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From Abe White <>
Subject Re: @Dependent annotation vs cascade=ALL
Date Wed, 07 Mar 2007 20:37:49 GMT
First, dependent should be compared to cascade=REMOVE rather than (or  
in addition to) cascade=ALL.

cascade=REMOVE means "when I remove this parent instance immediately  
cascade the remove operation to the referenced instance(s)".  It's a  
very simple and naïve implementation and its behavior is mandated by  
the JPA spec.

Dependent means "at the end of the transaction if the referenced  
instance(s) are no longer referenced by this parent and have not been  
assigned to any other parent, remove it/them".  It's much smarter /  
more subtle.  For example if you null a dependent relation but don't  
delete the parent, the referenced instance(s) will still be deleted  
at the end of the transaction, because they are no longer referenced  
by the parent (unless of course you assign them to some other parent  
in the same transaction).

p.s. Note that dependent != db garbage collection.  A dependent  
instance that is severed from its parent is deleted at the end of the  
transaction unless assigned to another instance in the same  
transaction -- we don't search the db to find out if any other parent  
not involved in the transaction references the dependent instance  
before deleting it._______________________________________________________________________
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