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From Mu Li <muli....@gmail.com>
Subject Re: Request for suggestions- Supporting onnx in mxnet
Date Thu, 19 Oct 2017 19:58:54 GMT
I think "We" refer to "Tianqi and me" on this thread.

On Thu, Oct 19, 2017 at 12:53 PM, Suneel Marthi <smarthi@apache.org> wrote:

> I guess the whole discussion here is about - Who is 'We' in your email ?
>
>  'We thought there is a better way of doing this'
>
> It may just be misinterpretation or misunderstanding amongst folks here due
> to language barrier.
>
>
> On Thu, Oct 19, 2017 at 3:48 PM, Tianqi Chen <tqchen@cs.washington.edu>
> wrote:
>
> > We thought there is a better way of doing this, by proposing nnvm as part
> > of apache deep learning stack along with Mxnet. This is the reason why we
> > did not simply move the repo over now
> >
> > Tianqi
> > On Thu, Oct 19, 2017 at 12:43 PM Chris Olivier <cjolivier01@gmail.com>
> > wrote:
> >
> > > Why don't we just move all of these dmlc modules into the Apache
> > repository
> > > right now and have the correct discussions on dev?  What's the argument
> > > against this?  IMHO, I thought that's what was going to be done
> > originally.
> > >
> > > On Thu, Oct 19, 2017 at 12:14 PM, Tianqi Chen <
> tqchen@cs.washington.edu>
> > > wrote:
> > >
> > > > Hi Hen:
> > > >
> > > > It is sad to think DMLC adversarially in this matter.  DMLC projects
> > > adopt
> > > > apache way of doing things and we are planning moving more modules
> into
> > > > Apache.
> > > >
> > > > All the discussion so far happens under the Apache manner and I do
> > think
> > > > that healthy discussion on critical design issues is important. It is
> > > > unfair to say something is rotten just when there is a debate going
> on
> > in
> > > > terms of technical issues.
> > > >
> > > > They are merely based on our technical assessment of what is better
> for
> > > the
> > > > project in general, instead of being political or chanting the
> detailed
> > > > credits or ownership of the code.
> > > >
> > > >
> > > > Tianqi
> > > >
> > > > On Thu, Oct 19, 2017 at 12:03 PM, Hen <bayard@apache.org> wrote:
> > > >
> > > > > What I think I'm seeing here is that:
> > > > >
> > > > > * MXNet moved to Apache.
> > > > > * Some of the code it relied on (50% per the last release thread,
> but
> > > > that
> > > > > may have been bombastic) remained at DMLC.
> > > > > * The MXNet community thinks one thing.
> > > > > * The DMLC community (which is a subset of the MXNet community that
> > > runs
> > > > > under different community rules) thinks another.
> > > > >
> > > > > Something is rotten.
> > > > >
> > > > > One solution: The MXNet community forks the DMLC code it relies on
> > into
> > > > the
> > > > > MXNet codebase and moves on without being tied down by the
> decisions
> > > of a
> > > > > non-compatible community.
> > > > >
> > > > > Hen
> > > > >
> > > > >
> > > > >
> > > > > On Thu, Oct 19, 2017 at 11:59 AM, Tianqi Chen <
> > > tqchen@cs.washington.edu>
> > > > > wrote:
> > > > >
> > > > > > Here are the detailed points(sorry for resenting it over again)
> > > > > >
> > > > > > Technical Reasoning:
> > > > > >
> > > > > >  - Model exchange format like CoreML and ONNX are not lossless
> and
> > > > > > complete. They are designed to an contain a core set of the
> > > > > > minimum operators to support necessary inference tasks like
> ResNet,
> > > > etc.
> > > > > > So you cannot rely on a bi-directional serialization with this
> > format
> > > > for
> > > > > > all MXNet models.  As a simple example, broadcast add/mul is
> simply
> > > not
> > > > > > supported in onnx.
> > > > > >
> > > > > > - Same problem goes for compilation and in-memory IR, a core set
> of
> > > > most
> > > > > > interesting primitives are effectively supported.
> > > > > >
> > > > > > - Either in the case of supporting exchange format, or in-memory
> > IR,
> > > we
> > > > > > need to make the decision on what core set of operators are we
> > > > interested
> > > > > > in support.  We cannot simply say let us support everything from
> > the
> > > > > > beginning due to the limitations of the exchange format.
> > > > > >
> > > > > > - It is crucial for us articulate what is the core set of
> operators
> > > we
> > > > > care
> > > > > > about in MXNet. Either in terms of providing guidelines to the
> > > > community,
> > > > > > or influence the design of model exchange format them-selfs to
> move
> > > in
> > > > > > favor of MXNet.
> > > > > >
> > > > > > - nnvm/top is that initial core set of operators for both
> compiler
> > > > > support
> > > > > > and exchange purposes. It is modeled under numpy and gluon, under
> > the
> > > > > > supervision of Eric, Me and Mu.  It can be bi-directionally
> > exchanged
> > > > > with
> > > > > > a current mxnet operator without loss of information.
