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From ma...@apache.org
Subject [19/51] [abbrv] incubator-mynewt-larva git commit: Bring in mbedTLS 2.2.1 as a package.
Date Wed, 17 Feb 2016 15:53:01 GMT
http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/incubator-mynewt-larva/blob/9c6c593d/libs/mbedtls/src/ecp.c
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/libs/mbedtls/src/ecp.c b/libs/mbedtls/src/ecp.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..19bb488
--- /dev/null
+++ b/libs/mbedtls/src/ecp.c
@@ -0,0 +1,2090 @@
+/*
+ *  Elliptic curves over GF(p): generic functions
+ *
+ *  Copyright (C) 2006-2015, ARM Limited, All Rights Reserved
+ *  SPDX-License-Identifier: Apache-2.0
+ *
+ *  Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may
+ *  not use this file except in compliance with the License.
+ *  You may obtain a copy of the License at
+ *
+ *  http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
+ *
+ *  Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
+ *  distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT
+ *  WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
+ *  See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
+ *  limitations under the License.
+ *
+ *  This file is part of mbed TLS (https://tls.mbed.org)
+ */
+
+/*
+ * References:
+ *
+ * SEC1 http://www.secg.org/index.php?action=secg,docs_secg
+ * GECC = Guide to Elliptic Curve Cryptography - Hankerson, Menezes, Vanstone
+ * FIPS 186-3 http://csrc.nist.gov/publications/fips/fips186-3/fips_186-3.pdf
+ * RFC 4492 for the related TLS structures and constants
+ *
+ * [Curve25519] http://cr.yp.to/ecdh/curve25519-20060209.pdf
+ *
+ * [2] CORON, Jean-S'ebastien. Resistance against differential power analysis
+ *     for elliptic curve cryptosystems. In : Cryptographic Hardware and
+ *     Embedded Systems. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 1999. p. 292-302.
+ *     <http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/3-540-48059-5_25>
+ *
+ * [3] HEDABOU, Mustapha, PINEL, Pierre, et B'EN'ETEAU, Lucien. A comb method to
+ *     render ECC resistant against Side Channel Attacks. IACR Cryptology
+ *     ePrint Archive, 2004, vol. 2004, p. 342.
+ *     <http://eprint.iacr.org/2004/342.pdf>
+ */
+
+#if !defined(MBEDTLS_CONFIG_FILE)
+#include "mbedtls/config.h"
+#else
+#include MBEDTLS_CONFIG_FILE
+#endif
+
+#if defined(MBEDTLS_ECP_C)
+
+#include "mbedtls/ecp.h"
+
+#include <string.h>
+
+#if defined(MBEDTLS_PLATFORM_C)
+#include "mbedtls/platform.h"
+#else
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <stdio.h>
+#define mbedtls_printf     printf
+#define mbedtls_calloc    calloc
+#define mbedtls_free       free
+#endif
+
+#if ( defined(__ARMCC_VERSION) || defined(_MSC_VER) ) && \
+    !defined(inline) && !defined(__cplusplus)
+#define inline __inline
+#endif
+
+/* Implementation that should never be optimized out by the compiler */
+static void mbedtls_zeroize( void *v, size_t n ) {
+    volatile unsigned char *p = v; while( n-- ) *p++ = 0;
+}
+
+#if defined(MBEDTLS_SELF_TEST)
+/*
+ * Counts of point addition and doubling, and field multiplications.
+ * Used to test resistance of point multiplication to simple timing attacks.
+ */
+static unsigned long add_count, dbl_count, mul_count;
+#endif
+
+#if defined(MBEDTLS_ECP_DP_SECP192R1_ENABLED) ||   \
+    defined(MBEDTLS_ECP_DP_SECP224R1_ENABLED) ||   \
+    defined(MBEDTLS_ECP_DP_SECP256R1_ENABLED) ||   \
+    defined(MBEDTLS_ECP_DP_SECP384R1_ENABLED) ||   \
+    defined(MBEDTLS_ECP_DP_SECP521R1_ENABLED) ||   \
+    defined(MBEDTLS_ECP_DP_BP256R1_ENABLED)   ||   \
+    defined(MBEDTLS_ECP_DP_BP384R1_ENABLED)   ||   \
+    defined(MBEDTLS_ECP_DP_BP512R1_ENABLED)   ||   \
+    defined(MBEDTLS_ECP_DP_SECP192K1_ENABLED) ||   \
+    defined(MBEDTLS_ECP_DP_SECP224K1_ENABLED) ||   \
+    defined(MBEDTLS_ECP_DP_SECP256K1_ENABLED)
+#define ECP_SHORTWEIERSTRASS
+#endif
+
+#if defined(MBEDTLS_ECP_DP_CURVE25519_ENABLED)
+#define ECP_MONTGOMERY
+#endif
+
+/*
+ * Curve types: internal for now, might be exposed later
+ */
+typedef enum
+{
+    ECP_TYPE_NONE = 0,
+    ECP_TYPE_SHORT_WEIERSTRASS,    /* y^2 = x^3 + a x + b      */
+    ECP_TYPE_MONTGOMERY,           /* y^2 = x^3 + a x^2 + x    */
+} ecp_curve_type;
+
+/*
+ * List of supported curves:
+ *  - internal ID
+ *  - TLS NamedCurve ID (RFC 4492 sec. 5.1.1, RFC 7071 sec. 2)
+ *  - size in bits
+ *  - readable name
+ *
+ * Curves are listed in order: largest curves first, and for a given size,
+ * fastest curves first. This provides the default order for the SSL module.
+ *
+ * Reminder: update profiles in x509_crt.c when adding a new curves!
+ */
+static const mbedtls_ecp_curve_info ecp_supported_curves[] =
+{
+#if defined(MBEDTLS_ECP_DP_SECP521R1_ENABLED)
+    { MBEDTLS_ECP_DP_SECP521R1,    25,     521,    "secp521r1"         },
+#endif
+#if defined(MBEDTLS_ECP_DP_BP512R1_ENABLED)
+    { MBEDTLS_ECP_DP_BP512R1,      28,     512,    "brainpoolP512r1"   },
+#endif
+#if defined(MBEDTLS_ECP_DP_SECP384R1_ENABLED)
+    { MBEDTLS_ECP_DP_SECP384R1,    24,     384,    "secp384r1"         },
+#endif
+#if defined(MBEDTLS_ECP_DP_BP384R1_ENABLED)
+    { MBEDTLS_ECP_DP_BP384R1,      27,     384,    "brainpoolP384r1"   },
+#endif
+#if defined(MBEDTLS_ECP_DP_SECP256R1_ENABLED)
+    { MBEDTLS_ECP_DP_SECP256R1,    23,     256,    "secp256r1"         },
+#endif
+#if defined(MBEDTLS_ECP_DP_SECP256K1_ENABLED)
+    { MBEDTLS_ECP_DP_SECP256K1,    22,     256,    "secp256k1"         },
+#endif
+#if defined(MBEDTLS_ECP_DP_BP256R1_ENABLED)
+    { MBEDTLS_ECP_DP_BP256R1,      26,     256,    "brainpoolP256r1"   },
+#endif
+#if defined(MBEDTLS_ECP_DP_SECP224R1_ENABLED)
+    { MBEDTLS_ECP_DP_SECP224R1,    21,     224,    "secp224r1"         },
+#endif
+#if defined(MBEDTLS_ECP_DP_SECP224K1_ENABLED)
+    { MBEDTLS_ECP_DP_SECP224K1,    20,     224,    "secp224k1"         },
+#endif
+#if defined(MBEDTLS_ECP_DP_SECP192R1_ENABLED)
+    { MBEDTLS_ECP_DP_SECP192R1,    19,     192,    "secp192r1"         },
+#endif
+#if defined(MBEDTLS_ECP_DP_SECP192K1_ENABLED)
+    { MBEDTLS_ECP_DP_SECP192K1,    18,     192,    "secp192k1"         },
+#endif
+    { MBEDTLS_ECP_DP_NONE,          0,     0,      NULL                },
+};
+
+#define ECP_NB_CURVES   sizeof( ecp_supported_curves ) /    \
+                        sizeof( ecp_supported_curves[0] )
+
+static mbedtls_ecp_group_id ecp_supported_grp_id[ECP_NB_CURVES];
+
+/*
+ * List of supported curves and associated info
+ */
+const mbedtls_ecp_curve_info *mbedtls_ecp_curve_list( void )
+{
+    return( ecp_supported_curves );
+}
+
+/*
+ * List of supported curves, group ID only
+ */
+const mbedtls_ecp_group_id *mbedtls_ecp_grp_id_list( void )
+{
+    static int init_done = 0;
+
+    if( ! init_done )
+    {
+        size_t i = 0;
+        const mbedtls_ecp_curve_info *curve_info;
+
+        for( curve_info = mbedtls_ecp_curve_list();
+             curve_info->grp_id != MBEDTLS_ECP_DP_NONE;
+             curve_info++ )
+        {
+            ecp_supported_grp_id[i++] = curve_info->grp_id;
+        }
+        ecp_supported_grp_id[i] = MBEDTLS_ECP_DP_NONE;
+
+        init_done = 1;
+    }
+
+    return( ecp_supported_grp_id );
+}
+
+/*
+ * Get the curve info for the internal identifier
+ */
+const mbedtls_ecp_curve_info *mbedtls_ecp_curve_info_from_grp_id( mbedtls_ecp_group_id grp_id )
+{
+    const mbedtls_ecp_curve_info *curve_info;
+
+    for( curve_info = mbedtls_ecp_curve_list();
+         curve_info->grp_id != MBEDTLS_ECP_DP_NONE;
+         curve_info++ )
+    {
+        if( curve_info->grp_id == grp_id )
+            return( curve_info );
+    }
+
+    return( NULL );
+}
+
+/*
+ * Get the curve info from the TLS identifier
+ */
+const mbedtls_ecp_curve_info *mbedtls_ecp_curve_info_from_tls_id( uint16_t tls_id )
+{
+    const mbedtls_ecp_curve_info *curve_info;
+
+    for( curve_info = mbedtls_ecp_curve_list();
+         curve_info->grp_id != MBEDTLS_ECP_DP_NONE;
+         curve_info++ )
+    {
+        if( curve_info->tls_id == tls_id )
+            return( curve_info );
+    }
+
+    return( NULL );
+}
+
+/*
+ * Get the curve info from the name
+ */
+const mbedtls_ecp_curve_info *mbedtls_ecp_curve_info_from_name( const char *name )
+{
+    const mbedtls_ecp_curve_info *curve_info;
+
+    for( curve_info = mbedtls_ecp_curve_list();
+         curve_info->grp_id != MBEDTLS_ECP_DP_NONE;
+         curve_info++ )
+    {
+        if( strcmp( curve_info->name, name ) == 0 )
+            return( curve_info );
+    }
+
+    return( NULL );
+}
+
+/*
+ * Get the type of a curve
+ */
+static inline ecp_curve_type ecp_get_type( const mbedtls_ecp_group *grp )
+{
+    if( grp->G.X.p == NULL )
+        return( ECP_TYPE_NONE );
+
+    if( grp->G.Y.p == NULL )
+        return( ECP_TYPE_MONTGOMERY );
+    else
+        return( ECP_TYPE_SHORT_WEIERSTRASS );
+}
+
+/*
+ * Initialize (the components of) a point
+ */
+void mbedtls_ecp_point_init( mbedtls_ecp_point *pt )
+{
+    if( pt == NULL )
+        return;
+
+    mbedtls_mpi_init( &pt->X );
+    mbedtls_mpi_init( &pt->Y );
+    mbedtls_mpi_init( &pt->Z );
+}
+
+/*
+ * Initialize (the components of) a group
+ */
+void mbedtls_ecp_group_init( mbedtls_ecp_group *grp )
+{
+    if( grp == NULL )
+        return;
+
+    memset( grp, 0, sizeof( mbedtls_ecp_group ) );
+}
+
+/*
+ * Initialize (the components of) a key pair
+ */
+void mbedtls_ecp_keypair_init( mbedtls_ecp_keypair *key )
+{
+    if( key == NULL )
+        return;
