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From "Phill Moran" <>
Subject RE: Named query created in error
Date Thu, 19 Apr 2007 15:02:57 GMT
Will do and thanks again 

-----Original Message-----
From: [] On Behalf Of Jacek Laskowski
Sent: April 19, 2007 10:57 AM
Subject: Re: Named query created in error

On 4/19/07, Phill Moran <> wrote:
> Thanks Jacek,
> Store is annotated with @Entity:

That might imply an incorrect behaviour of OpenJPA. I doubt if I can help more
than just a spec guidance ;-) I'll have to set up the environment to reproduce
the issue as OpenJPA doesn't seem to fail with Derby and my simple test case.

I hope someone from the OpenJPA team will chime in and provide some additional

> I thought I needed to add the class names to persistence.xml to have 
> them post-processed.

What do you mean by "post-processed". There's no notion of "post-processing" in

persistence.xml is a configuration file for persistence units (there can be more
than one in a single persistence.xml file). Each and every PU is distinguished
by its name (unique in the whole application).
There's plenty of work to do for a jpa provider to set up a PU - see the spec's
chapter 7. Container and Provider Contracts for Deployment and Bootstrapping.
One of the tasks is to find all of the persistence classes (aka entities).
Depending on your environment - Java SE or Java EE - the <class> element may be

The spec reads in " mapping-file, jar-file, class,
exclude-unlisted-classes" page 138:

A list of all named managed persistence classes must be specified in Java SE
environments to insure portability. Portable Java SE applications should not
rely on the other mechanisms described here to specify the managed persistence
classes of a persistence unit.

> I recognized (since using java agent right now) they are all looked at 
> for persistence candidacy but figured this would be needed for compile 
> time processing that I would switch to later. Let me know if I am way off

That's another thing. To let a jpa provider manage persistence classes
(entities) they might  be enhanced at build- or run-time. It's a choice you make
when you run your application. Under a heavy load every second might be of great
value so the sooner the classes are enhanced the better or else it might incur
performance penalty. With Java you can process classes while they're loaded and
enhance them to add capabilities like manageability.

> Also must I list all other classes in the <exclude-unlisted-classes> 
> section or can I simply list add <exclude-unlisted-classes/> after my 
> listed classes. -

Add <exclude-unlisted-classes> and give it a go. You should see the Ignoring.
warning message go away.

> Clearly I am uncertain to the full purpose of this file

persistence.xml? That's the most important file in the whole jpa application of
yours so treat it gently and with great care so it won't cause troubles ;-) Read
about it in the spec - 6.2 Persistence Unit Packaging page 134. It's easy to
read so highly recommended to read (before you crash after struggling with
setting up OpenJPA ;-))


Jacek Laskowski

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