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From "Heath Thomann (JIRA)" <>
Subject [jira] Created: (OPENJPA-1702) UnsupportedOperationException caused in BrokerImpl during transaction commit processing.
Date Fri, 18 Jun 2010 01:18:25 GMT
UnsupportedOperationException caused in BrokerImpl during transaction commit processing.

                 Key: OPENJPA-1702
             Project: OpenJPA
          Issue Type: Bug
          Components: kernel
    Affects Versions: 2.0.0, 1.2.0
            Reporter: Heath Thomann
            Assignee: Heath Thomann
            Priority: Minor

For a given scenario, which will be described in detail below, an UnsupportedOperationException
occurs as follows:

[main] openjpa.Runtime - An exception occurred while ending the transaction.  This exception
will be re-thrown.
<openjpa-1.2.3-SNAPSHOT-r422266:955388M nonfatal store error> org.apache.openjpa.util.StoreException:
	at org.apache.openjpa.kernel.BrokerImpl.beforeCompletion(
	at org.apache.openjpa.kernel.LocalManagedRuntime.commit(
	at org.apache.openjpa.kernel.BrokerImpl.commit(
	at org.apache.openjpa.kernel.DelegatingBroker.commit(
	at org.apache.openjpa.persistence.EntityManagerImpl.commit(
	at hat.tests.TestUnsupportedOp.commitTx(
	at hat.tests.TestUnsupportedOp.test(
	at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
	at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(
	at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(
	at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(
	at junit.framework.TestCase.runTest(
	at junit.framework.TestCase.runBare(
	at junit.framework.TestResult$1.protect(
	at junit.framework.TestResult.runProtected(
	at junit.framework.TestSuite.runTest(
	at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner.runTests(
	at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner.runTests(
	at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner.main(
Caused by: java.lang.UnsupportedOperationException
	at java.util.AbstractCollection.add(
	at java.util.AbstractCollection.addAll(
	at org.apache.openjpa.kernel.BrokerImpl.flushTransAdditions(
	at org.apache.openjpa.kernel.BrokerImpl.flushAdditions(
	at org.apache.openjpa.kernel.BrokerImpl.flush(
	at org.apache.openjpa.kernel.BrokerImpl.flushSafe(
	at org.apache.openjpa.kernel.BrokerImpl.beforeCompletion(
	... 25 more

Using the stack trace, and some particulars about the code path, I've been able to recreate
the UnsupportedOperationException.  Let me first summarize what my test does, and then let
me go into great details on how the issue occurs.  My test does the following:

1) My "main" code simply begins a tran, performs a query, and commits the tran.
2) I've created a 'tran listener' (i.e. an impl of org.apache.openjpa.event.TransactionListener)
and in that 'listener', method 'beforeCommit', I dirty the entity queried/found in #1.
3) After my 'beforeCommit' method returns, the UnsupportedOperationException is thrown.

OK, that was the brief summary, for anyone else who cares to hear the gory details, lets dig
in.....first, the exception stack shows the exception is hit here:

Caused by: java.lang.UnsupportedOperationException
   at java.util.AbstractCollection.add(
   at java.util.AbstractCollection.addAll(
   at org.apache.openjpa.kernel.BrokerImpl.flush( 

So, lets look at the code around 'flush('.  To follow is line 2000 (the
last line) and a number of lines proceeding it:

               if ((_transEventManager.hasFlushListeners()
                    || _transEventManager.hasEndListeners())
                    && (flush || reason == FLUSH_COMMIT)) {
                    // fire events
                    mobjs = new ManagedObjectCollection(transactional);
                    if (reason == FLUSH_COMMIT
                        && _transEventManager.hasEndListeners())
                        fireTransactionEvent(new TransactionEvent(this,

                            TransactionEvent.BEFORE_COMMIT, mobjs,
                            _persistedClss, _updatedClss, _deletedClss));

                        flushAdditions(transactional, reason);   
<----- line 2000

So, in order to get to this 'flushAdditions', you must have a 'listener' (i.e. an impl of
org.apache.openjpa.event.TransactionListener).  OK, with that said, keep this 'listener'
idea in mind as we will come back to it.

Continue to dig into the stack and going up two levels, we see that 'flushTransAdditions('
looks like this:

    private boolean flushTransAdditions(Collection transactional, int reason) {
        if (_transAdditions == null || _transAdditions.isEmpty())
            return false;

        // keep local transactional list copy up to date
        transactional.addAll(_transAdditions);   <----- line 2099

There are two important things to note here:
1) 'transactional' is a 'Collection'.
2) the addAll will only be called depending on the state of '_transAdditions'.

For #1, lets visit the javadoc for Collection.addAll and see why/when it throws the UnsupportedOperationException.....its

    * @throws UnsupportedOperationException if this collection does not
     *         support the <tt>addAll</tt> method.

So, we know that the 'Collection' is of a type which must not support addAll.  This offers
a clue and we should look to see at which points 'transactional' could be defined as a 'Collection'
which doesn't support 'addAll'.  'transactional' is set in BrokerImpl at line 1946 which
is here:

        Collection transactional = getTransactionalStates();

If we look at 'getTransactionalStates()', we can see that the method could return a Collections.EMPTY_SET

    protected Collection getTransactionalStates() {
        if (!hasTransactionalObjects())
            return Collections.EMPTY_SET;
        return _transCache.copy();

An 'EmptySet.addAll' eventually calls 'AbstractCollection.add' which blatantly throws an UnsupportedOperationException
(plus, and Collections.EMPTY_SET is immutable, so we should be adding to it anyway).  So,
we know we must have a case where 'transactional' is an EmtpySet.  One way this may occur
is to only query objects as I've done in step #1 of my test (i.e. I never dirty anything in
step #1).

Next, #2 offers another clue in that we need to look at the case where '_transAdditions' is
not null and not empty.  If we look in BorkerImpl at the places where '_transAdditions' is
set, we can see things are added to it in the 'setDirty' method.  But, as we previously found,
we are only querying objects, not making them dirty.  So, how can we have 'transactional'
be an EmptySet, yet '_transAdditions' not null or empty?  One way is to go back to the 'listener'
we discussed earlier and when the 'listener' is called, have it dirty an entity.  In so doing,
the 'setDirty' method will be called which will add elements to '_transAdditions' such that
conditions are met to cause 'transactional.addAll' to be called in 'flushTransAdditions'. 
The ordering is basically like this:

1) 'transactional' is set to an EmptySet and the beginning of flush.
2) The 'listener' is called later on in flush which dirties an entity.  This causes '_transAdditions'
to not be null or empty.
3) After the 'listener' is called, flushTransAdditions is called where at which time 'addAll',
and then 'add', is called on an EmptySet/AbstractCollection which returns the exception.

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