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From Mohan Radhakrishnan <>
Subject RE: abstract class
Date Thu, 05 Dec 2002 13:34:33 GMT
   I looked at the archives and found abstract base actions.

   1. I have two actions, the base handling the basic flow and the
sub-action handling the alternate flow. ( Apart from these two I have a
common base action which all actions extend containing login checks etc. )

   Now I wanted to pass the control to the sub-action when the alternate
flow happens. Usually it is polymorphism. Now with struts everything is
routed by the config.xml file. I can't call a method in the sub-action from
the base action ? Does it violate the struts flow ?

   That is why I decided to use an abstract method somewhere in the
hierarchy to be polymorphic but abstract classes can't be instantiated by

   That is what caused the confusion. Is my thinking right ?

The reason why I decided to have a sub-action instead of a helper class is
that in some cases it might be an independent action.


-----Original Message-----
From: Brian Hickey []
Sent: Wednesday, December 04, 2002 5:56 PM
To: Struts Users Mailing List
Subject: Re: abstract class


Two different behaviors is what you wish then you need to derive from a
concrete base class. Abstract classes are more likely to provide conformance
to an architecture or signature template.

In Struts, folks usually inherit from the Action class to create certain
behaviors. If you need to super() to a base class, you are correct, it
cannot be an abstract class. I would suggest that it shouldn't be in most
any case, but I don't know your architecture.

It is also early and I am not sure of your terminology. A base class is a
super class (standard inheritance diagrams display that way) and subsequent
derivations are known as subclasses. When you want to use the code in a
super class from your sub class, you user super() to call it. So your sub
class (a derivation of your base class) needs to call into its super class,
it is done with a super() call. The super() call is (and must be) the first
statement in the subclass's overriding method.

All of this seems too easy, so I am sure I have completely missed the point.


----- Original Message -----
From: "Mohan Radhakrishnan" <>
To: "Struts Users Mailing List" <>
Sent: Wednesday, December 04, 2002 5:47 AM
Subject: abstract class

> Hi,
>    If an action has two different behaviours then it is advised to use an
> abstract method in the base class that the sub-action can override.
>    Our base action's perform method has to pass control to a sub action's
> method for the varying behavior. But if we use an abstract method then the
> action cannot be instantiated.
>  How is this usually done?
> Thanks,
> mohan
> --
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