> > > > > >
> > > > > > The Effort of Engineering:
> > > > > >
> > > > > > - Because nnvm/top is modeled with numpy and gluon, mxnet<->
> > nnvm/top
> > > > is
> > > > > > quite easy, and we already have one direction done. I would be
> very
> > > > happy
> > > > > > to answer any questions on another. No information loss will
> happen
> > > > with
> > > > > > this path.
> > > > > >
> > > > > > - mxnet/symbol or nnvm/symbol(they are essentially the same thing
> > > with
> > > > a
> > > > > > bit different op defs) <- onnx is harder. There has been already
> > > enough
> > > > > > effort to support onnx 0.1 as Roshani mentioned. Which is
> > contributed
> > > > by
> > > > > > Zhi Zhang, another Apache MXNet committer. Zhi already provided
> > code
> > > to
> > > > > > alleviate this process. Built code on the existing effort would
> > > > actually
> > > > > > make the problem easier.
> > > > > >
> > > > > > On Thu, Oct 19, 2017 at 11:55 AM, Tianqi Chen <
> > > > tqchen@cs.washington.edu>
> > > > > > wrote:
> > > > > >
> > > > > > > As for where the code should sit, we have seen onnx's support
> for
> > > > > caffe2
> > > > > > > sitting on a separate repo.  My suggestion would be put code
> > under
> > > > > > nnvm/top
> > > > > > > and migrate into mxnet eventually when the top components get
> > into
> > > > > MXNet,
> > > > > > > hopefully by end of next month.
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > I have elaborated my point in the last email thread. This
> (going
> > > > > through
> > > > > > > nnvm/top) is an important design decision both technically
> > > > > (compilation,
> > > > > > > more hardware) and strategically (articulate our core set of
> > > > operators
> > > > > > and
> > > > > > > influence the model exchange format).
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > I am glad to see the discussion happening and surely there is
> > > doubt,
> > > > as
> > > > > > > with every big step of changes.  But with the rapidly changing
> > pace
> > > > of
> > > > > > deep
> > > > > > > learning systems, this is the direction that we thought is most
> > > > > > promising.
> > > > > > > We can call for a vote if necessary among the committers for
> the
> > > > design
> > > > > > > decision if there is still debate on this issue. Or we can keep
> > the
> > > > > > > discussion open and start some effort around nnvm/top to see
> how
> > it
> > > > > goes
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > Tianqi
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > On Thu, Oct 19, 2017 at 11:15 AM, Lupesko, Hagay <
> > > lupesko@gmail.com>
> > > > > > > wrote:
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > >> Mu,
> > > > > > >>
> > > > > > >> You’re mentioning plans for a new model format and compiler,
> > but I
> > > > > don’t
> > > > > > >> recall seeing it shared/discussed on the dev list. Can you
> share
> > > > > these,
> > > > > > so
> > > > > > >> it is more accessible to folks to understand the plan and
> > vision?
> > > > > > >>
> > > > > > >> Personally, I think it will be a shame to add ONNX support to
> > > MXNet,
> > > > > and
> > > > > > >> have it implemented outside of MXNet. At the end of the day,
> it
> > > > makes
> > > > > > >> things difficult for MXNet users.
> > > > > > >>
> > > > > > >> Hagay
> > > > > > >>
> > > > > > >> On 10/19/17, 10:01, "Mu Li" <limu.cn@gmail.com on behalf of
> > > > > > >> muli.cmu@gmail.com> wrote:
> > > > > > >>
> > > > > > >>     I'm speaking under my "MXNet contributor" hat.
> > > > > > >>
> > > > > > >>     It will be sad that our new model format and compiler is
> not
> > > > > > >> supported by
> > > > > > >>     our own contributors. It puts us in a bad position to
> reach
> > > out
> > > > to
> > > > > > >> outside
> > > > > > >>     to ask for support.
> > > > > > >>
> > > > > > >>     If you really what to do it with the onnx <-> mxnet way, I
> > > > suggest
> > > > > > >> putting
> > > > > > >>     the codes under https://github.com/aws.
> > > > > > >>
> > > > > > >>     Best
> > > > > > >>     Mu
> > > > > > >>
> > > > > > >>     On Thu, Oct 19, 2017 at 9:51 AM, Lupesko, Hagay <
> > > > > lupesko@gmail.com>
> > > > > > >> wrote:
> > > > > > >>
> > > > > > >>     > Since there seems to be a difficulty to reach a
> consensus
> > > > here,
> > > > > > and
> > > > > > >> this
> > > > > > >>     > is a new area, maybe a good compromise would be to
> > > contribute
> > > > > this
> > > > > > >> under
> > > > > > >>     > /contrib as experimental, with whatever way Roshani
> thinks
> > > > makes
> > > > > > >> sense.
