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From wang...@apache.org
Subject [11/12] incubator-singa git commit: Transfer code from nusinga repo to singa apache repo. New commuinication framework is implemented to unify the frameworks of existing distributed deep learning systems. Communication is now implmented using ZeroMQ. API
Date Sun, 03 May 2015 14:04:16 GMT
http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/incubator-singa/blob/b2dc51d2/include/gtest/gtest-all.cc
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/include/gtest/gtest-all.cc b/include/gtest/gtest-all.cc
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..a9a03b2
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/gtest/gtest-all.cc
@@ -0,0 +1,9592 @@
+// Copyright 2008, Google Inc.
+// All rights reserved.
+//
+// Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
+// modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are
+// met:
+//
+//     * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
+// notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
+//     * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above
+// copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer
+// in the documentation and/or other materials provided with the
+// distribution.
+//     * Neither the name of Google Inc. nor the names of its
+// contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived from
+// this software without specific prior written permission.
+//
+// THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS
+// "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
+// LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR
+// A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT
+// OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
+// SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT
+// LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE,
+// DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY
+// THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
+// (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE
+// OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
+//
+// Author: mheule@google.com (Markus Heule)
+//
+// Google C++ Testing Framework (Google Test)
+//
+// Sometimes it's desirable to build Google Test by compiling a single file.
+// This file serves this purpose.
+
+// This line ensures that gtest.h can be compiled on its own, even
+// when it's fused.
+#include "gtest/gtest.h"
+
+// The following lines pull in the real gtest *.cc files.
+// Copyright 2005, Google Inc.
+// All rights reserved.
+//
+// Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
+// modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are
+// met:
+//
+//     * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
+// notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
+//     * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above
+// copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer
+// in the documentation and/or other materials provided with the
+// distribution.
+//     * Neither the name of Google Inc. nor the names of its
+// contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived from
+// this software without specific prior written permission.
+//
+// THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS
+// "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
+// LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR
+// A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT
+// OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
+// SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT
+// LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE,
+// DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY
+// THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
+// (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE
+// OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
+//
+// Author: wan@google.com (Zhanyong Wan)
+//
+// The Google C++ Testing Framework (Google Test)
+
+// Copyright 2007, Google Inc.
+// All rights reserved.
+//
+// Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
+// modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are
+// met:
+//
+//     * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
+// notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
+//     * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above
+// copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer
+// in the documentation and/or other materials provided with the
+// distribution.
+//     * Neither the name of Google Inc. nor the names of its
+// contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived from
+// this software without specific prior written permission.
+//
+// THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS
+// "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
+// LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR
+// A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT
+// OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
+// SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT
+// LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE,
+// DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY
+// THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
+// (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE
+// OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
+//
+// Author: wan@google.com (Zhanyong Wan)
+//
+// Utilities for testing Google Test itself and code that uses Google Test
+// (e.g. frameworks built on top of Google Test).
+
+#ifndef GTEST_INCLUDE_GTEST_GTEST_SPI_H_
+#define GTEST_INCLUDE_GTEST_GTEST_SPI_H_
+
+
+namespace testing {
+
+// This helper class can be used to mock out Google Test failure reporting
+// so that we can test Google Test or code that builds on Google Test.
+//
+// An object of this class appends a TestPartResult object to the
+// TestPartResultArray object given in the constructor whenever a Google Test
+// failure is reported. It can either intercept only failures that are
+// generated in the same thread that created this object or it can intercept
+// all generated failures. The scope of this mock object can be controlled with
+// the second argument to the two arguments constructor.
+class GTEST_API_ ScopedFakeTestPartResultReporter
+    : public TestPartResultReporterInterface {
+ public:
+  // The two possible mocking modes of this object.
+  enum InterceptMode {
+    INTERCEPT_ONLY_CURRENT_THREAD,  // Intercepts only thread local failures.
+    INTERCEPT_ALL_THREADS           // Intercepts all failures.
+  };
+
+  // The c'tor sets this object as the test part result reporter used
+  // by Google Test.  The 'result' parameter specifies where to report the
+  // results. This reporter will only catch failures generated in the current
+  // thread. DEPRECATED
+  explicit ScopedFakeTestPartResultReporter(TestPartResultArray* result);
+
+  // Same as above, but you can choose the interception scope of this object.
+  ScopedFakeTestPartResultReporter(InterceptMode intercept_mode,
+                                   TestPartResultArray* result);
+
+  // The d'tor restores the previous test part result reporter.
+  virtual ~ScopedFakeTestPartResultReporter();
+
+  // Appends the TestPartResult object to the TestPartResultArray
+  // received in the constructor.
+  //
+  // This method is from the TestPartResultReporterInterface
+  // interface.
+  virtual void ReportTestPartResult(const TestPartResult& result);
+ private:
+  void Init();
+
+  const InterceptMode intercept_mode_;
+  TestPartResultReporterInterface* old_reporter_;
+  TestPartResultArray* const result_;
+
+  GTEST_DISALLOW_COPY_AND_ASSIGN_(ScopedFakeTestPartResultReporter);
+};
+
+namespace internal {
+
+// A helper class for implementing EXPECT_FATAL_FAILURE() and
+// EXPECT_NONFATAL_FAILURE().  Its destructor verifies that the given
+// TestPartResultArray contains exactly one failure that has the given
+// type and contains the given substring.  If that's not the case, a
+// non-fatal failure will be generated.
+class GTEST_API_ SingleFailureChecker {
+ public:
+  // The constructor remembers the arguments.
+  SingleFailureChecker(const TestPartResultArray* results,
+                       TestPartResult::Type type,
+                       const string& substr);
+  ~SingleFailureChecker();
+ private:
+  const TestPartResultArray* const results_;
+  const TestPartResult::Type type_;
+  const string substr_;
+
+  GTEST_DISALLOW_COPY_AND_ASSIGN_(SingleFailureChecker);
+};
+
+}  // namespace internal
+
+}  // namespace testing
+
+// A set of macros for testing Google Test assertions or code that's expected
+// to generate Google Test fatal failures.  It verifies that the given
+// statement will cause exactly one fatal Google Test failure with 'substr'
+// being part of the failure message.
+//
+// There are two different versions of this macro. EXPECT_FATAL_FAILURE only
+// affects and considers failures generated in the current thread and
+// EXPECT_FATAL_FAILURE_ON_ALL_THREADS does the same but for all threads.
+//
+// The verification of the assertion is done correctly even when the statement
+// throws an exception or aborts the current function.
+//
+// Known restrictions:
+//   - 'statement' cannot reference local non-static variables or
+//     non-static members of the current object.
+//   - 'statement' cannot return a value.
+//   - You cannot stream a failure message to this macro.
+//
+// Note that even though the implementations of the following two
+// macros are much alike, we cannot refactor them to use a common
+// helper macro, due to some peculiarity in how the preprocessor
+// works.  The AcceptsMacroThatExpandsToUnprotectedComma test in
+// gtest_unittest.cc will fail to compile if we do that.
+#define EXPECT_FATAL_FAILURE(statement, substr) \
+  do { \
+    class GTestExpectFatalFailureHelper {\
+     public:\
+      static void Execute() { statement; }\
+    };\
+    ::testing::TestPartResultArray gtest_failures;\
+    ::testing::internal::SingleFailureChecker gtest_checker(\
+        &gtest_failures, ::testing::TestPartResult::kFatalFailure, (substr));\
+    {\
+      ::testing::ScopedFakeTestPartResultReporter gtest_reporter(\
+          ::testing::ScopedFakeTestPartResultReporter:: \
+          INTERCEPT_ONLY_CURRENT_THREAD, &gtest_failures);\
+      GTestExpectFatalFailureHelper::Execute();\
+    }\
+  } while (::testing::internal::AlwaysFalse())
+
+#define EXPECT_FATAL_FAILURE_ON_ALL_THREADS(statement, substr) \
+  do { \
+    class GTestExpectFatalFailureHelper {\
+     public:\
+      static void Execute() { statement; }\
+    };\
+    ::testing::TestPartResultArray gtest_failures;\
+    ::testing::internal::SingleFailureChecker gtest_checker(\
+        &gtest_failures, ::testing::TestPartResult::kFatalFailure, (substr));\
+    {\
+      ::testing::ScopedFakeTestPartResultReporter gtest_reporter(\
+          ::testing::ScopedFakeTestPartResultReporter:: \
+          INTERCEPT_ALL_THREADS, &gtest_failures);\
+      GTestExpectFatalFailureHelper::Execute();\
+    }\
+  } while (::testing::internal::AlwaysFalse())
+
+// A macro for testing Google Test assertions or code that's expected to
+// generate Google Test non-fatal failures.  It asserts that the given
+// statement will cause exactly one non-fatal Google Test failure with 'substr'
+// being part of the failure message.
+//
+// There are two different versions of this macro. EXPECT_NONFATAL_FAILURE only
+// affects and considers failures generated in the current thread and
+// EXPECT_NONFATAL_FAILURE_ON_ALL_THREADS does the same but for all threads.
+//
+// 'statement' is allowed to reference local variables and members of
+// the current object.
+//
+// The verification of the assertion is done correctly even when the statement
+// throws an exception or aborts the current function.
+//
+// Known restrictions:
+//   - You cannot stream a failure message to this macro.
+//
+// Note that even though the implementations of the following two
+// macros are much alike, we cannot refactor them to use a common
+// helper macro, due to some peculiarity in how the preprocessor
+// works.  If we do that, the code won't compile when the user gives
+// EXPECT_NONFATAL_FAILURE() a statement that contains a macro that
+// expands to code containing an unprotected comma.  The
+// AcceptsMacroThatExpandsToUnprotectedComma test in gtest_unittest.cc
+// catches that.
+//
+// For the same reason, we have to write
+//   if (::testing::internal::AlwaysTrue()) { statement; }
+// instead of
+//   GTEST_SUPPRESS_UNREACHABLE_CODE_WARNING_BELOW_(statement)
+// to avoid an MSVC warning on unreachable code.
+#define EXPECT_NONFATAL_FAILURE(statement, substr) \
+  do {\
+    ::testing::TestPartResultArray gtest_failures;\
+    ::testing::internal::SingleFailureChecker gtest_checker(\
+        &gtest_failures, ::testing::TestPartResult::kNonFatalFailure, \
+        (substr));\
+    {\
+      ::testing::ScopedFakeTestPartResultReporter gtest_reporter(\
+          ::testing::ScopedFakeTestPartResultReporter:: \
+          INTERCEPT_ONLY_CURRENT_THREAD, &gtest_failures);\
+      if (::testing::internal::AlwaysTrue()) { statement; }\
+    }\
+  } while (::testing::internal::AlwaysFalse())
+
+#define EXPECT_NONFATAL_FAILURE_ON_ALL_THREADS(statement, substr) \
+  do {\
+    ::testing::TestPartResultArray gtest_failures;\
+    ::testing::internal::SingleFailureChecker gtest_checker(\
+        &gtest_failures, ::testing::TestPartResult::kNonFatalFailure, \
+        (substr));\
+    {\
+      ::testing::ScopedFakeTestPartResultReporter gtest_reporter(\
+          ::testing::ScopedFakeTestPartResultReporter::INTERCEPT_ALL_THREADS, \
+          &gtest_failures);\
+      if (::testing::internal::AlwaysTrue()) { statement; }\
+    }\
+  } while (::testing::internal::AlwaysFalse())
+
+#endif  // GTEST_INCLUDE_GTEST_GTEST_SPI_H_
+
+#include <ctype.h>
+#include <math.h>
+#include <stdarg.h>
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <time.h>
+#include <wchar.h>
+#include <wctype.h>
+
+#include <algorithm>
+#include <iomanip>
+#include <limits>
+#include <ostream>  // NOLINT
+#include <sstream>
+#include <vector>
+
+#if GTEST_OS_LINUX
+
+// TODO(kenton@google.com): Use autoconf to detect availability of
+// gettimeofday().
