predictionio-commits mailing list archives

Site index · List index
Message view « Date » · « Thread »
Top « Date » · « Thread »
From git-site-r...@apache.org
Subject [27/51] [partial] predictionio-site git commit: Documentation based on apache/predictionio#29fb5f2e13a950704a522e3ba681c99d7e5e2a66
Date Thu, 01 Mar 2018 18:52:51 GMT
http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/predictionio-site/blob/aa39a1be/evaluation/metricbuild/index.html
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/evaluation/metricbuild/index.html b/evaluation/metricbuild/index.html
index 88bd277..fb6d76c 100644
--- a/evaluation/metricbuild/index.html
+++ b/evaluation/metricbuild/index.html
@@ -1,4 +1,4 @@
-<!DOCTYPE html><html><head><title>Building Evaluation Metrics</title><meta charset="utf-8"/><meta content="IE=edge,chrome=1" http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible"/><meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0"/><meta class="swiftype" name="title" data-type="string" content="Building Evaluation Metrics"/><link rel="canonical" href="https://predictionio.apache.org/evaluation/metricbuild/"/><link href="/images/favicon/normal-b330020a.png" rel="shortcut icon"/><link href="/images/favicon/apple-c0febcf2.png" rel="apple-touch-icon"/><link href="//fonts.googleapis.com/css?family=Open+Sans:300italic,400italic,600italic,700italic,800italic,400,300,600,700,800" rel="stylesheet"/><link href="//maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/font-awesome/4.2.0/css/font-awesome.min.css" rel="stylesheet"/><link href="/stylesheets/application-eccfc6cb.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"/><script src="//cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/html5shiv/3.7.2/html5shiv.min.js"></script><script src="//cdn.mathjax.or
 g/mathjax/latest/MathJax.js?config=TeX-AMS-MML_HTMLorMML"></script><script src="//use.typekit.net/pqo0itb.js"></script><script>try{Typekit.load({ async: true });}catch(e){}</script></head><body><div id="global"><header><div class="container" id="header-wrapper"><div class="row"><div class="col-sm-12"><div id="logo-wrapper"><span id="drawer-toggle"></span><a href="#"></a><a href="http://predictionio.apache.org/"><img alt="Apache PredictionIO" id="logo" src="/images/logos/logo-ee2b9bb3.png"/></a><span>™</span></div><div id="menu-wrapper"><div id="pill-wrapper"><a class="pill left" href="/gallery/template-gallery">TEMPLATES</a> <a class="pill right" href="//github.com/apache/incubator-predictionio/">OPEN SOURCE</a></div></div><img class="mobile-search-bar-toggler hidden-md hidden-lg" src="/images/icons/search-glass-704bd4ff.png"/></div></div></div></header><div id="search-bar-row-wrapper"><div class="container-fluid" id="search-bar-row"><div class="row"><div class="col-md-9 col-sm-11
  col-xs-11"><div class="hidden-md hidden-lg" id="mobile-page-heading-wrapper"><p>PredictionIO Docs</p><h4>Building Evaluation Metrics</h4></div><h4 class="hidden-sm hidden-xs">PredictionIO Docs</h4></div><div class="col-md-3 col-sm-1 col-xs-1 hidden-md hidden-lg"><img id="left-menu-indicator" src="/images/icons/down-arrow-dfe9f7fe.png"/></div><div class="col-md-3 col-sm-12 col-xs-12 swiftype-wrapper"><div class="swiftype"><form class="search-form"><img class="search-box-toggler hidden-xs hidden-sm" src="/images/icons/search-glass-704bd4ff.png"/><div class="search-box"><img src="/images/icons/search-glass-704bd4ff.png"/><input type="text" id="st-search-input" class="st-search-input" placeholder="Search Doc..."/></div><img class="swiftype-row-hider hidden-md hidden-lg" src="/images/icons/drawer-toggle-active-fcbef12a.png"/></form></div></div><div class="mobile-left-menu-toggler hidden-md hidden-lg"></div></div></div></div><div id="page" class="container-fluid"><div class="row"><div id
 ="left-menu-wrapper" class="col-md-3"><nav id="nav-main"><ul><li class="level-1"><a class="expandible" href="/"><span>Apache PredictionIO™ Documentation</span></a><ul><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/"><span>Welcome to Apache PredictionIO</span></a></li></ul></li><li class="level-1"><a class="expandible" href="#"><span>Getting Started</span></a><ul><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/start/"><span>A Quick Intro</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/install/"><span>Installing Apache PredictionIO</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/start/download/"><span>Downloading an Engine Template</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/start/deploy/"><span>Deploying Your First Engine</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/start/customize/"><span>Customizing the Engine</span></a></li></ul></li><li class="level-1"><a class="expandible" href="#"><span>Integrating with Your App</span></a><ul><li cl
 ass="level-2"><a class="final" href="/appintegration/"><span>App Integration Overview</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="expandible" href="/sdk/"><span>List of SDKs</span></a><ul><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/sdk/java/"><span>Java & Android SDK</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/sdk/php/"><span>PHP SDK</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/sdk/python/"><span>Python SDK</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/sdk/ruby/"><span>Ruby SDK</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/sdk/community/"><span>Community Powered SDKs</span></a></li></ul></li></ul></li><li class="level-1"><a class="expandible" href="#"><span>Deploying an Engine</span></a><ul><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/deploy/"><span>Deploying as a Web Service</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/batchpredict/"><span>Batch Predictions</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href=
 "/deploy/monitoring/"><span>Monitoring Engine</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/deploy/engineparams/"><span>Setting Engine Parameters</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/deploy/enginevariants/"><span>Deploying Multiple Engine Variants</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/deploy/plugin/"><span>Engine Server Plugin</span></a></li></ul></li><li class="level-1"><a class="expandible" href="#"><span>Customizing an Engine</span></a><ul><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/customize/"><span>Learning DASE</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/customize/dase/"><span>Implement DASE</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/customize/troubleshooting/"><span>Troubleshooting Engine Development</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/api/current/#package"><span>Engine Scala APIs</span></a></li></ul></li><li class="level-1"><a class="expandible" href="#"><span>Collec
 ting and Analyzing Data</span></a><ul><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/datacollection/"><span>Event Server Overview</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/datacollection/eventapi/"><span>Collecting Data with REST/SDKs</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/datacollection/eventmodel/"><span>Events Modeling</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/datacollection/webhooks/"><span>Unifying Multichannel Data with Webhooks</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/datacollection/channel/"><span>Channel</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/datacollection/batchimport/"><span>Importing Data in Batch</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/datacollection/analytics/"><span>Using Analytics Tools</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/datacollection/plugin/"><span>Event Server Plugin</span></a></li></ul></li><li class="level-1"><a class="expandible" h
 ref="#"><span>Choosing an Algorithm(s)</span></a><ul><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/algorithm/"><span>Built-in Algorithm Libraries</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/algorithm/switch/"><span>Switching to Another Algorithm</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/algorithm/multiple/"><span>Combining Multiple Algorithms</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/algorithm/custom/"><span>Adding Your Own Algorithms</span></a></li></ul></li><li class="level-1"><a class="expandible" href="#"><span>ML Tuning and Evaluation</span></a><ul><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/evaluation/"><span>Overview</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/evaluation/paramtuning/"><span>Hyperparameter Tuning</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/evaluation/evaluationdashboard/"><span>Evaluation Dashboard</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/evaluation/metricchoose/"><s
 pan>Choosing Evaluation Metrics</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final active" href="/evaluation/metricbuild/"><span>Building Evaluation Metrics</span></a></li></ul></li><li class="level-1"><a class="expandible" href="#"><span>System Architecture</span></a><ul><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/system/"><span>Architecture Overview</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/system/anotherdatastore/"><span>Using Another Data Store</span></a></li></ul></li><li class="level-1"><a class="expandible" href="#"><span>PredictionIO Official Templates</span></a><ul><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/templates/"><span>Intro</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="expandible" href="#"><span>Recommendation</span></a><ul><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/recommendation/quickstart/"><span>Quick Start</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/recommendation/dase/"><span>DASE</span></a></li><li class="le
 vel-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/recommendation/evaluation/"><span>Evaluation Explained</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/recommendation/how-to/"><span>How-To</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/recommendation/reading-custom-events/"><span>Read Custom Events</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/recommendation/customize-data-prep/"><span>Customize Data Preparator</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/recommendation/customize-serving/"><span>Customize Serving</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/recommendation/training-with-implicit-preference/"><span>Train with Implicit Preference</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/recommendation/blacklist-items/"><span>Filter Recommended Items by Blacklist in Query</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/recommendation/
