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From "Kevin Sutter (JIRA)" <>
Subject [jira] Created: (OPENJPA-281) EAGER not the default fetch type without the @Basic annotation
Date Mon, 09 Jul 2007 14:10:04 GMT
EAGER not the default fetch type without the @Basic annotation

                 Key: OPENJPA-281
             Project: OpenJPA
          Issue Type: Bug
          Components: jpa
    Affects Versions: 0.9.7
            Reporter: Kevin Sutter
            Assignee: Kevin Sutter
             Fix For: 1.0.0

There's an on-going discussion on the dev mailing list concerning this problem (
 Since I've gotten agreement on at least one aspect of the problem, I decided to open this
JIRA Issue to document the problem.

Here's a summary of the problem:

I am finding that the supposed default action of Eager fetching is not happening with @Enumerated
and @Lob fields.  If I explicitly specify the @Basic annotation, then the fields are eagerly
fetched.  But, without this extraneous @Basic, these fields are lazily loaded.  This action
does not seem to be consistent with the spec.  Nor, can I find any mention of this alternate
behavior in our OpenJPA manual.  Sounds like a bug to me.  Any other insights?

This works (eager loading kicks in):

    @Basic @Enumerated(EnumType.STRING)
    private Gender gender;

This does not work (lazy loading kicks in):

    private Gender gender;

I have also tried to use defaults (without any annotations), and lazy loading still kicks

    private Gender gender;

The JPA spec attempts to address this situation in section 9.1.18...  Section 9.1.8 of the
JPA spec indicates that @Basic is optional and applies to the following types: 

"..Java primitive types, wrappers of the primitive types, java.lang.String, java.math.BigInteger,
java.math.BigDecimal, java.util.Date, java.util.Calendar, java.sql.Date,
java.sql.Time, java.sql.Timestamp, byte[], Byte[], char[], Character[],
enums, and any other type that implements Serializable."

And, since the default fetch type for @Basic is EAGER, it looks like we need to do eager fetching
for both @Enumerated and @Lob fields unless otherwise overridden by a LAZY fetch type (ie.
@Basic(fetch=LAZY)).  Agree?

We're still working on the agreement...  :-)


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