tamaya.core.properties;
-
-import org.apache.tamaya.ConfigChangeSet;
-import org.apache.tamaya.MetaInfo;
-import org.apache.tamaya.MetaInfoBuilder;
-import org.apache.tamaya.PropertyProvider;
-
-import java.util.*;
-
-/**
- * Implementation for a {@link org.apache.tamaya.PropertyProvider} that is an aggregate of
- * multiple child instances. Controlled by an {@link org.apache.tamaya.core.properties.AggregationPolicy} the
- * following aggregations are supported:
- * <ul>
- * <li><b>IGNORE: </b>Ignore all overrides.</li>
- * <li><b>: </b></li>
- * <li><b>: </b></li>
- * <li><b>: </b></li>
- * </ul>
- */
-class DelegatingPropertyProvider implements PropertyProvider{
-
-    private static final long serialVersionUID = -1419376385695224799L;
-    private PropertyProvider mainMap;
-    private Map<String,String> parentMap;
-    private MetaInfo metaInfo;
-
-    /**
-     * Creates a mew instance, with aggregation polilcy
-     * {@code AggregationPolicy.OVERRIDE}.
-     *
-     * @param mainMap   The main ConfigMap.
-     * @param parentMap The delegated parent ConfigMap.
-     */
-    public DelegatingPropertyProvider(PropertyProvider mainMap, Map<String,String> parentMap){
-        this.metaInfo =
-                MetaInfoBuilder.of().setType("delegate").set("provider", mainMap.toString()).set("delegate", parentMap.toString())
-                        .build();
-        Objects.requireNonNull(parentMap);
-        this.parentMap = parentMap;
-        Objects.requireNonNull(parentMap);
-        this.parentMap = parentMap;
-    }
-
-    @Override
-    public ConfigChangeSet load(){
-        return mainMap.load();
-    }
-
-    @Override
-    public boolean containsKey(String key){
-        return keySet().contains(key);
-    }
-
-    @Override
-    public Map<String,String> toMap(){
-        return null;
-    }
-
-    @Override
-    public MetaInfo getMetaInfo(){
-        return this.metaInfo;
-    }
-
-    @Override
-    public Optional<String> get(String key){
-        Optional<String> val = mainMap.get(key);
-        if(!val.isPresent()){
-            return Optional.ofNullable(parentMap.get(key));
-        }
-        return val;
-    }
-
-    @Override
-    public Set<String> keySet(){
-        Set<String> keys = new HashSet<>(mainMap.keySet());
-        keys.addAll(parentMap.keySet());
-        return keys;
-    }
-
-    @Override
-    public String toString(){
-        return super.toString() + "(mainMap=" + mainMap + ", delegate=" + parentMap + ")";
-    }
-}

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/incubator-tamaya/blob/a55d1c97/core/src/main/java/org/apache/tamaya/core/properties/EnvironmentPropertyProvider.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/core/src/main/java/org/apache/tamaya/core/properties/EnvironmentPropertyProvider.java b/core/src/main/java/org/apache/tamaya/core/properties/EnvironmentPropertyProvider.java
deleted file mode 100644
index 10927c6..0000000
--- a/core/src/main/java/org/apache/tamaya/core/properties/EnvironmentPropertyProvider.java
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,43 +0,0 @@
-/*
- * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one
- * or more contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file
- * distributed with this work for additional information
- * regarding copyright ownership.  The ASF licenses this file
- * to you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the
- * "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance
- * with the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
- *
- *   http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
- *
- * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing,
- * software distributed under the License is distributed on an
- * "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY
- * KIND, either express or implied.  See the License for the
- * specific language governing permissions and limitations
- * under the License.
- */
-package org.apache.tamaya.core.properties;
-
-import org.apache.tamaya.MetaInfoBuilder;
-import java.util.Map;
-
-class EnvironmentPropertyProvider extends AbstractPropertyProvider{
-
-    private static final long serialVersionUID = 4753258482658331010L;
-
-    public Map<String,String> toMap(){
-        return System.getenv();
-    }
-
-    public EnvironmentPropertyProvider(){
-        super(MetaInfoBuilder.of().setType("env-properties").build());
-    }
-
-    @Override
-    public String toString(){
-        return "EnvironmentPropertyMap{" +
-                "props=" + super.toString() +
-                '}';
-    }
-
-}


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