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From Jeremy Bauer <>
Subject Re: support for persisting primitive arrays
Date Fri, 10 Apr 2009 22:03:46 GMT
Hi Heather,

OpenJPA supports persisting primitive arrays, but IIRC, you must either:

a) Annotate your primitive array with @Lob.  The array will get stored as a
serialized bytes in the database (and deserialized when retrieved).  ex:

double[] mDoubleArray;

b) Use the OpenJPA @org.apache.openjpa.persistence.PersistentCollection
annotation.  This will result in the primitive array being stored in a
separate table in the database.  JPA 2.0 has an equivalent annotation
@ElementCollection, so switching from an OpenJPA specific annotation to
standard JPA annotation will be straight forward when moving from OpenJPA
1.2 to OpenJPA 2.0 if/when you choose to do so.  Arguably, this is a cleaner
approach since it uses typed columns in the database vs. serialized bytes.
However, using lobs may prove to perform better.  If you want the array to
retain to proper order use the @OrderColumn annotation as well.    ex:

double[] myDoubleArray;

It appears that OpenJPA treats an array of primitive wrappers (Double[]) as
if it were tagged as a Lob.  Perhaps we should be doing the same with arrays
of primitives?


On Fri, Apr 10, 2009 at 3:45 PM, Heather Sterling <> wrote:

> I am trying to understand whether OpenJPA supports primitive arrays or not.
> I am able to persist arrays just fine if they are primitive wrapper classes
> ( e.g. Double[]).  However,  I get the following exception for primitive
> arrays (e.g. double[]):
> <openjpa-1.2.0-r422266:683325 fatal user error>
> org.apache.openjpa.util.MetaDataException: The type of field
> ""
>  isn't supported by declared persistence strategy "Basic".  Please choose a
> different strategy.
>      at
> org.apache.openjpa.persistence.AnnotationPersistenceMetaDataParser.parseBasic
> (
> The OpenJPA manual claims the following::
> OpenJPA also supports arrays, java.lang.Number, java.util.Locale, all JDK
> 1.2 Set, List, and Map
> types, and many other mutable and immutable field types. OpenJPA also
> allows you to plug in support for custom types.
> 1) Are primitive arrays supported?  If so, what strategy should be used
> besides Basic?
> 2) Should I use the wrapper classes when persisting arrays?
> Thanks
> Heather Sterling
> Systems Management Development
> Phone:  919-254-7163 T/L: 444-7163
> Cell: 919-423-3143
> Email:

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