 batch-evaluator/"><span>Batch Persistable Evaluator</span></a></li></ul></li><li class="level-2"><a class="expandible" href="#"><span>E-Commerce Recommendation</span></a><ul><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/ecommercerecommendation/quickstart/"><span>Quick Start</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/ecommercerecommendation/dase/"><span>DASE</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/ecommercerecommendation/how-to/"><span>How-To</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/ecommercerecommendation/train-with-rate-event/"><span>Train with Rate Event</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/ecommercerecommendation/adjust-score/"><span>Adjust Score</span></a></li></ul></li><li class="level-2"><a class="expandible" href="#"><span>Similar Product</span></a><ul><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/similarproduct/quickstart/"><span>Quick Start</spa
 n></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/similarproduct/dase/"><span>DASE</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/similarproduct/how-to/"><span>How-To</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/similarproduct/multi-events-multi-algos/"><span>Multiple Events and Multiple Algorithms</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/similarproduct/return-item-properties/"><span>Returns Item Properties</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/similarproduct/train-with-rate-event/"><span>Train with Rate Event</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/similarproduct/rid-user-set-event/"><span>Get Rid of Events for Users</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/similarproduct/recommended-user/"><span>Recommend Users</span></a></li></ul></li><li class="level-2"><a class="expandible" href="#"><span>Classification<
 /span></a><ul><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/classification/quickstart/"><span>Quick Start</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/classification/dase/"><span>DASE</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/classification/how-to/"><span>How-To</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/classification/add-algorithm/"><span>Use Alternative Algorithm</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/classification/reading-custom-properties/"><span>Read Custom Properties</span></a></li></ul></li></ul></li><li class="level-1"><a class="expandible" href="#"><span>Engine Template Gallery</span></a><ul><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/gallery/template-gallery/"><span>Browse</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/community/submit-template/"><span>Submit your Engine as a Template</span></a></li></ul></li><li class="level-1"><a class="expandi
 ble" href="#"><span>Demo Tutorials</span></a><ul><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/demo/tapster/"><span>Comics Recommendation Demo</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/demo/community/"><span>Community Contributed Demo</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/demo/textclassification/"><span>Text Classification Engine Tutorial</span></a></li></ul></li><li class="level-1"><a class="expandible" href="/community/"><span>Getting Involved</span></a><ul><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/community/contribute-code/"><span>Contribute Code</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/community/contribute-documentation/"><span>Contribute Documentation</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/community/contribute-sdk/"><span>Contribute a SDK</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/community/contribute-webhook/"><span>Contribute a Webhook</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final
 " href="/community/projects/"><span>Community Projects</span></a></li></ul></li><li class="level-1"><a class="expandible" href="#"><span>Getting Help</span></a><ul><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/resources/faq/"><span>FAQs</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/support/"><span>Support</span></a></li></ul></li><li class="level-1"><a class="expandible" href="#"><span>Resources</span></a><ul><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/cli/"><span>Command-line Interface</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/resources/release/"><span>Release Cadence</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/resources/intellij/"><span>Developing Engines with IntelliJ IDEA</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/resources/upgrade/"><span>Upgrade Instructions</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/resources/glossary/"><span>Glossary</span></a></li></ul></li><li class="level-1"><a class="expandible" h
 ref="#"><span>Apache Software Foundation</span></a><ul><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="https://www.apache.org/"><span>Apache Homepage</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="https://www.apache.org/licenses/"><span>License</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="https://www.apache.org/foundation/sponsorship.html"><span>Sponsorship</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="https://www.apache.org/foundation/thanks.html"><span>Thanks</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="https://www.apache.org/security/"><span>Security</span></a></li></ul></li></ul></nav></div><div class="col-md-9 col-sm-12"><div class="content-header hidden-md hidden-lg"><div id="breadcrumbs" class="hidden-sm hidden xs"><ul><li><a href="#">ML Tuning and Evaluation</a><span class="spacer">&gt;</span></li><li><span class="last">Building Evaluation Metrics</span></li></ul></div><div id="page-title"><h1>Building Evaluation Metrics</h1></div>
 </div><div id="table-of-content-wrapper"><h5>On this page</h5><aside id="table-of-contents"><ul> <li> <a href="#overview">Overview</a> </li> <li> <a href="#example-1-accuracy-metric">Example 1: Accuracy Metric</a> </li> <li> <a href="#example-2-precision-metric">Example 2: Precision Metric</a> </li> </ul> </aside><hr/><a id="edit-page-link" href="https://github.com/apache/incubator-predictionio/tree/livedoc/docs/manual/source/evaluation/metricbuild.html.md"><img src="/images/icons/edit-pencil-d6c1bb3d.png"/>Edit this page</a></div><div class="content-header hidden-sm hidden-xs"><div id="breadcrumbs" class="hidden-sm hidden xs"><ul><li><a href="#">ML Tuning and Evaluation</a><span class="spacer">&gt;</span></li><li><span class="last">Building Evaluation Metrics</span></li></ul></div><div id="page-title"><h1>Building Evaluation Metrics</h1></div></div><div class="content"> <p>PredictionIO enables developer to implement evaluation custom evaluation metric with just a few lines of code.
  We illustrate it with <a href="/templates/classification/quickstart/">the classification template</a>.</p><h2 id='overview' class='header-anchors'>Overview</h2><p>A simplistic form of metric is a function which takes a <code>(Query, PredictedResult, ActualResult)</code>-tuple (<em>QPA-tuple</em>) as input and return a score. Exploiting this properties allows us to implement custom metric with a single line of code (plus some boilerplates). We demonstate this with two metrics: accuracy and precision.</p> <h2 id='example-1:-accuracy-metric' class='header-anchors'>Example 1: Accuracy Metric</h2><p>Accuracy is a metric capturing the portion of correct prediction among all test data points. A way to model this is for each correct QPA-tuple, we give a score of 1.0 and otherwise 0.0, then we take an average of all tuple scores.</p><p>PredictionIO has a [[AverageMetric]] helper class which provides this feature. This class takes 4 type parameters, [[EvalInfo]], [[Query]], [[PredictedResult
 ]], and [[ActualResult]], these types can be found from the engine&#39;s signature. Line 5 below is the custom calculation.</p><div class="highlight scala"><table style="border-spacing: 0"><tbody><tr><td class="gutter gl" style="text-align: right"><pre class="lineno">1
+<!DOCTYPE html><html><head><title>Building Evaluation Metrics</title><meta charset="utf-8"/><meta content="IE=edge,chrome=1" http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible"/><meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0"/><meta class="swiftype" name="title" data-type="string" content="Building Evaluation Metrics"/><link rel="canonical" href="https://predictionio.apache.org/evaluation/metricbuild/"/><link href="/images/favicon/normal-b330020a.png" rel="shortcut icon"/><link href="/images/favicon/apple-c0febcf2.png" rel="apple-touch-icon"/><link href="//fonts.googleapis.com/css?family=Open+Sans:300italic,400italic,600italic,700italic,800italic,400,300,600,700,800" rel="stylesheet"/><link href="//maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/font-awesome/4.2.0/css/font-awesome.min.css" rel="stylesheet"/><link href="/stylesheets/application-eccfc6cb.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"/><script src="//cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/html5shiv/3.7.2/html5shiv.min.js"></script><script src="//cdn.mathjax.or
 g/mathjax/latest/MathJax.js?config=TeX-AMS-MML_HTMLorMML"></script><script src="//use.typekit.net/pqo0itb.js"></script><script>try{Typekit.load({ async: true });}catch(e){}</script></head><body><div id="global"><header><div class="container" id="header-wrapper"><div class="row"><div class="col-sm-12"><div id="logo-wrapper"><span id="drawer-toggle"></span><a href="#"></a><a href="http://predictionio.apache.org/"><img alt="Apache PredictionIO" id="logo" src="/images/logos/logo-ee2b9bb3.png"/></a><span>™</span></div><div id="menu-wrapper"><div id="pill-wrapper"><a class="pill left" href="/gallery/template-gallery">TEMPLATES</a> <a class="pill right" href="//github.com/apache/incubator-predictionio/">OPEN SOURCE</a></div></div><img class="mobile-search-bar-toggler hidden-md hidden-lg" src="/images/icons/search-glass-704bd4ff.png"/></div></div></div></header><div id="search-bar-row-wrapper"><div class="container-fluid" id="search-bar-row"><div class="row"><div class="col-md-9 col-sm-11
  col-xs-11"><div class="hidden-md hidden-lg" id="mobile-page-heading-wrapper"><p>PredictionIO Docs</p><h4>Building Evaluation Metrics</h4></div><h4 class="hidden-sm hidden-xs">PredictionIO Docs</h4></div><div class="col-md-3 col-sm-1 col-xs-1 hidden-md hidden-lg"><img id="left-menu-indicator" src="/images/icons/down-arrow-dfe9f7fe.png"/></div><div class="col-md-3 col-sm-12 col-xs-12 swiftype-wrapper"><div class="swiftype"><form class="search-form"><img class="search-box-toggler hidden-xs hidden-sm" src="/images/icons/search-glass-704bd4ff.png"/><div class="search-box"><img src="/images/icons/search-glass-704bd4ff.png"/><input type="text" id="st-search-input" class="st-search-input" placeholder="Search Doc..."/></div><img class="swiftype-row-hider hidden-md hidden-lg" src="/images/icons/drawer-toggle-active-fcbef12a.png"/></form></div></div><div class="mobile-left-menu-toggler hidden-md hidden-lg"></div></div></div></div><div id="page" class="container-fluid"><div class="row"><div id