> > > > > > >>     > Once there is code in place, and MXNet users and
> > > contributors
> > > > > are
> > > > > > >> able to
> > > > > > >>     > check it out, we can consider future steps.
> > > > > > >>     >
> > > > > > >>     > Does this proposal make sense to folks?
> > > > > > >>     >
> > > > > > >>     > On 10/18/17, 23:01, "Tianqi Chen" <workcrow@gmail.com
> on
> > > > behalf
> > > > > > of
> > > > > > >>     > tqchen@cs.washington.edu> wrote:
> > > > > > >>     >
> > > > > > >>     >     I want to offer one last thing in terms of technical
> > > > > details.
> > > > > > I
> > > > > > >>     > mentioned
> > > > > > >>     >     two trends in the deep learning systems. There is
> one
> > > last
> > > > > > >> thing that
> > > > > > >>     > is
> > > > > > >>     >     omitted. How should we build a good deploy end for
> > deep
> > > > > > learning
> > > > > > >>     > models.
> > > > > > >>     >
> > > > > > >>     >     There is always a paradox to this problem:
> > > > > > >>     >
> > > > > > >>     >     - On one hand, the deployment end needs to be
> > > lightweight
> > > > > and
> > > > > > >> portable.
> > > > > > >>     >     - We want a lot of optimizations (memory layout
> > compute)
> > > > and
> > > > > > >> feature
> > > > > > >>     >     support, this makes the project big.
> > > > > > >>     >
> > > > > > >>     >     All the existing systems suffer from this problem.
> The
> > > > > > solution
> > > > > > >> is
> > > > > > >>     > simple,
> > > > > > >>     >     separates the optimization part from the actual
> > runtime
> > > > and
> > > > > > >> compiles
> > > > > > >>     > the
> > > > > > >>     >     things down to a bare metal module. And this is the
> > > > solution
> > > > > > >> nnvm/top
> > > > > > >>     >     compiler pipeline offer, which I believe will
> become a
> > > > > > standard
> > > > > > >>     > practice of
> > > > > > >>     >     deployment and where all systems go to
> > > > > > >>     >
> > > > > > >>     >     Tianqi
> > > > > > >>     >
> > > > > > >>     >     On Wed, Oct 18, 2017 at 10:03 PM, Tianqi Chen <
> > > > > > >>     > tqchen@cs.washington.edu>
> > > > > > >>     >     wrote:
> > > > > > >>     >
> > > > > > >>     >     > OK, there is some miscommunication in here I
> guess.
> > > We
> > > > > only
> > > > > > >> need to
> > > > > > >>     > do a
> > > > > > >>     >     > "canonization" step in python API that goes a
> symbol
> > > to
> > > > > > symbol
> > > > > > >>     > translation
> > > > > > >>     >     > layer. It can be done in purely in python, and
> there
> > > is
> > > > no
> > > > > > >> need for
> > > > > > >>     > going
> > > > > > >>     >     > "down" into c++ to do this.
> > > > > > >>     >     >
> > > > > > >>     >     > For example, the current nnvm.from_mxnet API takes
> > > > Module
> > > > > or
> > > > > > >> Gluon
> > > > > > >>     > module
> > > > > > >>     >     > and get you back nnvm/top graph in python.
> > > > > > >>     >     >
> > > > > > >>     >     > All we are asking for is to decomposing it into
> > > > > > >>     >     >
> > > > > > >>     >     > def mxnet_to_onnx(module):
> > > > > > >>     >     >    nnvm_graph, params = nnvm_from_mxnet(module)
> > > > > > >>     >     >    onnx = nnvm_to_onnx(nnvm_graph, params)
> > > > > > >>     >     >    return onnx
> > > > > > >>     >     >
> > > > > > >>     >     > This allows nnvm_from_mxnet to be reused for other
> > > > > purposes,
> > > > > > >> like
> > > > > > >>     >     > compiling API to deployable modules
> > > > > > >>     >     >
> > > > > > >>     >     > Tianqi
> > > > > > >>     >     >
> > > > > > >>     >     > On Wed, Oct 18, 2017 at 9:55 PM, Lupesko, Hagay <
> > > > > > >> lupesko@gmail.com>
> > > > > > >>     > wrote:
> > > > > > >>     >     >
> > > > > > >>     >     >> Tianqi:
> > > > > > >>     >     >> Thanks for detailing the trends. I fully agree
> that
> > > > ONNX
> > > > > is
> > > > > > >> just a
> > > > > > >>     > graph
> > > > > > >>     >     >> serialization format – nothing more, nothing
> less.
> > I
> > > > also
> > > > > > >> think we
> > > > > > >>     > all
> > > > > > >>     >     >> agree that this simple mechanism holds lots of
> > value
> > > to
> > > > > DL
> > > > > > >> users
> > > > > > >>     > since it
> > > > > > >>     >     >> allows them to move between frameworks easily
> (e.g.
> > > > train
> > > > > > >> with
> > > > > > >>     > MXNet,
> > > > > > >>     >     >> deploy on a mobile device with Caffe2, or the
> other
> > > way
> > > > > > >> around).