+
+    mbedtls_ecp_group_init( &key->grp );
+    mbedtls_mpi_init( &key->d );
+    mbedtls_ecp_point_init( &key->Q );
+}
+
+/*
+ * Unallocate (the components of) a point
+ */
+void mbedtls_ecp_point_free( mbedtls_ecp_point *pt )
+{
+    if( pt == NULL )
+        return;
+
+    mbedtls_mpi_free( &( pt->X ) );
+    mbedtls_mpi_free( &( pt->Y ) );
+    mbedtls_mpi_free( &( pt->Z ) );
+}
+
+/*
+ * Unallocate (the components of) a group
+ */
+void mbedtls_ecp_group_free( mbedtls_ecp_group *grp )
+{
+    size_t i;
+
+    if( grp == NULL )
+        return;
+
+    if( grp->h != 1 )
+    {
+        mbedtls_mpi_free( &grp->P );
+        mbedtls_mpi_free( &grp->A );
+        mbedtls_mpi_free( &grp->B );
+        mbedtls_ecp_point_free( &grp->G );
+        mbedtls_mpi_free( &grp->N );
+    }
+
+    if( grp->T != NULL )
+    {
+        for( i = 0; i < grp->T_size; i++ )
+            mbedtls_ecp_point_free( &grp->T[i] );
+        mbedtls_free( grp->T );
+    }
+
+    mbedtls_zeroize( grp, sizeof( mbedtls_ecp_group ) );
+}
+
+/*
+ * Unallocate (the components of) a key pair
+ */
+void mbedtls_ecp_keypair_free( mbedtls_ecp_keypair *key )
+{
+    if( key == NULL )
+        return;
+
+    mbedtls_ecp_group_free( &key->grp );
+    mbedtls_mpi_free( &key->d );
+    mbedtls_ecp_point_free( &key->Q );
+}
+
+/*
+ * Copy the contents of a point
+ */
+int mbedtls_ecp_copy( mbedtls_ecp_point *P, const mbedtls_ecp_point *Q )
+{
+    int ret;
+
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_copy( &P->X, &Q->X ) );
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_copy( &P->Y, &Q->Y ) );
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_copy( &P->Z, &Q->Z ) );
+
+cleanup:
+    return( ret );
+}
+
+/*
+ * Copy the contents of a group object
+ */
+int mbedtls_ecp_group_copy( mbedtls_ecp_group *dst, const mbedtls_ecp_group *src )
+{
+    return mbedtls_ecp_group_load( dst, src->id );
+}
+
+/*
+ * Set point to zero
+ */
+int mbedtls_ecp_set_zero( mbedtls_ecp_point *pt )
+{
+    int ret;
+
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_lset( &pt->X , 1 ) );
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_lset( &pt->Y , 1 ) );
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_lset( &pt->Z , 0 ) );
+
+cleanup:
+    return( ret );
+}
+
+/*
+ * Tell if a point is zero
+ */
+int mbedtls_ecp_is_zero( mbedtls_ecp_point *pt )
+{
+    return( mbedtls_mpi_cmp_int( &pt->Z, 0 ) == 0 );
+}
+
+/*
+ * Compare two points lazyly
+ */
+int mbedtls_ecp_point_cmp( const mbedtls_ecp_point *P,
+                           const mbedtls_ecp_point *Q )
+{
+    if( mbedtls_mpi_cmp_mpi( &P->X, &Q->X ) == 0 &&
+        mbedtls_mpi_cmp_mpi( &P->Y, &Q->Y ) == 0 &&
+        mbedtls_mpi_cmp_mpi( &P->Z, &Q->Z ) == 0 )
+    {
+        return( 0 );
+    }
+
+    return( MBEDTLS_ERR_ECP_BAD_INPUT_DATA );
+}
+
+/*
+ * Import a non-zero point from ASCII strings
+ */
+int mbedtls_ecp_point_read_string( mbedtls_ecp_point *P, int radix,
+                           const char *x, const char *y )
+{
+    int ret;
+
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_read_string( &P->X, radix, x ) );
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_read_string( &P->Y, radix, y ) );
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_lset( &P->Z, 1 ) );
+
+cleanup:
+    return( ret );
+}
+
+/*
+ * Export a point into unsigned binary data (SEC1 2.3.3)
+ */
+int mbedtls_ecp_point_write_binary( const mbedtls_ecp_group *grp, const mbedtls_ecp_point *P,
+                            int format, size_t *olen,
+                            unsigned char *buf, size_t buflen )
+{
+    int ret = 0;
+    size_t plen;
+
+    if( format != MBEDTLS_ECP_PF_UNCOMPRESSED &&
+        format != MBEDTLS_ECP_PF_COMPRESSED )
+        return( MBEDTLS_ERR_ECP_BAD_INPUT_DATA );
+
+    /*
+     * Common case: P == 0
+     */
+    if( mbedtls_mpi_cmp_int( &P->Z, 0 ) == 0 )
+    {
+        if( buflen < 1 )
+            return( MBEDTLS_ERR_ECP_BUFFER_TOO_SMALL );
+
+        buf[0] = 0x00;
+        *olen = 1;
+
+        return( 0 );
+    }
+
+    plen = mbedtls_mpi_size( &grp->P );
+
+    if( format == MBEDTLS_ECP_PF_UNCOMPRESSED )
+    {
+        *olen = 2 * plen + 1;
+
+        if( buflen < *olen )
+            return( MBEDTLS_ERR_ECP_BUFFER_TOO_SMALL );
+
+        buf[0] = 0x04;
+        MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_write_binary( &P->X, buf + 1, plen ) );
+        MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_write_binary( &P->Y, buf + 1 + plen, plen ) );
+    }
+    else if( format == MBEDTLS_ECP_PF_COMPRESSED )
+    {
+        *olen = plen + 1;
+
+        if( buflen < *olen )
+            return( MBEDTLS_ERR_ECP_BUFFER_TOO_SMALL );
+
+        buf[0] = 0x02 + mbedtls_mpi_get_bit( &P->Y, 0 );
+        MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_write_binary( &P->X, buf + 1, plen ) );
+    }
+
+cleanup:
+    return( ret );
+}
+
+/*
+ * Import a point from unsigned binary data (SEC1 2.3.4)
+ */
+int mbedtls_ecp_point_read_binary( const mbedtls_ecp_group *grp, mbedtls_ecp_point *pt,
+                           const unsigned char *buf, size_t ilen )
+{
+    int ret;
+    size_t plen;
+
+    if( ilen < 1 )
+        return( MBEDTLS_ERR_ECP_BAD_INPUT_DATA );
+
+    if( buf[0] == 0x00 )
+    {
+        if( ilen == 1 )
+            return( mbedtls_ecp_set_zero( pt ) );
+        else
+            return( MBEDTLS_ERR_ECP_BAD_INPUT_DATA );
+    }
+
+    plen = mbedtls_mpi_size( &grp->P );
+
+    if( buf[0] != 0x04 )
+        return( MBEDTLS_ERR_ECP_FEATURE_UNAVAILABLE );
+
+    if( ilen != 2 * plen + 1 )
+        return( MBEDTLS_ERR_ECP_BAD_INPUT_DATA );
+
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_read_binary( &pt->X, buf + 1, plen ) );
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_read_binary( &pt->Y, buf + 1 + plen, plen ) );
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_lset( &pt->Z, 1 ) );
+
+cleanup:
+    return( ret );
+}
+
+/*
+ * Import a point from a TLS ECPoint record (RFC 4492)
+ *      struct {
+ *          opaque point <1..2^8-1>;
+ *      } ECPoint;
+ */
+int mbedtls_ecp_tls_read_point( const mbedtls_ecp_group *grp, mbedtls_ecp_point *pt,
+                        const unsigned char **buf, size_t buf_len )
+{
+    unsigned char data_len;
+    const unsigned char *buf_start;
+
+    /*
+     * We must have at least two bytes (1 for length, at least one for data)
+     */
+    if( buf_len < 2 )
+        return( MBEDTLS_ERR_ECP_BAD_INPUT_DATA );
+
+    data_len = *(*buf)++;
+    if( data_len < 1 || data_len > buf_len - 1 )
+        return( MBEDTLS_ERR_ECP_BAD_INPUT_DATA );
+
+    /*
+     * Save buffer start for read_binary and update buf
+     */
+    buf_start = *buf;
+    *buf += data_len;
+
+    return mbedtls_ecp_point_read_binary( grp, pt, buf_start, data_len );
+}
+
+/*
+ * Export a point as a TLS ECPoint record (RFC 4492)
+ *      struct {
+ *          opaque point <1..2^8-1>;
+ *      } ECPoint;
+ */
+int mbedtls_ecp_tls_write_point( const mbedtls_ecp_group *grp, const mbedtls_ecp_point *pt,
+                         int format, size_t *olen,
+                         unsigned char *buf, size_t blen )
+{
+    int ret;
+
+    /*
+     * buffer length must be at least one, for our length byte
+     */
+    if( blen < 1 )
+        return( MBEDTLS_ERR_ECP_BAD_INPUT_DATA );
+
+    if( ( ret = mbedtls_ecp_point_write_binary( grp, pt, format,
+                    olen, buf + 1, blen - 1) ) != 0 )
+        return( ret );
+
+    /*
+     * write length to the first byte and update total length
+     */
+    buf[0] = (unsigned char) *olen;
+    ++*olen;
+
+    return( 0 );
+}
+
+/*
+ * Set a group from an ECParameters record (RFC 4492)
+ */
+int mbedtls_ecp_tls_read_group( mbedtls_ecp_group *grp, const unsigned char **buf, size_t len )
+{
+    uint16_t tls_id;
+    const mbedtls_ecp_curve_info *curve_info;
+
+    /*
+     * We expect at least three bytes (see below)
+     */
+    if( len < 3 )
+        return( MBEDTLS_ERR_ECP_BAD_INPUT_DATA );
+
+    /*
+     * First byte is curve_type; only named_curve is handled
+     */
+    if( *(*buf)++ != MBEDTLS_ECP_TLS_NAMED_CURVE )
+        return( MBEDTLS_ERR_ECP_BAD_INPUT_DATA );
+
+    /*
+     * Next two bytes are the namedcurve value
+     */
+    tls_id = *(*buf)++;
+    tls_id <<= 8;
+    tls_id |= *(*buf)++;
+
+    if( ( curve_info = mbedtls_ecp_curve_info_from_tls_id( tls_id ) ) == NULL )
+        return( MBEDTLS_ERR_ECP_FEATURE_UNAVAILABLE );
+
+    return mbedtls_ecp_group_load( grp, curve_info->grp_id );
+}
+
+/*
+ * Write the ECParameters record corresponding to a group (RFC 4492)
+ */
+int mbedtls_ecp_tls_write_group( const mbedtls_ecp_group *grp, size_t *olen,
+                         unsigned char *buf, size_t blen )
+{
+    const mbedtls_ecp_curve_info *curve_info;
+
+    if( ( curve_info = mbedtls_ecp_curve_info_from_grp_id( grp->id ) ) == NULL )
+        return( MBEDTLS_ERR_ECP_BAD_INPUT_DATA );
+
+    /*
+     * We are going to write 3 bytes (see below)
+     */
+    *olen = 3;
+    if( blen < *olen )
+        return( MBEDTLS_ERR_ECP_BUFFER_TOO_SMALL );
+
+    /*
+     * First byte is curve_type, always named_curve
+     */
+    *buf++ = MBEDTLS_ECP_TLS_NAMED_CURVE;
+
+    /*
+     * Next two bytes are the namedcurve value
+     */
+    buf[0] = curve_info->tls_id >> 8;
+    buf[1] = curve_info->tls_id & 0xFF;
+
+    return( 0 );
+}
+
+/*
+ * Wrapper around fast quasi-modp functions, with fall-back to mbedtls_mpi_mod_mpi.