 ="left-menu-wrapper" class="col-md-3"><nav id="nav-main"><ul><li class="level-1"><a class="expandible" href="/"><span>Apache PredictionIO® Documentation</span></a><ul><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/"><span>Welcome to Apache PredictionIO®</span></a></li></ul></li><li class="level-1"><a class="expandible" href="#"><span>Getting Started</span></a><ul><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/start/"><span>A Quick Intro</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/install/"><span>Installing Apache PredictionIO</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/start/download/"><span>Downloading an Engine Template</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/start/deploy/"><span>Deploying Your First Engine</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/start/customize/"><span>Customizing the Engine</span></a></li></ul></li><li class="level-1"><a class="expandible" href="#"><span>Integrating with Your App</span></a><ul><li c
 lass="level-2"><a class="final" href="/appintegration/"><span>App Integration Overview</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="expandible" href="/sdk/"><span>List of SDKs</span></a><ul><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/sdk/java/"><span>Java & Android SDK</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/sdk/php/"><span>PHP SDK</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/sdk/python/"><span>Python SDK</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/sdk/ruby/"><span>Ruby SDK</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/sdk/community/"><span>Community Powered SDKs</span></a></li></ul></li></ul></li><li class="level-1"><a class="expandible" href="#"><span>Deploying an Engine</span></a><ul><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/deploy/"><span>Deploying as a Web Service</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/batchpredict/"><span>Batch Predictions</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href
 ="/deploy/monitoring/"><span>Monitoring Engine</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/deploy/engineparams/"><span>Setting Engine Parameters</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/deploy/enginevariants/"><span>Deploying Multiple Engine Variants</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/deploy/plugin/"><span>Engine Server Plugin</span></a></li></ul></li><li class="level-1"><a class="expandible" href="#"><span>Customizing an Engine</span></a><ul><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/customize/"><span>Learning DASE</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/customize/dase/"><span>Implement DASE</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/customize/troubleshooting/"><span>Troubleshooting Engine Development</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/api/current/#package"><span>Engine Scala APIs</span></a></li></ul></li><li class="level-1"><a class="expandible" href="#"><span>Colle
 cting and Analyzing Data</span></a><ul><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/datacollection/"><span>Event Server Overview</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/datacollection/eventapi/"><span>Collecting Data with REST/SDKs</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/datacollection/eventmodel/"><span>Events Modeling</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/datacollection/webhooks/"><span>Unifying Multichannel Data with Webhooks</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/datacollection/channel/"><span>Channel</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/datacollection/batchimport/"><span>Importing Data in Batch</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/datacollection/analytics/"><span>Using Analytics Tools</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/datacollection/plugin/"><span>Event Server Plugin</span></a></li></ul></li><li class="level-1"><a class="expandible" 
 href="#"><span>Choosing an Algorithm(s)</span></a><ul><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/algorithm/"><span>Built-in Algorithm Libraries</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/algorithm/switch/"><span>Switching to Another Algorithm</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/algorithm/multiple/"><span>Combining Multiple Algorithms</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/algorithm/custom/"><span>Adding Your Own Algorithms</span></a></li></ul></li><li class="level-1"><a class="expandible" href="#"><span>ML Tuning and Evaluation</span></a><ul><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/evaluation/"><span>Overview</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/evaluation/paramtuning/"><span>Hyperparameter Tuning</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/evaluation/evaluationdashboard/"><span>Evaluation Dashboard</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/evaluation/metricchoose/"><
 span>Choosing Evaluation Metrics</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final active" href="/evaluation/metricbuild/"><span>Building Evaluation Metrics</span></a></li></ul></li><li class="level-1"><a class="expandible" href="#"><span>System Architecture</span></a><ul><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/system/"><span>Architecture Overview</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/system/anotherdatastore/"><span>Using Another Data Store</span></a></li></ul></li><li class="level-1"><a class="expandible" href="#"><span>PredictionIO® Official Templates</span></a><ul><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/templates/"><span>Intro</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="expandible" href="#"><span>Recommendation</span></a><ul><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/recommendation/quickstart/"><span>Quick Start</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/recommendation/dase/"><span>DASE</span></a></li><li class=
 "level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/recommendation/evaluation/"><span>Evaluation Explained</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/recommendation/how-to/"><span>How-To</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/recommendation/reading-custom-events/"><span>Read Custom Events</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/recommendation/customize-data-prep/"><span>Customize Data Preparator</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/recommendation/customize-serving/"><span>Customize Serving</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/recommendation/training-with-implicit-preference/"><span>Train with Implicit Preference</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/recommendation/blacklist-items/"><span>Filter Recommended Items by Blacklist in Query</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/recommendati
 on/batch-evaluator/"><span>Batch Persistable Evaluator</span></a></li></ul></li><li class="level-2"><a class="expandible" href="#"><span>E-Commerce Recommendation</span></a><ul><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/ecommercerecommendation/quickstart/"><span>Quick Start</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/ecommercerecommendation/dase/"><span>DASE</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/ecommercerecommendation/how-to/"><span>How-To</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/ecommercerecommendation/train-with-rate-event/"><span>Train with Rate Event</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/ecommercerecommendation/adjust-score/"><span>Adjust Score</span></a></li></ul></li><li class="level-2"><a class="expandible" href="#"><span>Similar Product</span></a><ul><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/similarproduct/quickstart/"><span>Quick Start</
 span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/similarproduct/dase/"><span>DASE</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/similarproduct/how-to/"><span>How-To</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/similarproduct/multi-events-multi-algos/"><span>Multiple Events and Multiple Algorithms</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/similarproduct/return-item-properties/"><span>Returns Item Properties</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/similarproduct/train-with-rate-event/"><span>Train with Rate Event</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/similarproduct/rid-user-set-event/"><span>Get Rid of Events for Users</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/similarproduct/recommended-user/"><span>Recommend Users</span></a></li></ul></li><li class="level-2"><a class="expandible" href="#"><span>Classificati
 on</span></a><ul><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/classification/quickstart/"><span>Quick Start</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/classification/dase/"><span>DASE</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/classification/how-to/"><span>How-To</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/classification/add-algorithm/"><span>Use Alternative Algorithm</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/classification/reading-custom-properties/"><span>Read Custom Properties</span></a></li></ul></li></ul></li><li class="level-1"><a class="expandible" href="#"><span>Engine Template Gallery</span></a><ul><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/gallery/template-gallery/"><span>Browse</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/community/submit-template/"><span>Submit your Engine as a Template</span></a></li></ul></li><li class="level-1"><a class="expa
 ndible" href="#"><span>Demo Tutorials</span></a><ul><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/demo/tapster/"><span>Comics Recommendation Demo</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/demo/community/"><span>Community Contributed Demo</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/demo/textclassification/"><span>Text Classification Engine Tutorial</span></a></li></ul></li><li class="level-1"><a class="expandible" href="/community/"><span>Getting Involved</span></a><ul><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/community/contribute-code/"><span>Contribute Code</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/community/contribute-documentation/"><span>Contribute Documentation</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/community/contribute-sdk/"><span>Contribute a SDK</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/community/contribute-webhook/"><span>Contribute a Webhook</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="fi
 nal" href="/community/projects/"><span>Community Projects</span></a></li></ul></li><li class="level-1"><a class="expandible" href="#"><span>Getting Help</span></a><ul><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/resources/faq/"><span>FAQs</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/support/"><span>Support</span></a></li></ul></li><li class="level-1"><a class="expandible" href="#"><span>Resources</span></a><ul><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/cli/"><span>Command-line Interface</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/resources/release/"><span>Release Cadence</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/resources/intellij/"><span>Developing Engines with IntelliJ IDEA</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/resources/upgrade/"><span>Upgrade Instructions</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/resources/glossary/"><span>Glossary</span></a></li></ul></li><li class="level-1"><a class="expandible