> > > > > > >>     >     >> As you said, In Memory IR is different than
> > > > serialization
> > > > > > >> formats
> > > > > > >>     > such as
> > > > > > >>     >     >> ONNX. They are designed to make the runtime
> > execution
> > > > as
> > > > > > >> efficient
> > > > > > >>     > as
> > > > > > >>     >     >> possible, leveraging software and hardware
> > > > optimizations.
> > > > > > >> They are
> > > > > > >>     > indeed
> > > > > > >>     >     >> complex, and where the “meat” is.
> > > > > > >>     >     >> (BTW ONNX regards itself as an “IR” format, but
> not
> > > in
> > > > > the
> > > > > > >> same
> > > > > > >>     > sense as
> > > > > > >>     >     >> NNVM).
> > > > > > >>     >     >>
> > > > > > >>     >     >> At the end of the day, Roshani is aiming to
> > deliver a
> > > > > > simple
> > > > > > >>     >     >> functionality to MXNet users: (1) take an ONNX
> > file,
> > > > and
> > > > > > >> load it
> > > > > > >>     > into MXNet
> > > > > > >>     >     >> so you get a graph+weights you can work with (2)
> > > Given
> > > > a
> > > > > > >> trained
> > > > > > >>     > model,
> > > > > > >>     >     >> save it as an ONNX file. Since MXNet users do not
> > > > > interact
> > > > > > >> with NNVM
> > > > > > >>     >     >> directly, but rather interact with MXNet API
> (MXNet
> > > > > > Module),
> > > > > > >> isn’t
> > > > > > >>     > the
> > > > > > >>     >     >> simplest thing to do is just to construct the
> > Module
> > > > “on
> > > > > > the
> > > > > > >> fly”
> > > > > > >>     > using
> > > > > > >>     >     >> MXNet API? Taking the other approach, we will go
> > from
> > > > the
> > > > > > >> top level
> > > > > > >>     > MXNet
> > > > > > >>     >     >> “load” API, go “down” to NNVM to construct the
> > graph,
> > > > go
> > > > > > >> back up to
> > > > > > >>     > MXNet
> > > > > > >>     >     >> to expose it as a Module. This seems to complex
> and
> > > > does
> > > > > > not
> > > > > > >> add any
> > > > > > >>     >     >> benefit. In whatever way we construct the MXNet
> > > Module
> > > > > > >> object, NNVM
> > > > > > >>     > will
> > > > > > >>     >     >> always be the underlying in memory IR that is
> being
> > > > > > >> executed, so
> > > > > > >>     > why not
> > > > > > >>     >     >> take the simpler route?
> > > > > > >>     >     >>
> > > > > > >>     >     >> Hagay
> > > > > > >>     >     >>
> > > > > > >>     >     >> On 10/18/17, 19:42, "Tianqi Chen" <
> > > workcrow@gmail.com
> > > > on
> > > > > > >> behalf of
> > > > > > >>     >     >> tqchen@cs.washington.edu> wrote:
> > > > > > >>     >     >>
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     Hi Chris:
> > > > > > >>     >     >>
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     There is no intention to move things away
> from
> > > > mxnet.
> > > > > > The
> > > > > > >>     > reduction of
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     lines of code by having a better design in
> > > general,
> > > > > and
> > > > > > >>     > usually, you
> > > > > > >>     >     >> write
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     less redundant code by benefiting from better
> > > > design.
> > > > > > As
> > > > > > >> I may
> > > > > > >>     > quote:
> > > > > > >>     >     >> "the
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     best design is not achieved not when there is
> > > > nothing
> > > > > > to
> > > > > > >> add,
> > > > > > >>     > but when
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     there is nothing to be taken away."
> > > > > > >>     >     >>
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     MXNet has always benefited from this
> philosophy
> > > and
> > > > > > >> improves
> > > > > > >>     > with the
> > > > > > >>     >     >> new
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     designs and proper modularization. For
> example,
> > > we
> > > > > see
> > > > > > >> such
> > > > > > >>     > reduction
> > > > > > >>     >     >> and
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     convenience happening when migrating from
> > MXNet's
> > > > > > legacy
> > > > > > >> op to
> > > > > > >>     > the
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     NNVM's mechanism. The new mechanism now
> enables
> > > > > things
> > > > > > >> like
> > > > > > >>     > sparse
> > > > > > >>     >     >> aware
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     support and other stuff which would be much
> > > harder
> > > > to
> > > > > > >> support.
> > > > > > >>     >     >>
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     The nnvm/tvm stack comes brings the same
> > > benefit(if
> > > > > not
> > > > > > >> more)
> > > > > > >>     > and it
> > > > > > >>     >     >> will
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     only add more features to MXNet itself.
