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From Johannes Koch <johannes.k...@fit.fraunhofer.de>
Subject Thoughts about PDNumberTreeNode
Date Mon, 01 Mar 2010 14:28:37 GMT
Hi,

when trying to implement the parent tree for a structure tree root (PDF 
32000-1:2008, section 14.7.2) using 
org.apache.pdfbox.pdmodel.common.PDNumberTreeNode I found out that the 
current implementation of PDNumberTreeNode is based on the following 
assumption: the values in the number tree have the same COS type and 
represent the same PD type (the valueType member variable). However, 
this is not the case for the ParentTree.

In a ParentTree number tree (see section 14.7.4.4) the values can either 
be "an indirect reference to the parent structure element" (-> 
COSDictionary) or "an array of indirect references to the sequences’ 
parent structure elements" (-> COSArray). So it cannot be mapped to one 
PD type (would be either PDStructureElement or PDStructureElement[]).

I therefore, suggest a different approach:

- A number tree node on the COS level:

COSNumberTreeNode<E extends COSBase>
{
   public List<COSNumberTreeNode> getKids();

   public void setKids(List<COSNumberTreeNode> kids);

   public Integer getUpperLimit();

   public Integer getLowerLimit();

   protected void setUpperLimit(Integer upper);

   protected void setLowerLimit(Integer lower);

   // get COS object value
   protected E getValue(int index);

   protected void setValue(int index, E value);
}


- A number tree node on the PD level with specific getters/setters:

PDPageLabelTreeNode extends COSNumberTreeNode<COSDictionary>
{
   // using getValue(int) return value of type COSDictionary
   // create PDPageLabelRange from return value
   public PDPageLabelRange getPageLabelRange(int startPage);

   // using setValue(int, COSDictionary)
   public void setLabelItem(int startPage, PDPageLabelRange item);

   ...
}

or

PDParentTreeNode2 extends COSNumberTreeNode<COSBase>
{
   // StructParents
   // using getValue(int), if return value is COSArray
   // select item from COSArray (index: mcid)
   // create PDStructureElement
   public PDStructureElement getStructParent(PDPage page, int mcid);

   // StructParent
   // using getValue(int), if return value is COSDictionary
   // create PDStructureElement
   public PDStructureElement getStructParent(PDAnnotation annotation);

   ...
}

-- 
Johannes Koch
Fraunhofer Institute for Applied Information Technology FIT
Web Compliance Center
Schloss Birlinghoven, D-53757 Sankt Augustin, Germany
Phone: +49-2241-142628    Fax: +49-2241-142065

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