 " href="#"><span>Apache Software Foundation</span></a><ul><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="https://www.apache.org/"><span>Apache Homepage</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="https://www.apache.org/licenses/"><span>License</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="https://www.apache.org/foundation/sponsorship.html"><span>Sponsorship</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="https://www.apache.org/foundation/thanks.html"><span>Thanks</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="https://www.apache.org/security/"><span>Security</span></a></li></ul></li></ul></nav></div><div class="col-md-9 col-sm-12"><div class="content-header hidden-md hidden-lg"><div id="breadcrumbs" class="hidden-sm hidden xs"><ul><li><a href="#">ML Tuning and Evaluation</a><span class="spacer">&gt;</span></li><li><span class="last">Building Evaluation Metrics</span></li></ul></div><div id="page-title"><h1>Building Evaluation Metrics</h1></d
 iv></div><div id="table-of-content-wrapper"><h5>On this page</h5><aside id="table-of-contents"><ul> <li> <a href="#overview">Overview</a> </li> <li> <a href="#example-1-accuracy-metric">Example 1: Accuracy Metric</a> </li> <li> <a href="#example-2-precision-metric">Example 2: Precision Metric</a> </li> </ul> </aside><hr/><a id="edit-page-link" href="https://github.com/apache/incubator-predictionio/tree/livedoc/docs/manual/source/evaluation/metricbuild.html.md"><img src="/images/icons/edit-pencil-d6c1bb3d.png"/>Edit this page</a></div><div class="content-header hidden-sm hidden-xs"><div id="breadcrumbs" class="hidden-sm hidden xs"><ul><li><a href="#">ML Tuning and Evaluation</a><span class="spacer">&gt;</span></li><li><span class="last">Building Evaluation Metrics</span></li></ul></div><div id="page-title"><h1>Building Evaluation Metrics</h1></div></div><div class="content"> <p>PredictionIO enables developer to implement evaluation custom evaluation metric with just a few lines of co
 de. We illustrate it with <a href="/templates/classification/quickstart/">the classification template</a>.</p><h2 id='overview' class='header-anchors'>Overview</h2><p>A simplistic form of metric is a function which takes a <code>(Query, PredictedResult, ActualResult)</code>-tuple (<em>QPA-tuple</em>) as input and return a score. Exploiting this properties allows us to implement custom metric with a single line of code (plus some boilerplates). We demonstate this with two metrics: accuracy and precision.</p> <h2 id='example-1:-accuracy-metric' class='header-anchors'>Example 1: Accuracy Metric</h2><p>Accuracy is a metric capturing the portion of correct prediction among all test data points. A way to model this is for each correct QPA-tuple, we give a score of 1.0 and otherwise 0.0, then we take an average of all tuple scores.</p><p>PredictionIO has a [[AverageMetric]] helper class which provides this feature. This class takes 4 type parameters, [[EvalInfo]], [[Query]], [[PredictedRes
 ult]], and [[ActualResult]], these types can be found from the engine&#39;s signature. Line 5 below is the custom calculation.</p><div class="highlight scala"><table style="border-spacing: 0"><tbody><tr><td class="gutter gl" style="text-align: right"><pre class="lineno">1
 2
 3
 4
@@ -148,4 +148,4 @@ Metrics:
 e=d.getElementsByTagName(t)[0];s.async=1;s.src=u;e.parentNode.insertBefore(s,e);
 })(window,document,'script','//s.swiftypecdn.com/install/v1/st.js','_st');
 
-_st('install','HaUfpXXV87xoB_zzCQ45');</script><script src="/javascripts/application-a6acb1f5.js"></script></body></html>
\ No newline at end of file
+_st('install','HaUfpXXV87xoB_zzCQ45');</script><script src="/javascripts/application-eee4bb28.js"></script></body></html>
\ No newline at end of file

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/predictionio-site/blob/aa39a1be/evaluation/metricbuild/index.html.gz
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/evaluation/metricbuild/index.html.gz b/evaluation/metricbuild/index.html.gz
deleted file mode 100644
index b72f6dd..0000000
Binary files a/evaluation/metricbuild/index.html.gz and /dev/null differ

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/predictionio-site/blob/aa39a1be/evaluation/metricchoose/index.html
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/evaluation/metricchoose/index.html b/evaluation/metricchoose/index.html
index 8a97930..71e09f7 100644
--- a/evaluation/metricchoose/index.html
+++ b/evaluation/metricchoose/index.html
@@ -1,6 +1,6 @@
-<!DOCTYPE html><html><head><title>Choosing Evaluation Metrics</title><meta charset="utf-8"/><meta content="IE=edge,chrome=1" http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible"/><meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0"/><meta class="swiftype" name="title" data-type="string" content="Choosing Evaluation Metrics"/><link rel="canonical" href="https://predictionio.apache.org/evaluation/metricchoose/"/><link href="/images/favicon/normal-b330020a.png" rel="shortcut icon"/><link href="/images/favicon/apple-c0febcf2.png" rel="apple-touch-icon"/><link href="//fonts.googleapis.com/css?family=Open+Sans:300italic,400italic,600italic,700italic,800italic,400,300,600,700,800" rel="stylesheet"/><link href="//maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/font-awesome/4.2.0/css/font-awesome.min.css" rel="stylesheet"/><link href="/stylesheets/application-eccfc6cb.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"/><script src="//cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/html5shiv/3.7.2/html5shiv.min.js"></script><script src="//cdn.mathjax.o
 rg/mathjax/latest/MathJax.js?config=TeX-AMS-MML_HTMLorMML"></script><script src="//use.typekit.net/pqo0itb.js"></script><script>try{Typekit.load({ async: true });}catch(e){}</script></head><body><div id="global"><header><div class="container" id="header-wrapper"><div class="row"><div class="col-sm-12"><div id="logo-wrapper"><span id="drawer-toggle"></span><a href="#"></a><a href="http://predictionio.apache.org/"><img alt="Apache PredictionIO" id="logo" src="/images/logos/logo-ee2b9bb3.png"/></a><span>™</span></div><div id="menu-wrapper"><div id="pill-wrapper"><a class="pill left" href="/gallery/template-gallery">TEMPLATES</a> <a class="pill right" href="//github.com/apache/incubator-predictionio/">OPEN SOURCE</a></div></div><img class="mobile-search-bar-toggler hidden-md hidden-lg" src="/images/icons/search-glass-704bd4ff.png"/></div></div></div></header><div id="search-bar-row-wrapper"><div class="container-fluid" id="search-bar-row"><div class="row"><div class="col-md-9 col-sm-1
 1 col-xs-11"><div class="hidden-md hidden-lg" id="mobile-page-heading-wrapper"><p>PredictionIO Docs</p><h4>Choosing Evaluation Metrics</h4></div><h4 class="hidden-sm hidden-xs">PredictionIO Docs</h4></div><div class="col-md-3 col-sm-1 col-xs-1 hidden-md hidden-lg"><img id="left-menu-indicator" src="/images/icons/down-arrow-dfe9f7fe.png"/></div><div class="col-md-3 col-sm-12 col-xs-12 swiftype-wrapper"><div class="swiftype"><form class="search-form"><img class="search-box-toggler hidden-xs hidden-sm" src="/images/icons/search-glass-704bd4ff.png"/><div class="search-box"><img src="/images/icons/search-glass-704bd4ff.png"/><input type="text" id="st-search-input" class="st-search-input" placeholder="Search Doc..."/></div><img class="swiftype-row-hider hidden-md hidden-lg" src="/images/icons/drawer-toggle-active-fcbef12a.png"/></form></div></div><div class="mobile-left-menu-toggler hidden-md hidden-lg"></div></div></div></div><div id="page" class="container-fluid"><div class="row"><div i
 d="left-menu-wrapper" class="col-md-3"><nav id="nav-main"><ul><li class="level-1"><a class="expandible" href="/"><span>Apache PredictionIO™ Documentation</span></a><ul><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/"><span>Welcome to Apache PredictionIO</span></a></li></ul></li><li class="level-1"><a class="expandible" href="#"><span>Getting Started</span></a><ul><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/start/"><span>A Quick Intro</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/install/"><span>Installing Apache PredictionIO</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/start/download/"><span>Downloading an Engine Template</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/start/deploy/"><span>Deploying Your First Engine</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/start/customize/"><span>Customizing the Engine</span></a></li></ul></li><li class="level-1"><a class="expandible" href="#"><span>Integrating with Your App</span></a><ul><li c
 lass="level-2"><a class="final" href="/appintegration/"><span>App Integration Overview</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="expandible" href="/sdk/"><span>List of SDKs</span></a><ul><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/sdk/java/"><span>Java & Android SDK</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/sdk/php/"><span>PHP SDK</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/sdk/python/"><span>Python SDK</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/sdk/ruby/"><span>Ruby SDK</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/sdk/community/"><span>Community Powered SDKs</span></a></li></ul></li></ul></li><li class="level-1"><a class="expandible" href="#"><span>Deploying an Engine</span></a><ul><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/deploy/"><span>Deploying as a Web Service</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/batchpredict/"><span>Batch Predictions</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href
 ="/deploy/monitoring/"><span>Monitoring Engine</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/deploy/engineparams/"><span>Setting Engine Parameters</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/deploy/enginevariants/"><span>Deploying Multiple Engine Variants</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/deploy/plugin/"><span>Engine Server Plugin</span></a></li></ul></li><li class="level-1"><a class="expandible" href="#"><span>Customizing an Engine</span></a><ul><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/customize/"><span>Learning DASE</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/customize/dase/"><span>Implement DASE</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/customize/troubleshooting/"><span>Troubleshooting Engine Development</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/api/current/#package"><span>Engine Scala APIs</span></a></li></ul></li><li class="level-1"><a class="expandible" href="#"><span>Colle
