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From "Liviu Nicoara (JIRA)" <>
Subject [jira] [Commented] (STDCXX-1056) std::moneypunct and std::numpunct implementations are not thread-safe
Date Wed, 12 Sep 2012 01:35:07 GMT


Liviu Nicoara commented on STDCXX-1056:

I have attached stdcxx-1056-timings.tgz -- it contains an implementation of numpunct::grouping
with a non caching alternative to the current implementation, t.cpp, a multi-threaded test
program, s.cpp, a single-threaded test program, and a text file with timing results of test

This goes towards the performance of the existing code. It neglects the correctness of the
caching algorithm which, we now know, it's broken.

The results indicate that, in multi-threaded builds, the caching implementation is less performing
than a non-caching implementation. IMO, this occurs because of the atomic ops synchronization
that occurs upon the copying of the cached std::string member in the facet. The operation
that synchronizes the std::string reference counting triggers a memory update, just like a
cache miss, along with the invalidation of the relevant cache lines for all processors, etc.

In the single-threaded builds, the caching version fares better, consistently. There is no
locking in std::string, no contention, and grouping makes not trips in __rw_get_numpunct.

> std::moneypunct and std::numpunct implementations are not thread-safe
> ---------------------------------------------------------------------
>                 Key: STDCXX-1056
>                 URL:
>             Project: C++ Standard Library
>          Issue Type: Bug
>          Components: 22. Localization
>    Affects Versions: 4.2.1, 4.2.x, 4.3.x, 5.0.0
>         Environment: Solaris 10 and 11, RedHat and OpenSuSE Linux, Sun C++ Compilers
12.1, 12.2, 12.3
> Issue is independent of platform and/or compiler.
>            Reporter: Stefan Teleman
>              Labels: thread-safety
>             Fix For: 4.2.x, 4.3.x, 5.0.0
>         Attachments:, runtests-linux32-all.out, runtests-linux64-all.out,
runtests.out, stdcxx-1056.patch, stdcxx-1056-timings.tgz
> several member functions in std::moneypunct<> and std::numpunct<> return
> a std::string by value (as required by the Standard). The implication of return-by-value
> being that the caller "owns" the returned object.
> In the stdcxx implementation, the std::basic_string copy constructor uses a shared
> underlying buffer implementation. This shared buffer creates the first problem for
> these classes: although the std::string object returned by value *appears* to be owned
> by the caller, it is, in fact, not.
> In a mult-threaded environment, this underlying shared buffer can be subsequently modified
by a different thread than the one who made the initial call. Furthermore, two or more different
threads can access the same shared buffer at the same time, and modify it, resulting in undefined
run-time behavior.
> The cure for this defect has two parts:
> 1. the member functions in question must truly return a copy by avoiding a call to the
copy constructor, and using a constructor which creates a deep copy of the std::string.
> 2. access to these member functions must be serialized, in order to guarantee atomicity
> of the creation of the std::string being returned by value.
> Patch for 4.2.1 to follow.

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