+ * See the documentation of struct mbedtls_ecp_group.
+ *
+ * This function is in the critial loop for mbedtls_ecp_mul, so pay attention to perf.
+ */
+static int ecp_modp( mbedtls_mpi *N, const mbedtls_ecp_group *grp )
+{
+    int ret;
+
+    if( grp->modp == NULL )
+        return( mbedtls_mpi_mod_mpi( N, N, &grp->P ) );
+
+    /* N->s < 0 is a much faster test, which fails only if N is 0 */
+    if( ( N->s < 0 && mbedtls_mpi_cmp_int( N, 0 ) != 0 ) ||
+        mbedtls_mpi_bitlen( N ) > 2 * grp->pbits )
+    {
+        return( MBEDTLS_ERR_ECP_BAD_INPUT_DATA );
+    }
+
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( grp->modp( N ) );
+
+    /* N->s < 0 is a much faster test, which fails only if N is 0 */
+    while( N->s < 0 && mbedtls_mpi_cmp_int( N, 0 ) != 0 )
+        MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_add_mpi( N, N, &grp->P ) );
+
+    while( mbedtls_mpi_cmp_mpi( N, &grp->P ) >= 0 )
+        /* we known P, N and the result are positive */
+        MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_sub_abs( N, N, &grp->P ) );
+
+cleanup:
+    return( ret );
+}
+
+/*
+ * Fast mod-p functions expect their argument to be in the 0..p^2 range.
+ *
+ * In order to guarantee that, we need to ensure that operands of
+ * mbedtls_mpi_mul_mpi are in the 0..p range. So, after each operation we will
+ * bring the result back to this range.
+ *
+ * The following macros are shortcuts for doing that.
+ */
+
+/*
+ * Reduce a mbedtls_mpi mod p in-place, general case, to use after mbedtls_mpi_mul_mpi
+ */
+#if defined(MBEDTLS_SELF_TEST)
+#define INC_MUL_COUNT   mul_count++;
+#else
+#define INC_MUL_COUNT
+#endif
+
+#define MOD_MUL( N )    do { MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( ecp_modp( &N, grp ) ); INC_MUL_COUNT } \
+                        while( 0 )
+
+/*
+ * Reduce a mbedtls_mpi mod p in-place, to use after mbedtls_mpi_sub_mpi
+ * N->s < 0 is a very fast test, which fails only if N is 0
+ */
+#define MOD_SUB( N )                                \
+    while( N.s < 0 && mbedtls_mpi_cmp_int( &N, 0 ) != 0 )   \
+        MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_add_mpi( &N, &N, &grp->P ) )
+
+/*
+ * Reduce a mbedtls_mpi mod p in-place, to use after mbedtls_mpi_add_mpi and mbedtls_mpi_mul_int.
+ * We known P, N and the result are positive, so sub_abs is correct, and
+ * a bit faster.
+ */
+#define MOD_ADD( N )                                \
+    while( mbedtls_mpi_cmp_mpi( &N, &grp->P ) >= 0 )        \
+        MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_sub_abs( &N, &N, &grp->P ) )
+
+#if defined(ECP_SHORTWEIERSTRASS)
+/*
+ * For curves in short Weierstrass form, we do all the internal operations in
+ * Jacobian coordinates.
+ *
+ * For multiplication, we'll use a comb method with coutermeasueres against
+ * SPA, hence timing attacks.
+ */
+
+/*
+ * Normalize jacobian coordinates so that Z == 0 || Z == 1  (GECC 3.2.1)
+ * Cost: 1N := 1I + 3M + 1S
+ */
+static int ecp_normalize_jac( const mbedtls_ecp_group *grp, mbedtls_ecp_point *pt )
+{
+    int ret;
+    mbedtls_mpi Zi, ZZi;
+
+    if( mbedtls_mpi_cmp_int( &pt->Z, 0 ) == 0 )
+        return( 0 );
+
+    mbedtls_mpi_init( &Zi ); mbedtls_mpi_init( &ZZi );
+
+    /*
+     * X = X / Z^2  mod p
+     */
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_inv_mod( &Zi,      &pt->Z,     &grp->P ) );
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_mul_mpi( &ZZi,     &Zi,        &Zi     ) ); MOD_MUL( ZZi );
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_mul_mpi( &pt->X,   &pt->X,     &ZZi    ) ); MOD_MUL( pt->X );
+
+    /*
+     * Y = Y / Z^3  mod p
+     */
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_mul_mpi( &pt->Y,   &pt->Y,     &ZZi    ) ); MOD_MUL( pt->Y );
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_mul_mpi( &pt->Y,   &pt->Y,     &Zi     ) ); MOD_MUL( pt->Y );
+
+    /*
+     * Z = 1
+     */
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_lset( &pt->Z, 1 ) );
+
+cleanup:
+
+    mbedtls_mpi_free( &Zi ); mbedtls_mpi_free( &ZZi );
+
+    return( ret );
+}
+
+/*
+ * Normalize jacobian coordinates of an array of (pointers to) points,
+ * using Montgomery's trick to perform only one inversion mod P.
+ * (See for example Cohen's "A Course in Computational Algebraic Number
+ * Theory", Algorithm 10.3.4.)
+ *
+ * Warning: fails (returning an error) if one of the points is zero!
+ * This should never happen, see choice of w in ecp_mul_comb().
+ *
+ * Cost: 1N(t) := 1I + (6t - 3)M + 1S
+ */
+static int ecp_normalize_jac_many( const mbedtls_ecp_group *grp,
+                                   mbedtls_ecp_point *T[], size_t t_len )
+{
+    int ret;
+    size_t i;
+    mbedtls_mpi *c, u, Zi, ZZi;
+
+    if( t_len < 2 )
+        return( ecp_normalize_jac( grp, *T ) );
+
+    if( ( c = mbedtls_calloc( t_len, sizeof( mbedtls_mpi ) ) ) == NULL )
+        return( MBEDTLS_ERR_ECP_ALLOC_FAILED );
+
+    mbedtls_mpi_init( &u ); mbedtls_mpi_init( &Zi ); mbedtls_mpi_init( &ZZi );
+
+    /*
+     * c[i] = Z_0 * ... * Z_i
+     */
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_copy( &c[0], &T[0]->Z ) );
+    for( i = 1; i < t_len; i++ )
+    {
+        MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_mul_mpi( &c[i], &c[i-1], &T[i]->Z ) );
+        MOD_MUL( c[i] );
+    }
+
+    /*
+     * u = 1 / (Z_0 * ... * Z_n) mod P
+     */
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_inv_mod( &u, &c[t_len-1], &grp->P ) );
+
+    for( i = t_len - 1; ; i-- )
+    {
+        /*
+         * Zi = 1 / Z_i mod p
+         * u = 1 / (Z_0 * ... * Z_i) mod P
+         */
+        if( i == 0 ) {
+            MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_copy( &Zi, &u ) );
+        }
+        else
+        {
+            MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_mul_mpi( &Zi, &u, &c[i-1]  ) ); MOD_MUL( Zi );
+            MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_mul_mpi( &u,  &u, &T[i]->Z ) ); MOD_MUL( u );
+        }
+
+        /*
+         * proceed as in normalize()
+         */
+        MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_mul_mpi( &ZZi,     &Zi,      &Zi  ) ); MOD_MUL( ZZi );
+        MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_mul_mpi( &T[i]->X, &T[i]->X, &ZZi ) ); MOD_MUL( T[i]->X );
+        MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_mul_mpi( &T[i]->Y, &T[i]->Y, &ZZi ) ); MOD_MUL( T[i]->Y );
+        MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_mul_mpi( &T[i]->Y, &T[i]->Y, &Zi  ) ); MOD_MUL( T[i]->Y );
+
+        /*
+         * Post-precessing: reclaim some memory by shrinking coordinates
+         * - not storing Z (always 1)
+         * - shrinking other coordinates, but still keeping the same number of
+         *   limbs as P, as otherwise it will too likely be regrown too fast.