 cting and Analyzing Data</span></a><ul><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/datacollection/"><span>Event Server Overview</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/datacollection/eventapi/"><span>Collecting Data with REST/SDKs</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/datacollection/eventmodel/"><span>Events Modeling</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/datacollection/webhooks/"><span>Unifying Multichannel Data with Webhooks</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/datacollection/channel/"><span>Channel</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/datacollection/batchimport/"><span>Importing Data in Batch</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/datacollection/analytics/"><span>Using Analytics Tools</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/datacollection/plugin/"><span>Event Server Plugin</span></a></li></ul></li><li class="level-1"><a class="expandible" 
 href="#"><span>Choosing an Algorithm(s)</span></a><ul><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/algorithm/"><span>Built-in Algorithm Libraries</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/algorithm/switch/"><span>Switching to Another Algorithm</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/algorithm/multiple/"><span>Combining Multiple Algorithms</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/algorithm/custom/"><span>Adding Your Own Algorithms</span></a></li></ul></li><li class="level-1"><a class="expandible" href="#"><span>ML Tuning and Evaluation</span></a><ul><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/evaluation/"><span>Overview</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/evaluation/paramtuning/"><span>Hyperparameter Tuning</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/evaluation/evaluationdashboard/"><span>Evaluation Dashboard</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final active" href="/evaluation/metriccho
 ose/"><span>Choosing Evaluation Metrics</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/evaluation/metricbuild/"><span>Building Evaluation Metrics</span></a></li></ul></li><li class="level-1"><a class="expandible" href="#"><span>System Architecture</span></a><ul><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/system/"><span>Architecture Overview</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/system/anotherdatastore/"><span>Using Another Data Store</span></a></li></ul></li><li class="level-1"><a class="expandible" href="#"><span>PredictionIO Official Templates</span></a><ul><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/templates/"><span>Intro</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="expandible" href="#"><span>Recommendation</span></a><ul><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/recommendation/quickstart/"><span>Quick Start</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/recommendation/dase/"><span>DASE</span></a></li><li class="l
 evel-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/recommendation/evaluation/"><span>Evaluation Explained</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/recommendation/how-to/"><span>How-To</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/recommendation/reading-custom-events/"><span>Read Custom Events</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/recommendation/customize-data-prep/"><span>Customize Data Preparator</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/recommendation/customize-serving/"><span>Customize Serving</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/recommendation/training-with-implicit-preference/"><span>Train with Implicit Preference</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/recommendation/blacklist-items/"><span>Filter Recommended Items by Blacklist in Query</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/recommendation
 /batch-evaluator/"><span>Batch Persistable Evaluator</span></a></li></ul></li><li class="level-2"><a class="expandible" href="#"><span>E-Commerce Recommendation</span></a><ul><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/ecommercerecommendation/quickstart/"><span>Quick Start</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/ecommercerecommendation/dase/"><span>DASE</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/ecommercerecommendation/how-to/"><span>How-To</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/ecommercerecommendation/train-with-rate-event/"><span>Train with Rate Event</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/ecommercerecommendation/adjust-score/"><span>Adjust Score</span></a></li></ul></li><li class="level-2"><a class="expandible" href="#"><span>Similar Product</span></a><ul><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/similarproduct/quickstart/"><span>Quick Start</sp
 an></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/similarproduct/dase/"><span>DASE</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/similarproduct/how-to/"><span>How-To</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/similarproduct/multi-events-multi-algos/"><span>Multiple Events and Multiple Algorithms</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/similarproduct/return-item-properties/"><span>Returns Item Properties</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/similarproduct/train-with-rate-event/"><span>Train with Rate Event</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/similarproduct/rid-user-set-event/"><span>Get Rid of Events for Users</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/similarproduct/recommended-user/"><span>Recommend Users</span></a></li></ul></li><li class="level-2"><a class="expandible" href="#"><span>Classification
 </span></a><ul><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/classification/quickstart/"><span>Quick Start</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/classification/dase/"><span>DASE</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/classification/how-to/"><span>How-To</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/classification/add-algorithm/"><span>Use Alternative Algorithm</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/classification/reading-custom-properties/"><span>Read Custom Properties</span></a></li></ul></li></ul></li><li class="level-1"><a class="expandible" href="#"><span>Engine Template Gallery</span></a><ul><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/gallery/template-gallery/"><span>Browse</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/community/submit-template/"><span>Submit your Engine as a Template</span></a></li></ul></li><li class="level-1"><a class="expand
 ible" href="#"><span>Demo Tutorials</span></a><ul><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/demo/tapster/"><span>Comics Recommendation Demo</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/demo/community/"><span>Community Contributed Demo</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/demo/textclassification/"><span>Text Classification Engine Tutorial</span></a></li></ul></li><li class="level-1"><a class="expandible" href="/community/"><span>Getting Involved</span></a><ul><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/community/contribute-code/"><span>Contribute Code</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/community/contribute-documentation/"><span>Contribute Documentation</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/community/contribute-sdk/"><span>Contribute a SDK</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/community/contribute-webhook/"><span>Contribute a Webhook</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="fina
 l" href="/community/projects/"><span>Community Projects</span></a></li></ul></li><li class="level-1"><a class="expandible" href="#"><span>Getting Help</span></a><ul><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/resources/faq/"><span>FAQs</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/support/"><span>Support</span></a></li></ul></li><li class="level-1"><a class="expandible" href="#"><span>Resources</span></a><ul><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/cli/"><span>Command-line Interface</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/resources/release/"><span>Release Cadence</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/resources/intellij/"><span>Developing Engines with IntelliJ IDEA</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/resources/upgrade/"><span>Upgrade Instructions</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/resources/glossary/"><span>Glossary</span></a></li></ul></li><li class="level-1"><a class="expandible" 
 href="#"><span>Apache Software Foundation</span></a><ul><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="https://www.apache.org/"><span>Apache Homepage</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="https://www.apache.org/licenses/"><span>License</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="https://www.apache.org/foundation/sponsorship.html"><span>Sponsorship</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="https://www.apache.org/foundation/thanks.html"><span>Thanks</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="https://www.apache.org/security/"><span>Security</span></a></li></ul></li></ul></nav></div><div class="col-md-9 col-sm-12"><div class="content-header hidden-md hidden-lg"><div id="breadcrumbs" class="hidden-sm hidden xs"><ul><li><a href="#">ML Tuning and Evaluation</a><span class="spacer">&gt;</span></li><li><span class="last">Choosing Evaluation Metrics</span></li></ul></div><div id="page-title"><h1>Choosing Evaluation Metrics</h1></div
 ></div><div id="table-of-content-wrapper"><h5>On this page</h5><aside id="table-of-contents"><ul> <li> <a href="#defining-metric">Defining Metric</a> </li> <li> <a href="#common-metrics">Common Metrics</a> </li> </ul> </aside><hr/><a id="edit-page-link" href="https://github.com/apache/incubator-predictionio/tree/livedoc/docs/manual/source/evaluation/metricchoose.html.md"><img src="/images/icons/edit-pencil-d6c1bb3d.png"/>Edit this page</a></div><div class="content-header hidden-sm hidden-xs"><div id="breadcrumbs" class="hidden-sm hidden xs"><ul><li><a href="#">ML Tuning and Evaluation</a><span class="spacer">&gt;</span></li><li><span class="last">Choosing Evaluation Metrics</span></li></ul></div><div id="page-title"><h1>Choosing Evaluation Metrics</h1></div></div><div class="content"> <p>The <a href="/evaluation/paramtuning/">hyperparameter tuning module</a> allows us to select the optimal engine parameter defined by a <code>Metric</code>. <code>Metric</code> determines the quality 