+# define GTEST_HAS_GETTIMEOFDAY_ 1
+
+# include <fcntl.h>  // NOLINT
+# include <limits.h>  // NOLINT
+# include <sched.h>  // NOLINT
+// Declares vsnprintf().  This header is not available on Windows.
+# include <strings.h>  // NOLINT
+# include <sys/mman.h>  // NOLINT
+# include <sys/time.h>  // NOLINT
+# include <unistd.h>  // NOLINT
+# include <string>
+
+#elif GTEST_OS_SYMBIAN
+# define GTEST_HAS_GETTIMEOFDAY_ 1
+# include <sys/time.h>  // NOLINT
+
+#elif GTEST_OS_ZOS
+# define GTEST_HAS_GETTIMEOFDAY_ 1
+# include <sys/time.h>  // NOLINT
+
+// On z/OS we additionally need strings.h for strcasecmp.
+# include <strings.h>  // NOLINT
+
+#elif GTEST_OS_WINDOWS_MOBILE  // We are on Windows CE.
+
+# include <windows.h>  // NOLINT
+
+#elif GTEST_OS_WINDOWS  // We are on Windows proper.
+
+# include <io.h>  // NOLINT
+# include <sys/timeb.h>  // NOLINT
+# include <sys/types.h>  // NOLINT
+# include <sys/stat.h>  // NOLINT
+
+# if GTEST_OS_WINDOWS_MINGW
+// MinGW has gettimeofday() but not _ftime64().
+// TODO(kenton@google.com): Use autoconf to detect availability of
+//   gettimeofday().
+// TODO(kenton@google.com): There are other ways to get the time on
+//   Windows, like GetTickCount() or GetSystemTimeAsFileTime().  MinGW
+//   supports these.  consider using them instead.
+#  define GTEST_HAS_GETTIMEOFDAY_ 1
+#  include <sys/time.h>  // NOLINT
+# endif  // GTEST_OS_WINDOWS_MINGW
+
+// cpplint thinks that the header is already included, so we want to
+// silence it.
+# include <windows.h>  // NOLINT
+
+#else
+
+// Assume other platforms have gettimeofday().
+// TODO(kenton@google.com): Use autoconf to detect availability of
+//   gettimeofday().
+# define GTEST_HAS_GETTIMEOFDAY_ 1
+
+// cpplint thinks that the header is already included, so we want to
+// silence it.
+# include <sys/time.h>  // NOLINT
+# include <unistd.h>  // NOLINT
+
+#endif  // GTEST_OS_LINUX
+
+#if GTEST_HAS_EXCEPTIONS
+# include <stdexcept>
+#endif
+
+#if GTEST_CAN_STREAM_RESULTS_
+# include <arpa/inet.h>  // NOLINT
+# include <netdb.h>  // NOLINT
+#endif
+
+// Indicates that this translation unit is part of Google Test's
+// implementation.  It must come before gtest-internal-inl.h is
+// included, or there will be a compiler error.  This trick is to
+// prevent a user from accidentally including gtest-internal-inl.h in
+// his code.
+#define GTEST_IMPLEMENTATION_ 1
+// Copyright 2005, Google Inc.
+// All rights reserved.
+//
+// Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
+// modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are
+// met:
+//
+//     * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
+// notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
+//     * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above
+// copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer
+// in the documentation and/or other materials provided with the
+// distribution.
+//     * Neither the name of Google Inc. nor the names of its
+// contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived from
+// this software without specific prior written permission.
+//
+// THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS
+// "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
+// LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR
+// A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT
+// OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
+// SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT
+// LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE,
+// DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY
+// THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
+// (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE
+// OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
+
+// Utility functions and classes used by the Google C++ testing framework.
+//
+// Author: wan@google.com (Zhanyong Wan)
+//
+// This file contains purely Google Test's internal implementation.  Please
+// DO NOT #INCLUDE IT IN A USER PROGRAM.
+
+#ifndef GTEST_SRC_GTEST_INTERNAL_INL_H_
+#define GTEST_SRC_GTEST_INTERNAL_INL_H_
+
+// GTEST_IMPLEMENTATION_ is defined to 1 iff the current translation unit is
+// part of Google Test's implementation; otherwise it's undefined.
+#if !GTEST_IMPLEMENTATION_
+// A user is trying to include this from his code - just say no.
+# error "gtest-internal-inl.h is part of Google Test's internal implementation."
+# error "It must not be included except by Google Test itself."
+#endif  // GTEST_IMPLEMENTATION_
+
+#ifndef _WIN32_WCE
+# include <errno.h>
+#endif  // !_WIN32_WCE
+#include <stddef.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>  // For strtoll/_strtoul64/malloc/free.
+#include <string.h>  // For memmove.
+
+#include <algorithm>
+#include <string>
+#include <vector>
+
+
+#if GTEST_CAN_STREAM_RESULTS_
+# include <arpa/inet.h>  // NOLINT
+# include <netdb.h>  // NOLINT
+#endif
+
+#if GTEST_OS_WINDOWS
+# include <windows.h>  // NOLINT
+#endif  // GTEST_OS_WINDOWS
+
+
+namespace testing {
+
+// Declares the flags.
+//
+// We don't want the users to modify this flag in the code, but want
+// Google Test's own unit tests to be able to access it. Therefore we
+// declare it here as opposed to in gtest.h.
+GTEST_DECLARE_bool_(death_test_use_fork);
+
+namespace internal {
+
+// The value of GetTestTypeId() as seen from within the Google Test
+// library.  This is solely for testing GetTestTypeId().
+GTEST_API_ extern const TypeId kTestTypeIdInGoogleTest;
+
+// Names of the flags (needed for parsing Google Test flags).
+const char kAlsoRunDisabledTestsFlag[] = "also_run_disabled_tests";
+const char kBreakOnFailureFlag[] = "break_on_failure";
+const char kCatchExceptionsFlag[] = "catch_exceptions";
+const char kColorFlag[] = "color";
+const char kFilterFlag[] = "filter";
+const char kListTestsFlag[] = "list_tests";
+const char kOutputFlag[] = "output";
+const char kPrintTimeFlag[] = "print_time";
+const char kRandomSeedFlag[] = "random_seed";
+const char kRepeatFlag[] = "repeat";
+const char kShuffleFlag[] = "shuffle";
+const char kStackTraceDepthFlag[] = "stack_trace_depth";
+const char kStreamResultToFlag[] = "stream_result_to";
+const char kThrowOnFailureFlag[] = "throw_on_failure";
+
+// A valid random seed must be in [1, kMaxRandomSeed].
+const int kMaxRandomSeed = 99999;
+
+// g_help_flag is true iff the --help flag or an equivalent form is
+// specified on the command line.
+GTEST_API_ extern bool g_help_flag;
+
+// Returns the current time in milliseconds.
+GTEST_API_ TimeInMillis GetTimeInMillis();
+
+// Returns true iff Google Test should use colors in the output.
+GTEST_API_ bool ShouldUseColor(bool stdout_is_tty);
+
+// Formats the given time in milliseconds as seconds.
+GTEST_API_ std::string FormatTimeInMillisAsSeconds(TimeInMillis ms);
+
+// Converts the given time in milliseconds to a date string in the ISO 8601
+// format, without the timezone information.  N.B.: due to the use the
+// non-reentrant localtime() function, this function is not thread safe.  Do
+// not use it in any code that can be called from multiple threads.
+GTEST_API_ std::string FormatEpochTimeInMillisAsIso8601(TimeInMillis ms);
+
+// Parses a string for an Int32 flag, in the form of "--flag=value".
+//
+// On success, stores the value of the flag in *value, and returns
+// true.  On failure, returns false without changing *value.
+GTEST_API_ bool ParseInt32Flag(
+    const char* str, const char* flag, Int32* value);
+
+// Returns a random seed in range [1, kMaxRandomSeed] based on the
+// given --gtest_random_seed flag value.
+inline int GetRandomSeedFromFlag(Int32 random_seed_flag) {
+  const unsigned int raw_seed = (random_seed_flag == 0) ?
+      static_cast<unsigned int>(GetTimeInMillis()) :
+      static_cast<unsigned int>(random_seed_flag);
+
+  // Normalizes the actual seed to range [1, kMaxRandomSeed] such that
+  // it's easy to type.
+  const int normalized_seed =
+      static_cast<int>((raw_seed - 1U) %
+                       static_cast<unsigned int>(kMaxRandomSeed)) + 1;
+  return normalized_seed;
+}
+
+// Returns the first valid random seed after 'seed'.  The behavior is
+// undefined if 'seed' is invalid.  The seed after kMaxRandomSeed is
+// considered to be 1.
+inline int GetNextRandomSeed(int seed) {
+  GTEST_CHECK_(1 <= seed && seed <= kMaxRandomSeed)
+      << "Invalid random seed " << seed << " - must be in [1, "
+      << kMaxRandomSeed << "].";
+  const int next_seed = seed + 1;
+  return (next_seed > kMaxRandomSeed) ? 1 : next_seed;
+}
+
+// This class saves the values of all Google Test flags in its c'tor, and
+// restores them in its d'tor.
+class GTestFlagSaver {
+ public:
+  // The c'tor.
+  GTestFlagSaver() {
+    also_run_disabled_tests_ = GTEST_FLAG(also_run_disabled_tests);
+    break_on_failure_ = GTEST_FLAG(break_on_failure);
+    catch_exceptions_ = GTEST_FLAG(catch_exceptions);
+    color_ = GTEST_FLAG(color);
+    death_test_style_ = GTEST_FLAG(death_test_style);
+    death_test_use_fork_ = GTEST_FLAG(death_test_use_fork);
+    filter_ = GTEST_FLAG(filter);
+    internal_run_death_test_ = GTEST_FLAG(internal_run_death_test);
+    list_tests_ = GTEST_FLAG(list_tests);
+    output_ = GTEST_FLAG(output);
+    print_time_ = GTEST_FLAG(print_time);
+    random_seed_ = GTEST_FLAG(random_seed);
+    repeat_ = GTEST_FLAG(repeat);
+    shuffle_ = GTEST_FLAG(shuffle);
+    stack_trace_depth_ = GTEST_FLAG(stack_trace_depth);
+    stream_result_to_ = GTEST_FLAG(stream_result_to);
+    throw_on_failure_ = GTEST_FLAG(throw_on_failure);
+  }
+
+  // The d'tor is not virtual.  DO NOT INHERIT FROM THIS CLASS.
