I feel a little embarrased asking this question... it seems so simple... I'm having a problem when the Validator framework actually finds a validation error. My form contains a dynamically created drop-down. For correct data, the form works just fine. When the user submits bad data, however, they get a page with their errors described ( ), but the drop down now has no values in it.... and thus the cannot ever submit good data again. When I noticed the problem, my setup included a request.setAttribute("listitems", items) to insert the collection in the Action (on my "edit" action). I realized that this process probably did not occur following an HTTP submit to the "update" action. So my solution was to put a Collection object in the ActionForm.... then populate the drop-down with the ActionForm's collection.... thinking that the ActionForm object gets passed into the Action.... shouldn't the data be there? The real question is... how do I repopulate the "n" values in a 1:n relationship on a form? I think I'm becoming confused with the lifecycle of the ActionForm object, especially with regard to what is happening on a submit..... where do I insert form setup code that will run both when the user requests the form and when the user receives the form back after submitting invalid entries? Thanks for the help, Aaron --------------------------------------------------------------------- To unsubscribe, e-mail: struts-user-unsubscribe@jakarta.apache.org For additional commands, e-mail: struts-user-help@jakarta.apache.org