 of an engine variant. We have skimmmed through the process of choosing the right <code>Metric</code> in previous sections.</p><p>This secion discusses basic evaluation metrics commonly used for classification problems. If you are more interested in knowing how to <em>implement</em> a custom metric, please skip to <a href="/evaluation/metricbuild/">the next section</a>.</p><h2 id='defining-metric' class='header-anchors'>Defining Metric</h2><p>Metric evaluates the quality of an engine by comparing engine&#39;s output (predicted result) with the original label (actual result). A engine serving better prediction should yield a higher metric score, the tuning module returns the engine parameter with the highest score. It is sometimes called <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Loss_function"><em>loss function</em></a> in literature, where the goal is to minimize the loss function.</p><p>During tuning, it is important for us to understand the definition of the metric, to make sure it is 
 aligned with the prediction engine&#39;s goal.</p><p>In the classificaiton template, we use <em>Accuracy</em> as our metric. <em>Accuracy</em> is defined as: the percentage of queries which the engine is able to predict the correct label.</p><h2 id='common-metrics' class='header-anchors'>Common Metrics</h2><p>We illustrate the choice of metric with the following confusion matrix. Row represents the engine predicted label, column represents the acutal label. The second row means that of the 200 testing data points, the engine predicted 60 (15 + 35 + 10) of them as label 2.0, among which 35 are correct prediction (i.e. actual label is 2.0, matches with the prediction), and 25 are wrong.</p> <table><thead> <tr> <th style="text-align: center"></th> <th style="text-align: center">Actual = 1.0</th> <th style="text-align: center">Actual = 2.0</th> <th style="text-align: center">Actual = 3.0</th> </tr> </thead><tbody> <tr> <td style="text-align: center"><strong>Predicted = 1.0</strong></td>
  <td style="text-align: center">30</td> <td style="text-align: center">0</td> <td style="text-align: center">60</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="text-align: center"><strong>Predicted = 2.0</strong></td> <td style="text-align: center">15</td> <td style="text-align: center">35</td> <td style="text-align: center">10</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="text-align: center"><strong>Predicted = 3.0</strong></td> <td style="text-align: center">0</td> <td style="text-align: center">0</td> <td style="text-align: center">50</td> </tr> </tbody></table> <h3 id='accuracy' class='header-anchors'>Accuracy</h3><p>Accuracy means that how many data points are predicted correctly. It is one of the simplest form of evaluation metrics. The accuracy score is # of correct points / # total = (30 + 35 + 50) / 200 = 0.575.</p><h3 id='precision' class='header-anchors'>Precision</h3><p>Precision is a metric for binary classifier which measures the correctness among all positive labels. A binary classifier gives only two outpu
 t values (i.e. positive and negative). For problem where there are multiple values (3 in our example), we first have to tranform our problem into a binary classification problem. For example, we can have problem whether label = 1.0. The confusion matrix now becomes:</p> <table><thead> <tr> <th style="text-align: center"></th> <th style="text-align: center">Actual = 1.0</th> <th style="text-align: center">Actual != 1.0</th> </tr> </thead><tbody> <tr> <td style="text-align: center"><strong>Predicted = 1.0</strong></td> <td style="text-align: center">30</td> <td style="text-align: center">60</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="text-align: center"><strong>Predicted != 1.0</strong></td> <td style="text-align: center">15</td> <td style="text-align: center">95</td> </tr> </tbody></table> <p>Precision is the ratio between the number of correct positive answer (true positive) and the sum of correct positive answer (true positive) and wrong but positively labeled answer (false positive). In this case,
  the precision is 30 / (30 + 60) = ~0.3333.</p><h3 id='recall' class='header-anchors'>Recall</h3><p>Recall is a metric for binary classifier which measures how many positive labels are successfully predicted amongst all positive labels. Formally, it is the ratio between the number of correct positive answer (true positive) and the sum of correct positive answer (true positive) and wrongly negatively labeled asnwer (false negative). In this case, the recall is 30 / (30 + 15) = ~0.6667.</p><p>As we have discussed several common metrics for classification problem, we can implement them using the <code>Metric</code> class in <a href="/evaluation/metricbuild">the next section</a>.</p></div></div></div></div><footer><div class="container"><div class="seperator"></div><div class="row"><div class="col-md-6 footer-link-column"><div class="footer-link-column-row"><h4>Community</h4><ul><li><a href="//predictionio.apache.org/install/" target="blank">Download</a></li><li><a href="//predictionio.
 apache.org/" target="blank">Docs</a></li><li><a href="//github.com/apache/incubator-predictionio" target="blank">GitHub</a></li><li><a href="mailto:user-subscribe@predictionio.apache.org" target="blank">Subscribe to User Mailing List</a></li><li><a href="//stackoverflow.com/questions/tagged/predictionio" target="blank">Stackoverflow</a></li></ul></div></div><div class="col-md-6 footer-link-column"><div class="footer-link-column-row"><h4>Contribute</h4><ul><li><a href="//predictionio.apache.org/community/contribute-code/" target="blank">Contribute</a></li><li><a href="//github.com/apache/incubator-predictionio" target="blank">Source Code</a></li><li><a href="//issues.apache.org/jira/browse/PIO" target="blank">Bug Tracker</a></li><li><a href="mailto:dev-subscribe@predictionio.apache.org" target="blank">Subscribe to Development Mailing List</a></li></ul></div></div></div><div class="row"><div class="col-md-12 footer-link-column"><p>Apache PredictionIO, PredictionIO, Apache, the Apache 
 feather logo, and the Apache PredictionIO project logo are either registered trademarks or trademarks of The Apache Software Foundation in the United States and other countries.</p><p>All other marks mentioned may be trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners.</p></div></div></div><div id="footer-bottom"><div class="container"><div class="row"><div class="col-md-12"><div id="footer-logo-wrapper"><img alt="PredictionIO" src="/images/logos/logo-white-d1e9c6e6.png"/><span>™</span></div><div id="social-icons-wrapper"><a class="github-button" href="https://github.com/apache/incubator-predictionio" data-style="mega" data-count-href="/apache/incubator-predictionio/stargazers" data-count-api="/repos/apache/incubator-predictionio#stargazers_count" data-count-aria-label="# stargazers on GitHub" aria-label="Star apache/incubator-predictionio on GitHub">Star</a> <a class="github-button" href="https://github.com/apache/incubator-predictionio/fork" data-icon="octicon-git-bra
 nch" data-style="mega" data-count-href="/apache/incubator-predictionio/network" data-count-api="/repos/apache/incubator-predictionio#forks_count" data-count-aria-label="# forks on GitHub" aria-label="Fork apache/incubator-predictionio on GitHub">Fork</a> <script id="github-bjs" async="" defer="" src="https://buttons.github.io/buttons.js"></script><a href="https://twitter.com/predictionio" target="blank"><img alt="PredictionIO on Twitter" src="/images/icons/twitter-ea9dc152.png"/></a> <a href="https://www.facebook.com/predictionio" target="blank"><img alt="PredictionIO on Facebook" src="/images/icons/facebook-5c57939c.png"/></a> </div></div></div></div></div></footer></div><script>(function(w,d,t,u,n,s,e){w['SwiftypeObject']=n;w[n]=w[n]||function(){
+<!DOCTYPE html><html><head><title>Choosing Evaluation Metrics</title><meta charset="utf-8"/><meta content="IE=edge,chrome=1" http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible"/><meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0"/><meta class="swiftype" name="title" data-type="string" content="Choosing Evaluation Metrics"/><link rel="canonical" href="https://predictionio.apache.org/evaluation/metricchoose/"/><link href="/images/favicon/normal-b330020a.png" rel="shortcut icon"/><link href="/images/favicon/apple-c0febcf2.png" rel="apple-touch-icon"/><link href="//fonts.googleapis.com/css?family=Open+Sans:300italic,400italic,600italic,700italic,800italic,400,300,600,700,800" rel="stylesheet"/><link href="//maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/font-awesome/4.2.0/css/font-awesome.min.css" rel="stylesheet"/><link href="/stylesheets/application-eccfc6cb.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"/><script src="//cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/html5shiv/3.7.2/html5shiv.min.js"></script><script src="//cdn.mathjax.o
 rg/mathjax/latest/MathJax.js?config=TeX-AMS-MML_HTMLorMML"></script><script src="//use.typekit.net/pqo0itb.js"></script><script>try{Typekit.load({ async: true });}catch(e){}</script></head><body><div id="global"><header><div class="container" id="header-wrapper"><div class="row"><div class="col-sm-12"><div id="logo-wrapper"><span id="drawer-toggle"></span><a href="#"></a><a href="http://predictionio.apache.org/"><img alt="Apache PredictionIO" id="logo" src="/images/logos/logo-ee2b9bb3.png"/></a><span>™</span></div><div id="menu-wrapper"><div id="pill-wrapper"><a class="pill left" href="/gallery/template-gallery">TEMPLATES</a> <a class="pill right" href="//github.com/apache/incubator-predictionio/">OPEN SOURCE</a></div></div><img class="mobile-search-bar-toggler hidden-md hidden-lg" src="/images/icons/search-glass-704bd4ff.png"/></div></div></div></header><div id="search-bar-row-wrapper"><div class="container-fluid" id="search-bar-row"><div class="row"><div class="col-md-9 col-sm-1
 1 col-xs-11"><div class="hidden-md hidden-lg" id="mobile-page-heading-wrapper"><p>PredictionIO Docs</p><h4>Choosing Evaluation Metrics</h4></div><h4 class="hidden-sm hidden-xs">PredictionIO Docs</h4></div><div class="col-md-3 col-sm-1 col-xs-1 hidden-md hidden-lg"><img id="left-menu-indicator" src="/images/icons/down-arrow-dfe9f7fe.png"/></div><div class="col-md-3 col-sm-12 col-xs-12 swiftype-wrapper"><div class="swiftype"><form class="search-form"><img class="search-box-toggler hidden-xs hidden-sm" src="/images/icons/search-glass-704bd4ff.png"/><div class="search-box"><img src="/images/icons/search-glass-704bd4ff.png"/><input type="text" id="st-search-input" class="st-search-input" placeholder="Search Doc..."/></div><img class="swiftype-row-hider hidden-md hidden-lg" src="/images/icons/drawer-toggle-active-fcbef12a.png"/></form></div></div><div class="mobile-left-menu-toggler hidden-md hidden-lg"></div></div></div></div><div id="page" class="container-fluid"><div class="row"><div i
