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From Apache Wiki <>
Subject [Struts Wiki] Update of "StrutsSolutions" by FrankZammetti
Date Mon, 01 Aug 2005 14:34:02 GMT
Dear Wiki user,

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The following page has been changed by FrankZammetti:

  7. A plug & play solution to adding a "please wait" page to any Struts action: [StrutsPleaseWait]
+ 8. How do I include an anchor name when forwarding from an Action? (i.e., how can I make
the page returned to the browser jump to a specific section out of an Action?)
  == DISCUSSION OF PROBLEMS (What Is The Problem?) ==
  4. In an application I was architect and lead developer for last year, I was asked to expose
certain pieces of functionality of the system as Web Services.  This request was made AFTER
the application was complete and deployed in production.  I did not want to spend a lot of
time on this (in fact, COULDN'T) and wanted to change as little code as possible, ideally
  5. I've seen this question asked numerous times on the Struts User's mailing list, so I
thought an entry somewhere on the Wiki might be a good idea.  The question is usually asked
something like "How can I open a new window from an Action?"  It's a little vague, but it's
along the lines of how can you submit a form and have the response appear in a new window.
 Usually it's asked within the context of doing it variably, that is, sometimes returning
in a new window, sometimes not.
+ 8. If you name an anchor in your page (<a name="something">) and you want the browser
to jump to that specific anchor when it is rendered, you would generally do something like
<a href="mypage.htm#something"> if you were doing it from a link.  Or, from a servlet,
you might attach #something to the end of the page name when using a dispatcher to forward.
 If you try to append #something to the end of a forward name from an Action though (return
mapping.findForward("myForward#something");) you will find that Struts throws an exception
about not being able to find the forward.  That is because it is looking for a forward that
is literally "myForward#something" and won't find it.
  == DISCUSSION OF SOLUTIONS (What Is The Solution?) ==
@@ -150, +154 @@

  The bottom-line here is this: There is no way to direct the browser to open the response
in a new window from an Action.  You either have to indicate you want this behavior when the
form is submitted, or make it happen with scripting once the response is back at the browser.
 At least, this is true within the confines of plain old HTML... You could always pull an
applet out and do something like this!
+ 8. In theory at least (can someone verify this, I'm being lazy!) you could actually name
your forward "myForward#something", and it should work.  However, this ties your page design
a little too much to your Struts config, and that's probably not a good idea.  The better
solution is to use a little snippet of Javascript on the client like so:
+ {{{
+ <head>
+ <script>
+   function jumpToAnchor() {
+     <% if (request.getAttribute("hash") != null) { %>
+       location.hash = "<%=request.getAttribute("hash")%>";
+     <% } %>
+   }
+ </script>
+ </head>
+ <body onLoad="jumpToAnchor();">
+ }}}
+ Then, all you need to do is add an attribute named "hash" to the request right before you
return the forward from your Action.  The value of the attribute is simply the name of the
anchor you wish to jump to.  Voila, all set!
  = THE END =

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