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Subject [GitHub] [nifi-minifi-cpp] arpadboda commented on a change in pull request #740: MINIFICPP-1144 - Fix HTTPCallback freeze and refactor class
Date Fri, 21 Feb 2020 15:43:31 GMT
arpadboda commented on a change in pull request #740: MINIFICPP-1144 - Fix HTTPCallback freeze
and refactor class
URL: https://github.com/apache/nifi-minifi-cpp/pull/740#discussion_r382644595
 
 

 ##########
 File path: extensions/http-curl/client/HTTPCallback.h
 ##########
 @@ -33,148 +34,195 @@ namespace minifi {
 namespace utils {
 
 /**
- * will stream as items are processed.
+ * The original class here was deadlock-prone, undocumented and was a smorgasbord of multithreading
primitives used inconsistently.
+ * This is a rewrite based on the contract inferred from this class's usage in utils::HTTPClient
+ * through HTTPStream and the non-buggy part of the behaviour of the original class.
+ * Based on these:
+ *  - this class provides a mechanism through which chunks of data can be inserted on a producer
thread, while a
+ *    consumer thread simultaneously reads this stream of data in CURLOPT_READFUNCTION to
supply a POST or PUT request
+ *    body with data utilizing HTTP chunked transfer encoding
+ *  - once a chunk of data is completely processed, we can discard it (i.e. the consumer
will not seek backwards)
+ *  - if we expect that more data will be available, but there is none available at the current
time, we should block
+ *    the consumer thread until either new data becomes available, or we are closed, signaling
that there will be no
+ *    new data
+ *  - we signal that we have provided all data by returning a nullptr from getBuffer. After
this no further calls asking
+ *    for data should be made on us
+ *  - we keep a current buffer and change this buffer once the consumer requests an offset
which can no longer be served
+ *    by the current buffer
+ *  - because of this, all functions that request data at a specific offset are implicit
seeks and potentially modify
+ *    the current buffer
  */
 class HttpStreamingCallback : public ByteInputCallBack {
  public:
   HttpStreamingCallback()
-      : is_alive_(true),
+      : logger_(logging::LoggerFactory<HttpStreamingCallback>::getLogger()),
+        is_alive_(true),
+        total_bytes_loaded_(0U),
+        current_buffer_start_(0U),
+        current_pos_(0U),
         ptr(nullptr) {
-    previous_pos_ = 0;
-    rolling_count_ = 0;
   }
 
-  virtual ~HttpStreamingCallback() {
-
-  }
+  virtual ~HttpStreamingCallback() = default;
 
   void close() {
+    logger_->log_trace("close() called");
+    std::unique_lock<std::mutex> lock(mutex_);
     is_alive_ = false;
     cv.notify_all();
   }
 
-  virtual void seek(size_t pos) {
-    if ((pos - previous_pos_) >= current_vec_.size() || current_vec_.size() == 0)
-      load_buffer();
+  void seek(size_t pos) override {
+    logger_->log_trace("seek(pos: %zu) called", pos);
+    std::unique_lock<std::mutex> lock(mutex_);
+    seekInner(lock, pos);
   }
 
-  virtual int64_t process(std::shared_ptr<io::BaseStream> stream) {
-
+  int64_t process(std::shared_ptr<io::BaseStream> stream) override {
     std::vector<char> vec;
 
     if (stream->getSize() > 0) {
       vec.resize(stream->getSize());
-
       stream->readData(reinterpret_cast<uint8_t*>(vec.data()), stream->getSize());
     }
 
-    size_t added_size = vec.size();
-
-    byte_arrays_.enqueue(std::move(vec));
-
-    cv.notify_all();
-
-    return added_size;
-
+    return processInner(std::move(vec));
   }
 
-  virtual int64_t process(uint8_t *vector, size_t size) {
-
+  virtual int64_t process(const uint8_t* data, size_t size) {
     std::vector<char> vec;
+    vec.resize(size);
+    memcpy(vec.data(), reinterpret_cast<const char*>(data), size);
 
-    if (size > 0) {
-      vec.resize(size);
+    return processInner(std::move(vec));
+  }
 
-      memcpy(vec.data(), vector, size);
+  void write(std::string content) override {
+    std::vector<char> vec;
+    vec.assign(content.begin(), content.end());
 
-      size_t added_size = vec.size();
+    (void) processInner(std::move(vec));
+  }
 
-      byte_arrays_.enqueue(std::move(vec));
+  char* getBuffer(size_t pos) override {
+    logger_->log_trace("getBuffer(pos: %zu) called", pos);
 
-      cv.notify_all();
+    std::unique_lock<std::mutex> lock(mutex_);
 
-      return added_size;
-    } else {
-      return 0;
+    seekInner(lock, pos);
+    if (ptr == nullptr) {
+      return nullptr;
     }
 
-  }
+    size_t relative_pos = pos - current_buffer_start_;
+    current_pos_ = pos;
 
-  virtual void write(std::string content) {
-    std::vector<char> vec;
-    vec.assign(content.begin(), content.end());
-    byte_arrays_.enqueue(vec);
+    return ptr + relative_pos;
   }
 
-  virtual char *getBuffer(size_t pos) {
-
-    // if there is no space remaining in our current buffer,
-    // we should load the next. If none exists after that we have no more buffer
-    std::lock_guard<std::recursive_mutex> lock(mutex_);
+  const size_t getRemaining(size_t pos) override {
+    logger_->log_trace("getRemaining(pos: %zu) called", pos);
 