+  ~GTestFlagSaver() {
+    GTEST_FLAG(also_run_disabled_tests) = also_run_disabled_tests_;
+    GTEST_FLAG(break_on_failure) = break_on_failure_;
+    GTEST_FLAG(catch_exceptions) = catch_exceptions_;
+    GTEST_FLAG(color) = color_;
+    GTEST_FLAG(death_test_style) = death_test_style_;
+    GTEST_FLAG(death_test_use_fork) = death_test_use_fork_;
+    GTEST_FLAG(filter) = filter_;
+    GTEST_FLAG(internal_run_death_test) = internal_run_death_test_;
+    GTEST_FLAG(list_tests) = list_tests_;
+    GTEST_FLAG(output) = output_;
+    GTEST_FLAG(print_time) = print_time_;
+    GTEST_FLAG(random_seed) = random_seed_;
+    GTEST_FLAG(repeat) = repeat_;
+    GTEST_FLAG(shuffle) = shuffle_;
+    GTEST_FLAG(stack_trace_depth) = stack_trace_depth_;
+    GTEST_FLAG(stream_result_to) = stream_result_to_;
+    GTEST_FLAG(throw_on_failure) = throw_on_failure_;
+  }
+
+ private:
+  // Fields for saving the original values of flags.
+  bool also_run_disabled_tests_;
+  bool break_on_failure_;
+  bool catch_exceptions_;
+  std::string color_;
+  std::string death_test_style_;
+  bool death_test_use_fork_;
+  std::string filter_;
+  std::string internal_run_death_test_;
+  bool list_tests_;
+  std::string output_;
+  bool print_time_;
+  internal::Int32 random_seed_;
+  internal::Int32 repeat_;
+  bool shuffle_;
+  internal::Int32 stack_trace_depth_;
+  std::string stream_result_to_;
+  bool throw_on_failure_;
+} GTEST_ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED_;
+
+// Converts a Unicode code point to a narrow string in UTF-8 encoding.
+// code_point parameter is of type UInt32 because wchar_t may not be
+// wide enough to contain a code point.
+// If the code_point is not a valid Unicode code point
+// (i.e. outside of Unicode range U+0 to U+10FFFF) it will be converted
+// to "(Invalid Unicode 0xXXXXXXXX)".
+GTEST_API_ std::string CodePointToUtf8(UInt32 code_point);
+
+// Converts a wide string to a narrow string in UTF-8 encoding.
+// The wide string is assumed to have the following encoding:
+//   UTF-16 if sizeof(wchar_t) == 2 (on Windows, Cygwin, Symbian OS)
+//   UTF-32 if sizeof(wchar_t) == 4 (on Linux)
+// Parameter str points to a null-terminated wide string.
+// Parameter num_chars may additionally limit the number
+// of wchar_t characters processed. -1 is used when the entire string
+// should be processed.
+// If the string contains code points that are not valid Unicode code points
+// (i.e. outside of Unicode range U+0 to U+10FFFF) they will be output
+// as '(Invalid Unicode 0xXXXXXXXX)'. If the string is in UTF16 encoding
+// and contains invalid UTF-16 surrogate pairs, values in those pairs
+// will be encoded as individual Unicode characters from Basic Normal Plane.
+GTEST_API_ std::string WideStringToUtf8(const wchar_t* str, int num_chars);
+
+// Reads the GTEST_SHARD_STATUS_FILE environment variable, and creates the file
+// if the variable is present. If a file already exists at this location, this
+// function will write over it. If the variable is present, but the file cannot
+// be created, prints an error and exits.
+void WriteToShardStatusFileIfNeeded();
+
+// Checks whether sharding is enabled by examining the relevant
+// environment variable values. If the variables are present,
+// but inconsistent (e.g., shard_index >= total_shards), prints
+// an error and exits. If in_subprocess_for_death_test, sharding is
+// disabled because it must only be applied to the original test
+// process. Otherwise, we could filter out death tests we intended to execute.
+GTEST_API_ bool ShouldShard(const char* total_shards_str,
+                            const char* shard_index_str,
+                            bool in_subprocess_for_death_test);
+
+// Parses the environment variable var as an Int32. If it is unset,
+// returns default_val. If it is not an Int32, prints an error and
+// and aborts.
+GTEST_API_ Int32 Int32FromEnvOrDie(const char* env_var, Int32 default_val);
+
+// Given the total number of shards, the shard index, and the test id,
+// returns true iff the test should be run on this shard. The test id is
+// some arbitrary but unique non-negative integer assigned to each test
+// method. Assumes that 0 <= shard_index < total_shards.
+GTEST_API_ bool ShouldRunTestOnShard(
+    int total_shards, int shard_index, int test_id);
+
+// STL container utilities.
+
+// Returns the number of elements in the given container that satisfy
+// the given predicate.
+template <class Container, typename Predicate>
+inline int CountIf(const Container& c, Predicate predicate) {
+  // Implemented as an explicit loop since std::count_if() in libCstd on
+  // Solaris has a non-standard signature.
+  int count = 0;
+  for (typename Container::const_iterator it = c.begin(); it != c.end(); ++it) {
+    if (predicate(*it))
+      ++count;
+  }
+  return count;
+}
+
+// Applies a function/functor to each element in the container.
+template <class Container, typename Functor>
+void ForEach(const Container& c, Functor functor) {
+  std::for_each(c.begin(), c.end(), functor);
+}
+
+// Returns the i-th element of the vector, or default_value if i is not
+// in range [0, v.size()).
+template <typename E>
+inline E GetElementOr(const std::vector<E>& v, int i, E default_value) {
+  return (i < 0 || i >= static_cast<int>(v.size())) ? default_value : v[i];
+}
+
+// Performs an in-place shuffle of a range of the vector's elements.
+// 'begin' and 'end' are element indices as an STL-style range;
+// i.e. [begin, end) are shuffled, where 'end' == size() means to
+// shuffle to the end of the vector.
+template <typename E>
+void ShuffleRange(internal::Random* random, int begin, int end,
+                  std::vector<E>* v) {
+  const int size = static_cast<int>(v->size());
+  GTEST_CHECK_(0 <= begin && begin <= size)
+      << "Invalid shuffle range start " << begin << ": must be in range [0, "
+      << size << "].";
+  GTEST_CHECK_(begin <= end && end <= size)
+      << "Invalid shuffle range finish " << end << ": must be in range ["
+      << begin << ", " << size << "].";
+
+  // Fisher-Yates shuffle, from
+  // http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fisher-Yates_shuffle
+  for (int range_width = end - begin; range_width >= 2; range_width--) {
+    const int last_in_range = begin + range_width - 1;
+    const int selected = begin + random->Generate(range_width);
+    std::swap((*v)[selected], (*v)[last_in_range]);
+  }
+}
+
+// Performs an in-place shuffle of the vector's elements.
+template <typename E>
+inline void Shuffle(internal::Random* random, std::vector<E>* v) {
+  ShuffleRange(random, 0, static_cast<int>(v->size()), v);
+}
+
+// A function for deleting an object.  Handy for being used as a
+// functor.
+template <typename T>
+static void Delete(T* x) {
+  delete x;
+}
+
+// A predicate that checks the key of a TestProperty against a known key.
+//
+// TestPropertyKeyIs is copyable.
+class TestPropertyKeyIs {
+ public:
+  // Constructor.
+  //
+  // TestPropertyKeyIs has NO default constructor.
+  explicit TestPropertyKeyIs(const std::string& key) : key_(key) {}
+
+  // Returns true iff the test name of test property matches on key_.
+  bool operator()(const TestProperty& test_property) const {
+    return test_property.key() == key_;
+  }
+
+ private:
+  std::string key_;
+};
+
+// Class UnitTestOptions.
+//
+// This class contains functions for processing options the user
+// specifies when running the tests.  It has only static members.
+//
+// In most cases, the user can specify an option using either an
+// environment variable or a command line flag.  E.g. you can set the
+// test filter using either GTEST_FILTER or --gtest_filter.  If both
+// the variable and the flag are present, the latter overrides the
+// former.
+class GTEST_API_ UnitTestOptions {
+ public:
+  // Functions for processing the gtest_output flag.
+
+  // Returns the output format, or "" for normal printed output.
+  static std::string GetOutputFormat();
+
+  // Returns the absolute path of the requested output file, or the
+  // default (test_detail.xml in the original working directory) if
+  // none was explicitly specified.
+  static std::string GetAbsolutePathToOutputFile();
+
+  // Functions for processing the gtest_filter flag.
+
+  // Returns true iff the wildcard pattern matches the string.  The
+  // first ':' or '\0' character in pattern marks the end of it.
+  //
+  // This recursive algorithm isn't very efficient, but is clear and
+  // works well enough for matching test names, which are short.
+  static bool PatternMatchesString(const char *pattern, const char *str);
+
+  // Returns true iff the user-specified filter matches the test case
+  // name and the test name.
+  static bool FilterMatchesTest(const std::string &test_case_name,
+                                const std::string &test_name);
+
+#if GTEST_OS_WINDOWS
+  // Function for supporting the gtest_catch_exception flag.
+
+  // Returns EXCEPTION_EXECUTE_HANDLER if Google Test should handle the
+  // given SEH exception, or EXCEPTION_CONTINUE_SEARCH otherwise.
+  // This function is useful as an __except condition.
+  static int GTestShouldProcessSEH(DWORD exception_code);
+#endif  // GTEST_OS_WINDOWS
+
+  // Returns true if "name" matches the ':' separated list of glob-style
+  // filters in "filter".
+  static bool MatchesFilter(const std::string& name, const char* filter);
+};
+
+// Returns the current application's name, removing directory path if that
+// is present.  Used by UnitTestOptions::GetOutputFile.
+GTEST_API_ FilePath GetCurrentExecutableName();
+
+// The role interface for getting the OS stack trace as a string.
+class OsStackTraceGetterInterface {
+ public:
+  OsStackTraceGetterInterface() {}
+  virtual ~OsStackTraceGetterInterface() {}
+
+  // Returns the current OS stack trace as an std::string.  Parameters:
+  //
+  //   max_depth  - the maximum number of stack frames to be included
+  //                in the trace.
+  //   skip_count - the number of top frames to be skipped; doesn't count
+  //                against max_depth.
+  virtual string CurrentStackTrace(int max_depth, int skip_count) = 0;
+
+  // UponLeavingGTest() should be called immediately before Google Test calls
+  // user code. It saves some information about the current stack that
+  // CurrentStackTrace() will use to find and hide Google Test stack frames.
+  virtual void UponLeavingGTest() = 0;
+
+ private:
+  GTEST_DISALLOW_COPY_AND_ASSIGN_(OsStackTraceGetterInterface);
+};
+
+// A working implementation of the OsStackTraceGetterInterface interface.
+class OsStackTraceGetter : public OsStackTraceGetterInterface {
+ public:
+  OsStackTraceGetter() : caller_frame_(NULL) {}
+
+  virtual string CurrentStackTrace(int max_depth, int skip_count)
+      GTEST_LOCK_EXCLUDED_(mutex_);
+
+  virtual void UponLeavingGTest() GTEST_LOCK_EXCLUDED_(mutex_);
+
+  // This string is inserted in place of stack frames that are part of
+  // Google Test's implementation.
