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From Gordon Sim <g...@redhat.com>
Subject Re: Major slowdown on Qpid broker
Date Wed, 14 Mar 2012 10:39:21 GMT
On 03/13/2012 10:35 PM, Jeff Armstrong wrote:
> I have a situation where the Qpid broker slows down tremendously, to the point where
enqueues stop altogether for long periods of time and dequeuing is also quite slow. When I
look at htop, there are 2 qpid threads running at 100% CPU. When debugging in gdb, I see that
every time I do a backtrace, these two threads are somewhere in the RingQueuePolicy::find(),
and further up the stack it shows that it is in DeliveryRecord::accept().
> Qpid broker/client setup:
> - Ubuntu 10.0.4
> - 0.12 C++ clients and brokers
> - Exchange options: direct
> - Queue options: Ring policy, max size ~400MB
> - Subscriber options: autoAck = 0, acceptMode = ACCEPT_MODE_EXPLICIT, completionMode

I assume the flow control is the default, i.e. unlimited?

> - Message options: Delivery mode PERSISTENT
> I have 2 blades in a chassis, each with a broker running and a single sender client that
enqueues different messages to several bindings on the local broker. Each blade also has two
receiver clients that dequeue messages, but only one blade's receiver clients are "active",
meaning they connect to the brokers on both blades, whereas the receiver clients on the "standby"
blade do nothing.

What does 'do nothing' mean in this context? Have they subscribed to the 
queues without actually processing messages? Or have they not even 

Do the receivers on the active blade dequeue from both brokers?

> If an active blade goes down, the standby blade becomes active, the receiver clients
there will now connect to the brokers and start dequeuing,

How do the published messages get to the other broker?

> while the other blade will eventually reboot into standby mode.
> The two receiver clients each subscribe to their own single queue, which are attached
to the same binding on the same exchange. The clients' normal behaviour is to dequeue messages
for 15 minutes, finish processing them, then send an accept() on the subscription of all the
processed id's. The idea is that if the active blade goes down, all of the messages that were
not accept()ed will be lost, so the clients on the standby blade will then connect and should
get these messages redelivered. This seems to have worked in the past.
> The following events occurred (note that only blade 1 is actually enqueuing to its broker,
blade 2 has no enqueuing going on, this is on purpose):
> - blade 1 (active) and blade 2 (standby)
> - blade 1 reboots, so blade 2 becomes active then blade 1 comes up into standby
> - blade 2 then reboots, so blade 1 becomes active then blade 2 goes into standby
> We then made the following observations:
> - When blade 2 reboots, and blade 1 becomes active, the receiver clients never output
any of the expected redelivered messages. We think that the redelivery never took place.
> - When inspecting the 'unacked' queue in SemanticState (and also the queue in RingQueuePolicy)
in gdb, we noticed about 100,000 messages in each client's queue with old sequence numbers
that correspond to 2/3 of the messages that we never saw redelivered
> - The first 1/3 or so of the messages we expected to be redelivered weren't in those
> - When we finally stopped one of the receiver clients, it cored (aborted), the other
receiver client died, and the qpid broker also cored
> - There was a logged qpid::TransportFailure exception that happened right before all
of these crashed
> Here are some of our thoughts/questions:
> - We think the 1/3 of the messages that vanished might have been because the queue filled,
and the ring policy caused them to be deleted
> - We think that the 2/3 of the messages we expected to be redelivered, might not have
got redelivered because the session on the new clients might have been started before the
sessions of the clients that went down with a reboot were ended. Is there some sort of session
timeout that must occur before the new session gets these redelivered? What happens in this

I'm still not quite clear on what exactly your clients do.

> - We think the slowdown is because of the 100,000 unaccepted messages on the front of
the RingQueuePolicy's queue. We send about 200,000 ids to accept after a 15 minute period,
so for each of these messages, it will have to traverse over the 100,000 unaccepted ids. Could
this account for such a huge slowdown and 100% cpu usage on the accept() with 200,000 ids?

Yes, it could, especially if some of those messages have been removed 
from the ring queue already to make room for newer messages.

Can you send accepts more frequently? Batching accepts is good to some 
extent, but if you can reduce the set of in-doubt messages held by the 
broker you will likely improve the performance.

> - No ideas about the crashes that occurred when we tried to stop one of the receiver

If you have the core files, can you get backtraces for them to give some 
clues as to where the crash occurred?

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