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From catalina wei <>
Subject Re: Problem with join fetch
Date Fri, 22 May 2009 18:28:12 GMT
Hi Michael,
1. The JPQL syntax for join fetch support is restricted to ONE level. So
syntax-wise it is not allowed to go down second level as you did for

If you define ToMany fetch type to EAGER, then a simple
   select a from A
will get all Bs and Cs loaded.

   or you may only need to change B(1:N) C to have EAGER fetch type, then
your JPQL
   would be:
     select a from A a join fetch

2. JPQL syntax does not allowed range variables defined over the path, that
is why the syntax error  for   join fetch b.

Because join fetch is limited to fetch related entities at one level,

    if A has (1:N) B  and  A also has (1:N) D
you can submit the following JPQL query to get all As and all Bs and Ds
belong to an  A:

   select a from A a join fetch join fetch a.ds

Hope this helps.

Catalina Wei

On Fri, May 22, 2009 at 10:09 AM, Michael Simons <
> wrote:

> Hello,
> Assume three classes A (1:N) B (1:N) C:
> class A { List<B> bs; }
> class B { List<C> cs; }
> Why is the following query denied?
> select a from A a join fetch join fetch;
> Also denied:
> select a from A a join fetch b join fetch b.cs;
> Why doesn't this create an SQL statement like
> select ... from A inner join B inner join C
> thanks for any hints,
> Michael

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