> > Offering
> > > > more
> > > > > > >> hardware
> > > > > > >>     >     >> backends and
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     optimization, allowing us to write less code
> > and
> > > > > spent
> > > > > > >> less
> > > > > > >>     > time to
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     optimize for each backend by going through
> TVM
> > > > > > >>     >     >>
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     Tianqi
> > > > > > >>     >     >>
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     On Wed, Oct 18, 2017 at 7:15 PM, Chris
> Olivier
> > <
> > > > > > >>     > cjolivier01@gmail.com
> > > > > > >>     >     >> >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     wrote:
> > > > > > >>     >     >>
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > Reduce code base of mxnet? By increasing
> > scope
> > > of
> > > > > the
> > > > > > >> dmlc
> > > > > > >>     > modules?
> > > > > > >>     >     >> Is the
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > intent to make mxnet a thin language
> wrapper
> > > > > around a
> > > > > > >> group
> > > > > > >>     > of dmlc
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > modules?
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > On Wed, Oct 18, 2017 at 6:58 PM Tianqi
> Chen <
> > > > > > >>     >     >> tqchen@cs.washington.edu>
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > wrote:
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > To better answer Hagay's question, I
> would
> > > like
> > > > > to
> > > > > > >> dive
> > > > > > >>     > down a
> > > > > > >>     >     >> bit deeper
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > on the relation between MXNet, NNVM and
> > model
> > > > > > >> exchange
> > > > > > >>     > format
> > > > > > >>     >     >> like ONNX.
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > There are two major trends in deep
> learning
> > > > > systems
> > > > > > >> now:
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > - Common serializable formats, like ONNX
> > and
> > > > > > CoreML,
> > > > > > >> that
> > > > > > >>     > defines
> > > > > > >>     >     >> the
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > model
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > exchange format.
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > - The in-memory graph IR for quick
> > > optimization
> > > > > and
> > > > > > >> JIT.
> > > > > > >>     > NNVM,
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > Tensorflow's
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > XLA falls into this category.
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > The exchange formats are great, it only
> > > poses a
> > > > > > >> layer of
> > > > > > >>     >     >> conversion,
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > which
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > is good for exchange. The real meat still
> > > comes
> > > > > > from
> > > > > > >> the
> > > > > > >>     >     >> compilation and
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > JIT pipeline you have to offer. For that,
> > we
> > > > will
> > > > > > >> need an
> > > > > > >>     >     >> in-memory IR,
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > because of the cost of constructing,
> > > serialize
> > > > > > could
> > > > > > >> be
> > > > > > >>     > high for
> > > > > > >>     >     >> the
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > exchange formats like protobuf.  And
> > usually,
> > > > the
> > > > > > >> exchange
> > > > > > >>     >     >> formats are
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > designed in a minimalistic fashion,
> making
> > it
> > > > > less
> > > > > > >> easy to
> > > > > > >>     > extend
> > > > > > >>     >     >> more
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > information to support in-depth
> > optimization
> > > > like
> > > > > > >> automatic
> > > > > > >>     >     >> quantization,
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > accelerator support.
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > The current MXNet relies on NNVM for
> > > in-memory
> > > > IR
> > > > > > >>     > manipulation
> > > > > > >>     >     >> but does
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > not
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > contain a compilation component that
> > compiles
> > > > to
> > > > > > the
> > > > > > >>     > hardware
> > > > > > >>     >     >> backends.
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > Doing export to an exchange format and
> then
> > > > back
> > > > > > >> into NNVM
> > > > > > >>     > run the
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > compilation poses too much burden that
> JIT
> > > > > compiler
> > > > > > >> could
> > > > > > >>     > pay.
> > > > > > >>     >     >> Using the
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > same in-memory graph IR as the
> compilation
> > > > stack
> > > > > > >> give much
> > > > > > >>     > more
> > > > > > >>     >     >> advantage
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > in terms of this.
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > The newly introduces nnvm/top and
> compiler
> > > > offers
> > > > > > >> in-memory
> > > > > > >>     > graph
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > optimization and compilation and offers
> > more
> > > > > > hardware
> > > > > > >>     > backend
> > > > > > >>     >     >> directly
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > via
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > TVM. We already see promising results in
> > edge
> > > > > > >> deployments
> > > > > > >>     > with a
> > > > > > >>     >     >> much
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > lower
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > overhead of runtime. We will further
> > benefit
> > > > > > quickly
> > > > > > >> from
> > > > > > >>     > more
> > > > > > >>     >     >> graph
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > optimizations that it has to offer.
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > Building support around this new paradigm
> > > > offers
> > > > > us
> > > > > > >>     > advantage of
> > > > > > >>     >     >> being
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > future compatible and takes full benefit
> of
> > > the
> > > > > > >> points I
> > > > > > >>     >     >> mentioned above
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > Tianqi
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > On Wed, Oct 18, 2017 at 4:57 PM, Lupesko,
> > > > Hagay <
> > > > > > >>     >     >> lupesko@gmail.com>
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > wrote:
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > > Roshani – this is an exciting
> initiative,
> > > > ONNX
> > > > > > >> support on
> > > > > > >>     > MXNet
> > > > > > >>     >     >> will
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > > enable more users to ramp up on MXNet,
> > > which
> > > > is
> > > > > > >> great.