+  static const char* const kElidedFramesMarker;
+
+ private:
+  Mutex mutex_;  // protects all internal state
+
+  // We save the stack frame below the frame that calls user code.
+  // We do this because the address of the frame immediately below
+  // the user code changes between the call to UponLeavingGTest()
+  // and any calls to CurrentStackTrace() from within the user code.
+  void* caller_frame_;
+
+  GTEST_DISALLOW_COPY_AND_ASSIGN_(OsStackTraceGetter);
+};
+
+// Information about a Google Test trace point.
+struct TraceInfo {
+  const char* file;
+  int line;
+  std::string message;
+};
+
+// This is the default global test part result reporter used in UnitTestImpl.
+// This class should only be used by UnitTestImpl.
+class DefaultGlobalTestPartResultReporter
+  : public TestPartResultReporterInterface {
+ public:
+  explicit DefaultGlobalTestPartResultReporter(UnitTestImpl* unit_test);
+  // Implements the TestPartResultReporterInterface. Reports the test part
+  // result in the current test.
+  virtual void ReportTestPartResult(const TestPartResult& result);
+
+ private:
+  UnitTestImpl* const unit_test_;
+
+  GTEST_DISALLOW_COPY_AND_ASSIGN_(DefaultGlobalTestPartResultReporter);
+};
+
+// This is the default per thread test part result reporter used in
+// UnitTestImpl. This class should only be used by UnitTestImpl.
+class DefaultPerThreadTestPartResultReporter
+    : public TestPartResultReporterInterface {
+ public:
+  explicit DefaultPerThreadTestPartResultReporter(UnitTestImpl* unit_test);
+  // Implements the TestPartResultReporterInterface. The implementation just
+  // delegates to the current global test part result reporter of *unit_test_.
+  virtual void ReportTestPartResult(const TestPartResult& result);
+
+ private:
+  UnitTestImpl* const unit_test_;
+
+  GTEST_DISALLOW_COPY_AND_ASSIGN_(DefaultPerThreadTestPartResultReporter);
+};
+
+// The private implementation of the UnitTest class.  We don't protect
+// the methods under a mutex, as this class is not accessible by a
+// user and the UnitTest class that delegates work to this class does
+// proper locking.
+class GTEST_API_ UnitTestImpl {
+ public:
+  explicit UnitTestImpl(UnitTest* parent);
+  virtual ~UnitTestImpl();
+
+  // There are two different ways to register your own TestPartResultReporter.
+  // You can register your own repoter to listen either only for test results
+  // from the current thread or for results from all threads.
+  // By default, each per-thread test result repoter just passes a new
+  // TestPartResult to the global test result reporter, which registers the
+  // test part result for the currently running test.
+
+  // Returns the global test part result reporter.
+  TestPartResultReporterInterface* GetGlobalTestPartResultReporter();
+
+  // Sets the global test part result reporter.
+  void SetGlobalTestPartResultReporter(
+      TestPartResultReporterInterface* reporter);
+
+  // Returns the test part result reporter for the current thread.
+  TestPartResultReporterInterface* GetTestPartResultReporterForCurrentThread();
+
+  // Sets the test part result reporter for the current thread.
+  void SetTestPartResultReporterForCurrentThread(
+      TestPartResultReporterInterface* reporter);
+
+  // Gets the number of successful test cases.
+  int successful_test_case_count() const;
+
+  // Gets the number of failed test cases.
+  int failed_test_case_count() const;
+
+  // Gets the number of all test cases.
+  int total_test_case_count() const;
+
+  // Gets the number of all test cases that contain at least one test
+  // that should run.
+  int test_case_to_run_count() const;
+
+  // Gets the number of successful tests.
+  int successful_test_count() const;
+
+  // Gets the number of failed tests.
+  int failed_test_count() const;
+
+  // Gets the number of disabled tests that will be reported in the XML report.
+  int reportable_disabled_test_count() const;
+
+  // Gets the number of disabled tests.
+  int disabled_test_count() const;
+
+  // Gets the number of tests to be printed in the XML report.
+  int reportable_test_count() const;
+
+  // Gets the number of all tests.
+  int total_test_count() const;
+
+  // Gets the number of tests that should run.
+  int test_to_run_count() const;
+
+  // Gets the time of the test program start, in ms from the start of the
+  // UNIX epoch.
+  TimeInMillis start_timestamp() const { return start_timestamp_; }
+
+  // Gets the elapsed time, in milliseconds.
+  TimeInMillis elapsed_time() const { return elapsed_time_; }
+
+  // Returns true iff the unit test passed (i.e. all test cases passed).
+  bool Passed() const { return !Failed(); }
+
+  // Returns true iff the unit test failed (i.e. some test case failed
+  // or something outside of all tests failed).
+  bool Failed() const {
+    return failed_test_case_count() > 0 || ad_hoc_test_result()->Failed();
+  }
+
+  // Gets the i-th test case among all the test cases. i can range from 0 to
+  // total_test_case_count() - 1. If i is not in that range, returns NULL.
+  const TestCase* GetTestCase(int i) const {
+    const int index = GetElementOr(test_case_indices_, i, -1);
+    return index < 0 ? NULL : test_cases_[i];
+  }
+
+  // Gets the i-th test case among all the test cases. i can range from 0 to
+  // total_test_case_count() - 1. If i is not in that range, returns NULL.
+  TestCase* GetMutableTestCase(int i) {
+    const int index = GetElementOr(test_case_indices_, i, -1);
+    return index < 0 ? NULL : test_cases_[index];
+  }
+
+  // Provides access to the event listener list.
+  TestEventListeners* listeners() { return &listeners_; }
+
+  // Returns the TestResult for the test that's currently running, or
+  // the TestResult for the ad hoc test if no test is running.
+  TestResult* current_test_result();
+
+  // Returns the TestResult for the ad hoc test.
+  const TestResult* ad_hoc_test_result() const { return &ad_hoc_test_result_; }
+
+  // Sets the OS stack trace getter.
+  //
+  // Does nothing if the input and the current OS stack trace getter
+  // are the same; otherwise, deletes the old getter and makes the
+  // input the current getter.
+  void set_os_stack_trace_getter(OsStackTraceGetterInterface* getter);
+
+  // Returns the current OS stack trace getter if it is not NULL;
+  // otherwise, creates an OsStackTraceGetter, makes it the current
+  // getter, and returns it.
+  OsStackTraceGetterInterface* os_stack_trace_getter();
+
+  // Returns the current OS stack trace as an std::string.
+  //
+  // The maximum number of stack frames to be included is specified by
+  // the gtest_stack_trace_depth flag.  The skip_count parameter
+  // specifies the number of top frames to be skipped, which doesn't
+  // count against the number of frames to be included.
+  //
+  // For example, if Foo() calls Bar(), which in turn calls
+  // CurrentOsStackTraceExceptTop(1), Foo() will be included in the
+  // trace but Bar() and CurrentOsStackTraceExceptTop() won't.
+  std::string CurrentOsStackTraceExceptTop(int skip_count) GTEST_NO_INLINE_;
+
+  // Finds and returns a TestCase with the given name.  If one doesn't
+  // exist, creates one and returns it.
+  //
+  // Arguments:
+  //
+  //   test_case_name: name of the test case
+  //   type_param:     the name of the test's type parameter, or NULL if
+  //                   this is not a typed or a type-parameterized test.
+  //   set_up_tc:      pointer to the function that sets up the test case
+  //   tear_down_tc:   pointer to the function that tears down the test case
+  TestCase* GetTestCase(const char* test_case_name,
+                        const char* type_param,
+                        Test::SetUpTestCaseFunc set_up_tc,
+                        Test::TearDownTestCaseFunc tear_down_tc);
+
+  // Adds a TestInfo to the unit test.
+  //
+  // Arguments:
+  //
+  //   set_up_tc:    pointer to the function that sets up the test case
+  //   tear_down_tc: pointer to the function that tears down the test case
+  //   test_info:    the TestInfo object
+  void AddTestInfo(Test::SetUpTestCaseFunc set_up_tc,
+                   Test::TearDownTestCaseFunc tear_down_tc,
+                   TestInfo* test_info) {
+    // In order to support thread-safe death tests, we need to
+    // remember the original working directory when the test program
+    // was first invoked.  We cannot do this in RUN_ALL_TESTS(), as
+    // the user may have changed the current directory before calling
+    // RUN_ALL_TESTS().  Therefore we capture the current directory in
+    // AddTestInfo(), which is called to register a TEST or TEST_F
+    // before main() is reached.
+    if (original_working_dir_.IsEmpty()) {
+      original_working_dir_.Set(FilePath::GetCurrentDir());
+      GTEST_CHECK_(!original_working_dir_.IsEmpty())
+          << "Failed to get the current working directory.";
+    }
+
+    GetTestCase(test_info->test_case_name(),
+                test_info->type_param(),
+                set_up_tc,
+                tear_down_tc)->AddTestInfo(test_info);
+  }
+
+#if GTEST_HAS_PARAM_TEST
+  // Returns ParameterizedTestCaseRegistry object used to keep track of
+  // value-parameterized tests and instantiate and register them.
+  internal::ParameterizedTestCaseRegistry& parameterized_test_registry() {
+    return parameterized_test_registry_;
+  }
+#endif  // GTEST_HAS_PARAM_TEST
+
+  // Sets the TestCase object for the test that's currently running.
+  void set_current_test_case(TestCase* a_current_test_case) {
+    current_test_case_ = a_current_test_case;
+  }
+
+  // Sets the TestInfo object for the test that's currently running.  If
+  // current_test_info is NULL, the assertion results will be stored in
+  // ad_hoc_test_result_.
+  void set_current_test_info(TestInfo* a_current_test_info) {
+    current_test_info_ = a_current_test_info;
+  }
+
+  // Registers all parameterized tests defined using TEST_P and
+  // INSTANTIATE_TEST_CASE_P, creating regular tests for each test/parameter
+  // combination. This method can be called more then once; it has guards
+  // protecting from registering the tests more then once.  If
+  // value-parameterized tests are disabled, RegisterParameterizedTests is
+  // present but does nothing.
+  void RegisterParameterizedTests();
+
+  // Runs all tests in this UnitTest object, prints the result, and
+  // returns true if all tests are successful.  If any exception is
+  // thrown during a test, this test is considered to be failed, but
+  // the rest of the tests will still be run.
+  bool RunAllTests();
+
+  // Clears the results of all tests, except the ad hoc tests.
+  void ClearNonAdHocTestResult() {
+    ForEach(test_cases_, TestCase::ClearTestCaseResult);
+  }
+
+  // Clears the results of ad-hoc test assertions.
+  void ClearAdHocTestResult() {
+    ad_hoc_test_result_.Clear();
+  }
+
+  // Adds a TestProperty to the current TestResult object when invoked in a
+  // context of a test or a test case, or to the global property set. If the
+  // result already contains a property with the same key, the value will be
+  // updated.
+  void RecordProperty(const TestProperty& test_property);
+
+  enum ReactionToSharding {
+    HONOR_SHARDING_PROTOCOL,
+    IGNORE_SHARDING_PROTOCOL
+  };
+
+  // Matches the full name of each test against the user-specified
+  // filter to decide whether the test should run, then records the
+  // result in each TestCase and TestInfo object.