 d="left-menu-wrapper" class="col-md-3"><nav id="nav-main"><ul><li class="level-1"><a class="expandible" href="/"><span>Apache PredictionIO® Documentation</span></a><ul><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/"><span>Welcome to Apache PredictionIO®</span></a></li></ul></li><li class="level-1"><a class="expandible" href="#"><span>Getting Started</span></a><ul><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/start/"><span>A Quick Intro</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/install/"><span>Installing Apache PredictionIO</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/start/download/"><span>Downloading an Engine Template</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/start/deploy/"><span>Deploying Your First Engine</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/start/customize/"><span>Customizing the Engine</span></a></li></ul></li><li class="level-1"><a class="expandible" href="#"><span>Integrating with Your App</span></a><ul><li 
 class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/appintegration/"><span>App Integration Overview</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="expandible" href="/sdk/"><span>List of SDKs</span></a><ul><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/sdk/java/"><span>Java & Android SDK</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/sdk/php/"><span>PHP SDK</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/sdk/python/"><span>Python SDK</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/sdk/ruby/"><span>Ruby SDK</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/sdk/community/"><span>Community Powered SDKs</span></a></li></ul></li></ul></li><li class="level-1"><a class="expandible" href="#"><span>Deploying an Engine</span></a><ul><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/deploy/"><span>Deploying as a Web Service</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/batchpredict/"><span>Batch Predictions</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" hre
 f="/deploy/monitoring/"><span>Monitoring Engine</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/deploy/engineparams/"><span>Setting Engine Parameters</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/deploy/enginevariants/"><span>Deploying Multiple Engine Variants</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/deploy/plugin/"><span>Engine Server Plugin</span></a></li></ul></li><li class="level-1"><a class="expandible" href="#"><span>Customizing an Engine</span></a><ul><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/customize/"><span>Learning DASE</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/customize/dase/"><span>Implement DASE</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/customize/troubleshooting/"><span>Troubleshooting Engine Development</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/api/current/#package"><span>Engine Scala APIs</span></a></li></ul></li><li class="level-1"><a class="expandible" href="#"><span>Coll
 ecting and Analyzing Data</span></a><ul><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/datacollection/"><span>Event Server Overview</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/datacollection/eventapi/"><span>Collecting Data with REST/SDKs</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/datacollection/eventmodel/"><span>Events Modeling</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/datacollection/webhooks/"><span>Unifying Multichannel Data with Webhooks</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/datacollection/channel/"><span>Channel</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/datacollection/batchimport/"><span>Importing Data in Batch</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/datacollection/analytics/"><span>Using Analytics Tools</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/datacollection/plugin/"><span>Event Server Plugin</span></a></li></ul></li><li class="level-1"><a class="expandible"
  href="#"><span>Choosing an Algorithm(s)</span></a><ul><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/algorithm/"><span>Built-in Algorithm Libraries</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/algorithm/switch/"><span>Switching to Another Algorithm</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/algorithm/multiple/"><span>Combining Multiple Algorithms</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/algorithm/custom/"><span>Adding Your Own Algorithms</span></a></li></ul></li><li class="level-1"><a class="expandible" href="#"><span>ML Tuning and Evaluation</span></a><ul><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/evaluation/"><span>Overview</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/evaluation/paramtuning/"><span>Hyperparameter Tuning</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/evaluation/evaluationdashboard/"><span>Evaluation Dashboard</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final active" href="/evaluation/metricch
 oose/"><span>Choosing Evaluation Metrics</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/evaluation/metricbuild/"><span>Building Evaluation Metrics</span></a></li></ul></li><li class="level-1"><a class="expandible" href="#"><span>System Architecture</span></a><ul><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/system/"><span>Architecture Overview</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/system/anotherdatastore/"><span>Using Another Data Store</span></a></li></ul></li><li class="level-1"><a class="expandible" href="#"><span>PredictionIO® Official Templates</span></a><ul><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/templates/"><span>Intro</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="expandible" href="#"><span>Recommendation</span></a><ul><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/recommendation/quickstart/"><span>Quick Start</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/recommendation/dase/"><span>DASE</span></a></li><li class
 ="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/recommendation/evaluation/"><span>Evaluation Explained</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/recommendation/how-to/"><span>How-To</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/recommendation/reading-custom-events/"><span>Read Custom Events</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/recommendation/customize-data-prep/"><span>Customize Data Preparator</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/recommendation/customize-serving/"><span>Customize Serving</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/recommendation/training-with-implicit-preference/"><span>Train with Implicit Preference</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/recommendation/blacklist-items/"><span>Filter Recommended Items by Blacklist in Query</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/recommendat
 ion/batch-evaluator/"><span>Batch Persistable Evaluator</span></a></li></ul></li><li class="level-2"><a class="expandible" href="#"><span>E-Commerce Recommendation</span></a><ul><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/ecommercerecommendation/quickstart/"><span>Quick Start</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/ecommercerecommendation/dase/"><span>DASE</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/ecommercerecommendation/how-to/"><span>How-To</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/ecommercerecommendation/train-with-rate-event/"><span>Train with Rate Event</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/ecommercerecommendation/adjust-score/"><span>Adjust Score</span></a></li></ul></li><li class="level-2"><a class="expandible" href="#"><span>Similar Product</span></a><ul><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/similarproduct/quickstart/"><span>Quick Start<
 /span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/similarproduct/dase/"><span>DASE</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/similarproduct/how-to/"><span>How-To</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/similarproduct/multi-events-multi-algos/"><span>Multiple Events and Multiple Algorithms</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/similarproduct/return-item-properties/"><span>Returns Item Properties</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/similarproduct/train-with-rate-event/"><span>Train with Rate Event</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/similarproduct/rid-user-set-event/"><span>Get Rid of Events for Users</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/similarproduct/recommended-user/"><span>Recommend Users</span></a></li></ul></li><li class="level-2"><a class="expandible" href="#"><span>Classificat
 ion</span></a><ul><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/classification/quickstart/"><span>Quick Start</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/classification/dase/"><span>DASE</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/classification/how-to/"><span>How-To</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/classification/add-algorithm/"><span>Use Alternative Algorithm</span></a></li><li class="level-3"><a class="final" href="/templates/classification/reading-custom-properties/"><span>Read Custom Properties</span></a></li></ul></li></ul></li><li class="level-1"><a class="expandible" href="#"><span>Engine Template Gallery</span></a><ul><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/gallery/template-gallery/"><span>Browse</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/community/submit-template/"><span>Submit your Engine as a Template</span></a></li></ul></li><li class="level-1"><a class="exp
 andible" href="#"><span>Demo Tutorials</span></a><ul><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/demo/tapster/"><span>Comics Recommendation Demo</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/demo/community/"><span>Community Contributed Demo</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/demo/textclassification/"><span>Text Classification Engine Tutorial</span></a></li></ul></li><li class="level-1"><a class="expandible" href="/community/"><span>Getting Involved</span></a><ul><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/community/contribute-code/"><span>Contribute Code</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/community/contribute-documentation/"><span>Contribute Documentation</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/community/contribute-sdk/"><span>Contribute a SDK</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/community/contribute-webhook/"><span>Contribute a Webhook</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="f
 inal" href="/community/projects/"><span>Community Projects</span></a></li></ul></li><li class="level-1"><a class="expandible" href="#"><span>Getting Help</span></a><ul><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/resources/faq/"><span>FAQs</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/support/"><span>Support</span></a></li></ul></li><li class="level-1"><a class="expandible" href="#"><span>Resources</span></a><ul><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/cli/"><span>Command-line Interface</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/resources/release/"><span>Release Cadence</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/resources/intellij/"><span>Developing Engines with IntelliJ IDEA</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/resources/upgrade/"><span>Upgrade Instructions</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="/resources/glossary/"><span>Glossary</span></a></li></ul></li><li class="level-1"><a class="expandibl