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > > Tianqi – a few questions and thoughts
> > about
> > > > > your
> > > > > > >> note:
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > > - “More hardware backends to mxnet” –
> > MXNet
> > > > > users
> > > > > > >> get the
> > > > > > >>     > same
> > > > > > >>     >     >> benefit
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > of
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > > HW support implementing ONNX import on
> > top
> > > of
> > > > > > MXNet
> > > > > > >>     > symbolic,
> > > > > > >>     >     >> right?
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > > - “NNVM Compiler now received
> > contributions
> > > > > from
> > > > > > >> AWS, UW
> > > > > > >>     > and
> > > > > > >>     >     >> many other
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > > folks in MXNet community.” – agreed it
> is
> > > > > ramping
> > > > > > >> up, but
> > > > > > >>     > when
> > > > > > >>     >     >> you look
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > at
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > > the data, it is clear that it is very
> > early
> > > > on
> > > > > > for
> > > > > > >> NNVM.
> > > > > > >>     >     >> Looking at the
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > > repo, it has overall 223 commits, 0
> > > releases.
> > > > > > >> Compare it
> > > > > > >>     > to
> > > > > > >>     >     >> MXNet with
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > 6136
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > > commits and 32 releases. It seems to be
> > > still
> > > > > > >> early on for
> > > > > > >>     >     >> NNVM, and
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > for
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > a
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > > more reliable initial implementation
> > > building
> > > > > the
> > > > > > >> import
> > > > > > >>     > on top
> > > > > > >>     >     >> of
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > MXNet
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > is
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > > easier, faster and safer. MXNet has
> lots
> > of
> > > > > users
> > > > > > >> already
> > > > > > >>     > using
> > > > > > >>     >     >> the
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > > Symbolic API which hopefully mean that
> > is a
> > > > > > mature
> > > > > > >> API
> > > > > > >>     > that is
> > > > > > >>     >     >> not
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > likely
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > > to have breaking changes or major
> issues.
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > > I’m supportive option 1 proposed by
> > Roshani
> > > > > > >> (building
> > > > > > >>     > serde on
> > > > > > >>     >     >> top of
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > > MXNet symbolic), but to do it as an
> > > > > encapsulated
> > > > > > >>     > implementation
> > > > > > >>     >     >> detail,
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > so
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > > the implementation can be migrated to
> > NNVM
> > > or
> > > > > > >> another
> > > > > > >>     >     >> implementation in
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > the
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > > future, if at that point it seems like
> > the
> > > > > right
> > > > > > >> thing to
> > > > > > >>     > do.
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > > Interested in hearing other opinions
> > > though…
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > > Hagay
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > > On 10/18/17, 14:13, "Tianqi Chen" <
> > > > > > >> workcrow@gmail.com on
> > > > > > >>     >     >> behalf of
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > > tqchen@cs.washington.edu> wrote:
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     I am strongly recommending going
> > > through
> > > > > the
> > > > > > >>     > nnvm/top. One
> > > > > > >>     >     >> major
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > > reason in
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     here is that the support of
> nnvm/top
> > > > layer
> > > > > > NOT
> > > > > > >> ONLY
> > > > > > >>     > mean
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > compatibility
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > > of
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     model format with onnx. These are
> the
> > > > major
> > > > > > >> benefits:
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     - More hardware backends to mxnet,
> > > > > including
> > > > > > >> opencl,
> > > > > > >>     > metal,
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > Raspberry
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > > Pi,
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     web browser. These things are
> > > > automatically
> > > > > > >> enabled
> > > > > > >>     > by going
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > through
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > > this
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     layer. In general, we design
> nnvm/tvm
> > > > stack
> > > > > > to
> > > > > > >>     > resolve the
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > challenge
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > of
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     current mxnet's weakness in terms
> > > > deploying
> > > > > > to
> > > > > > >> more
> > > > > > >>     > hardware
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > backends.
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     - More frontend capabilities,
> nnvm's
> > > > gluon
> > > > > > >> style IR
> > > > > > >>     > ingests
> > > > > > >>     >     >> now
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > from
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     CoreML, ONNX and in future keras.
> > > > > Supporting
> > > > > > >> those
> > > > > > >>     > will
> > > > > > >>     >     >> reduce the
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > > amount
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     of engineering effort needed.
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     - Future compatibility. We all
> agree
> > > that
> > > > > the
> > > > > > >> future
> > > > > > >>     > being
> > > > > > >>     >     >> migrated
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > to
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     gluon's API. NNVM/top tries to look
> > > ahead
> > > > > by
> > > > > > >> directly
> > > > > > >>     >     >> adopting the
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > > symbolic
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     API to be gluon.