+  // If shard_tests == HONOR_SHARDING_PROTOCOL, further filters tests
+  // based on sharding variables in the environment.
+  // Returns the number of tests that should run.
+  int FilterTests(ReactionToSharding shard_tests);
+
+  // Prints the names of the tests matching the user-specified filter flag.
+  void ListTestsMatchingFilter();
+
+  const TestCase* current_test_case() const { return current_test_case_; }
+  TestInfo* current_test_info() { return current_test_info_; }
+  const TestInfo* current_test_info() const { return current_test_info_; }
+
+  // Returns the vector of environments that need to be set-up/torn-down
+  // before/after the tests are run.
+  std::vector<Environment*>& environments() { return environments_; }
+
+  // Getters for the per-thread Google Test trace stack.
+  std::vector<TraceInfo>& gtest_trace_stack() {
+    return *(gtest_trace_stack_.pointer());
+  }
+  const std::vector<TraceInfo>& gtest_trace_stack() const {
+    return gtest_trace_stack_.get();
+  }
+
+#if GTEST_HAS_DEATH_TEST
+  void InitDeathTestSubprocessControlInfo() {
+    internal_run_death_test_flag_.reset(ParseInternalRunDeathTestFlag());
+  }
+  // Returns a pointer to the parsed --gtest_internal_run_death_test
+  // flag, or NULL if that flag was not specified.
+  // This information is useful only in a death test child process.
+  // Must not be called before a call to InitGoogleTest.
+  const InternalRunDeathTestFlag* internal_run_death_test_flag() const {
+    return internal_run_death_test_flag_.get();
+  }
+
+  // Returns a pointer to the current death test factory.
+  internal::DeathTestFactory* death_test_factory() {
+    return death_test_factory_.get();
+  }
+
+  void SuppressTestEventsIfInSubprocess();
+
+  friend class ReplaceDeathTestFactory;
+#endif  // GTEST_HAS_DEATH_TEST
+
+  // Initializes the event listener performing XML output as specified by
+  // UnitTestOptions. Must not be called before InitGoogleTest.
+  void ConfigureXmlOutput();
+
+#if GTEST_CAN_STREAM_RESULTS_
+  // Initializes the event listener for streaming test results to a socket.
+  // Must not be called before InitGoogleTest.
+  void ConfigureStreamingOutput();
+#endif
+
+  // Performs initialization dependent upon flag values obtained in
+  // ParseGoogleTestFlagsOnly.  Is called from InitGoogleTest after the call to
+  // ParseGoogleTestFlagsOnly.  In case a user neglects to call InitGoogleTest
+  // this function is also called from RunAllTests.  Since this function can be
+  // called more than once, it has to be idempotent.
+  void PostFlagParsingInit();
+
+  // Gets the random seed used at the start of the current test iteration.
+  int random_seed() const { return random_seed_; }
+
+  // Gets the random number generator.
+  internal::Random* random() { return &random_; }
+
+  // Shuffles all test cases, and the tests within each test case,
+  // making sure that death tests are still run first.
+  void ShuffleTests();
+
+  // Restores the test cases and tests to their order before the first shuffle.
+  void UnshuffleTests();
+
+  // Returns the value of GTEST_FLAG(catch_exceptions) at the moment
+  // UnitTest::Run() starts.
+  bool catch_exceptions() const { return catch_exceptions_; }
+
+ private:
+  friend class ::testing::UnitTest;
+
+  // Used by UnitTest::Run() to capture the state of
+  // GTEST_FLAG(catch_exceptions) at the moment it starts.
+  void set_catch_exceptions(bool value) { catch_exceptions_ = value; }
+
+  // The UnitTest object that owns this implementation object.
+  UnitTest* const parent_;
+
+  // The working directory when the first TEST() or TEST_F() was
+  // executed.
+  internal::FilePath original_working_dir_;
+
+  // The default test part result reporters.
+  DefaultGlobalTestPartResultReporter default_global_test_part_result_reporter_;
+  DefaultPerThreadTestPartResultReporter
+      default_per_thread_test_part_result_reporter_;
+
+  // Points to (but doesn't own) the global test part result reporter.
+  TestPartResultReporterInterface* global_test_part_result_repoter_;
+
+  // Protects read and write access to global_test_part_result_reporter_.
+  internal::Mutex global_test_part_result_reporter_mutex_;
+
+  // Points to (but doesn't own) the per-thread test part result reporter.
+  internal::ThreadLocal<TestPartResultReporterInterface*>
+      per_thread_test_part_result_reporter_;
+
+  // The vector of environments that need to be set-up/torn-down
+  // before/after the tests are run.
+  std::vector<Environment*> environments_;
+
+  // The vector of TestCases in their original order.  It owns the
+  // elements in the vector.
+  std::vector<TestCase*> test_cases_;
+
+  // Provides a level of indirection for the test case list to allow
+  // easy shuffling and restoring the test case order.  The i-th
+  // element of this vector is the index of the i-th test case in the
+  // shuffled order.
+  std::vector<int> test_case_indices_;
+
+#if GTEST_HAS_PARAM_TEST
+  // ParameterizedTestRegistry object used to register value-parameterized
+  // tests.
+  internal::ParameterizedTestCaseRegistry parameterized_test_registry_;
+
+  // Indicates whether RegisterParameterizedTests() has been called already.
+  bool parameterized_tests_registered_;
+#endif  // GTEST_HAS_PARAM_TEST
+
+  // Index of the last death test case registered.  Initially -1.
+  int last_death_test_case_;
+
+  // This points to the TestCase for the currently running test.  It
+  // changes as Google Test goes through one test case after another.
+  // When no test is running, this is set to NULL and Google Test
+  // stores assertion results in ad_hoc_test_result_.  Initially NULL.
+  TestCase* current_test_case_;
+
+  // This points to the TestInfo for the currently running test.  It
+  // changes as Google Test goes through one test after another.  When
+  // no test is running, this is set to NULL and Google Test stores
+  // assertion results in ad_hoc_test_result_.  Initially NULL.
+  TestInfo* current_test_info_;
+
+  // Normally, a user only writes assertions inside a TEST or TEST_F,
+  // or inside a function called by a TEST or TEST_F.  Since Google
+  // Test keeps track of which test is current running, it can
+  // associate such an assertion with the test it belongs to.
+  //
+  // If an assertion is encountered when no TEST or TEST_F is running,
+  // Google Test attributes the assertion result to an imaginary "ad hoc"
+  // test, and records the result in ad_hoc_test_result_.
+  TestResult ad_hoc_test_result_;
+
+  // The list of event listeners that can be used to track events inside
+  // Google Test.
+  TestEventListeners listeners_;
+
+  // The OS stack trace getter.  Will be deleted when the UnitTest
+  // object is destructed.  By default, an OsStackTraceGetter is used,
+  // but the user can set this field to use a custom getter if that is
+  // desired.
+  OsStackTraceGetterInterface* os_stack_trace_getter_;
+
+  // True iff PostFlagParsingInit() has been called.
+  bool post_flag_parse_init_performed_;
+
+  // The random number seed used at the beginning of the test run.
+  int random_seed_;
+
+  // Our random number generator.
+  internal::Random random_;
+
+  // The time of the test program start, in ms from the start of the
+  // UNIX epoch.
+  TimeInMillis start_timestamp_;
+
+  // How long the test took to run, in milliseconds.
+  TimeInMillis elapsed_time_;
+
+#if GTEST_HAS_DEATH_TEST
+  // The decomposed components of the gtest_internal_run_death_test flag,
+  // parsed when RUN_ALL_TESTS is called.
+  internal::scoped_ptr<InternalRunDeathTestFlag> internal_run_death_test_flag_;
+  internal::scoped_ptr<internal::DeathTestFactory> death_test_factory_;
+#endif  // GTEST_HAS_DEATH_TEST
+
+  // A per-thread stack of traces created by the SCOPED_TRACE() macro.
+  internal::ThreadLocal<std::vector<TraceInfo> > gtest_trace_stack_;
+
+  // The value of GTEST_FLAG(catch_exceptions) at the moment RunAllTests()
+  // starts.
+  bool catch_exceptions_;
+
+  GTEST_DISALLOW_COPY_AND_ASSIGN_(UnitTestImpl);
+};  // class UnitTestImpl
+
+// Convenience function for accessing the global UnitTest
+// implementation object.
+inline UnitTestImpl* GetUnitTestImpl() {
+  return UnitTest::GetInstance()->impl();
+}
+
+#if GTEST_USES_SIMPLE_RE
+
+// Internal helper functions for implementing the simple regular
+// expression matcher.
+GTEST_API_ bool IsInSet(char ch, const char* str);
+GTEST_API_ bool IsAsciiDigit(char ch);
+GTEST_API_ bool IsAsciiPunct(char ch);
+GTEST_API_ bool IsRepeat(char ch);
+GTEST_API_ bool IsAsciiWhiteSpace(char ch);
+GTEST_API_ bool IsAsciiWordChar(char ch);
+GTEST_API_ bool IsValidEscape(char ch);
+GTEST_API_ bool AtomMatchesChar(bool escaped, char pattern, char ch);
+GTEST_API_ bool ValidateRegex(const char* regex);
+GTEST_API_ bool MatchRegexAtHead(const char* regex, const char* str);
+GTEST_API_ bool MatchRepetitionAndRegexAtHead(
+    bool escaped, char ch, char repeat, const char* regex, const char* str);
+GTEST_API_ bool MatchRegexAnywhere(const char* regex, const char* str);
+
+#endif  // GTEST_USES_SIMPLE_RE
+
+// Parses the command line for Google Test flags, without initializing
+// other parts of Google Test.
+GTEST_API_ void ParseGoogleTestFlagsOnly(int* argc, char** argv);
+GTEST_API_ void ParseGoogleTestFlagsOnly(int* argc, wchar_t** argv);
+
+#if GTEST_HAS_DEATH_TEST
+
+// Returns the message describing the last system error, regardless of the
+// platform.
+GTEST_API_ std::string GetLastErrnoDescription();
+
+# if GTEST_OS_WINDOWS
+// Provides leak-safe Windows kernel handle ownership.
+class AutoHandle {
+ public:
+  AutoHandle() : handle_(INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE) {}
+  explicit AutoHandle(HANDLE handle) : handle_(handle) {}
+
+  ~AutoHandle() { Reset(); }
+
+  HANDLE Get() const { return handle_; }
+  void Reset() { Reset(INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE); }
+  void Reset(HANDLE handle) {
+    if (handle != handle_) {
+      if (handle_ != INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE)
+        ::CloseHandle(handle_);
+      handle_ = handle;
+    }
+  }
+
+ private:
+  HANDLE handle_;
+
+  GTEST_DISALLOW_COPY_AND_ASSIGN_(AutoHandle);
+};
+# endif  // GTEST_OS_WINDOWS
+
+// Attempts to parse a string into a positive integer pointed to by the
+// number parameter.  Returns true if that is possible.
+// GTEST_HAS_DEATH_TEST implies that we have ::std::string, so we can use
+// it here.
+template <typename Integer>
+bool ParseNaturalNumber(const ::std::string& str, Integer* number) {
+  // Fail fast if the given string does not begin with a digit;
+  // this bypasses strtoXXX's "optional leading whitespace and plus
+  // or minus sign" semantics, which are undesirable here.