 e" href="#"><span>Apache Software Foundation</span></a><ul><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="https://www.apache.org/"><span>Apache Homepage</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="https://www.apache.org/licenses/"><span>License</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="https://www.apache.org/foundation/sponsorship.html"><span>Sponsorship</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="https://www.apache.org/foundation/thanks.html"><span>Thanks</span></a></li><li class="level-2"><a class="final" href="https://www.apache.org/security/"><span>Security</span></a></li></ul></li></ul></nav></div><div class="col-md-9 col-sm-12"><div class="content-header hidden-md hidden-lg"><div id="breadcrumbs" class="hidden-sm hidden xs"><ul><li><a href="#">ML Tuning and Evaluation</a><span class="spacer">&gt;</span></li><li><span class="last">Choosing Evaluation Metrics</span></li></ul></div><div id="page-title"><h1>Choosing Evaluation Metrics</h1></
 div></div><div id="table-of-content-wrapper"><h5>On this page</h5><aside id="table-of-contents"><ul> <li> <a href="#defining-metric">Defining Metric</a> </li> <li> <a href="#common-metrics">Common Metrics</a> </li> </ul> </aside><hr/><a id="edit-page-link" href="https://github.com/apache/incubator-predictionio/tree/livedoc/docs/manual/source/evaluation/metricchoose.html.md"><img src="/images/icons/edit-pencil-d6c1bb3d.png"/>Edit this page</a></div><div class="content-header hidden-sm hidden-xs"><div id="breadcrumbs" class="hidden-sm hidden xs"><ul><li><a href="#">ML Tuning and Evaluation</a><span class="spacer">&gt;</span></li><li><span class="last">Choosing Evaluation Metrics</span></li></ul></div><div id="page-title"><h1>Choosing Evaluation Metrics</h1></div></div><div class="content"> <p>The <a href="/evaluation/paramtuning/">hyperparameter tuning module</a> allows us to select the optimal engine parameter defined by a <code>Metric</code>. <code>Metric</code> determines the quali
 ty of an engine variant. We have skimmmed through the process of choosing the right <code>Metric</code> in previous sections.</p><p>This secion discusses basic evaluation metrics commonly used for classification problems. If you are more interested in knowing how to <em>implement</em> a custom metric, please skip to <a href="/evaluation/metricbuild/">the next section</a>.</p><h2 id='defining-metric' class='header-anchors'>Defining Metric</h2><p>Metric evaluates the quality of an engine by comparing engine&#39;s output (predicted result) with the original label (actual result). A engine serving better prediction should yield a higher metric score, the tuning module returns the engine parameter with the highest score. It is sometimes called <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Loss_function"><em>loss function</em></a> in literature, where the goal is to minimize the loss function.</p><p>During tuning, it is important for us to understand the definition of the metric, to make sure it 
 is aligned with the prediction engine&#39;s goal.</p><p>In the classificaiton template, we use <em>Accuracy</em> as our metric. <em>Accuracy</em> is defined as: the percentage of queries which the engine is able to predict the correct label.</p><h2 id='common-metrics' class='header-anchors'>Common Metrics</h2><p>We illustrate the choice of metric with the following confusion matrix. Row represents the engine predicted label, column represents the acutal label. The second row means that of the 200 testing data points, the engine predicted 60 (15 + 35 + 10) of them as label 2.0, among which 35 are correct prediction (i.e. actual label is 2.0, matches with the prediction), and 25 are wrong.</p> <table><thead> <tr> <th style="text-align: center"></th> <th style="text-align: center">Actual = 1.0</th> <th style="text-align: center">Actual = 2.0</th> <th style="text-align: center">Actual = 3.0</th> </tr> </thead><tbody> <tr> <td style="text-align: center"><strong>Predicted = 1.0</strong></
 td> <td style="text-align: center">30</td> <td style="text-align: center">0</td> <td style="text-align: center">60</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="text-align: center"><strong>Predicted = 2.0</strong></td> <td style="text-align: center">15</td> <td style="text-align: center">35</td> <td style="text-align: center">10</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="text-align: center"><strong>Predicted = 3.0</strong></td> <td style="text-align: center">0</td> <td style="text-align: center">0</td> <td style="text-align: center">50</td> </tr> </tbody></table> <h3 id='accuracy' class='header-anchors'>Accuracy</h3><p>Accuracy means that how many data points are predicted correctly. It is one of the simplest form of evaluation metrics. The accuracy score is # of correct points / # total = (30 + 35 + 50) / 200 = 0.575.</p><h3 id='precision' class='header-anchors'>Precision</h3><p>Precision is a metric for binary classifier which measures the correctness among all positive labels. A binary classifier gives only two ou
 tput values (i.e. positive and negative). For problem where there are multiple values (3 in our example), we first have to tranform our problem into a binary classification problem. For example, we can have problem whether label = 1.0. The confusion matrix now becomes:</p> <table><thead> <tr> <th style="text-align: center"></th> <th style="text-align: center">Actual = 1.0</th> <th style="text-align: center">Actual != 1.0</th> </tr> </thead><tbody> <tr> <td style="text-align: center"><strong>Predicted = 1.0</strong></td> <td style="text-align: center">30</td> <td style="text-align: center">60</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="text-align: center"><strong>Predicted != 1.0</strong></td> <td style="text-align: center">15</td> <td style="text-align: center">95</td> </tr> </tbody></table> <p>Precision is the ratio between the number of correct positive answer (true positive) and the sum of correct positive answer (true positive) and wrong but positively labeled answer (false positive). In this ca
 se, the precision is 30 / (30 + 60) = ~0.3333.</p><h3 id='recall' class='header-anchors'>Recall</h3><p>Recall is a metric for binary classifier which measures how many positive labels are successfully predicted amongst all positive labels. Formally, it is the ratio between the number of correct positive answer (true positive) and the sum of correct positive answer (true positive) and wrongly negatively labeled asnwer (false negative). In this case, the recall is 30 / (30 + 15) = ~0.6667.</p><p>As we have discussed several common metrics for classification problem, we can implement them using the <code>Metric</code> class in <a href="/evaluation/metricbuild">the next section</a>.</p></div></div></div></div><footer><div class="container"><div class="seperator"></div><div class="row"><div class="col-md-6 footer-link-column"><div class="footer-link-column-row"><h4>Community</h4><ul><li><a href="//predictionio.apache.org/install/" target="blank">Download</a></li><li><a href="//prediction
 io.apache.org/" target="blank">Docs</a></li><li><a href="//github.com/apache/incubator-predictionio" target="blank">GitHub</a></li><li><a href="mailto:user-subscribe@predictionio.apache.org" target="blank">Subscribe to User Mailing List</a></li><li><a href="//stackoverflow.com/questions/tagged/predictionio" target="blank">Stackoverflow</a></li></ul></div></div><div class="col-md-6 footer-link-column"><div class="footer-link-column-row"><h4>Contribute</h4><ul><li><a href="//predictionio.apache.org/community/contribute-code/" target="blank">Contribute</a></li><li><a href="//github.com/apache/incubator-predictionio" target="blank">Source Code</a></li><li><a href="//issues.apache.org/jira/browse/PIO" target="blank">Bug Tracker</a></li><li><a href="mailto:dev-subscribe@predictionio.apache.org" target="blank">Subscribe to Development Mailing List</a></li></ul></div></div></div><div class="row"><div class="col-md-12 footer-link-column"><p>Apache PredictionIO, PredictionIO, Apache, the Apac
 he feather logo, and the Apache PredictionIO project logo are either registered trademarks or trademarks of The Apache Software Foundation in the United States and other countries.</p><p>All other marks mentioned may be trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners.</p></div></div></div><div id="footer-bottom"><div class="container"><div class="row"><div class="col-md-12"><div id="footer-logo-wrapper"><img alt="PredictionIO" src="/images/logos/logo-white-d1e9c6e6.png"/><span>™</span></div><div id="social-icons-wrapper"><a class="github-button" href="https://github.com/apache/incubator-predictionio" data-style="mega" data-count-href="/apache/incubator-predictionio/stargazers" data-count-api="/repos/apache/incubator-predictionio#stargazers_count" data-count-aria-label="# stargazers on GitHub" aria-label="Star apache/incubator-predictionio on GitHub">Star</a> <a class="github-button" href="https://github.com/apache/incubator-predictionio/fork" data-icon="octicon-git-
 branch" data-style="mega" data-count-href="/apache/incubator-predictionio/network" data-count-api="/repos/apache/incubator-predictionio#forks_count" data-count-aria-label="# forks on GitHub" aria-label="Fork apache/incubator-predictionio on GitHub">Fork</a> <script id="github-bjs" async="" defer="" src="https://buttons.github.io/buttons.js"></script><a href="https://twitter.com/predictionio" target="blank"><img alt="PredictionIO on Twitter" src="/images/icons/twitter-ea9dc152.png"/></a> <a href="https://www.facebook.com/predictionio" target="blank"><img alt="PredictionIO on Facebook" src="/images/icons/facebook-5c57939c.png"/></a> </div></div></div></div></div></footer></div><script>(function(w,d,t,u,n,s,e){w['SwiftypeObject']=n;w[n]=w[n]||function(){
 (w[n].q=w[n].q||[]).push(arguments);};s=d.createElement(t);
 e=d.getElementsByTagName(t)[0];s.async=1;s.src=u;e.parentNode.insertBefore(s,e);
 })(window,document,'script','//s.swiftypecdn.com/install/v1/st.js','_st');
 
-_st('install','HaUfpXXV87xoB_zzCQ45');</script><script src="/javascripts/application-a6acb1f5.js"></script></body></html>
\ No newline at end of file
+_st('install','HaUfpXXV87xoB_zzCQ45');</script><script src="/javascripts/application-eee4bb28.js"></script></body></html>
\ No newline at end of file

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/predictionio-site/blob/aa39a1be/evaluation/metricchoose/index.html.gz
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/evaluation/metricchoose/index.html.gz b/evaluation/metricchoose/index.html.gz
deleted file mode 100644
index d694bcd..0000000
Binary files a/evaluation/metricchoose/index.html.gz and /dev/null differ


Mime
View raw message