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     I would also like to correct some
> of
> > > the
> > > > > > >> mentioned
> > > > > > >>     > facts
> > > > > > >>     >     >> with
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > regard
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > to
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     nnvm/tvm stack
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     1.   Nascent project with few
> > > > contributors
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     NNVM Compiler now received
> > > contributions
> > > > > from
> > > > > > >> AWS, UW
> > > > > > >>     > and
> > > > > > >>     >     >> many
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > other
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > > folks
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     in MXNet community. NNVM itself is
> > > > already
> > > > > > >> being used
> > > > > > >>     > by
> > > > > > >>     >     >> MXNet.
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     MXNet's internal IR is migrating
> > toward
> > > > > > gluon,
> > > > > > >> and its
> > > > > > >>     >     >> final form
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > being
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     nnvm/top
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     3.   Does not support all operators
> > > that
> > > > > > exist
> > > > > > >> in
> > > > > > >>     > MXNet
> > > > > > >>     >     >> Symbolic
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > API
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     Neither NNVM/top or onnx support
> all
> > > > > > operators
> > > > > > >> that
> > > > > > >>     > exist
> > > > > > >>     >     >> in mxnet
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > > symbolic
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     API. The end goal here is mainly to
> > > make
> > > > > > >> nnvm/top onnx
> > > > > > >>     >     >> compatible,
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > > which is
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     a more reasonable goal.
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     4.  No CI Pipeline and testcases
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     NNVM already contains a compiler
> > > contains
> > > > > > >> unittests
> > > > > > >>     > and ci
> > > > > > >>     >     >> tested
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > with
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     integration
> > > > https://github.com/dmlc/nnvm,
> > > > > > >> with a CI
> > > > > > >>     >     >> pipline that
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > is
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > > well
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     tested on CPU and GPU cases for
> > > > front-ends.
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     Tianqi
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     On Wed, Oct 18, 2017 at 1:41 PM,
> > > Roshani
> > > > > > >> Nagmote <
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > > roshaninagmote2@gmail.com>
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     wrote:
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     > Hi guys,
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     > I am working on supporting ONNX <
> > > > > > >>     >     >> https://github.com/onnx/onnx>
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > > pre-trained
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     > models in Apache MXNet and would
> > like
> > > > to
> > > > > > >> seek your
> > > > > > >>     >     >> opinion on the
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > > choice of
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     > implementation. I also have
> > created a
> > > > > > GitHub
> > > > > > >> issue
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     > <https://github.com/apache/
> > > > > > >>     > incubator-mxnet/issues/8319>.
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > Supporting
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > > ONNX
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     > in
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     > MXNet will enable users to move
> > > between
> > > > > > >> frameworks
> > > > > > >>     > with
> > > > > > >>     >     >> their
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > > models, this
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     > will also enable MXNet project to
> > be
> > > a
> > > > > part
> > > > > > >> of the
> > > > > > >>     > ONNX
> > > > > > >>     >     >> open
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > > standard and
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     > steer the direction of ONNX.
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     > For those who don’t know ONNX,
> ONNX
> > > is
> > > > an
> > > > > > >> open
> > > > > > >>     > source
> > > > > > >>     >     >> format for
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > AI
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > > models
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     > which enables models to be
> > > transferred
> > > > > > >> between
> > > > > > >>     >     >> frameworks. Refer
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > to
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     > https://github.com/onnx/onnx for
> > > more
> > > > > > >> details.
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     > To implement the import/export
> > > > > > functionality
> > > > > > >> in
> > > > > > >>     > MXNet, I
> > > > > > >>     >     >> propose
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > to
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > > expose
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     > a MXNet python module
> “serde”(name
> > > > taken
> > > > > > from
> > > > > > >>     > Apache Hive
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > project)
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > > with the
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     > following methods supporting
> > > different
> > > > > > >> formats:
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     > sym, params =
> > > > > > mxnet.serde.import(other_forma
> > > > > > >> t_file,
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > > other_format=‘onnx’)
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     > other_format_file =
> > > > > > >> mxnet.serde.export(mxnet_sym,
> > > > > > >>     >     >> mxnet_params,
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > > ‘onnx’)
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     > The implementation under the hood
> > can
> > > > be
> > > > > > >> done in
> > > > > > >>     > two ways:
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     > 1) Implement at the MXNet layer
> by
> > > > > parsing
> > > > > > >> the ONNX
> > > > > > >>     >     >> model(in
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > protobuf
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     > format) and turn into MXNet
> > Symbolic
> > > > > > >> operators and
> > > > > > >>     > build
> > > > > > >>     >     >> MXNet
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > model
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     > directly. Similarly, I can
> convert
> > > the
> > > > > > MXNet
> > > > > > >> model
> > > > > > >>     > to
> > > > > > >>     >     >> ONNX format
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > at
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > > this
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     > layer.