+  if (str.empty() || !IsDigit(str[0])) {
+    return false;
+  }
+  errno = 0;
+
+  char* end;
+  // BiggestConvertible is the largest integer type that system-provided
+  // string-to-number conversion routines can return.
+
+# if GTEST_OS_WINDOWS && !defined(__GNUC__)
+
+  // MSVC and C++ Builder define __int64 instead of the standard long long.
+  typedef unsigned __int64 BiggestConvertible;
+  const BiggestConvertible parsed = _strtoui64(str.c_str(), &end, 10);
+
+# else
+
+  typedef unsigned long long BiggestConvertible;  // NOLINT
+  const BiggestConvertible parsed = strtoull(str.c_str(), &end, 10);
+
+# endif  // GTEST_OS_WINDOWS && !defined(__GNUC__)
+
+  const bool parse_success = *end == '\0' && errno == 0;
+
+  // TODO(vladl@google.com): Convert this to compile time assertion when it is
+  // available.
+  GTEST_CHECK_(sizeof(Integer) <= sizeof(parsed));
+
+  const Integer result = static_cast<Integer>(parsed);
+  if (parse_success && static_cast<BiggestConvertible>(result) == parsed) {
+    *number = result;
+    return true;
+  }
+  return false;
+}
+#endif  // GTEST_HAS_DEATH_TEST
+
+// TestResult contains some private methods that should be hidden from
+// Google Test user but are required for testing. This class allow our tests
+// to access them.
+//
+// This class is supplied only for the purpose of testing Google Test's own
+// constructs. Do not use it in user tests, either directly or indirectly.
+class TestResultAccessor {
+ public:
+  static void RecordProperty(TestResult* test_result,
+                             const std::string& xml_element,
+                             const TestProperty& property) {
+    test_result->RecordProperty(xml_element, property);
+  }
+
+  static void ClearTestPartResults(TestResult* test_result) {
+    test_result->ClearTestPartResults();
+  }
+
+  static const std::vector<testing::TestPartResult>& test_part_results(
+      const TestResult& test_result) {
+    return test_result.test_part_results();
+  }
+};
+
+#if GTEST_CAN_STREAM_RESULTS_
+
+// Streams test results to the given port on the given host machine.
+class StreamingListener : public EmptyTestEventListener {
+ public:
+  // Abstract base class for writing strings to a socket.
+  class AbstractSocketWriter {
+   public:
+    virtual ~AbstractSocketWriter() {}
+
+    // Sends a string to the socket.
+    virtual void Send(const string& message) = 0;
+
+    // Closes the socket.
+    virtual void CloseConnection() {}
+
+    // Sends a string and a newline to the socket.
+    void SendLn(const string& message) {
+      Send(message + "\n");
+    }
+  };
+
+  // Concrete class for actually writing strings to a socket.
+  class SocketWriter : public AbstractSocketWriter {
+   public:
+    SocketWriter(const string& host, const string& port)
+        : sockfd_(-1), host_name_(host), port_num_(port) {
+      MakeConnection();
+    }
+
+    virtual ~SocketWriter() {
+      if (sockfd_ != -1)
+        CloseConnection();
+    }
+
+    // Sends a string to the socket.
+    virtual void Send(const string& message) {
+      GTEST_CHECK_(sockfd_ != -1)
+          << "Send() can be called only when there is a connection.";
+
+      const int len = static_cast<int>(message.length());
+      if (write(sockfd_, message.c_str(), len) != len) {
+        GTEST_LOG_(WARNING)
+            << "stream_result_to: failed to stream to "
+            << host_name_ << ":" << port_num_;
+      }
+    }
+
+   private:
+    // Creates a client socket and connects to the server.
+    void MakeConnection();
+
+    // Closes the socket.
+    void CloseConnection() {
+      GTEST_CHECK_(sockfd_ != -1)
+          << "CloseConnection() can be called only when there is a connection.";
+
+      close(sockfd_);
+      sockfd_ = -1;
+    }
+
+    int sockfd_;  // socket file descriptor
+    const string host_name_;
+    const string port_num_;
+
+    GTEST_DISALLOW_COPY_AND_ASSIGN_(SocketWriter);
+  };  // class SocketWriter
+
+  // Escapes '=', '&', '%', and '\n' characters in str as "%xx".
+  static string UrlEncode(const char* str);
+
+  StreamingListener(const string& host, const string& port)
+      : socket_writer_(new SocketWriter(host, port)) { Start(); }
+
+  explicit StreamingListener(AbstractSocketWriter* socket_writer)
+      : socket_writer_(socket_writer) { Start(); }
+
+  void OnTestProgramStart(const UnitTest& /* unit_test */) {
+    SendLn("event=TestProgramStart");
+  }
+
+  void OnTestProgramEnd(const UnitTest& unit_test) {
+    // Note that Google Test current only report elapsed time for each
+    // test iteration, not for the entire test program.
+    SendLn("event=TestProgramEnd&passed=" + FormatBool(unit_test.Passed()));
+
+    // Notify the streaming server to stop.
+    socket_writer_->CloseConnection();
+  }
+
+  void OnTestIterationStart(const UnitTest& /* unit_test */, int iteration) {
+    SendLn("event=TestIterationStart&iteration=" +
+           StreamableToString(iteration));
+  }
+
+  void OnTestIterationEnd(const UnitTest& unit_test, int /* iteration */) {
+    SendLn("event=TestIterationEnd&passed=" +
+           FormatBool(unit_test.Passed()) + "&elapsed_time=" +
+           StreamableToString(unit_test.elapsed_time()) + "ms");
+  }
+
+  void OnTestCaseStart(const TestCase& test_case) {
+    SendLn(std::string("event=TestCaseStart&name=") + test_case.name());
+  }
+
+  void OnTestCaseEnd(const TestCase& test_case) {
+    SendLn("event=TestCaseEnd&passed=" + FormatBool(test_case.Passed())
+           + "&elapsed_time=" + StreamableToString(test_case.elapsed_time())
+           + "ms");
+  }
+
+  void OnTestStart(const TestInfo& test_info) {
+    SendLn(std::string("event=TestStart&name=") + test_info.name());
+  }
+
+  void OnTestEnd(const TestInfo& test_info) {
+    SendLn("event=TestEnd&passed=" +
+           FormatBool((test_info.result())->Passed()) +
+           "&elapsed_time=" +
+           StreamableToString((test_info.result())->elapsed_time()) + "ms");
+  }
+
+  void OnTestPartResult(const TestPartResult& test_part_result) {
+    const char* file_name = test_part_result.file_name();
+    if (file_name == NULL)
+      file_name = "";
+    SendLn("event=TestPartResult&file=" + UrlEncode(file_name) +
+           "&line=" + StreamableToString(test_part_result.line_number()) +
+           "&message=" + UrlEncode(test_part_result.message()));
+  }
+
+ private:
+  // Sends the given message and a newline to the socket.
+  void SendLn(const string& message) { socket_writer_->SendLn(message); }
+
+  // Called at the start of streaming to notify the receiver what
+  // protocol we are using.
+  void Start() { SendLn("gtest_streaming_protocol_version=1.0"); }
+
+  string FormatBool(bool value) { return value ? "1" : "0"; }
+
+  const scoped_ptr<AbstractSocketWriter> socket_writer_;
+
+  GTEST_DISALLOW_COPY_AND_ASSIGN_(StreamingListener);
+};  // class StreamingListener
+
+#endif  // GTEST_CAN_STREAM_RESULTS_
+
+}  // namespace internal
+}  // namespace testing
+
+#endif  // GTEST_SRC_GTEST_INTERNAL_INL_H_
+#undef GTEST_IMPLEMENTATION_
+
+#if GTEST_OS_WINDOWS
+# define vsnprintf _vsnprintf
+#endif  // GTEST_OS_WINDOWS
+
+namespace testing {
+
+using internal::CountIf;
+using internal::ForEach;
+using internal::GetElementOr;
+using internal::Shuffle;
+
+// Constants.
+
+// A test whose test case name or test name matches this filter is
+// disabled and not run.
+static const char kDisableTestFilter[] = "DISABLED_*:*/DISABLED_*";
+
+// A test case whose name matches this filter is considered a death
+// test case and will be run before test cases whose name doesn't
+// match this filter.
+static const char kDeathTestCaseFilter[] = "*DeathTest:*DeathTest/*";
+
+// A test filter that matches everything.
+static const char kUniversalFilter[] = "*";
+
+// The default output file for XML output.
+static const char kDefaultOutputFile[] = "test_detail.xml";
+
+// The environment variable name for the test shard index.
+static const char kTestShardIndex[] = "GTEST_SHARD_INDEX";
+// The environment variable name for the total number of test shards.
+static const char kTestTotalShards[] = "GTEST_TOTAL_SHARDS";
+// The environment variable name for the test shard status file.
+static const char kTestShardStatusFile[] = "GTEST_SHARD_STATUS_FILE";
+
+namespace internal {
+
+// The text used in failure messages to indicate the start of the
+// stack trace.
+const char kStackTraceMarker[] = "\nStack trace:\n";
+
+// g_help_flag is true iff the --help flag or an equivalent form is
+// specified on the command line.
