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From "orbit websig (JIRA)" <jetspeed-...@portals.apache.org>
Subject [jira] Commented: (JS2-828) JAAS authentication failure with Tomcat 5.5.24 and above.
Date Fri, 18 Sep 2009 19:31:16 GMT

    [ https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/JS2-828?page=com.atlassian.jira.plugin.system.issuetabpanels:comment-tabpanel&focusedCommentId=12757374#action_12757374
] 

orbit websig commented on JS2-828:
----------------------------------

Thought I'd share my experience with getting JAAS/Tomcat 6/Eclipse working.  Not everything
in here is crucial to your implementation, but I figured this post will at least put it all
together.  Many articles and blogs left me frustrated with just covering pieces of the solution,
and not showing me the necessary connections between them.

To begin, I installed Java (say version 6.0 or better), and then Eclipse (or MyEclipse, if
you like).  Then I updated Eclipse with the Subversive plug-in, to access my subversion repository
to persist and pull my code onto different machines as I travel.
(e.g. https://failship.company.com/repo).

Upon checkout, I created a Dynamic Web Project or whatever name Eclipse provides for a basic
web application.  Take your time here and step through each of the wizard screens, because
some setting changes are subtle and have major pain-in-the-butt ripple effects.

You'll have to create the basic LoginModule and Principal implementations to support your
custom login code.  That information was provided everywhere on the Web.  My frustration was
in putting it all together.  Anyway, out of the scores of resources I used to investigate,
I found this one to be pretty concise:

  http://blog.frankel.ch/tech/dev/java/jee/custom-loginmodule-in-tomcat

If you are going to test with Tomcat 6.0, you must add the following tag to the conf/context.xml
file.

	&lt;Loader delegate="true"/&gt;
	
Otherwise, you might get some 

	"java.lang.ClassCastException: org.apache.catalina.util.DefaultAnnotationProcessor  cannot
be cast to org.apache.AnnotationProcessor"

exception.
 
While you have context.xml open, you will have to add a 'Realm' for Container Security, to
enable our LoginModule secure access.  The 1st step is to enable the JaasRealm, typically
by pasting in the existing entry as follows:

	&lt;!-- Inserted to enable MyAccessLoginModule.  You will have to launch tomcat
		with -Djava.security.auth.login.config= pointing to the jaas.config file: --&gt;
	&lt;Realm className="org.apache.catalina.realm.JAASRealm" 
		appName="MyAccess"
	    	userClassNames="com.company.myAccess.realm.MyAccessUserPrincipal"
	    	roleClassNames="com.company.myAccess.realm.MyAccessRolePrincipal"&gt;
	&lt;/Realm&gt;

Next, I had to create a jaas.conf file to declare my LoginModule implementation.  Notice that
this has the same name as the "appName" provided in the &lt;realm&gt; definition above.
 Here's the contents of jaas.conf:

	/** Login Configuration for the JAAS Sample Application **/
	MyAccess {
	    com.company.myAccess.realm.MyAccessLoginModule requisite debug=true;
	};
	
The realm also needs to know how to find the jaas.config file and it does this through the
Java system property, set as a JVM argument, for the variable "java.security.auth.login.config".
 You can set this, in eclipse by configuring a "Server", typically through the Window-&gt;Preference
menu (or in MyEclipse under its preferences).  The JVM takes a -D argument, to define the
variable, as in:

	-Djava.security.auth.login.config=C:"/Documents and Settings/sandrews/Workspaces/MyEclipse
Blue/myAccess-20090902/jaas.config"

While you're here, you may want to add any custom defined variables for your web application.
 My LoginModule read the tomcat-users.xml file as well, so I designated it with the follow
arguments:

	-DTomcatUsersXmlFile=C:"/Program Files/Apache Software Foundation/Tomcat 6.0/conf/tomcat-users.xml"
	
Again, this last argument was custom to my application, so it's necessary for your web app.
          