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     > 2) The DMLC community has
> released
> > > the
> > > > > > >> nnvm/tvm
> > > > > > >>     > complier
> > > > > > >>     >     >> and an
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     > intermediate representation of
> the
> > > > > models,
> > > > > > >> refer:
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     > http://www.tvmlang.org/2017/
> > > > > > >>     > 10/06/nnvm/tvm-compiler-
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > > announcement.html
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     > <http://www.tvmlang.org/2017/1
> > > > > > >> 0/06/nnvm-compiler-
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > announcement.html
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     > Based on the conversation on the
> > > GitHub
> > > > > > issue
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     > <https://github.com/apache/
> > > > > > >>     > incubator-mxnet/issues/8319> I
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > opened,
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > Mu
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     > mentioned that MXNet would use
> > > nnvm/tvm
> > > > > as
> > > > > > >> the
> > > > > > >>     > backend in
> > > > > > >>     >     >> the
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > future.
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     > We could hook into this layer to
> > > > > implement
> > > > > > >> the
> > > > > > >>     >     >> import/export
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > > functionality.
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     > nnvm/tvm has ONNX 0.1 version
> > import
> > > > > > >> implemented.
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     > For import,
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >    1.
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >    I will need to enhance
> > nnvm/tvm’s
> > > > > > >> importer to
> > > > > > >>     > support
> > > > > > >>     >     >> ONNX 0.2
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >    2.
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >    Implement nnvm/tvm->mxnet
> > symbolic
> > > > > > >> operators.
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     > For export:
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >    1.
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >    mxnet->nnvm/tvm ( nnvm/tvm
> > > provides
> > > > > this
> > > > > > >>     > implementation
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > already)
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >    2.
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >    I will need to Implement
> > > > > nnvm/tvm>onnx.
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     > These are the pros and cons I see
> > in
> > > > the
> > > > > > >> above
> > > > > > >>     > approaches:
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >    1.
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >    Import/export at mxnet layer
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     > Pros:
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >    1.
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >    Stable APIs currently used by
> > > users.
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >    2.
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >    Larger Apache MXNet community
> of
> > > > > > >> contributors.
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >    3.
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >    CI pipeline to catch bugs.
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >    4.
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >    Comparatively less time to
> > > implement
> > > > > and
> > > > > > >> put it
> > > > > > >>     > in the
> > > > > > >>     >     >> hands
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > of
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > > the
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >    users.
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     > Cons:
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >    1.
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >    In the future we may have to
> > > > > reimplement
> > > > > > >> at the
> > > > > > >>     >     >> nnvm/tvm
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > layer,
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > > in case
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >    MXNet moves to the nnvm/tvm
> > > > > > >> backend(assuming it
> > > > > > >>     > will
> > > > > > >>     >     >> move).
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >    1.
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >    Import/export at nnvm/tvm
> layer
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     > Pros:
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >    1.
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >    Less engineering work in case
> > > mxnet
> > > > > > moves
> > > > > > >> to
> > > > > > >>     > nnvm/tvm
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >    2.
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >    nnvm/tvm would become a hub to
> > > > convert
> > > > > > to
> > > > > > >>     > different
> > > > > > >>     >     >> formats.
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >    3.
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >    nnvm operators are more in
> > parity
> > > > with
> > > > > > >> mxnet’s
> > > > > > >>     > gluon
> > > > > > >>     >     >> APIs this
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > > could be
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >    useful in case Gluon becomes
> the
> > > > only
> > > > > > >> standard
> > > > > > >>     > that
> > > > > > >>     >     >> MXNet will
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > > support.
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     > Cons:
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >    1.
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >    Nascent project with few
> > > > contributors
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >    2.
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >    Does not support all operators
> > > that
> > > > > > exist
> > > > > > >> in
> > > > > > >>     > MXNet
> > > > > > >>     >     >> Symbolic
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > API
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >    3.
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >    No CI Pipeline
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >    4.
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >    Current Apache MXNet project
> > does
> > > > not
> > > > > > use
> > > > > > >>     > nnvm/tvm
> > > > > > >>     >     >> backend
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >    5.
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >    mxnet->nnvm/tvm backend needs
> > more
> > > > > > >> testing and
> > > > > > >>     > user
> > > > > > >>     >     >> feedback.
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     > Any suggestions on both of these
> > > > > > approaches?
> > > > > > >> From
> > > > > > >>     > user's
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > > perspective, this
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     > will be an implementation detail
> > that
> > > > is
> > > > > > not
> > > > > > >>     > exposed.
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     > Thanks,
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     > Roshani
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >     >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > > >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     > >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>     >
> > > > > > >>     >     >>
> > > > > > >>     >     >>
> > > > > > >>     >     >>
> > > > > > >>     >     >>
> > > > > > >>     >     >
> > > > > > >>     >
> > > > > > >>     >
> > > > > > >>     >
> > > > > > >>     >
> > > > > > >>
> > > > > > >>
> > > > > > >>
> > > > > > >>
> > > > > > >
> > > > > >
> > > > >
> > > >
> > >
> >
>

Mime
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