-    if ((pos - previous_pos_) >= current_vec_.size() || current_vec_.size() == 0)
-      load_buffer();
+    std::unique_lock<std::mutex> lock(mutex_);
+    seekInner(lock, pos);
+    return total_bytes_loaded_ - pos;
+  }
 
-    if (ptr == nullptr)
-      return nullptr;
+  const size_t getBufferSize() override {
+    logger_->log_trace("getBufferSize() called");
 
-    size_t absolute_position = pos - previous_pos_;
+    std::unique_lock<std::mutex> lock(mutex_);
+    // This is needed to make sure that the first buffer is loaded
+    seekInner(lock, current_pos_);
+    return total_bytes_loaded_;
+  }
 
-    current_pos_ = pos;
+ private:
 
-    return ptr + absolute_position;
+  /**
+   * Loads the next available buffer
+   * @param lock unique_lock which *must* own the lock
+   */
+  inline void loadNextBuffer(std::unique_lock<std::mutex>& lock) {
+    cv.wait(lock, [&] {
+      return !byte_arrays_.empty() || !is_alive_;
+    });
+
+    if (byte_arrays_.empty()) {
+      logger_->log_trace("loadNextBuffer() ran out of buffers");
+      ptr = nullptr;
+    } else {
+      current_vec_ = std::move(byte_arrays_.front());
+      byte_arrays_.pop_front();
+
+      ptr = current_vec_.data();
+      current_buffer_start_ = total_bytes_loaded_;
+      current_pos_ = current_buffer_start_;
+      total_bytes_loaded_ += current_vec_.size();
+      logger_->log_trace("loadNextBuffer() loaded new buffer, ptr: %p, size: %zu, current_buffer_start_:
%zu, current_pos_: %zu, total_bytes_loaded_: %zu",
+          ptr,
+          current_vec_.size(),
+          current_buffer_start_,
+          current_pos_,
+          total_bytes_loaded_);
+    }
   }
 
-  virtual const size_t getRemaining(size_t pos) {
-    return current_vec_.size();
-  }
+  /**
+   * Common implementation for placing a buffer into the queue
+   * @param vec the buffer to be inserted
+   * @return the number of bytes processed (the size of vec)
+   */
+  int64_t processInner(std::vector<char>&& vec) {
+    size_t size = vec.size();
 
-  virtual const size_t getBufferSize() {
-    std::lock_guard<std::recursive_mutex> lock(mutex_);
+    logger_->log_trace("processInner() called, vec.data(): %p, vec.size(): %zu", vec.data(),
size);
 
-    if (ptr == nullptr || current_pos_ >= rolling_count_) {
-      load_buffer();
+    if (size == 0U) {
+      return 0U;
     }
-    return rolling_count_;
-  }
 
- private:
+    std::unique_lock<std::mutex> lock(mutex_);
+    byte_arrays_.emplace_back(std::move(vec));
+    cv.notify_all();
 
-  inline void load_buffer() {
-    std::unique_lock<std::recursive_mutex> lock(mutex_);
-    cv.wait(lock, [&] {return byte_arrays_.size_approx() > 0 || is_alive_==false;});
-    if (!is_alive_ && byte_arrays_.size_approx() == 0) {
-      lock.unlock();
-      return;
+    return size;
+  }
+
+  /**
+   * Seeks to the specified position
+   * @param lock unique_lock which *must* own the lock
+   * @param pos position to seek to
+   */
+  void seekInner(std::unique_lock<std::mutex>& lock, size_t pos) {
+    logger_->log_trace("seekInner() called, current_pos_: %zu, pos: %zu", current_pos_,
pos);
+    if (pos < current_pos_) {
+      const std::string errstr = "Seeking backwards is not supported, tried to seek from
" + std::to_string(current_pos_) + " to " + std::to_string(pos);
+      logger_->log_error("%s", errstr);
+      throw std::logic_error(errstr);
     }
-    try {
-      if (byte_arrays_.try_dequeue(current_vec_)) {
-        ptr = &current_vec_[0];
-        previous_pos_.store(rolling_count_.load());
-        current_pos_ = 0;
-        rolling_count_ += current_vec_.size();
-      } else {
-        ptr = nullptr;
+    while ((pos - current_buffer_start_) >= current_vec_.size()) {
+      loadNextBuffer(lock);
+      if (ptr == nullptr) {
+        break;
       }
-      lock.unlock();
-    } catch (...) {
-      lock.unlock();
     }
   }
 
-  std::atomic<bool> is_alive_;
-  std::atomic<size_t> rolling_count_;
-  std::condition_variable_any cv;
-  std::atomic<size_t> previous_pos_;
-  std::atomic<size_t> current_pos_;
+  std::shared_ptr<logging::Logger> logger_;
 
-  std::recursive_mutex mutex_;
+  std::mutex mutex_;
+  std::condition_variable cv;
 
-  moodycamel::ConcurrentQueue<std::vector<char>> byte_arrays_;
+  bool is_alive_;
+  size_t total_bytes_loaded_;
+  size_t current_buffer_start_;
+  size_t current_pos_;
 
-  char *ptr;
+  std::deque<std::vector<char>> byte_arrays_;
 
   std::vector<char> current_vec_;
+  char *ptr;
 
 Review comment:
   For consistency, can you rename this to end with underscore?
   I was searching the declaration of this in a function for 2 minutes :)

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