+bool g_help_flag = false;
+
+}  // namespace internal
+
+static const char* GetDefaultFilter() {
+  return kUniversalFilter;
+}
+
+GTEST_DEFINE_bool_(
+    also_run_disabled_tests,
+    internal::BoolFromGTestEnv("also_run_disabled_tests", false),
+    "Run disabled tests too, in addition to the tests normally being run.");
+
+GTEST_DEFINE_bool_(
+    break_on_failure,
+    internal::BoolFromGTestEnv("break_on_failure", false),
+    "True iff a failed assertion should be a debugger break-point.");
+
+GTEST_DEFINE_bool_(
+    catch_exceptions,
+    internal::BoolFromGTestEnv("catch_exceptions", true),
+    "True iff " GTEST_NAME_
+    " should catch exceptions and treat them as test failures.");
+
+GTEST_DEFINE_string_(
+    color,
+    internal::StringFromGTestEnv("color", "auto"),
+    "Whether to use colors in the output.  Valid values: yes, no, "
+    "and auto.  'auto' means to use colors if the output is "
+    "being sent to a terminal and the TERM environment variable "
+    "is set to a terminal type that supports colors.");
+
+GTEST_DEFINE_string_(
+    filter,
+    internal::StringFromGTestEnv("filter", GetDefaultFilter()),
+    "A colon-separated list of glob (not regex) patterns "
+    "for filtering the tests to run, optionally followed by a "
+    "'-' and a : separated list of negative patterns (tests to "
+    "exclude).  A test is run if it matches one of the positive "
+    "patterns and does not match any of the negative patterns.");
+
+GTEST_DEFINE_bool_(list_tests, false,
+                   "List all tests without running them.");
+
+GTEST_DEFINE_string_(
+    output,
+    internal::StringFromGTestEnv("output", ""),
+    "A format (currently must be \"xml\"), optionally followed "
+    "by a colon and an output file name or directory. A directory "
+    "is indicated by a trailing pathname separator. "
+    "Examples: \"xml:filename.xml\", \"xml::directoryname/\". "
+    "If a directory is specified, output files will be created "
+    "within that directory, with file-names based on the test "
+    "executable's name and, if necessary, made unique by adding "
+    "digits.");
+
+GTEST_DEFINE_bool_(
+    print_time,
+    internal::BoolFromGTestEnv("print_time", true),
+    "True iff " GTEST_NAME_
+    " should display elapsed time in text output.");
+
+GTEST_DEFINE_int32_(
+    random_seed,
+    internal::Int32FromGTestEnv("random_seed", 0),
+    "Random number seed to use when shuffling test orders.  Must be in range "
+    "[1, 99999], or 0 to use a seed based on the current time.");
+
+GTEST_DEFINE_int32_(
+    repeat,
+    internal::Int32FromGTestEnv("repeat", 1),
+    "How many times to repeat each test.  Specify a negative number "
+    "for repeating forever.  Useful for shaking out flaky tests.");
+
+GTEST_DEFINE_bool_(
+    show_internal_stack_frames, false,
+    "True iff " GTEST_NAME_ " should include internal stack frames when "
+    "printing test failure stack traces.");
+
+GTEST_DEFINE_bool_(
+    shuffle,
+    internal::BoolFromGTestEnv("shuffle", false),
+    "True iff " GTEST_NAME_
+    " should randomize tests' order on every run.");
+
+GTEST_DEFINE_int32_(
+    stack_trace_depth,
+    internal::Int32FromGTestEnv("stack_trace_depth", kMaxStackTraceDepth),
+    "The maximum number of stack frames to print when an "
+    "assertion fails.  The valid range is 0 through 100, inclusive.");
+
+GTEST_DEFINE_string_(
+    stream_result_to,
+    internal::StringFromGTestEnv("stream_result_to", ""),
+    "This flag specifies the host name and the port number on which to stream "
+    "test results. Example: \"localhost:555\". The flag is effective only on "
+    "Linux.");
+
+GTEST_DEFINE_bool_(
+    throw_on_failure,
+    internal::BoolFromGTestEnv("throw_on_failure", false),
+    "When this flag is specified, a failed assertion will throw an exception "
+    "if exceptions are enabled or exit the program with a non-zero code "
+    "otherwise.");
+
+namespace internal {
+
+// Generates a random number from [0, range), using a Linear
+// Congruential Generator (LCG).  Crashes if 'range' is 0 or greater
+// than kMaxRange.
+UInt32 Random::Generate(UInt32 range) {
+  // These constants are the same as are used in glibc's rand(3).
+  state_ = (1103515245U*state_ + 12345U) % kMaxRange;
+
+  GTEST_CHECK_(range > 0)
+      << "Cannot generate a number in the range [0, 0).";
+  GTEST_CHECK_(range <= kMaxRange)
+      << "Generation of a number in [0, " << range << ") was requested, "
+      << "but this can only generate numbers in [0, " << kMaxRange << ").";
+
+  // Converting via modulus introduces a bit of downward bias, but
+  // it's simple, and a linear congruential generator isn't too good
+  // to begin with.
+  return state_ % range;
+}
+
+// GTestIsInitialized() returns true iff the user has initialized
+// Google Test.  Useful for catching the user mistake of not initializing
+// Google Test before calling RUN_ALL_TESTS().
+//
+// A user must call testing::InitGoogleTest() to initialize Google
+// Test.  g_init_gtest_count is set to the number of times
+// InitGoogleTest() has been called.  We don't protect this variable
+// under a mutex as it is only accessed in the main thread.
+GTEST_API_ int g_init_gtest_count = 0;
+static bool GTestIsInitialized() { return g_init_gtest_count != 0; }
+
+// Iterates over a vector of TestCases, keeping a running sum of the
+// results of calling a given int-returning method on each.
+// Returns the sum.
+static int SumOverTestCaseList(const std::vector<TestCase*>& case_list,
+                               int (TestCase::*method)() const) {
+  int sum = 0;
+  for (size_t i = 0; i < case_list.size(); i++) {
+    sum += (case_list[i]->*method)();
+  }
+  return sum;
+}
+
+// Returns true iff the test case passed.
+static bool TestCasePassed(const TestCase* test_case) {
+  return test_case->should_run() && test_case->Passed();
+}
+
+// Returns true iff the test case failed.
+static bool TestCaseFailed(const TestCase* test_case) {
+  return test_case->should_run() && test_case->Failed();
+}
+
+// Returns true iff test_case contains at least one test that should
+// run.
+static bool ShouldRunTestCase(const TestCase* test_case) {
+  return test_case->should_run();
+}
+
+// AssertHelper constructor.
+AssertHelper::AssertHelper(TestPartResult::Type type,
+                           const char* file,
+                           int line,
+                           const char* message)
+    : data_(new AssertHelperData(type, file, line, message)) {
+}
+
+AssertHelper::~AssertHelper() {
+  delete data_;
+}
+
+// Message assignment, for assertion streaming support.
+void AssertHelper::operator=(const Message& message) const {
+  UnitTest::GetInstance()->
+    AddTestPartResult(data_->type, data_->file, data_->line,
+                      AppendUserMessage(data_->message, message),
+                      UnitTest::GetInstance()->impl()
+                      ->CurrentOsStackTraceExceptTop(1)
+                      // Skips the stack frame for this function itself.
+                      );  // NOLINT
+}
+
+// Mutex for linked pointers.
+GTEST_API_ GTEST_DEFINE_STATIC_MUTEX_(g_linked_ptr_mutex);
+
+// Application pathname gotten in InitGoogleTest.
+std::string g_executable_path;
+
+// Returns the current application's name, removing directory path if that
+// is present.
+FilePath GetCurrentExecutableName() {
+  FilePath result;
+
+#if GTEST_OS_WINDOWS
+  result.Set(FilePath(g_executable_path).RemoveExtension("exe"));
+#else
+  result.Set(FilePath(g_executable_path));
+#endif  // GTEST_OS_WINDOWS
+
+  return result.RemoveDirectoryName();
+}
+
+// Functions for processing the gtest_output flag.
+
+// Returns the output format, or "" for normal printed output.
+std::string UnitTestOptions::GetOutputFormat() {
+  const char* const gtest_output_flag = GTEST_FLAG(output).c_str();
+  if (gtest_output_flag == NULL) return std::string("");
+
+  const char* const colon = strchr(gtest_output_flag, ':');
+  return (colon == NULL) ?
+      std::string(gtest_output_flag) :
+      std::string(gtest_output_flag, colon - gtest_output_flag);
+}
+
+// Returns the name of the requested output file, or the default if none
+// was explicitly specified.
+std::string UnitTestOptions::GetAbsolutePathToOutputFile() {
+  const char* const gtest_output_flag = GTEST_FLAG(output).c_str();
+  if (gtest_output_flag == NULL)
+    return "";
+
+  const char* const colon = strchr(gtest_output_flag, ':');
+  if (colon == NULL)
+    return internal::FilePath::ConcatPaths(
+        internal::FilePath(
+            UnitTest::GetInstance()->original_working_dir()),
+        internal::FilePath(kDefaultOutputFile)).string();
+
+  internal::FilePath output_name(colon + 1);
+  if (!output_name.IsAbsolutePath())
+    // TODO(wan@google.com): on Windows \some\path is not an absolute
+    // path (as its meaning depends on the current drive), yet the
+    // following logic for turning it into an absolute path is wrong.
+    // Fix it.
+    output_name = internal::FilePath::ConcatPaths(
+        internal::FilePath(UnitTest::GetInstance()->original_working_dir()),
+        internal::FilePath(colon + 1));
+
+  if (!output_name.IsDirectory())
+    return output_name.string();
+
+  internal::FilePath result(internal::FilePath::GenerateUniqueFileName(
+      output_name, internal::GetCurrentExecutableName(),
+      GetOutputFormat().c_str()));
+  return result.string();
+}
+
+// Returns true iff the wildcard pattern matches the string.  The
+// first ':' or '\0' character in pattern marks the end of it.
+//
+// This recursive algorithm isn't very efficient, but is clear and
+// works well enough for matching test names, which are short.
+bool UnitTestOptions::PatternMatchesString(const char *pattern,
+                                           const char *str) {
+  switch (*pattern) {
+    case '\0':
+    case ':':  // Either ':' or '\0' marks the end of the pattern.
+      return *str == '\0';
+    case '?':  // Matches any single character.
+      return *str != '\0' && PatternMatchesString(pattern + 1, str + 1);
+    case '*':  // Matches any string (possibly empty) of characters.
+      return (*str != '\0' && PatternMatchesString(pattern, str + 1)) ||
+          PatternMatchesString(pattern + 1, str);
+    default:  // Non-special character.  Matches itself.
+      return *pattern == *str &&
+          PatternMatchesString(pattern + 1, str + 1);
+  }
+}
+
+bool UnitTestOptions::MatchesFilter(
+    const std::string& name, const char* filter) {
+  const char *cur_pattern = filter;
+  for (;;) {
+    if (PatternMatchesString(cur_pattern, name.c_str())) {
+      return true;
+    }
+
+    // Finds the next pattern in the filter.
+    cur_pattern = strchr(cur_pattern, ':');
+
+    // Returns if no more pattern can be found.
+    if (cur_pattern == NULL) {
+      return false;
+    }
+
+    // Skips the pattern separater (the ':' character).
+    cur_pattern++;
+  }
+}
+
+// Returns true iff the user-specified filter matches the test case
+// name and the test name.
+bool UnitTestOptions::FilterMatchesTest(const std::string &test_case_name,
+                                        const std::string &test_name) {
+  const std::string& full_name = test_case_name + "." + test_name.c_str();
+
+  // Split --gtest_filter at '-', if there is one, to separate into
+  // positive filter and negative filter portions
+  const char* const p = GTEST_FLAG(filter).c_str();
+  const char* const dash = strchr(p, '-');
+  std::string positive;
+  std::string negative;
+  if (dash == NULL) {
+    positive = GTEST_FLAG(filter).c_str();  // Whole string is a positive filter
+    negative = "";
+  } else {
+    positive = std::string(p, dash);   // Everything up to the dash
+    negative = std::string(dash + 1);  // Everything after the dash
+    if (positive.empty()) {
+      // Treat '-test1' as the same as '*-test1'
+      positive = kUniversalFilter;
+    }
+  }
+
+  // A filter is a colon-separated list of patterns.  It matches a
+  // test if any pattern in it matches the test.
+  return (MatchesFilter(full_name, positive.c_str()) &&
+          !MatchesFilter(full_name, negative.c_str()));
+}
+
+#if GTEST_HAS_SEH
+// Returns EXCEPTION_EXECUTE_HANDLER if Google Test should handle the
+// given SEH exception, or EXCEPTION_CONTINUE_SEARCH otherwise.
+// This function is useful as an __except condition.
+int UnitTestOptions::GTestShouldProcessSEH(DWORD exception_code) {
+  // Google Test should handle a SEH exception if:
+  //   1. the user wants it to, AND
+  //   2. this is not a breakpoint exception, AND
+  //   3. this is not a C++ exception (VC++ implements them via SEH,
+  //      apparently).
+  //
+  // SEH exception code for C++ exceptions.
+  // (see http://support.microsoft.com/kb/185294 for more information).