Next, edit the data source for your user authentication, as in conf/tomcat-users.xml, to add
the role, say 'myAccess', and the user, like 'bsmith' for example:

    &lt;tomcat-users&gt;
        &lt;role rolename="myAccess"/&gt;
        &lt;user name="bsmith" password="123qwe" roles="myRole"/&gt;
    &lt;/tomcat-users&gt;

Your web application's WEB-INF/web.xml should set the security restrictions, 
as in:

	  &lt;!-- Define a Security Constraint on this Application --&gt;
	  &lt;security-constraint&gt;
	    &lt;web-resource-collection&gt;
	      &lt;web-resource-name&gt;Secured resources&lt;/web-resource-name&gt;
	      &lt;url-pattern&gt;/jsp/*&lt;/url-pattern&gt;
	      &lt;url-pattern&gt;/html/*&lt;/url-pattern&gt;
	      &lt;url-pattern&gt;/index.jsp&lt;/url-pattern&gt;
	    &lt;/web-resource-collection&gt;
	    &lt;auth-constraint&gt;
	      &lt;role-name&gt;myRole&lt;/role-name&gt;
	    &lt;/auth-constraint&gt;
	  &lt;/security-constraint&gt;
	  &lt;security-constraint&gt;
		&lt;web-resource-collection&gt;
		&lt;web-resource-name&gt;Unsecured resources&lt;/web-resource-name&gt;
		&lt;url-pattern&gt;/images/*&lt;/url-pattern&gt;
		&lt;url-pattern&gt;/css/*&lt;/url-pattern&gt;
		&lt;/web-resource-collection&gt;
	  &lt;/security-constraint&gt;
	  &lt;security-role&gt;
		&lt;description&gt;Role required to see admin pages.&lt;/description&gt;
		&lt;role-name&gt;myRole&lt;/role-name&gt;
	  &lt;/security-role&gt;
	  &lt;!-- Define the Login Configuration for this Application --&gt;
	  &lt;login-config&gt;
	    &lt;auth-method&gt;FORM&lt;/auth-method&gt;
	    &lt;realm-name&gt;MyAccess&lt;/realm-name&gt;
	    &lt;form-login-config&gt;
	      &lt;form-login-page&gt;/jsp/userLoginForm.jsp&lt;/form-login-page&gt;
	      &lt;form-error-page&gt;/jsp/userLoginForm.jsp?action=error&lt;/form-error-page&gt;
	    &lt;/form-login-config&gt;
	  &lt;/login-config&gt;

Notice that the 'security-constraint' wraps a 'auth-constraint' which references a 'role-name'
which maps to a 'security-role'.
	  
Lastly, I had to ensure that when the application server loads (not my web application, but
the server), it has access to load my LoginModule implementation and supporting classes. 
Hence I used an ANT script to jar up my *.class files and deploy them under tomcat's lib directory,
as in:

	lib/myAccess.jar

This was key, and without it, I was left in the dark, not knowing that the WEB-INF/classes
deployment (the default) was not enough.  The realm is loaded before your web app, and needs
to be ready with the data source connections open, etc.  Once this was done, I was able to
login using my custom LoginModule.
 
Again, some of my frustrations were eleviated through the information found at:
 
	http://blog.frankel.ch/tech/dev/java/jee/custom-loginmodule-in-tomcat

So some major Thanks go out to that Nicolas Frankel guy, and Good Luck!

> JAAS authentication failure with Tomcat 5.5.24 and above.
> ---------------------------------------------------------
>
>                 Key: JS2-828
>                 URL: https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/JS2-828
>             Project: Jetspeed 2
>          Issue Type: Bug
>         Environment: Tomcat >= 5.5.24
>            Reporter: Mohan Kannapareddy
>            Assignee: Ate Douma
>            Priority: Critical
>             Fix For: 2.2.0
>
>
> Immediately after logging into the portal, the URL address box in the browser displays:
>  http://localhost:20000/jetspeed/login/redirector
> ======================
> And the page displays:
> HTTP Status 403 - Access to the requested resource has been denied
> type Status report
> message Access to the requested resource has been denied
> description Access to the specified resource (Access to the requested resource has been
denied) has been forbidden.
> Apache Tomcat/5.5.25
> ======================
> I believe this is the same behavior in Tomcat 6.0.x and I get the same thing in GlassFish
v2-b58g.
> This does *NOT* happen in Tomcat 5.5.23 or lower versions. Something changed between
5.5.23 and 5.5.25.
> Also, after the login post if you just type in the URL http://<>/jetspeed, the
page appears normally and you can
> function.
> I do not know whether it is relevant but at least GlassFish appears to record the following
in the server.log.
> Unable to set request character encoding to UTF-8 from context /jetspeed, because request
parameters have already been read, or ServletRequest.getReader() has already been called

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