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From "Timo Boehme (JIRA)" <j...@apache.org>
Subject [jira] [Commented] (PDFBOX-4309) Performance regression in PDColorSpace#toRGBImageAWT Part 2
Date Tue, 11 Sep 2018 17:26:00 GMT

    [ https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/PDFBOX-4309?page=com.atlassian.jira.plugin.system.issuetabpanels:comment-tabpanel&focusedCommentId=16610975#comment-16610975

Timo Boehme commented on PDFBOX-4309:

For completeness I've also checked Linux versions: Suse with OpenJDK 1.8.0_171 is slow (400ms)
while Ubuntu with 1.8.0_181 is fast (8 ms). Thus the startup optimization seems to be in one
of the latest releases.

Interesting to see that even with the newest Java 8 release there is a considerable performance
increase when using the performance fix. At least using LCMS is now possible again - the previous
behavior lead to inacceptable processing times.

With 'change you proposed this morning' do you mean the patch against PDColorSpace? I thought
that this could maybe be skipped with the now commited patch against PDICCBased (also see
[#comment-16610539]) - or did you mean this last one?

> Performance regression in PDColorSpace#toRGBImageAWT Part 2
> -----------------------------------------------------------
>                 Key: PDFBOX-4309
>                 URL: https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/PDFBOX-4309
>             Project: PDFBox
>          Issue Type: Improvement
>          Components: Rendering
>    Affects Versions: 2.0.11, 3.0.0 PDFBox
>            Reporter: Timo Boehme
>            Assignee: Timo Boehme
>            Priority: Minor
>              Labels: optimization
>         Attachments: ICCImplCheck.java, PDColorSpace.java.patch, PDICCBased.java.patch
> This is a continuation of PDFBOX-3569. In a (private) PDF document there are graphics
produced by CorelDraw which are combined by more than 2500(!) images, each with its own indexed
color space based on an ICC color space (the shadows of graphic objects are created by large
number of gray lines ...). In our environment (OpenJDK 7 and OpenJDK 8, IcedTea, Suse Linux
64Bit) rendering a single page with one graphic takes 780 seconds. The most time is spent
in creating the indexed color space via ICC color space mapping:
> {noformat}
>    java.lang.Thread.State: RUNNABLE
>         at sun.java2d.cmm.lcms.LCMS.createNativeTransform(Native Method)
>         at sun.java2d.cmm.lcms.LCMS.createTransform(LCMS.java:156)
>         at sun.java2d.cmm.lcms.LCMSTransform.doTransform(LCMSTransform.java:155)
>         - locked <0x0000000723af9e30> (a sun.java2d.cmm.lcms.LCMSTransform)
>         at sun.java2d.cmm.lcms.LCMSTransform.colorConvert(LCMSTransform.java:268)
>         at java.awt.image.ColorConvertOp.ICCBIFilter(ColorConvertOp.java:355)
>         at java.awt.image.ColorConvertOp.filter(ColorConvertOp.java:282)
>         at org.apache.pdfbox.pdmodel.graphics.color.PDColorSpace.toRGBImageAWT(PDColorSpace.java:314)
>         at org.apache.pdfbox.pdmodel.graphics.color.PDICCBased.toRGBImage(PDICCBased.java:276)
>         at org.apache.pdfbox.pdmodel.graphics.color.PDIndexed.initRgbColorTable(PDIndexed.java:141)
>         at org.apache.pdfbox.pdmodel.graphics.color.PDIndexed.<init>(PDIndexed.java:91)
>         at org.apache.pdfbox.pdmodel.graphics.color.PDColorSpace.create(PDColorSpace.java:184)
>         at org.apache.pdfbox.pdmodel.graphics.color.PDColorSpace.create(PDColorSpace.java:70)
>         at org.apache.pdfbox.pdmodel.graphics.color.PDColorSpace.createFromCOSObject(PDColorSpace.java:240)
>         at org.apache.pdfbox.pdmodel.graphics.color.PDColorSpace.create(PDColorSpace.java:92)
>         at org.apache.pdfbox.pdmodel.graphics.color.PDColorSpace.create(PDColorSpace.java:70)
>         at org.apache.pdfbox.pdmodel.graphics.image.PDImageXObject.getColorSpace(PDImageXObject.java:672)
>         at org.apache.pdfbox.pdmodel.graphics.image.SampledImageReader.getRGBImage(SampledImageReader.java:196)
>         at org.apache.pdfbox.pdmodel.graphics.image.PDImageXObject.getImage(PDImageXObject.java:443)
>         at org.apache.pdfbox.pdmodel.graphics.image.PDImageXObject.getImage(PDImageXObject.java:424)
>         at org.apache.pdfbox.rendering.PageDrawer.drawImage(PageDrawer.java:1046){noformat}
> The call of LittleCMS (LCMS) multi thousand times is the problem here taking way to much
time. Unfortunately using kcms via {{-Dsun.java2d.cmm=sun.java2d.cmm.kcms.KcmsServiceProvider}}
is also no option as the Suse IceadTea OpenJDK seems to not have included it (anymore?) -
in both Java 7 and Java 8.
> However the ICC color space (PDICCBased) returns in this case CMYK as alternate color
space and for CMYK we have the alternative rendering via system property org.apache.pdfbox.rendering.UsePureJavaCMYKConversion
from PDFBOX-3569.
> The idea is now to have an option to force using the alternative color space instead
of the ICC one to circumvent using LCMS in toRGBImage(). For CMYK as alternative color space
it has to be combined with the system property 'UsePureJavaCMYKConversion'.
> Using this approach the rendering time of the page with the problematic graphic drops
from 780 seconds to 1 second!
> It is clear that using the alternate color space might return wrong/not exact colors.
Therefore it should be only an option to enable this mode. However for processing large collections
of PDF documents (e.g. focusing on text) or to display a PDF in a timely manner the performance
improvement should outperform the drop in image quality.
> While the provided patch will use the alternate color space if activated in any case,
it could be possible at a later stage to add more intelligent logic which decides on a runtime
analysis when to use this mode (number of calls to LCMS, time needed etc.).
> If there are no objections with this patch I will apply it in the next days.

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