+         */
+        MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_shrink( &T[i]->X, grp->P.n ) );
+        MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_shrink( &T[i]->Y, grp->P.n ) );
+        mbedtls_mpi_free( &T[i]->Z );
+
+        if( i == 0 )
+            break;
+    }
+
+cleanup:
+
+    mbedtls_mpi_free( &u ); mbedtls_mpi_free( &Zi ); mbedtls_mpi_free( &ZZi );
+    for( i = 0; i < t_len; i++ )
+        mbedtls_mpi_free( &c[i] );
+    mbedtls_free( c );
+
+    return( ret );
+}
+
+/*
+ * Conditional point inversion: Q -> -Q = (Q.X, -Q.Y, Q.Z) without leak.
+ * "inv" must be 0 (don't invert) or 1 (invert) or the result will be invalid
+ */
+static int ecp_safe_invert_jac( const mbedtls_ecp_group *grp,
+                            mbedtls_ecp_point *Q,
+                            unsigned char inv )
+{
+    int ret;
+    unsigned char nonzero;
+    mbedtls_mpi mQY;
+
+    mbedtls_mpi_init( &mQY );
+
+    /* Use the fact that -Q.Y mod P = P - Q.Y unless Q.Y == 0 */
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_sub_mpi( &mQY, &grp->P, &Q->Y ) );
+    nonzero = mbedtls_mpi_cmp_int( &Q->Y, 0 ) != 0;
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_safe_cond_assign( &Q->Y, &mQY, inv & nonzero ) );
+
+cleanup:
+    mbedtls_mpi_free( &mQY );
+
+    return( ret );
+}
+
+/*
+ * Point doubling R = 2 P, Jacobian coordinates
+ *
+ * Based on http://www.hyperelliptic.org/EFD/g1p/auto-shortw-jacobian.html#doubling-dbl-1998-cmo-2 .
+ *
+ * We follow the variable naming fairly closely. The formula variations that trade a MUL for a SQR
+ * (plus a few ADDs) aren't useful as our bignum implementation doesn't distinguish squaring.
+ *
+ * Standard optimizations are applied when curve parameter A is one of { 0, -3 }.
+ *
+ * Cost: 1D := 3M + 4S          (A ==  0)
+ *             4M + 4S          (A == -3)
+ *             3M + 6S + 1a     otherwise
+ */
+static int ecp_double_jac( const mbedtls_ecp_group *grp, mbedtls_ecp_point *R,
+                           const mbedtls_ecp_point *P )
+{
+    int ret;
+    mbedtls_mpi M, S, T, U;
+
+#if defined(MBEDTLS_SELF_TEST)
+    dbl_count++;
+#endif
+
+    mbedtls_mpi_init( &M ); mbedtls_mpi_init( &S ); mbedtls_mpi_init( &T ); mbedtls_mpi_init( &U );
+
+    /* Special case for A = -3 */
+    if( grp->A.p == NULL )
+    {
+        /* M = 3(X + Z^2)(X - Z^2) */
+        MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_mul_mpi( &S,  &P->Z,  &P->Z   ) ); MOD_MUL( S );
+        MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_add_mpi( &T,  &P->X,  &S      ) ); MOD_ADD( T );
+        MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_sub_mpi( &U,  &P->X,  &S      ) ); MOD_SUB( U );
+        MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_mul_mpi( &S,  &T,     &U      ) ); MOD_MUL( S );
+        MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_mul_int( &M,  &S,     3       ) ); MOD_ADD( M );
+    }
+    else
+    {
+        /* M = 3.X^2 */
+        MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_mul_mpi( &S,  &P->X,  &P->X   ) ); MOD_MUL( S );
+        MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_mul_int( &M,  &S,     3       ) ); MOD_ADD( M );
+
+        /* Optimize away for "koblitz" curves with A = 0 */
+        if( mbedtls_mpi_cmp_int( &grp->A, 0 ) != 0 )
+        {
+            /* M += A.Z^4 */
+            MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_mul_mpi( &S,  &P->Z,  &P->Z   ) ); MOD_MUL( S );
+            MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_mul_mpi( &T,  &S,     &S      ) ); MOD_MUL( T );
+            MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_mul_mpi( &S,  &T,     &grp->A ) ); MOD_MUL( S );
+            MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_add_mpi( &M,  &M,     &S      ) ); MOD_ADD( M );
+        }
+    }
+
+    /* S = 4.X.Y^2 */
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_mul_mpi( &T,  &P->Y,  &P->Y   ) ); MOD_MUL( T );
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_shift_l( &T,  1               ) ); MOD_ADD( T );
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_mul_mpi( &S,  &P->X,  &T      ) ); MOD_MUL( S );
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_shift_l( &S,  1               ) ); MOD_ADD( S );
+
+    /* U = 8.Y^4 */
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_mul_mpi( &U,  &T,     &T      ) ); MOD_MUL( U );
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_shift_l( &U,  1               ) ); MOD_ADD( U );
+
+    /* T = M^2 - 2.S */
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_mul_mpi( &T,  &M,     &M      ) ); MOD_MUL( T );
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_sub_mpi( &T,  &T,     &S      ) ); MOD_SUB( T );
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_sub_mpi( &T,  &T,     &S      ) ); MOD_SUB( T );
+
+    /* S = M(S - T) - U */
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_sub_mpi( &S,  &S,     &T      ) ); MOD_SUB( S );
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_mul_mpi( &S,  &S,     &M      ) ); MOD_MUL( S );
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_sub_mpi( &S,  &S,     &U      ) ); MOD_SUB( S );
+
+    /* U = 2.Y.Z */
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_mul_mpi( &U,  &P->Y,  &P->Z   ) ); MOD_MUL( U );
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_shift_l( &U,  1               ) ); MOD_ADD( U );
+
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_copy( &R->X, &T ) );
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_copy( &R->Y, &S ) );
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_copy( &R->Z, &U ) );
+
+cleanup:
+    mbedtls_mpi_free( &M ); mbedtls_mpi_free( &S ); mbedtls_mpi_free( &T ); mbedtls_mpi_free( &U );
+
+    return( ret );
+}
+
+/*
+ * Addition: R = P + Q, mixed affine-Jacobian coordinates (GECC 3.22)
+ *
+ * The coordinates of Q must be normalized (= affine),
+ * but those of P don't need to. R is not normalized.
+ *
+ * Special cases: (1) P or Q is zero, (2) R is zero, (3) P == Q.
+ * None of these cases can happen as intermediate step in ecp_mul_comb():
+ * - at each step, P, Q and R are multiples of the base point, the factor
+ *   being less than its order, so none of them is zero;
+ * - Q is an odd multiple of the base point, P an even multiple,
+ *   due to the choice of precomputed points in the modified comb method.
+ * So branches for these cases do not leak secret information.
+ *
+ * We accept Q->Z being unset (saving memory in tables) as meaning 1.
+ *
+ * Cost: 1A := 8M + 3S
+ */
+static int ecp_add_mixed( const mbedtls_ecp_group *grp, mbedtls_ecp_point *R,
+                          const mbedtls_ecp_point *P, const mbedtls_ecp_point *Q )
+{
+    int ret;
+    mbedtls_mpi T1, T2, T3, T4, X, Y, Z;
+
+#if defined(MBEDTLS_SELF_TEST)
+    add_count++;
+#endif
+
+    /*
+     * Trivial cases: P == 0 or Q == 0 (case 1)
+     */
+    if( mbedtls_mpi_cmp_int( &P->Z, 0 ) == 0 )
+        return( mbedtls_ecp_copy( R, Q ) );
+
+    if( Q->Z.p != NULL && mbedtls_mpi_cmp_int( &Q->Z, 0 ) == 0 )
+        return( mbedtls_ecp_copy( R, P ) );
+
+    /*
+     * Make sure Q coordinates are normalized
+     */
+    if( Q->Z.p != NULL && mbedtls_mpi_cmp_int( &Q->Z, 1 ) != 0 )
+        return( MBEDTLS_ERR_ECP_BAD_INPUT_DATA );
+
+    mbedtls_mpi_init( &T1 ); mbedtls_mpi_init( &T2 ); mbedtls_mpi_init( &T3 ); mbedtls_mpi_init( &T4 );
+    mbedtls_mpi_init( &X ); mbedtls_mpi_init( &Y ); mbedtls_mpi_init( &Z );
+
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_mul_mpi( &T1,  &P->Z,  &P->Z ) );  MOD_MUL( T1 );
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_mul_mpi( &T2,  &T1,    &P->Z ) );  MOD_MUL( T2 );
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_mul_mpi( &T1,  &T1,    &Q->X ) );  MOD_MUL( T1 );
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_mul_mpi( &T2,  &T2,    &Q->Y ) );  MOD_MUL( T2 );
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_sub_mpi( &T1,  &T1,    &P->X ) );  MOD_SUB( T1 );
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_sub_mpi( &T2,  &T2,    &P->Y ) );  MOD_SUB( T2 );
+
+    /* Special cases (2) and (3) */
+    if( mbedtls_mpi_cmp_int( &T1, 0 ) == 0 )
+    {
+        if( mbedtls_mpi_cmp_int( &T2, 0 ) == 0 )
+        {
+            ret = ecp_double_jac( grp, R, P );
+            goto cleanup;
+        }
+        else
+        {
+            ret = mbedtls_ecp_set_zero( R );
+            goto cleanup;
+        }
+    }
+
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_mul_mpi( &Z,   &P->Z,  &T1   ) );  MOD_MUL( Z  );
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_mul_mpi( &T3,  &T1,    &T1   ) );  MOD_MUL( T3 );
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_mul_mpi( &T4,  &T3,    &T1   ) );  MOD_MUL( T4 );
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_mul_mpi( &T3,  &T3,    &P->X ) );  MOD_MUL( T3 );
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_mul_int( &T1,  &T3,    2     ) );  MOD_ADD( T1 );
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_mul_mpi( &X,   &T2,    &T2   ) );  MOD_MUL( X  );
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_sub_mpi( &X,   &X,     &T1   ) );  MOD_SUB( X  );
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_sub_mpi( &X,   &X,     &T4   ) );  MOD_SUB( X  );
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_sub_mpi( &T3,  &T3,    &X    ) );  MOD_SUB( T3 );
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_mul_mpi( &T3,  &T3,    &T2   ) );  MOD_MUL( T3 );
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_mul_mpi( &T4,  &T4,    &P->Y ) );  MOD_MUL( T4 );
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_sub_mpi( &Y,   &T3,    &T4   ) );  MOD_SUB( Y  );
+
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_copy( &R->X, &X ) );
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_copy( &R->Y, &Y ) );
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_copy( &R->Z, &Z ) );
+
+cleanup:
+
+    mbedtls_mpi_free( &T1 ); mbedtls_mpi_free( &T2 ); mbedtls_mpi_free( &T3 ); mbedtls_mpi_free( &T4 );
+    mbedtls_mpi_free( &X ); mbedtls_mpi_free( &Y ); mbedtls_mpi_free( &Z );
+
+    return( ret );
+}
+
+/*
+ * Randomize jacobian coordinates:
+ * (X, Y, Z) -> (l^2 X, l^3 Y, l Z) for random l
+ * This is sort of the reverse operation of ecp_normalize_jac().