+  const DWORD kCxxExceptionCode = 0xe06d7363;
+
+  bool should_handle = true;
+
+  if (!GTEST_FLAG(catch_exceptions))
+    should_handle = false;
+  else if (exception_code == EXCEPTION_BREAKPOINT)
+    should_handle = false;
+  else if (exception_code == kCxxExceptionCode)
+    should_handle = false;
+
+  return should_handle ? EXCEPTION_EXECUTE_HANDLER : EXCEPTION_CONTINUE_SEARCH;
+}
+#endif  // GTEST_HAS_SEH
+
+}  // namespace internal
+
+// The c'tor sets this object as the test part result reporter used by
+// Google Test.  The 'result' parameter specifies where to report the
+// results. Intercepts only failures from the current thread.
+ScopedFakeTestPartResultReporter::ScopedFakeTestPartResultReporter(
+    TestPartResultArray* result)
+    : intercept_mode_(INTERCEPT_ONLY_CURRENT_THREAD),
+      result_(result) {
+  Init();
+}
+
+// The c'tor sets this object as the test part result reporter used by
+// Google Test.  The 'result' parameter specifies where to report the
+// results.
+ScopedFakeTestPartResultReporter::ScopedFakeTestPartResultReporter(
+    InterceptMode intercept_mode, TestPartResultArray* result)
+    : intercept_mode_(intercept_mode),
+      result_(result) {
+  Init();
+}
+
+void ScopedFakeTestPartResultReporter::Init() {
+  internal::UnitTestImpl* const impl = internal::GetUnitTestImpl();
+  if (intercept_mode_ == INTERCEPT_ALL_THREADS) {
+    old_reporter_ = impl->GetGlobalTestPartResultReporter();
+    impl->SetGlobalTestPartResultReporter(this);
+  } else {
+    old_reporter_ = impl->GetTestPartResultReporterForCurrentThread();
+    impl->SetTestPartResultReporterForCurrentThread(this);
+  }
+}
+
+// The d'tor restores the test part result reporter used by Google Test
+// before.
+ScopedFakeTestPartResultReporter::~ScopedFakeTestPartResultReporter() {
+  internal::UnitTestImpl* const impl = internal::GetUnitTestImpl();
+  if (intercept_mode_ == INTERCEPT_ALL_THREADS) {
+    impl->SetGlobalTestPartResultReporter(old_reporter_);
+  } else {
+    impl->SetTestPartResultReporterForCurrentThread(old_reporter_);
+  }
+}
+
+// Increments the test part result count and remembers the result.
+// This method is from the TestPartResultReporterInterface interface.
+void ScopedFakeTestPartResultReporter::ReportTestPartResult(
+    const TestPartResult& result) {
+  result_->Append(result);
+}
+
+namespace internal {
+
+// Returns the type ID of ::testing::Test.  We should always call this
+// instead of GetTypeId< ::testing::Test>() to get the type ID of
+// testing::Test.  This is to work around a suspected linker bug when
+// using Google Test as a framework on Mac OS X.  The bug causes
+// GetTypeId< ::testing::Test>() to return different values depending
+// on whether the call is from the Google Test framework itself or
+// from user test code.  GetTestTypeId() is guaranteed to always
+// return the same value, as it always calls GetTypeId<>() from the
+// gtest.cc, which is within the Google Test framework.
+TypeId GetTestTypeId() {
+  return GetTypeId<Test>();
+}
+
+// The value of GetTestTypeId() as seen from within the Google Test
+// library.  This is solely for testing GetTestTypeId().
+extern const TypeId kTestTypeIdInGoogleTest = GetTestTypeId();
+
+// This predicate-formatter checks that 'results' contains a test part
+// failure of the given type and that the failure message contains the
+// given substring.
+AssertionResult HasOneFailure(const char* /* results_expr */,
+                              const char* /* type_expr */,
+                              const char* /* substr_expr */,
+                              const TestPartResultArray& results,
+                              TestPartResult::Type type,
+                              const string& substr) {
+  const std::string expected(type == TestPartResult::kFatalFailure ?
+                        "1 fatal failure" :
+                        "1 non-fatal failure");
+  Message msg;
+  if (results.size() != 1) {
+    msg << "Expected: " << expected << "\n"
+        << "  Actual: " << results.size() << " failures";
+    for (int i = 0; i < results.size(); i++) {
+      msg << "\n" << results.GetTestPartResult(i);
+    }
+    return AssertionFailure() << msg;
+  }
+
+  const TestPartResult& r = results.GetTestPartResult(0);
+  if (r.type() != type) {
+    return AssertionFailure() << "Expected: " << expected << "\n"
+                              << "  Actual:\n"
+                              << r;
+  }
+
+  if (strstr(r.message(), substr.c_str()) == NULL) {
+    return AssertionFailure() << "Expected: " << expected << " containing \""
+                              << substr << "\"\n"
+                              << "  Actual:\n"
+                              << r;
+  }
+
+  return AssertionSuccess();
+}
+
+// The constructor of SingleFailureChecker remembers where to look up
+// test part results, what type of failure we expect, and what
+// substring the failure message should contain.
+SingleFailureChecker:: SingleFailureChecker(
+    const TestPartResultArray* results,
+    TestPartResult::Type type,
+    const string& substr)
+    : results_(results),
+      type_(type),
+      substr_(substr) {}
+
+// The destructor of SingleFailureChecker verifies that the given
+// TestPartResultArray contains exactly one failure that has the given
+// type and contains the given substring.  If that's not the case, a
+// non-fatal failure will be generated.
+SingleFailureChecker::~SingleFailureChecker() {
+  EXPECT_PRED_FORMAT3(HasOneFailure, *results_, type_, substr_);
+}
+
+DefaultGlobalTestPartResultReporter::DefaultGlobalTestPartResultReporter(
+    UnitTestImpl* unit_test) : unit_test_(unit_test) {}
+
+void DefaultGlobalTestPartResultReporter::ReportTestPartResult(
+    const TestPartResult& result) {
+  unit_test_->current_test_result()->AddTestPartResult(result);
+  unit_test_->listeners()->repeater()->OnTestPartResult(result);
+}
+
+DefaultPerThreadTestPartResultReporter::DefaultPerThreadTestPartResultReporter(
+    UnitTestImpl* unit_test) : unit_test_(unit_test) {}
+
+void DefaultPerThreadTestPartResultReporter::ReportTestPartResult(
+    const TestPartResult& result) {
+  unit_test_->GetGlobalTestPartResultReporter()->ReportTestPartResult(result);
+}
+
+// Returns the global test part result reporter.
+TestPartResultReporterInterface*
+UnitTestImpl::GetGlobalTestPartResultReporter() {
+  internal::MutexLock lock(&global_test_part_result_reporter_mutex_);
+  return global_test_part_result_repoter_;
+}
+
+// Sets the global test part result reporter.
+void UnitTestImpl::SetGlobalTestPartResultReporter(
+    TestPartResultReporterInterface* reporter) {
+  internal::MutexLock lock(&global_test_part_result_reporter_mutex_);
+  global_test_part_result_repoter_ = reporter;
+}
+
+// Returns the test part result reporter for the current thread.
+TestPartResultReporterInterface*
+UnitTestImpl::GetTestPartResultReporterForCurrentThread() {
+  return per_thread_test_part_result_reporter_.get();
+}
+
+// Sets the test part result reporter for the current thread.
+void UnitTestImpl::SetTestPartResultReporterForCurrentThread(
+    TestPartResultReporterInterface* reporter) {
+  per_thread_test_part_result_reporter_.set(reporter);
+}
+
+// Gets the number of successful test cases.
+int UnitTestImpl::successful_test_case_count() const {
+  return CountIf(test_cases_, TestCasePassed);
+}
+
+// Gets the number of failed test cases.
+int UnitTestImpl::failed_test_case_count() const {
+  return CountIf(test_cases_, TestCaseFailed);
+}
+
+// Gets the number of all test cases.
+int UnitTestImpl::total_test_case_count() const {
+  return static_cast<int>(test_cases_.size());
+}
+
+// Gets the number of all test cases that contain at least one test
+// that should run.
+int UnitTestImpl::test_case_to_run_count() const {
+  return CountIf(test_cases_, ShouldRunTestCase);
+}
+
+// Gets the number of successful tests.
+int UnitTestImpl::successful_test_count() const {
+  return SumOverTestCaseList(test_cases_, &TestCase::successful_test_count);
+}
+
+// Gets the number of failed tests.
+int UnitTestImpl::failed_test_count() const {
+  return SumOverTestCaseList(test_cases_, &TestCase::failed_test_count);
+}
+
+// Gets the number of disabled tests that will be reported in the XML report.
+int UnitTestImpl::reportable_disabled_test_count() const {
+  return SumOverTestCaseList(test_cases_,
+                             &TestCase::reportable_disabled_test_count);
+}
+
+// Gets the number of disabled tests.
+int UnitTestImpl::disabled_test_count() const {
+  return SumOverTestCaseList(test_cases_, &TestCase::disabled_test_count);
+}
+
+// Gets the number of tests to be printed in the XML report.
+int UnitTestImpl::reportable_test_count() const {
+  return SumOverTestCaseList(test_cases_, &TestCase::reportable_test_count);
+}
+
+// Gets the number of all tests.
+int UnitTestImpl::total_test_count() const {
+  return SumOverTestCaseList(test_cases_, &TestCase::total_test_count);
+}
+
+// Gets the number of tests that should run.
+int UnitTestImpl::test_to_run_count() const {
+  return SumOverTestCaseList(test_cases_, &TestCase::test_to_run_count);
+}
+
+// Returns the current OS stack trace as an std::string.
+//
+// The maximum number of stack frames to be included is specified by
+// the gtest_stack_trace_depth flag.  The skip_count parameter
+// specifies the number of top frames to be skipped, which doesn't
+// count against the number of frames to be included.
+//
+// For example, if Foo() calls Bar(), which in turn calls
+// CurrentOsStackTraceExceptTop(1), Foo() will be included in the
+// trace but Bar() and CurrentOsStackTraceExceptTop() won't.
+std::string UnitTestImpl::CurrentOsStackTraceExceptTop(int skip_count) {
+  (void)skip_count;
+  return "";
+}
+
+// Returns the current time in milliseconds.
+TimeInMillis GetTimeInMillis() {
+#if GTEST_OS_WINDOWS_MOBILE || defined(__BORLANDC__)
+  // Difference between 1970-01-01 and 1601-01-01 in milliseconds.
+  // http://analogous.blogspot.com/2005/04/epoch.html
+  const TimeInMillis kJavaEpochToWinFileTimeDelta =
+    static_cast<TimeInMillis>(116444736UL) * 100000UL;
+  const DWORD kTenthMicrosInMilliSecond = 10000;
+
+  SYSTEMTIME now_systime;
+  FILETIME now_filetime;
+  ULARGE_INTEGER now_int64;
+  // TODO(kenton@google.com): Shouldn't this just use
+  //   GetSystemTimeAsFileTime()?
+  GetSystemTime(&now_systime);
+  if (SystemTimeToFileTime(&now_systime, &now_filetime)) {
+    now_int64.LowPart = now_filetime.dwLowDateTime;
+    now_int64.H

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