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From "Brian Demers (JIRA)" <j...@apache.org>
Subject [jira] [Resolved] (SHIRO-550) Pre-authentication deserialization vulnerability
Date Thu, 12 May 2016 01:15:13 GMT

     [ https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/SHIRO-550?page=com.atlassian.jira.plugin.system.issuetabpanels:all-tabpanel
]

Brian Demers resolved SHIRO-550.
--------------------------------
       Resolution: Fixed
    Fix Version/s: 1.2.5
                   2.0.0

> Pre-authentication deserialization vulnerability
> ------------------------------------------------
>
>                 Key: SHIRO-550
>                 URL: https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/SHIRO-550
>             Project: Shiro
>          Issue Type: Bug
>          Components: RememberMe
>    Affects Versions: 1.2.4
>            Reporter: Tim Stibbs
>             Fix For: 2.0.0, 1.2.5
>
>
> The way shiro is set up by default exposes a web application to deserialization attacks.
This is dangerous anyway, but particularly in light of the recent exploits using commons-collections
(see http://foxglovesecurity.com/2015/11/06/what-do-weblogic-websphere-jboss-jenkins-opennms-and-your-application-have-in-common-this-vulnerability/
for more info).
> By default, shiro uses the {{CookieRememberMeManager}}. This serializes, encrypts and
encodes the users identity for later retrieval. Therefore, when it receives a request from
an unauthenticated user, it looks for their remembered identity by doing the following:
> * Retrieve the value of the {{rememberMe}} cookie
> * Base 64 decode
> * Decrypt using AES
> * Deserialize using java serialization ({{ObjectInputStream}}).
> However, the default encryption key is hardcoded, meaning anyone with access to the source
code knows what the default encryption key is. So, an attacker can create a malicious object,
serialize it, encode it, then send it as a cookie. Shiro will then decode and deserialize,
meaning that your malicious object is now live on the server. With careful construction of
the objects, they can be made to run some malicious code (see link above for more detail).
> Note this is not theoretical; I have a working exploit using the [ysoserial commons-collections4
exploit|https://github.com/frohoff/ysoserial/blob/master/src/main/java/ysoserial/payloads/CommonsCollections2.java]
and http client. I can provide my test code if required.
> I understand that this requires your shiro to be set up using the default remember me
settings, but in my case my application doesn't even make use of the remember me functionality
(there’s no way for the user to ask to be remembered), so I didn't even consider that I
needed to secure this part. Yet, my application still has this vulnerability.



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