+ *
+ * This countermeasure was first suggested in [2].
+ */
+static int ecp_randomize_jac( const mbedtls_ecp_group *grp, mbedtls_ecp_point *pt,
+                int (*f_rng)(void *, unsigned char *, size_t), void *p_rng )
+{
+    int ret;
+    mbedtls_mpi l, ll;
+    size_t p_size = ( grp->pbits + 7 ) / 8;
+    int count = 0;
+
+    mbedtls_mpi_init( &l ); mbedtls_mpi_init( &ll );
+
+    /* Generate l such that 1 < l < p */
+    do
+    {
+        mbedtls_mpi_fill_random( &l, p_size, f_rng, p_rng );
+
+        while( mbedtls_mpi_cmp_mpi( &l, &grp->P ) >= 0 )
+            MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_shift_r( &l, 1 ) );
+
+        if( count++ > 10 )
+            return( MBEDTLS_ERR_ECP_RANDOM_FAILED );
+    }
+    while( mbedtls_mpi_cmp_int( &l, 1 ) <= 0 );
+
+    /* Z = l * Z */
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_mul_mpi( &pt->Z,   &pt->Z,     &l  ) ); MOD_MUL( pt->Z );
+
+    /* X = l^2 * X */
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_mul_mpi( &ll,      &l,         &l  ) ); MOD_MUL( ll );
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_mul_mpi( &pt->X,   &pt->X,     &ll ) ); MOD_MUL( pt->X );
+
+    /* Y = l^3 * Y */
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_mul_mpi( &ll,      &ll,        &l  ) ); MOD_MUL( ll );
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_mul_mpi( &pt->Y,   &pt->Y,     &ll ) ); MOD_MUL( pt->Y );
+
+cleanup:
+    mbedtls_mpi_free( &l ); mbedtls_mpi_free( &ll );
+
+    return( ret );
+}
+
+/*
+ * Check and define parameters used by the comb method (see below for details)
+ */
+#if MBEDTLS_ECP_WINDOW_SIZE < 2 || MBEDTLS_ECP_WINDOW_SIZE > 7
+#error "MBEDTLS_ECP_WINDOW_SIZE out of bounds"
+#endif
+
+/* d = ceil( n / w ) */
+#define COMB_MAX_D      ( MBEDTLS_ECP_MAX_BITS + 1 ) / 2
+
+/* number of precomputed points */
+#define COMB_MAX_PRE    ( 1 << ( MBEDTLS_ECP_WINDOW_SIZE - 1 ) )
+
+/*
+ * Compute the representation of m that will be used with our comb method.
+ *
+ * The basic comb method is described in GECC 3.44 for example. We use a
+ * modified version that provides resistance to SPA by avoiding zero
+ * digits in the representation as in [3]. We modify the method further by
+ * requiring that all K_i be odd, which has the small cost that our
+ * representation uses one more K_i, due to carries.
+ *
+ * Also, for the sake of compactness, only the seven low-order bits of x[i]
+ * are used to represent K_i, and the msb of x[i] encodes the the sign (s_i in
+ * the paper): it is set if and only if if s_i == -1;
+ *
+ * Calling conventions:
+ * - x is an array of size d + 1
+ * - w is the size, ie number of teeth, of the comb, and must be between
+ *   2 and 7 (in practice, between 2 and MBEDTLS_ECP_WINDOW_SIZE)
+ * - m is the MPI, expected to be odd and such that bitlength(m) <= w * d
+ *   (the result will be incorrect if these assumptions are not satisfied)
+ */
+static void ecp_comb_fixed( unsigned char x[], size_t d,
+                            unsigned char w, const mbedtls_mpi *m )
+{
+    size_t i, j;
+    unsigned char c, cc, adjust;
+
+    memset( x, 0, d+1 );
+
+    /* First get the classical comb values (except for x_d = 0) */
+    for( i = 0; i < d; i++ )
+        for( j = 0; j < w; j++ )
+            x[i] |= mbedtls_mpi_get_bit( m, i + d * j ) << j;
+
+    /* Now make sure x_1 .. x_d are odd */
+    c = 0;
+    for( i = 1; i <= d; i++ )
+    {
+        /* Add carry and update it */
+        cc   = x[i] & c;
+        x[i] = x[i] ^ c;
+        c = cc;
+
+        /* Adjust if needed, avoiding branches */
+        adjust = 1 - ( x[i] & 0x01 );
+        c   |= x[i] & ( x[i-1] * adjust );
+        x[i] = x[i] ^ ( x[i-1] * adjust );
+        x[i-1] |= adjust << 7;
+    }
+}
+
+/*
+ * Precompute points for the comb method
+ *
+ * If i = i_{w-1} ... i_1 is the binary representation of i, then
+ * T[i] = i_{w-1} 2^{(w-1)d} P + ... + i_1 2^d P + P
+ *
+ * T must be able to hold 2^{w - 1} elements
+ *
+ * Cost: d(w-1) D + (2^{w-1} - 1) A + 1 N(w-1) + 1 N(2^{w-1} - 1)
+ */
+static int ecp_precompute_comb( const mbedtls_ecp_group *grp,
+                                mbedtls_ecp_point T[], const mbedtls_ecp_point *P,
+                                unsigned char w, size_t d )
+{
+    int ret;
+    unsigned char i, k;
+    size_t j;
+    mbedtls_ecp_point *cur, *TT[COMB_MAX_PRE - 1];
+
+    /*
+     * Set T[0] = P and
+     * T[2^{l-1}] = 2^{dl} P for l = 1 .. w-1 (this is not the final value)
+     */
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_ecp_copy( &T[0], P ) );
+
+    k = 0;
+    for( i = 1; i < ( 1U << ( w - 1 ) ); i <<= 1 )
+    {
+        cur = T + i;
+        MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_ecp_copy( cur, T + ( i >> 1 ) ) );
+        for( j = 0; j < d; j++ )
+            MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( ecp_double_jac( grp, cur, cur ) );
+
+        TT[k++] = cur;
+    }
+
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( ecp_normalize_jac_many( grp, TT, k ) );
+
+    /*
+     * Compute the remaining ones using the minimal number of additions
+     * Be careful to update T[2^l] only after using it!
+     */
+    k = 0;
+    for( i = 1; i < ( 1U << ( w - 1 ) ); i <<= 1 )
+    {
+        j = i;
+        while( j-- )
+        {
+            MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( ecp_add_mixed( grp, &T[i + j], &T[j], &T[i] ) );
+            TT[k++] = &T[i + j];
+        }
+    }
+
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( ecp_normalize_jac_many( grp, TT, k ) );
+
+cleanup:
+    return( ret );
+}
+
+/*
+ * Select precomputed point: R = sign(i) * T[ abs(i) / 2 ]
+ */
+static int ecp_select_comb( const mbedtls_ecp_group *grp, mbedtls_ecp_point *R,
+                            const mbedtls_ecp_point T[], unsigned char t_len,
+                            unsigned char i )
+{
+    int ret;
+    unsigned char ii, j;
+
+    /* Ignore the "sign" bit and scale down */
+    ii =  ( i & 0x7Fu ) >> 1;
+
+    /* Read the whole table to thwart cache-based timing attacks */
+    for( j = 0; j < t_len; j++ )
+    {
+        MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_safe_cond_assign( &R->X, &T[j].X, j == ii ) );
+        MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_safe_cond_assign( &R->Y, &T[j].Y, j == ii ) );
+    }
+
+    /* Safely invert result if i is "negative" */
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( ecp_safe_invert_jac( grp, R, i >> 7 ) );
+
+cleanup:
+    return( ret );
+}
+
+/*
+ * Core multiplication algorithm for the (modified) comb method.
+ * This part is actually common with the basic comb method (GECC 3.44)
+ *
+ * Cost: d A + d D + 1 R
+ */
+static int ecp_mul_comb_core( const mbedtls_ecp_group *grp, mbedtls_ecp_point *R,
+                              const mbedtls_ecp_point T[], unsigned char t_len,
+                              const unsigned char x[], size_t d,
+                              int (*f_rng)(void *, unsigned char *, size_t),
+                              void *p_rng )
+{
+    int ret;
+    mbedtls_ecp_point Txi;
+    size_t i;
+
+    mbedtls_ecp_point_init( &Txi );
+
+    /* Start with a non-zero point and randomize its coordinates */
+    i = d;
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( ecp_select_comb( grp, R, T, t_len, x[i] ) );
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_lset( &R->Z, 1 ) );
+    if( f_rng != 0 )
+        MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( ecp_randomize_jac( grp, R, f_rng, p_rng ) );
+
+    while( i-- != 0 )
+    {
+        MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( ecp_double_jac( grp, R, R ) );
+        MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( ecp_select_comb( grp, &Txi, T, t_len, x[i] ) );
+        MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( ecp_add_mixed( grp, R, R, &Txi ) );
+    }
+
+cleanup:
+    mbedtls_ecp_point_free( &Txi );
+
+    return( ret );
+}
+
+/*
+ * Multiplication using the comb method,
+ * for curves in short Weierstrass form
+ */
+static int ecp_mul_comb( mbedtls_ecp_group *grp, mbedtls_ecp_point *R,
+                         const mbedtls_mpi *m, const mbedtls_ecp_point *P,
+                         int (*f_rng)(void *, unsigned char *, size_t),
+                         void *p_rng )
+{
+    int ret;
+    unsigned char w, m_is_odd, p_eq_g, pre_len, i;
+    size_t d;
+    unsigned char k[COMB_MAX_D + 1];
+    mbedtls_ecp_point *T;
+    mbedtls_mpi M, mm;
+
+    mbedtls_mpi_init( &M );
+    mbedtls_mpi_init( &mm );
+
+    /* we need N to be odd to trnaform m in an odd number, check now */
+    if( mbedtls_mpi_get_bit( &grp->N, 0 ) != 1 )
+        return( MBEDTLS_ERR_ECP_BAD_INPUT_DATA );
+
+    /*
+     * Minimize the number of multiplications, that is minimize
+     * 10 * d * w + 18 * 2^(w-1) + 11 * d + 7 * w, with d = ceil( nbits / w )
+     * (see costs of the various parts, with 1S = 1M)
+     */
+    w = grp->nbits >= 384 ? 5 : 4;
+
+    /*
+     * If P == G, pre-compute a bit more, since this may be re-used later.
+     * Just adding one avoids upping the cost of the first mul too much,
+     * and the memory cost too.
+     */
+#if MBEDTLS_ECP_FIXED_POINT_OPTIM == 1
+    p_eq_g = ( mbedtls_mpi_cmp_mpi( &P->Y, &grp->G.Y ) == 0 &&
+               mbedtls_mpi_cmp_mpi( &P->X, &grp->G.X ) == 0 );
+    if( p_eq_g )
+        w++;
+#else
+    p_eq_g = 0;
+#endif
+
+    /*
+     * Make sure w is within bounds.
+     * (The last test is useful only for very small curves in the test suite.)
+     */
+    if( w > MBEDTLS_ECP_WINDOW_SIZE )
+        w = MBEDTLS_ECP_WINDOW_SIZE;
+    if( w >= grp->nbits )
+        w = 2;
+
+    /* Other sizes that depend on w */
+    pre_len = 1U << ( w - 1 );
+    d = ( grp->nbits + w - 1 ) / w;
+
+    /*
+     * Prepare precomputed points: if P == G we want to
+     * use grp->T if already initialized, or initialize it.
+     */
+    T = p_eq_g ? grp->T : NULL;
+
+    if( T == NULL )
+    {
+        T = mbedtls_calloc( pre_len, sizeof( mbedtls_ecp_point ) );
+        if( T == NULL )
+        {
+            ret = MBEDTLS_ERR_ECP_ALLOC_FAILED;
+            goto cleanup;
+        }
+
+        MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( ecp_precompute_comb( grp, T, P, w, d ) );
+
+        if( p_eq_g )
+        {
+            grp->T = T;
+            grp->T_size = pre_len;
+        }
+    }
+
+    /*
+     * Make sure M is odd (M = m or M = N - m, since N is odd)
+     * using the fact that m * P = - (N - m) * P
+     */
+    m_is_odd = ( mbedtls_mpi_get_bit( m, 0 ) == 1 );
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_copy( &M, m ) );
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_sub_mpi( &mm, &grp->N, m ) );
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_safe_cond_assign( &M, &mm, ! m_is_odd ) );
+
+    /*
+     * Go for comb multiplication, R = M * P
+     */
+    ecp_comb_fixed( k, d, w, &M );
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( ecp_mul_comb_core( grp, R, T, pre_len, k, d, f_rng, p_rng ) );
+
+    /*
+     * Now get m * P from M * P and normalize it
+     */
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( ecp_safe_invert_jac( grp, R, ! m_is_odd ) );
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( ecp_normalize_jac( grp, R ) );
+
+cleanup:
+
+    if( T != NULL && ! p_eq_g )
+    {
+        for( i = 0; i < pre_len; i++ )
+            mbedtls_ecp_point_free( &T[i] );
+        mbedtls_free( T );
+    }
+
+    mbedtls_mpi_free( &M );
+    mbedtls_mpi_free( &mm );
+
+    if( ret != 0 )
+        mbedtls_ecp_point_free( R );
+
+    return( ret );
+}
+
+#endif /* ECP_SHORTWEIERSTRASS */
+
+#if defined(ECP_MONTGOMERY)
+/*
+ * For Montgomery curves, we do all the internal arithmetic in projective
+ * coordinates. Import/export of points uses only the x coordinates, which is
+ * internaly represented as X / Z.
+ *
+ * For scalar multiplication, we'll use a Montgomery ladder.
+ */
+
+/*
+ * Normalize Montgomery x/z coordinates: X = X/Z, Z = 1
+ * Cost: 1M + 1I
+ */
+static int ecp_normalize_mxz( const mbedtls_ecp_group *grp, mbedtls_ecp_point *P )
+{
+    int ret;
+
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_inv_mod( &P->Z, &P->Z, &grp->P ) );
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_mul_mpi( &P->X, &P->X, &P->Z ) ); MOD_MUL( P->X );
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_lset( &P->Z, 1 ) );
+
+cleanup:
+    return( ret );
+}
+
+/*
+ * Randomize projective x/z coordinates:
+ * (X, Z) -> (l X, l Z) for random l
+ * This is sort of the reverse operation of ecp_normalize_mxz().
+ *
+ * This countermeasure was first suggested in [2].
+ * Cost: 2M
+ */
+static int ecp_randomize_mxz( const mbedtls_ecp_group *grp, mbedtls_ecp_point *P,
+                int (*f_rng)(void *, unsigned char *, size_t), void *p_rng )
+{
+    int ret;
+    mbedtls_mpi l;
+    size_t p_size = ( grp->pbits + 7 ) / 8;
+    int count = 0;
+
+    mbedtls_mpi_init( &l );
+
+    /* Generate l such that 1 < l < p */
+    do
+    {
+        mbedtls_mpi_fill_random( &l, p_size, f_rng, p_rng );
+
+        while( mbedtls_mpi_cmp_mpi( &l, &grp->P ) >= 0 )
+            MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_shift_r( &l, 1 ) );
+
+        if( count++ > 10 )
+            return( MBEDTLS_ERR_ECP_RANDOM_FAILED );
+    }
+    while( mbedtls_mpi_cmp_int( &l, 1 ) <= 0 );
+
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_mul_mpi( &P->X, &P->X, &l ) ); MOD_MUL( P->X );
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_mul_mpi( &P->Z, &P->Z, &l ) ); MOD_MUL( P->Z );
+
+cleanup:
+    mbedtls_mpi_free( &l );
+
+    return( ret );
+}
+
+/*
+ * Double-and-add: R = 2P, S = P + Q, with d = X(P - Q),
+ * for Montgomery curves in x/z coordinates.
+ *
+ * http://www.hyperelliptic.org/EFD/g1p/auto-code/montgom/xz/ladder/mladd-1987-m.op3
+ * with
+ * d =  X1
+ * P = (X2, Z2)
+ * Q = (X3, Z3)
+ * R = (X4, Z4)
+ * S = (X5, Z5)
+ * and eliminating temporary variables tO, ..., t4.
+ *
+ * Cost: 5M + 4S
+ */
+static int ecp_double_add_mxz( const mbedtls_ecp_group *grp,
+                               mbedtls_ecp_point *R, mbedtls_ecp_point *S,
+                               const mbedtls_ecp_point *P, const mbedtls_ecp_point *Q,
+                               const mbedtls_mpi *d )
+{
+    int ret;
+    mbedtls_mpi A, AA, B, BB, E, C, D, DA, CB;
+
+    mbedtls_mpi_init( &A ); mbedtls_mpi_init( &AA ); mbedtls_mpi_init( &B );
+    mbedtls_mpi_init( &BB ); mbedtls_mpi_init( &E ); mbedtls_mpi_init( &C );
+    mbedtls_mpi_init( &D ); mbedtls_mpi_init( &DA ); mbedtls_mpi_init( &CB );
+
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_add_mpi( &A,    &P->X,   &P->Z ) ); MOD_ADD( A    );
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_mul_mpi( &AA,   &A,      &A    ) ); MOD_MUL( AA   );
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_sub_mpi( &B,    &P->X,   &P->Z ) ); MOD_SUB( B    );
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_mul_mpi( &BB,   &B,      &B    ) ); MOD_MUL( BB   );
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_sub_mpi( &E,    &AA,     &BB   ) ); MOD_SUB( E    );
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_add_mpi( &C,    &Q->X,   &Q->Z ) ); MOD_ADD( C    );
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_sub_mpi( &D,    &Q->X,   &Q->Z ) ); MOD_SUB( D    );
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_mul_mpi( &DA,   &D,      &A    ) ); MOD_MUL( DA   );
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_mul_mpi( &CB,   &C,      &B    ) ); MOD_MUL( CB   );
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_add_mpi( &S->X, &DA,     &CB   ) ); MOD_MUL( S->X );
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_mul_mpi( &S->X, &S->X,   &S->X ) ); MOD_MUL( S->X );
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_sub_mpi( &S->Z, &DA,     &CB   ) ); MOD_SUB( S->Z );
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_mul_mpi( &S->Z, &S->Z,   &S->Z ) ); MOD_MUL( S->Z );
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_mul_mpi( &S->Z, d,       &S->Z ) ); MOD_MUL( S->Z );
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_mul_mpi( &R->X, &AA,     &BB   ) ); MOD_MUL( R->X );
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_mul_mpi( &R->Z, &grp->A, &E    ) ); MOD_MUL( R->Z );
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_add_mpi( &R->Z, &BB,     &R->Z ) ); MOD_ADD( R->Z );
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_mul_mpi( &R->Z, &E,      &R->Z ) ); MOD_MUL( R->Z );
+
+cleanup:
+    mbedtls_mpi_free( &A ); mbedtls_mpi_free( &AA ); mbedtls_mpi_free( &B );
+    mbedtls_mpi_free( &BB ); mbedtls_mpi_free( &E ); mbedtls_mpi_free( &C );
+    mbedtls_mpi_free( &D ); mbedtls_mpi_free( &DA ); mbedtls_mpi_free( &CB );
+
+    return( ret );
+}
+
+/*
+ * Multiplication with Montgomery ladder in x/z coordinates,
+ * for curves in Montgomery form
+ */
+static int ecp_mul_mxz( mbedtls_ecp_group *grp, mbedtls_ecp_point *R,
+                        const mbedtls_mpi *m, const mbedtls_ecp_point *P,
+                        int (*f_rng)(void *, unsigned char *, size_t),
+                        void *p_rng )
+{
+    int ret;
+    size_t i;
+    unsigned char b;
+    mbedtls_ecp_point RP;
+    mbedtls_mpi PX;
+
+    mbedtls_ecp_point_init( &RP ); mbedtls_mpi_init( &PX );
+
+    /* Save PX and read from P before writing to R, in case P == R */
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_copy( &PX, &P->X ) );
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_ecp_copy( &RP, P ) );
+
+    /* Set R to zero in modified x/z coordinates */
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_lset( &R->X, 1 ) );
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_lset( &R->Z, 0 ) );
+    mbedtls_mpi_free( &R->Y );
+
+    /* RP.X might be sligtly larger than P, so reduce it */
+    MOD_ADD( RP.X );
+
+    /* Randomize coordinates of the starting point */
+    if( f_rng != NULL )
+        MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( ecp_randomize_mxz( grp, &RP, f_rng, p_rng ) );
+
+    /* Loop invariant: R = result so far, RP = R + P */
+    i = mbedtls_mpi_bitlen( m ); /* one past the (zero-based) most significant bit */
+    while( i-- > 0 )
+    {
+        b = mbedtls_mpi_get_bit( m, i );
+        /*
+         *  if (b) R = 2R + P else R = 2R,
+         * which is:
+         *  if (b) double_add( RP, R, RP, R )
+         *  else   double_add( R, RP, R, RP )
+         * but using safe conditional swaps to avoid leaks
+         */
+        MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_safe_cond_swap( &R->X, &RP.X, b ) );
+        MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_safe_cond_swap( &R->Z, &RP.Z, b ) );
+        MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( ecp_double_add_mxz( grp, R, &RP, R, &RP, &PX ) );
+        MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_safe_cond_swap( &R->X, &RP.X, b ) );
+        MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_safe_cond_swap( &R->Z, &RP.Z, b ) );
+    }
+
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( ecp_normalize_mxz( grp, R ) );
+
+cleanup:
+    mbedtls_ecp_point_free( &RP ); mbedtls_mpi_free( &PX );
+
+    return( ret );
+}
+
+#endif /* ECP_MONTGOMERY */
+
+/*
+ * Multiplication R = m * P
+ */
+int mbedtls_ecp_mul( mbedtls_ecp_group *grp, mbedtls_ecp_point *R,
+             const mbedtls_mpi *m, const mbedtls_ecp_point *P,
+             int (*f_rng)(void *, unsigned char *, size_t), void *p_rng )
+{
+    int ret;
+
+    /* Common sanity checks */
+    if( mbedtls_mpi_cmp_int( &P->Z, 1 ) != 0 )
+        return( MBEDTLS_ERR_ECP_BAD_INPUT_DATA );
+
+    if( ( ret = mbedtls_ecp_check_privkey( grp, m ) ) != 0 ||
+        ( ret = mbedtls_ecp_check_pubkey( grp, P ) ) != 0 )
+        return( ret );
+
+#if defined(ECP_MONTGOMERY)
+    if( ecp_get_type( grp ) == ECP_TYPE_MONTGOMERY )
+        return( ecp_mul_mxz( grp, R, m, P, f_rng, p_rng ) );
+#endif
+#if defined(ECP_SHORTWEIERSTRASS)
+    if( ecp_get_type( grp ) == ECP_TYPE_SHORT_WEIERSTRASS )
+        return( ecp_mul_comb( grp, R, m, P, f_rng, p_rng ) );
+#endif
+    return( MBEDTLS_ERR_ECP_BAD_INPUT_DATA );
+}
+
+#if defined(ECP_SHORTWEIERSTRASS)
+/*
+ * Check that an affine point is valid as a public key,
+ * short weierstrass curves (SEC1 3.2.3.1)
+ */
+static int ecp_check_pubkey_sw( const mbedtls_ecp_group *grp, const mbedtls_ecp_point *pt )
+{
+    int ret;
+    mbedtls_mpi YY, RHS;
+
+    /* pt coordinates must be normalized for our checks */
+    if( mbedtls_mpi_cmp_int( &pt->X, 0 ) < 0 ||
+        mbedtls_mpi_cmp_int( &pt->Y, 0 ) < 0 ||
+        mbedtls_mpi_cmp_mpi( &pt->X, &grp->P ) >= 0 ||
+        mbedtls_mpi_cmp_mpi( &pt->Y, &grp->P ) >= 0 )
+        return( MBEDTLS_ERR_ECP_INVALID_KEY );
+
+    mbedtls_mpi_init( &YY ); mbedtls_mpi_init( &RHS );
+
+    /*
+     * YY = Y^2
+     * RHS = X (X^2 + A) + B = X^3 + A X + B
+     */
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_mul_mpi( &YY,  &pt->Y,   &pt->Y  ) );  MOD_MUL( YY  );
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_mul_mpi( &RHS, &pt->X,   &pt->X  ) );  MOD_MUL( RHS );
+
+    /* Special case for A = -3 */
+    if( grp->A.p == NULL )
+    {
+        MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_sub_int( &RHS, &RHS, 3       ) );  MOD_SUB( RHS );
+    }
+    else
+    {
+        MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_add_mpi( &RHS, &RHS, &grp->A ) );  MOD_ADD( RHS );
+    }
+
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_mul_mpi( &RHS, &RHS,     &pt->X  ) );  MOD_MUL( RHS );
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_add_mpi( &RHS, &RHS,     &grp->B ) );  MOD_ADD( RHS );
+
+    if( mbedtls_mpi_cmp_mpi( &YY, &RHS ) != 0 )
+        ret = MBEDTLS_ERR_ECP_INVALID_KEY;
+
+cleanup:
+
+    mbedtls_mpi_free( &YY ); mbedtls_mpi_free( &RHS );
+
+    return( ret );
+}
+#endif /* ECP_SHORTWEIERSTRASS */
+
+/*
+ * R = m * P with shortcuts for m == 1 and m == -1
+ * NOT constant-time - ONLY for short Weierstrass!
+ */
+static int mbedtls_ecp_mul_shortcuts( mbedtls_ecp_group *grp,
+                                      mbedtls_ecp_point *R,
+                                      const mbedtls_mpi *m,
+                                      const mbedtls_ecp_point *P )
+{
+    int ret;
+
+    if( mbedtls_mpi_cmp_int( m, 1 ) == 0 )
+    {
+        MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_ecp_copy( R, P ) );
+    }
+    else if( mbedtls_mpi_cmp_int( m, -1 ) == 0 )
+    {
+        MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_ecp_copy( R, P ) );
+        if( mbedtls_mpi_cmp_int( &R->Y, 0 ) != 0 )
+            MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_sub_mpi( &R->Y, &grp->P, &R->Y ) );
+    }
+    else
+    {
+        MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_ecp_mul( grp, R, m, P, NULL, NULL ) );
+    }
+
+cleanup:
+    return( ret );
+}
+
+/*
+ * Linear combination
+ * NOT constant-time
+ */
+int mbedtls_ecp_muladd( mbedtls_ecp_group *grp, mbedtls_ecp_point *R,
+             const mbedtls_mpi *m, const mbedtls_ecp_point *P,
+             const mbedtls_mpi *n, const mbedtls_ecp_point *Q )
+{
+    int ret;
+    mbedtls_ecp_point mP;
+
+    if( ecp_get_type( grp ) != ECP_TYPE_SHORT_WEIERSTRASS )
+        return( MBEDTLS_ERR_ECP_FEATURE_UNAVAILABLE );
+
+    mbedtls_ecp_point_init( &mP );
+
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_ecp_mul_shortcuts( grp, &mP, m, P ) );
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_ecp_mul_shortcuts( grp, R,   n, Q ) );
+
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( ecp_add_mixed( grp, R, &mP, R ) );
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( ecp_normalize_jac( grp, R ) );
+
+cleanup:
+    mbedtls_ecp_point_free( &mP );
+
+    return( ret );
+}
+
+
+#if defined(ECP_MONTGOMERY)
+/*
+ * Check validity of a public key for Montgomery curves with x-only schemes
+ */
+static int ecp_check_pubkey_mx( const mbedtls_ecp_group *grp, const mbedtls_ecp_point *pt )
+{
+    /* [Curve25519 p. 5] Just check X is the correct number of bytes */
+    if( mbedtls_mpi_size( &pt->X ) > ( grp->nbits + 7 ) / 8 )
+        return( MBEDTLS_ERR_ECP_INVALID_KEY );
+
+    return( 0 );
+}
+#endif /* ECP_MONTGOMERY */
+
+/*
+ * Check that a point is valid as a public key
+ */
+int mbedtls_ecp_check_pubkey( const mbedtls_ecp_group *grp, const mbedtls_ecp_point *pt )
+{
+    /* Must use affine coordinates */
+    if( mbedtls_mpi_cmp_int( &pt->Z, 1 ) != 0 )
+        return( MBEDTLS_ERR_ECP_INVALID_KEY );
+
+#if defined(ECP_MONTGOMERY)
+    if( ecp_get_type( grp ) == ECP_TYPE_MONTGOMERY )
+        return( ecp_check_pubkey_mx( grp, pt ) );
+#endif
+#if defined(ECP_SHORTWEIERSTRASS)
+    if( ecp_get_type( grp ) == ECP_TYPE_SHORT_WEIERSTRASS )
+        return( ecp_check_pubkey_sw( grp, pt ) );
+#endif
+    return( MBEDTLS_ERR_ECP_BAD_INPUT_DATA );
+}
+
+/*
+ * Check that an mbedtls_mpi is valid as a private key
+ */
+int mbedtls_ecp_check_privkey( const mbedtls_ecp_group *grp, const mbedtls_mpi *d )
+{
+#if defined(ECP_MONTGOMERY)
+    if( ecp_get_type( grp ) == ECP_TYPE_MONTGOMERY )
+    {
+        /* see [Curve25519] page 5 */
+        if( mbedtls_mpi_get_bit( d, 0 ) != 0 ||
+            mbedtls_mpi_get_bit( d, 1 ) != 0 ||
+            mbedtls_mpi_get_bit( d, 2 ) != 0 ||
+            mbedtls_mpi_bitlen( d ) - 1 != grp->nbits ) /* mbedtls_mpi_bitlen is one-based! */
+            return( MBEDTLS_ERR_ECP_INVALID_KEY );
+        else
+            return( 0 );
+    }
+#endif /* ECP_MONTGOMERY */
+#if defined(ECP_SHORTWEIERSTRASS)
+    if( ecp_get_type( grp ) == ECP_TYPE_SHORT_WEIERSTRASS )
+    {
+        /* see SEC1 3.2 */
+        if( mbedtls_mpi_cmp_int( d, 1 ) < 0 ||
+            mbedtls_mpi_cmp_mpi( d, &grp->N ) >= 0 )
+            return( MBEDTLS_ERR_ECP_INVALID_KEY );
+        else
+            return( 0 );
+    }
+#endif /* ECP_SHORTWEIERSTRASS */
+
+    return( MBEDTLS_ERR_ECP_BAD_INPUT_DATA );
+}
+
+/*
+ * Generate a keypair with configurable base point
+ */
+int mbedtls_ecp_gen_keypair_base( mbedtls_ecp_group *grp,
+                     const mbedtls_ecp_point *G,
+                     mbedtls_mpi *d, mbedtls_ecp_point *Q,
+                     int (*f_rng)(void *, unsigned char *, size_t),
+                     void *p_rng )
+{
+    int ret;
+    size_t n_size = ( grp->nbits + 7 ) / 8;
+
+#if defined(ECP_MONTGOMERY)
+    if( ecp_get_type( grp ) == ECP_TYPE_MONTGOMERY )
+    {
+        /* [M225] page 5 */
+        size_t b;
+
+        MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_fill_random( d, n_size, f_rng, p_rng ) );
+
+        /* Make sure the most significant bit is nbits */
+        b = mbedtls_mpi_bitlen( d ) - 1; /* mbedtls_mpi_bitlen is one-based */
+        if( b > grp->nbits )
+            MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_shift_r( d, b - grp->nbits ) );
+        else
+            MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_set_bit( d, grp->nbits, 1 ) );
+
+        /* Make sure the last three bits are unset */
+        MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_set_bit( d, 0, 0 ) );
+        MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_set_bit( d, 1, 0 ) );
+        MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_set_bit( d, 2, 0 ) );
+    }
+    else
+#endif /* ECP_MONTGOMERY */
+#if defined(ECP_SHORTWEIERSTRASS)
+    if( ecp_get_type( grp ) == ECP_TYPE_SHORT_WEIERSTRASS )
+    {
+        /* SEC1 3.2.1: Generate d such that 1 <= n < N */
+        int count = 0;
+        unsigned char rnd[MBEDTLS_ECP_MAX_BYTES];
+
+        /*
+         * Match the procedure given in RFC 6979 (deterministic ECDSA):
+         * - use the same byte ordering;
+         * - keep the leftmost nbits bits of the generated octet string;
+         * - try until result is in the desired range.
+         * This also avoids any biais, which is especially important for ECDSA.
+         */
+        do
+        {
+            MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( f_rng( p_rng, rnd, n_size ) );
+            MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_read_binary( d, rnd, n_size ) );
+            MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_shift_r( d, 8 * n_size - grp->nbits ) );
+
+            /*
+             * Each try has at worst a probability 1/2 of failing (the msb has
+             * a probability 1/2 of being 0, and then the result will be < N),
+             * so after 30 tries failure probability is a most 2**(-30).
+             *
+             * For most curves, 1 try is enough with overwhelming probability,
+             * since N starts with a lot of 1s in binary, but some curves
+             * such as secp224k1 are actually very close to the worst case.
+             */
+            if( ++count > 30 )
+                return( MBEDTLS_ERR_ECP_RANDOM_FAILED );
+        }
+        while( mbedtls_mpi_cmp_int( d, 1 ) < 0 ||
+               mbedtls_mpi_cmp_mpi( d, &grp->N ) >= 0 );
+    }
+    else
+#endif /* ECP_SHORTWEIERSTRASS */
+        return( MBEDTLS_ERR_ECP_BAD_INPUT_DATA );
+
+cleanup:
+    if( ret != 0 )
+        return( ret );
+
+    return( mbedtls_ecp_mul( grp, Q, d, G, f_rng, p_rng ) );
+}
+
+/*
+ * Generate key pair, wrapper for conventional base point
+ */
+int mbedtls_ecp_gen_keypair( mbedtls_ecp_group *grp,
+                             mbedtls_mpi *d, mbedtls_ecp_point *Q,
+                             int (*f_rng)(void *, unsigned char *, size_t),
+                             void *p_rng )
+{
+    return( mbedtls_ecp_gen_keypair_base( grp, &grp->G, d, Q, f_rng, p_rng ) );
+}
+
+/*
+ * Generate a keypair, prettier wrapper
+ */
+int mbedtls_ecp_gen_key( mbedtls_ecp_group_id grp_id, mbedtls_ecp_keypair *key,
+                int (*f_rng)(void *, unsigned char *, size_t), void *p_rng )
+{
+    int ret;
+
+    if( ( ret = mbedtls_ecp_group_load( &key->grp, grp_id ) ) != 0 )
+        return( ret );
+
+    return( mbedtls_ecp_gen_keypair( &key->grp, &key->d, &key->Q, f_rng, p_rng ) );
+}
+
+/*
+ * Check a public-private key pair
+ */
+int mbedtls_ecp_check_pub_priv( const mbedtls_ecp_keypair *pub, const mbedtls_ecp_keypair *prv )
+{
+    int ret;
+    mbedtls_ecp_point Q;
+    mbedtls_ecp_group grp;
+
+    if( pub->grp.id == MBEDTLS_ECP_DP_NONE ||
+        pub->grp.id != prv->grp.id ||
+        mbedtls_mpi_cmp_mpi( &pub->Q.X, &prv->Q.X ) ||
+        mbedtls_mpi_cmp_mpi( &pub->Q.Y, &prv->Q.Y ) ||
+        mbedtls_mpi_cmp_mpi( &pub->Q.Z, &prv->Q.Z ) )
+    {
+        return( MBEDTLS_ERR_ECP_BAD_INPUT_DATA );
+    }
+
+    mbedtls_ecp_point_init( &Q );
+    mbedtls_ecp_group_init( &grp );
+
+    /* mbedtls_ecp_mul() needs a non-const group... */
+    mbedtls_ecp_group_copy( &grp, &prv->grp );
+
+    /* Also checks d is valid */
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_ecp_mul( &grp, &Q, &prv->d, &prv->grp.G, NULL, NULL ) );
+
+    if( mbedtls_mpi_cmp_mpi( &Q.X, &prv->Q.X ) ||
+        mbedtls_mpi_cmp_mpi( &Q.Y, &prv->Q.Y ) ||
+        mbedtls_mpi_cmp_mpi( &Q.Z, &prv->Q.Z ) )
+    {
+        ret = MBEDTLS_ERR_ECP_BAD_INPUT_DATA;
+        goto cleanup;
+    }
+
+cleanup:
+    mbedtls_ecp_point_free( &Q );
+    mbedtls_ecp_group_free( &grp );
+
+    return( ret );
+}
+
+#if defined(MBEDTLS_SELF_TEST)
+
+/*
+ * Checkup routine
+ */
+int mbedtls_ecp_self_test( int verbose )
+{
+    int ret;
+    size_t i;
+    mbedtls_ecp_group grp;
+    mbedtls_ecp_point R, P;
+    mbedtls_mpi m;
+    unsigned long add_c_prev, dbl_c_prev, mul_c_prev;
+    /* exponents especially adapted for secp192r1 */
+    const char *exponents[] =
+    {
+        "000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000001", /* one */
+        "FFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF99DEF836146BC9B1B4D22830", /* N - 1 */
+        "5EA6F389A38B8BC81E767753B15AA5569E1782E30ABE7D25", /* random */
+        "400000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000", /* one and zeros */
+        "7FFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF", /* all ones */
+        "555555555555555555555555555555555555555555555555", /* 101010... */
+    };
+
+    mbedtls_ecp_group_init( &grp );
+    mbedtls_ecp_point_init( &R );
+    mbedtls_ecp_point_init( &P );
+    mbedtls_mpi_init( &m );
+
+    /* Use secp192r1 if available, or any available curve */
+#if defined(MBEDTLS_ECP_DP_SECP192R1_ENABLED)
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_ecp_group_load( &grp, MBEDTLS_ECP_DP_SECP192R1 ) );
+#else
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_ecp_group_load( &grp, mbedtls_ecp_curve_list()->grp_id ) );
+#endif
+
+    if( verbose != 0 )
+        mbedtls_printf( "  ECP test #1 (constant op_count, base point G): " );
+
+    /* Do a dummy multiplication first to trigger precomputation */
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_lset( &m, 2 ) );
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_ecp_mul( &grp, &P, &m, &grp.G, NULL, NULL ) );
+
+    add_count = 0;
+    dbl_count = 0;
+    mul_count = 0;
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_read_string( &m, 16, exponents[0] ) );
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_ecp_mul( &grp, &R, &m, &grp.G, NULL, NULL ) );
+
+    for( i = 1; i < sizeof( exponents ) / sizeof( exponents[0] ); i++ )
+    {
+        add_c_prev = add_count;
+        dbl_c_prev = dbl_count;
+        mul_c_prev = mul_count;
+        add_count = 0;
+        dbl_count = 0;
+        mul_count = 0;
+
+        MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_read_string( &m, 16, exponents[i] ) );
+        MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_ecp_mul( &grp, &R, &m, &grp.G, NULL, NULL ) );
+
+        if( add_count != add_c_prev ||
+            dbl_count != dbl_c_prev ||
+            mul_count != mul_c_prev )
+        {
+            if( verbose != 0 )
+                mbedtls_printf( "failed (%u)\n", (unsigned int) i );
+
+            ret = 1;
+            goto cleanup;
+        }
+    }
+
+    if( verbose != 0 )
+        mbedtls_printf( "passed\n" );
+
+    if( verbose != 0 )
+        mbedtls_printf( "  ECP test #2 (constant op_count, other point): " );
+    /* We computed P = 2G last time, use it */
+
+    add_count = 0;
+    dbl_count = 0;
+    mul_count = 0;
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_read_string( &m, 16, exponents[0] ) );
+    MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_ecp_mul( &grp, &R, &m, &P, NULL, NULL ) );
+
+    for( i = 1; i < sizeof( exponents ) / sizeof( exponents[0] ); i++ )
+    {
+        add_c_prev = add_count;
+        dbl_c_prev = dbl_count;
+        mul_c_prev = mul_count;
+        add_count = 0;
+        dbl_count = 0;
+        mul_count = 0;
+
+        MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_mpi_read_string( &m, 16, exponents[i] ) );
+        MBEDTLS_MPI_CHK( mbedtls_ecp_mul( &grp, &R, &m, &P, NULL, NULL ) );
+
+        if( add_count != add_c_prev ||
+            dbl_count != dbl_c_prev ||
+            mul_count != mul_c_prev )
+        {
+            if( verbose != 0 )
+                mbedtls_printf( "failed (%u)\n", (unsigned int) i );
+
+            ret = 1;
+            goto cleanup;
+        }
+    }
+
+    if( verbose != 0 )
+        mbedtls_printf( "passed\n" );
+
+cleanup:
+
+    if( ret < 0 && verbose != 0 )
+        mbedtls_printf( "Unexpected error, return code = %08X\n", ret );
+
+    mbedtls_ecp_group_free( &grp );
+    mbedtls_ecp_point_free( &R );
+    mbedtls_ecp_point_free( &P );
+    mbedtls_mpi_free( &m );
+
+    if( verbose != 0 )
+        mbedtls_printf( "\n" );
+
+    return( ret );
+}
+
+#endif /* MBEDTLS_SELF_TEST */
+
+#endif /* MBEDTLS_ECP_C */


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